Visa requirements for Indonesian citizens

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Indonesian passport

Visa requirements for Indonesian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Indonesia by the authorities of other states. As of October 2018, Indonesian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 73 countries and territories, ranking the Indonesian passport 72nd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] Indonesia is also a part of ASEAN and has visa free access to these countries and vice versa.

Visa requirements map[edit]

  Indonesia
  Visa free access or free visa on arrival
  Visa on arrival or eVisa
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2] Due to safety concerns, the Indonesian government advises its citizens not to visit Afghanistan.[3]
 Albania Visa required[4]
  • Visa requirement is waived for used and valid, multiple-entry US, UK or Schengen visa holders.[5]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within 180 days period.
 Algeria Visa required[6]
  • A maximum of 180 days total stay within a one year period. [7]
 Andorra Visa required[8]
  • There are no visa requirements for entry into Andorra, but it can only be accessed by passing through France or Spain. A multiple-entry Schengen visa is required to re-enter either France or Spain when leaving Andorra. [9]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within 180 days period.
 Angola eVisa[10][11] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[13]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[14]
 Antigua and Barbuda eVisa / Visa on arrival[15] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival may only be obtained for US, UK, Canada or Schengen visa holders, among other requirements.[16]
 Argentina Visa required[17]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay per period.
  • Holders of US B2 visa or Schengen C visa (with at least 3 month validity left) may apply for ETA at a fee of USD50 and for a stay of up to 90 days.[18]
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[15] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[19]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay per entry.
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[20]
  • Transit visa is not required.[21]
 Austria Visa required[22]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[23]
  • eVisa option is also available for Indonesian citizens for maximum stay of 30 days[24]
 Bahamas Visa required[25]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay per entry.[26]
  • Visa requirement is waived for the US or Canada Permanent Residents for a maximum stay of 30 days.[27]
 Bahrain eVisa[28] 30 days
  • Extendable for another 2 weeks by visiting NPRA in Bahrain.[29]
 Bangladesh Visa required[30]
 Barbados Visa required[31]
  • Visa applications must either be sent to Barbados or its consulates abroad. Please note that Barbados has no diplomatic missions in Indonesia.
 Belarus Visa not required[32] 30 days
  • Must arrive and depart via Minsk International Airport and not on flights to and from Russia since these are regarded as internal Union State internal flights with no border controls. Indonesian nationals must also have plane tickets with confirmation of a departure date within 30 days and medical insurance in the amount of at least €10,000.[33]
 Belgium Visa required[34]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Belize Visa required[35]
  • Visa requirement is waived for multiple-entry US visa holders.[36]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[37][38] 30 days / 8 days
 Bhutan Visa required[39]
  • Visas are issued only to tourists booked with a local licensed tour operator.
 Bolivia Visa required[40]
  • Authorization is required from the Directorate General of Immigration of Bolivia.[41]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[42]
  • Visa requirement is waived for valid multIple-entry Schengen visa holders, with a maximum of 15 days of stay.[43]
 Botswana Visa required[44]
 Brazil Visa not required[45] 30 days
 Brunei Visa not required[46] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[47]
  • Visa requirement is waived for Romania, Cyprus, Croatia or Schengen visa holders for a maximum of 90 days of stay within 180 days period.
 Burkina Faso Visa required[48]
 Burundi Visa required[49]
 Cambodia Visa not required[50] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[51]
 Canada Visa required[52]
  • Transit visa is not required if holding a valid US visa and travelling on an approved airline through an approved Canadian airport.[53]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[54]
 Central African Republic Visa required[55]
 Chad Visa required[56]
 Chile Visa not required[57] 90 days
 China Visa required[58]
  • Visa on arrival is available for Indonesian passport holders with specific conditions and at only some ports of entry.
 Colombia Visa not required[59] 180 days
  • 90 days - can be extended to a maximum of 180 days within a one year period.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[60] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[61]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[62]
 Costa Rica Visa required[63]
  • Visa requirement is waived for US and Canada visa holders.[64]
 Côte d'Ivoire Electronic visa[65]
  • May obtain online[66] and must arrive at Port Bouet Airport.
 Croatia Visa required[67]
  • Visa requirement is waived for Romania, Cyprus, Bulgaria or Schengen visa holders for a maximum of 90 days of stay within 180 days period.
 Cuba Tourist Card required[68]
  • Tourist Card required in advance.
 Cyprus Visa required[69]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Czech Republic Visa required[70]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Denmark Visa required[71]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Djibouti eVisa[72] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[73] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[74]
 Ecuador Visa not required[75] 90 days
  • Extendable stay.[76]
  • A maximum of 60 days of stay in Galapagos under strict conditions.[77]
 Egypt Visa required[78]
  • Pre-approval from Egypt authorities required prior to visa issuance.[79]
 El Salvador Visa required[80]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[81]
 Eritrea Visa required[82]
  • A maximum of 30 days of stay from the day of arrival.[83]
  • Extendable at the Immigration Office in Asmara.
 Estonia Visa required[84]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Eswatini Visa required[85]
 Ethiopia eVisa[86] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[87] 120 days
 Finland Visa required[88]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 France Visa required[89]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[90]
 Gambia Visa not required[92] 90 days
 Georgia eVisa[94] 30 days
  • A maximum of 30 days of stay within 120 days
  • Visa requirement is waived for Australia, EU and its territories, Switzerland, UAE, Qatar, Oman, New Zealand, Japan, Israel, Canada, South Korea, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Liechtenstein, Norway or USA visa holders.[95]
 Germany Visa required[96]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Ghana Visa required[97]
 Greece Visa required[99]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Grenada Visa required[100]
 Guatemala Visa required[101]
 Guinea Visa required[102]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[103] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[104] 30 days[105]
 Haiti Visa not required[106] 90 days
 Honduras Visa required[107]
 Hungary Visa required[108]
 Iceland Visa required[109]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 India Free e-Visa[110] 60 days
  • e-Visa issued free of charge for Nationals of Indonesia.[111]
 Iran Visa on arrival[112] 30 days[113]
 Iraq Visa required[114] As of July 2014, due to safety concerns, Indonesian government advises its citizens not to visit Iraq.[3]
 Ireland Visa required[115]
  • Visa is issued free of charge.[116]
 Israel Visa required[117]
  • Entry ban for Indonesian tourists has been lifted[118]
 Italy Visa required[119]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Jamaica Visa required[120]
 Japan Visa not required[121] 15 days
  • Visa not required for 15 days only if biometric passport is endorsed with a Visa Waiver Registration Certificate from a Japanese Embassy or Consulate.[122][123]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[124] 90 days
 Kazakhstan Visa required[125]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[126] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[127]
 North Korea Visa required[128]
 South Korea Visa required[129]
  • Visa not required for a maximum stay of 30 days if:
    • holding a visa issued by Australia, Canada, USA or New Zealand and only if in transit from or to those countries via South Korea.
    • arriving and departing from Jeju (CJU) for tourism purpose.
    • having previously entered Korea at least 4 times within the last 2 years or at least 10 visits in total.
 Kuwait Visa required[130]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[131] 1 month
 Laos Visa not required[133] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[134]
 Lebanon Visa required[135]
 Lesotho eVisa[136][137]
 Liberia Visa required[138]
 Libya Visa required[139] As of March 2015, due to safety concerns, Indonesian government advises its citizens not to visit Libya.[140]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[141]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Lithuania Visa required[142]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Luxembourg Visa required[143]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Macedonia Visa required[144]
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[145] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[146] 30 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[147] 30 days
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[148] 30 days
 Mali Visa not required[149] 30 days
 Malta Visa required[150]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[151] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[152]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[153] 60 days[154]
 Mexico Visa required[155]
  • Visa requirement is waived for valid US, Canada, Japan, UK or Schengen visa holders.[156]
 Micronesia Visa not required[157] 30 days
 Moldova eVisa[158] 90 days
 Monaco Visa required[159]
 Mongolia Visa required[160]
 Montenegro Visa required[161]
 Morocco Visa not required[162] 90 days
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[163] 30 days[164]
 Myanmar Visa not required[165] 14 days
 Namibia Visa not required[166][167] 90 days
 Nauru Visa required[168]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[169] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[170]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 New Zealand Visa required[171]
  • May transit without a visa.[172]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[173] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[174]
 Nigeria Visa required[175]
 Norway Visa required[176]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Oman eVisa[177] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[178]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[179]
 Palau Free visa on arrival[180] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[181]
  • Visa requirement is waived for multiple-entry, one year valid USA, Australia, Canada or UK visa holders. Schengen visa holders are also included in this category.[182]
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[183] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa required[184]
 Peru Visa not required[185] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[186] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[187]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Portugal Visa required[188]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Qatar Visa not required[189] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[190]
  • Visa requirement is waived for multiple-entry Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia or Schengen visa holders.[191]
 Russia Visa required[192]
  • 72-hour visa-free visit to St Petersburg, if travelling using St. Peter Line.[193]
 Rwanda Visa not required[194] 90 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[195] 30 days starting 1 Feb 2019
 Saint Lucia Visa required[196]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[197] 30 days
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[198] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[199]
  • Only accessible via Italy, therefore a Schengen visa is required,
 São Tomé and Príncipe Electronic visa[200] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[201]
 Senegal Visa required[202]
 Serbia Visa not required[203] 30 days
  • 30 days within period of one year[204]
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[205] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[206]
 Singapore Visa not required[207] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[208]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Slovenia Visa required[209]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Solomon Islands Visa required[210]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[211]
 South Africa Visa required[212]

 South Sudan

Visa required[213]
 Spain Visa required[214]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[215] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[216]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[217] 90 days
 Sweden Visa required[218]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
  Switzerland Visa required[219]
  • A maximum of 90 days of stay within a 180 day period in the Schengen Area.
 Syria Visa required[219] Due to safety concerns, Indonesian government advises its citizens not to visit Syria.[220]
 Tajikistan eVisa[221] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[222]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[223][224] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[225] 30 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[226] 30 days
  • Indonesian citizens are eligible for a visa-on-arrival at any point of entry.[227]
 Togo Visa on arrival[228] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[229]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[230]
 Tunisia Visa required[231]
 Turkey eVisa[232] 30 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[233]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[234] 30 days
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[235]
 Ukraine eVisa[236] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[237]
  • Electronic visa available to passengers boarding Emirates or Etihad flight(s)
 United Kingdom Visa required[238]
  • 24-hours visa-free visit:
    • when in transit to/from Australia, Canada, New Zealand or USA,
    • or if holder of residence permit issued by Australia, Canada, New Zealand or USA,
    • or if holder of certain EEA or Switzerland visas,
    • or if holder of certain Irish visas.[239][240]
 United States Visa required[241]
 Uruguay Visa required[242]
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[243] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa required[244]
  • A maximum of 30 days of stay for visitors, extendable up to 4 months at the Vanuatu Immigration.[95]
  Vatican City Visa required[245]
  • Only accessible via Italy, therefore a Schengen visa is required.
 Venezuela Visa required[246]
 Vietnam Visa not required[247] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[248] As of April 2016, due to safety concerns, Indonesian government advises its citizens not to visit Yemen.[249][250]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[251] 30 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[252] 90 days

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries[edit]

Countries Conditions of access
 Abkhazia Visa required[253]
 Kosovo Visa required[254]
  • Do not need a visa a holder of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa , a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[255]
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[256]
 Artsakh Visa required[257]
 Palestine Visa not required[258]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[259]
 Taiwan Visa required[260]
 Transnistria Visa not required[261]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Countries Conditions of access Notes
United Kingdom
 Anguilla Visa required[262]
 Bermuda Visa not required[263]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[264]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[265]
 Falkland Islands Visa required[266]
 Gibraltar Visa required[267]
 Guernsey Visa required[268]
 Isle of Man Visa required[269]
 Jersey Visa required[270]
 Montserrat eVisa[271] Visa may be obtained online[272]
 Saint Helena eVisa[273]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required[274][275]
China
China Hainan Visa not required[276] 30 days
 Hong Kong Visa not required 30 days[277]
 Macau Visa not required 30 days[278]
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa required[279]
 Greenland Visa required[280]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa required[281]
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands Visa required[282] includes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
 Curaçao Visa required[283]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[284]
France
 French Guiana Visa required[285]
 French Polynesia Visa required[286]
France French West Indies Visa required[287] includes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and overseas collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy
 Mayotte Visa required[288]
 New Caledonia Visa required[289]
 Réunion Visa required[290]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[291]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[291]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days, including diplomatic passport[292]
 Niue Visa not required 30 days, including diplomatic passport[293]
 Tokelau Visa required[294]
United States
 American Samoa Visa required[295]
 Guam Visa required[296]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[297]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[298]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[299]

Diplomatic and/or service passports[edit]

Visa-free access specifically for holders of Indonesian diplomatic and/or service passports only

Visa-free access applies specifically to holders of Indonesian diplomatic and/or service passports visiting the following countries:

Agreement on visa exemptions for holders of diplomatic and/or service passports were signed with the following countries but not yet ratified:

Visa exemption due to having other visas[edit]

Although a visa is generally needed by Indonesian citizens who hold ordinary passports, some countries apply visa waivers providing the Indonesian passport holders are also in possession of a visa or residence permit for certain countries (mainly USA/Canada/UK/Schengen/Australia/New Zealand). Some countries who apply such rules are these:

  1.  Albania: Requires valid multiple entry Schengen visa ("C" or "D") or valid residence permit in any Schengen member states or previously used multiple-entry visa or residence permit of UK or USA, stay is within the validity term of the visa or the residence permit.[308][309]
  2.  Andorra: No formal visa required but multiple-entry Schengen visa is required.[310]
  3.  Anguilla: Requires valid visa issued by U.K. Please read additional information.[311]
  4.  Antigua and Barbuda: Requires a valid visa issued by USA/Canada/Schengen states/UK and payment of appropriate fees.[312][313]
  5.  Belize: Visa on arrival for holder of valid multiple entry USA visa.[314]
  6.  Bosnia and Herzegovina: Requires valid multiple entry visa or residence permit issued by a Schengen or EU countries for stay up to 15 days.[43]
  7.  British Virgin Islands: Requires visa issued by Canada, USA or United Kingdom valid for a minimum of 6 months on arrival. They must travel as tourists or on business for a maximum stay of 6 months.
  8.  Bulgaria: Valid Schengen visa required or valid visas and residence permits issued by Romania, Cyprus and Croatia.[315]
  9.  Costa Rica: Requires valid visa from EU Member State, Canada, Japan, Korea (Rep.of) or USA, for a max.stay of 90 days.[311]
  10.  Croatia: Requires valid multiple entry Schengen visa ("C" or "D") or valid residence permit in any Schengen member states or valid visa and residence permits of Bulgaria, Cyprus or Romania.[316]
  11.  Cyprus: Requires valid multiple entry Schengen visa ("C" or "D") or valid residence permit in any Schengen member states or valid multiple entry visas and residence permits issued by Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia.[317]
  12.  Dominican Republic: Requires visa issued by Canada, USA or any EU Member State for a max. stay of 30 days. Fee: USD 10.-. Extension possible.[311]
  13.  Georgia: Requires valid visa/residence permit (min. 6 months from expire date) for Canada, the USA, UK, a Schengen Member State, Overseas/Dependant Territories of GB & Northern Ireland, Middle East GCC, Japan, South Korea, Australia, or New Zealand for nationals of Indonesia.[318]
  14.  Honduras: Requires valid visa for Canada, the USA or a Schengen Member State for nationals of Indonesia.[311]
  15.  Kosovo: Requires valid multiple entry Schengen visa and stay up to 15 days.[319]
  16.  Republic of Macedonia: Requires permanent residence permit of any EU or Schengen member states or a multiple entry Schengen visa (C). In case of possession of multiple entry Schengen type C visa, validity of the visa must be at least 5 days than the planned stay in Macedonia.[320]
  17.  Mexico: Requires permanent residency in Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States (B1/B2 visa also accepted) or the Schengen countries.[321][322]
  18.  Montenegro: Requires visa issued by a Schengen Member State or U.S.A., or not longer than the expiry of the visa, if the validity of the visa is less than 7 days.[323]
  19.  Panama: Requires visa issued by USA/UK/Canada/Australia/any member countries of the EU, which has been used at least once to enter those countries AND must buy tourist card that is of USD 30 on arrival.[324]
  20.  Romania: Requires valid multiple entry Schengen visa ("C" or "D") or valid residence permit in any Schengen member states or permanent residence permits issued by the UK or Ireland (the validity of which is of 5 years or more) or valid visa issued by Bulgaria, Cyprus or Croatia.[325]
  21.  São Tomé and Príncipe: Requires visa issued by USA or a Schengen Member state together with a passport valid for a minimum of 3 months from the arrival date for a maximum stay of 15 days.
  22.  South Korea: Requires valid visa of USA/Canada/Australia/New Zealand/UK/Schengen Countries and is travelling between one of those countries to/from a third country and hold a confirmed onward ticket departing within 30 days.[311]
  23.  Taiwan: Online Application for Travel Authorization Certificate available for Indonesian passport holders who hold visa or permanent residence certificate, which may be valid or has expired less than 10 years prior to the date of arrival, issued by U.S.A., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, U.K., Schengen Convention countries, Japan or South Korea.[326]
  24.  Turks and Caicos Islands: Requires visa for Canada, United Kingdom or the USA.[311]

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[327]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[328]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Visa requirements amendment log[edit]

America
24 August 2015: During a meeting with the Vice President of Panama, Isabel Saint Malo at the East Asia-Latin America Cooperation in San Jose, Costa Rica, the foreign minister of Indonesia, Retno Marsudi formally requested Panama to provide a visa on arrival facility to Indonesians.[329]

30 September 2015: In a bilateral meeting with the foreign minister of Mexico, Claudia Ruiz Massieu in the United Nations headquarter in New York, Retno Marsudi requested Mexico to give reciprocal treatment for a visa waiver policy for Indonesians to visit Mexico.[330]

26 October 2015: In response to Indonesia's recent policy to abolish visa requirements for American citizens, the United States government plans to extend non-immigrant visas' validity issued to nationals of Indonesia to up to 10 years.[331]

Asia
March 2015: The government of Indonesia plans to pursue a reciprocal visa-waiver agreement with China, Japan, South Korea and Russia.[332][333][334][335]

5 August 2015: During her visit to the 48th AMM in Kuala Lumpur, the foreign minister of Indonesia, Retno Marsudi and the foreign minister of South Korea, Yun Byung-se discussed further implementation of visa exemption agreements for Indonesians to travel to South Korea. Negotiation for the same agreements also discussed with her Russian counterpart, foreign minister of Russia, Sergei Lavrov for further implementation of visa exemption agreements for Indonesians to travel to Russia.[336][337][338][339][340]

21 October 2015: In the Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation (JCBC) meeting between Indonesia and Mongolia in Jakarta, Indonesia's Foreign Affairs Deputy Minister, A.M. Fachir and Mongolia State Secretary/Acting Foreign Affairs Vice Minister, Damba Gankhuyag are planning to arrange a mutual reciprocal visa waiver for holders of ordinary passports of both countries.[341]

24 October 2015: On the sidelines meeting of the Ocean Rim Association in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi and Indian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Vijay Kumar Singh are planning to arrange a mutual reciprocal visa waiver for holders of ordinary passport of both countries.[342][343]

8 June 2016: The Taiwan government plans to extend its visa exemption scheme to Indonesian passport holders, as well as visa simplification to the rest 7 ASEAN nations. Visitors from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam will be granted entry privileges such as visa waivers, landing visas or e-visas, according to the report. Visitors from three others ASEAN member nations, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand already enjoy visa exemptions for stays of up to 30 days in Taiwan.[344][345][346]

Europe
April 2015: Delegation of Indonesia and parliament of Romania has raised a possibility of waiving visa requirements for holders of diplomatic, service, and ordinary passports of both countries.[347][348]

10 July 2015: Foreign minister of Indonesia, Retno Marsudi and European Commission Vice President, Frans Timmermans are planning to have a mutual reciprocal visa waiver arrangements for holders of ordinary passport of Indonesia and European Union.[349][350][351][352][353] During her meeting with Federica Mogherini at 48th AMM that was held in Kuala Lumpur early August 2015, Minister Retno Marsudi requested support from the European Union counterpart for abolishing Schengen visa requirements for Indonesian citizens.[340]

July 27, 2015: During his visit in Indonesia, the prime minister of the United Kingdom, David Cameron and the president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo raised a possibility to abolish visa requirements for holders of diplomatic, service and ordinary passport of Indonesia.[354][355][356][357][358]

31 July 2015: Indonesian Ambassador to Bulgaria and Albania and Bulgarian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs have raised possibility of waiving visa requirements for holders of ordinary passports of both countries.[359]

26 August 2015: In an interview to Indonesian media on 26 August 2015, Russian Ambassador to Indonesia, Mikhail Y Galuzin told that his government is ready to waive visa requirements to ordinary passport of Indonesia. Date of implementation is not determined yet because talks and negotiations are still on going.[360]

28 September 2015: In the 70th UN General Assembly in New York, the foreign minister of Indonesia, Retno Marsudi requested support from her French and German counterparts to secure visa-free access to the Schengen Area for Indonesian citizens. Foreign minister of France, Laurent Fabius and foreign minister of Germany, Frank Walter Steinmeier are committed to support Indonesia's request by the time this issue is discussed at the EU Commission. Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal and Romania also give their support for Indonesia to get a visa-free access to Schengen Area.[361][362][363]

5 November 2015: On the sidelines of the EU-ASEAN ministerial meeting in Luxembourg, the European Commission has reportedly included Indonesia in a list of countries proposed for review by the European Council. Indonesia's proposal will be submitted to the council early next year. European Council then will ask three main entities (Frontex, Europol and EASO) to study and review Indonesia's eligibility. If the study results are positive then the Council and the European Commission will propose a new regulation regarding the status change of Indonesia to get visa-free Schengen.[364][365][366]

27 April 2016: During his visit in Indonesia, the president of Serbia, Tomislav Nikolić and the president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo raised a possibility to abolish visa requirements for holders of diplomatic and service passports.[367]

17 May 2017: President Grybauskaite, during her state visit to Indonesia, expressed Lithuania's readiness to support the negotiations on CEPA and the free-visa policy for EU member states as such cooperation will help to generate a revenue of 2.5 billion euros.[368]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[369] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[370] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[371]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, Qatar, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[372][373] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[374]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[375] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[376]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[377] Lebanon,[378] Libya,[379] Saudi Arabia,[380] Sudan,[381] Syria[382] and Yemen[383] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [384] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[385][386] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[387] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[388] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[389] As of January 2019 the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [390]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[citation needed]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[391]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[392][393] Argentina,[394] Brunei, Cambodia,[395] China,[396] Ethiopia,[397] Ghana, India, Japan,[398][399] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[400] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[401] Singapore, South Korea,[402] and Taiwan.[403]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[404][405]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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Notes