Indonesian passport

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Indonesian passport
Paspor hijau toska.png
The front cover of the latest version of Indonesian (electronic) passport.
Date first issued 30 October 2014 (latest version)[1]
Issued by  Indonesia
Type of document Passport
Purpose Identification
Eligibility requirements Indonesian citizen
Expiration 5 years after issuance

Indonesian passport is a travel document issued by the Government of Indonesia to Indonesian citizens only, residing in Indonesia or overseas. The main governing body with regards to the issuance of such passport(s), possession(s), withdrawal and its related matters is 'Directorate General of Immigration' (Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi) under Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kementerian Hukum dan HAM Republik Indonesia) [1]. Indonesia is one among many countries in the world that does not recognize dual citizenship for its citizens and such citizen will automatically lose her/his Indonesian citizenship if another citizenship is acquired voluntarily.[2] Special exception allows a newly born citizen to hold dual nationalities (including Indonesian) until his/her eighteenth (18th) birthday which after then a choice of either nationalities should be decided.[3] Latest Indonesian passports are bilingual; Indonesian and English.

The latest version of Indonesian passport was first announced on 30 October 2014.[4][5] The apparent reforms include:

  1. Cover color: Prior to 30 October 2014, ordinary Indonesian passport was issued in dark-green colored-cover while the latest one is in bluish-green ('hijau tosca').
  2. The coat of arms: The latest version depicts the coat of arms in the center of the cover with larger size comparing to its predecessor version.
  3. Translation (cover only): Only 'passport' appears bilingually (Indonesian on the top and English on the bottom) while phrase 'Republik Indonesia' is not translated to 'Republic of Indonesia'.
  4. Bearer's signature: The latest version contains the bearer's signature on page 48 as opposed to its previous version that would contain the bearer's signature on page 3.

Types[edit]

Ordinary passports[edit]

According to Indonesian Government Regulations (Peraturan Pemerintah) number 31 year 2013,[6] ordinary passport consists of electronic and non-electronic passport(s).

Regular Passports (Non electronic passports)[edit]

Indonesian non-biometric passport (machine readable). The coat of arms and words (here shown in light blue) are actually dark orange on real passports.

This kind of passport can be obtained at any immigration office(s) in Indonesia and at Indonesian embassies and consulates abroad. The passport contains either 24 or 48 pages and is valid for 5 years.[7] The holders of regular passport are eligible for the usage of special auto-gate which was initially intended for electronic passport holders only, if the holder already do one-time registration for this service before departure or after arrival at the selected airport[8] Regular passports are available to Indonesian citizens until the end of 2014. Starting from 2015, only electronic passports will be issued by immigration offices. Regular passports issued before 2015 will remain valid until their expiration dates.

Up to 2010, 24-page passports are only applicable by Indonesian low-skilled migrant worker (Tenaga Kerja Indonesia). From November 2010 onwards, Indonesian low-skilled migrant worker can apply for 24-page passports or 48-page based on their own choice. The 24-page passport is given free of charge for the first application by Indonesian low-skilled migrant.[9][10]

Electronic Passport (E-passports) EPassport logo.svg[edit]

Indonesian biometric passport.

Effective from 26 January 2011, Indonesian Directorate General of Immigration launched the ordinary electronic passport(s) (e-passport) for Indonesian citizens. The government set the amount of e-passport launched to be 10,000 units along the year of 2011. The launch of newly implemented e-passport is available only in three immigration offices, those are: West Jakarta, Soekarno-Hatta, and Central Jakarta.[11][12][13] Though, since the first quarter of 2014, ordinary electronic passports are also issued in all Immigration Office(s) in Jakarta, Surabaya, and Batam. The electronic passports are, like regular passports, available in 2 versions, namely the 24-page version and the 48-page version. The biometric chips are embedded inside the back cover of the passports.

It was reported that during 2011, approximately 12,000 Indonesian citizens have gained e-passport and starting from 25 January 2012 Indonesian Immigration Authority launched 'autogate' (automatic gates that automatically read the e-passport) in Soekarno Hatta International Airport, which reduced the queueing time for e-passport holders, since they are no longer needed to be checked manually at the immigration desk. The service is available both for arriving and departing passengers.[14] The government plans to apply the 'autogate' in airports throughout the country.

As per second quarter of 2015, the electronic ordinary Indonesian passport is also issued in the latest version that is covered with bluish-green (tosca green) color.

Diplomatic passports (Paspor Diplomatik)[edit]

Issued by Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Indonesian subject(s) who is serving as diplomat and/or government person[15] in order to travel for diplomatic purpose(s). Such passport also covers the immediate family that would travel along with the main passport holder. Holding an Indonesian diplomatic passport does not guarantee a 'diplomatic immunity' to its bearer [16] although those who gain 'diplomatic immunity' might be holding such passport. Holding such passport does not also entitle the bearer to travel with the passport for non-diplomatic mission. Appropriate 'non-diplomatic' visa or entry clearance should be obtained prior to travel to the destined country. The latest version of Indonesian diplomatic passport is issued in dark-blue colored-cover.

Service passports (Paspor Dinas)[edit]

Issued by Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Indonesian subject(s) who is serving as public servant on official travel. This type of passport is also issued to the immediate family member of the main passport bearer.[17]

Hajj passports (obsolete)[edit]

The Ministry of Religious Affairs formerly issued hajj passports for the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca under Article 29(1)(d) and Article 33 of the Immigration Act of 1992. However, new government regulations in 2009 deleted the relevant portions of the legislation.[18] As of Hajj 2009, all hajj pilgrims from Indonesia use ordinary passports. The use of ordinary passports is a requirement of the Saudi Arabian government.[19]

Passport Note[edit]

The latest (2014) version.
Version prior to (2014)
Interior cover and the first page of a contemporary Indonesian passport, on which the passport note from the government is depicted

The passports contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. Such note is found on the first page of the passport, which is on the other side of the identity page. The note inside the latest version of Indonesian passports states:

In Indonesian:

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia memohon kepada semua pihak yang berkepentingan untuk mengizinkan kepada pemegang paspor ini berlalu secara leluasa dan memberikan bantuan dan perlindungan kepadanya.

Paspor ini berlaku untuk seluruh negara dan wilayah kecuali ditentukan lain

In English:

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia requests to all whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance and afford him/her such assistance and protection.

This passport is valid for all countries and areas unless otherwise endorsed

E-passport: Contains bearer's signature and a notice regarding the embedded biometric chip
Regular passport: Contains bearer's signature and issuing authority official's signature
The latest version (2014) of Indonesian passport contains 'warning' on the third page, typically found on the interior back cover of its prior version.
Page 3 of both types of ordinary Indonesian passport

In case of diplomatic and service passports, those are not formally valid for visits to Israel [20] and Taiwan,[21] since there are no formal diplomatic ties with those countries, requiring diplomats and servicemens to use regular passports and to obtain appropriate visa or entry clearance from the immigration authority of the destined countries.

There is slight difference as appears on page number three (3), which is immediately next to the identity page, between the ordinary non-electronic passport and the electronic version. The ordinary non-electronic passport depicts signatures of both the bearer of the passport and the issuing authority, both are manually done at the immigration office during the interview by the immigration officer. Official later stamp of the corresponding issuing authority logo on the same page with the signatures.

The ordinary electronic passport no longer bears the signature of the issuing authority as such information has been embedded in the digital information system, thus only bearing the signature of the passport holder.[22] However, the signature of the bearer is still manually done during the interview by the immigration officer although digital signature of the holder is also included in the digital information embedded on the electronic chip along with the ten-fingerprints and digital face photograph. Above the signature, reminder of the inclusion of the chip on the passport can be found requesting appropriate treatment of the passport to avoid chip disturbance as such passport should not be bent and/or exposed to extreme radioactivity devices.

Third page of the latest (2014) version of Indonesian ordinary passport (both electronic and non-electronic versions) contains 'warning' (Indonesian=Peringatan) that would typically be printed on the interior side of the back cover of its predecessor version.[23]

Identity information page[edit]

Page 2 of both versions (2014-version and older) of ordinary Indonesian passport. The latest version would depict the bearer's photograph on the left side, right side and the (under-UV light visible) center part. Both versions contained two languages: Indonesian (first) then English (second).
  1. Photograph
  2. Type (P - passport)
  3. Country code (IDN)
  4. Passport number
  5. Full name
  6. Sex
  7. Nationality (INDONESIA)
  8. Date of birth
  9. Place of birth
  10. Date of issue
  11. Date of expiry
  12. Registration number
  13. Issuing office
  14. Machine readable zone

Passport fees[edit]

As of July 2014, Indonesian passport fees (inclusive of service charges) are:[24]

Passport type Price in Indonesian rupiah
Regular passport (24 pages) 155,000 (US$15)
Regular passport (48 pages) 355,000 (US$35)
Electronic passport (24 pages) 405,000 (US$41)
Electronic passport (48 pages) 655,000 (US$65)

Note: The fees above has included Biometric service fee (IDR 55,000).

     For online registration with payment through Bank BNI, additional charge of (IDR 5,000).

Recent changes and future arrangement (2013-2014)[edit]

Effective from 1 October 2013, The Indonesian Directorate General of Immigration replaced the previous version of diplomatic and service passports with the current version in order to maintain a high security precaution and to fulfill the International Civil Aviation Organization standard.[25]

In January 2014, Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Rights announced a future design of ordinary Indonesian passport, coinciding the 64th anniversary of the Indonesian Directorate General of Immigration. The main difference would be the material of the page bearing holder's identity. If the current version uses laminated paper, the upcoming version will use polycarbonate. Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Mr. Amir Syamsudin, stated that the on-working change is expected to tackle down passport forgery. Another difference is the design of passport holder's photograph. In the upcoming version, three (3) photographs of the passport holder will be displayed using 3D technology, each on the left, middle and the right side of the page. The visa pages will be decorated using item(s) which describes Indonesian flora, fauna or culture. Although the official information has been released, there is currently no exact date of the implementation.[26]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.imigrasikarimun.com/2014/12/desain-baru-paspor-republik-indonesia/
  2. ^ Law No 23 year 2006
  3. ^ http://www.indonesianembassy.org.uk/consular/consular_wni_qa.html
  4. ^ Here is the New Indonesian Passport Design
  5. ^ http://www.imigrasikarimun.com/2014/12/desain-baru-paspor-republik-indonesia/
  6. ^ PP No 31 year 2013
  7. ^ http://www.imigrasi.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=440&Itemid=1
  8. ^ (Indonesian) http://www.imigrasi.go.id/index.php/berita/berita-utama/79-implementasi-autogate-keimigrasian-di-bandara-internasional-soekarno-hatta
  9. ^ Director General of Immigration Rule no IMI.1040.GR.01.01 year 2010
  10. ^ http://madiun.imigrasi.go.id/peraturan/download/83a1d9f8d527f728a22d54b3643b9f2c
  11. ^ http://www.imigrasi.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=440&Itemid=1
  12. ^ Indonesian E-Passport Launched at January 26th 2011
  13. ^ http://english.kompas.com/read/2011/01/26/16405468/Indonesia.Launches.E.Passport
  14. ^ http://www.imigrasi.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=690&Itemid=175
  15. ^ http://www.kbri-astana.kz/id/pelayanan_wni_dan_bhi-64%7C69%7C73.html
  16. ^ http://www.kbri-astana.kz/id/pelayanan_wni_dan_bhi-64%7C69%7C73.html
  17. ^ http://www.kbri-astana.kz/id/pelayanan_wni_dan_bhi-64%7C69%7C73.html
  18. ^ Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 3 Tahun 1999 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 9 Tahun 1992 Tentan Keimigrasian, Board of Supervisors of Finance and Development (Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan), retrieved 2011-11-14 
  19. ^ Lutfia, Ismira (2009-07-03), "Hajj Pilgrims Must Now Have Regular Passports", The Jakarta Globe, retrieved 2011-11-14 
  20. ^ http://www.timesofisrael.com/indonesia-to-informally-upgrade-its-relations-with-israel-via-ambassador-ranked-diplomat-in-ramallah/
  21. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/10/03/indonesia-taiwan-ties-when-gray-good.html
  22. ^ http://www.imigrasi.go.id/index.php/en/berita/berita-utama/205-tingkatkan-efektivitas-pelayanan-paspor-imigrasi-terbitkan-paspor-tanpa-tanda-tangan-pejabat-yang-berwenang
  23. ^ http://www.imigrasikarimun.com/2014/12/desain-baru-paspor-republik-indonesia/
  24. ^ PP no 45 year 2014
  25. ^ http://www.setkab.go.id/berita-10747-kemlu-terapkan-paspor-diplomatik-dan-dinas-dengan-desain-baru.html
  26. ^ http://www.jpnn.com/read/2014/01/27/213253/Kemenkum-HAM-Kenalkan-Buku-Paspor-Baru-