Location in the Philippines
|Region||Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)|
|Founded||November 22, 1973|
|• Governor||Esmael Mangudadatu (Liberal Party)|
|• Vice Governor||Lester Sinsuat (Liberal Party)|
|• Total||5,970.53 km2 (2,305.23 sq mi)|
|Area rank||11th out of 81|
|Excluding Cotabato City|
|• Rank||26th out of 81|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||52nd out of 81|
|Excluding Cotabato City|
|• Independent cities||1|
|• Component cities||0|
including independent cities: 545
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Maguindanao (shared with Cotabato City)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-MAG|
|Spoken languages||Bahasa Maguindanao|
Maguindanao is a province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital is Shariff Aguak. It borders Lanao del Sur to the north, Cotabato to the east, and Sultan Kudarat to the south.
Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johore introduced Islam in the area at the end of the 15th century. He subsequently married a local princess from the Maranao Tribe of Malabang and Maguindanao Province, and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao. The Cotabato Valley formed the sultanate's heartland but its influence extended from the Zamboanga Peninsula to Sarangani Bay and Davao.
The Spaniards launched expeditions to subdue the area throughout the colonial era but they never gained control of the region until the middle of the 19th century after the Spaniards established a military post at what is now Barangay Tamontaka, one of the earliest Christian settlements founded south of the Philippines, in present-day Cotabato City. Spaniards already took with them Chabacanos and Chabacano-speaking Muslims from Zamboanga and Basilan and Cebuanos. Chabacanos being brought by Spaniards are the reason of existing Chabacano dialect in Cotabato City called Cotabateño, evolved from Zamboangueño.
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered what is now Maguindanao.
In 1945, Maguindanao was liberated by allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and Maguindanaoan guerrilla units after defeating the Japanese Imperial forces in the Battle of Maguindanao during the Second World War.
The old province of Cotabato was divided in 1966 into Cotabato and South Cotabato. In 1973, the successor province of Cotabato was split into the provinces of Maguindanao, (North) Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat.
Maguindanao is the only Muslim-majority province of the four created out of the original Cotabato Province. In 1989, majority of its voters opted to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao but Cotabato City did not, which, ironically, has since served as the provisional capital of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
On October 31, 2006, Maguindanao voters approved the creation of a new province to be composed of 10 towns from the province. Of more than 500,000 voters registered, 285,372 favored the creation of the province, and 8,802 voted against it. The new province, Shariff Kabunsuan, became the country's 80th province and the 6th in the ARMM. It was composed of the towns of Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Upi, Sultan Kudarat, Datu Blah T. Sinsuat, Sultan Mastura, Parang, Buldon, Matanog and Barira. However, in July 2008, the Supreme Court nullified the province's creation, restoring its municipalities to Maguindanao.
2009 election violence
On November 23, 2009, a 2010 gubernatorial election caravan supporting Esmael Mangudadatu, vice mayor of Buluan, was attacked. Fifty-seven people were killed, including Mangudadatu's wife and sisters, supporters, local journalists, and bystanders. On December 4, 2009, a number of homes belonging to the Ampatuan political family were raided in connection with the massacre.
In a press conference past 7 am, Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita announced Proclamation No. 1959 declaring a state of martial law and suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in the province of Maguindanao, except for certain areas identified as bailiwicks of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) separatists.
On August 15, 2011, Mangudadatu and his convoy were ambushed as they were on their way to his birthday celebration.
On January 25, 2015, 44 members of the Special Action Force were killed after they killed the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist Zulkifli Abdhir aka Marwan, by allegedly Moro Islamic Liberation Front and Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters in Mamasapano, Maguindanao.
Maguindanao is composed of 36 municipalities, which are further subdivided into 508 barangays. Cotabato City is often grouped with Maguindanao for historical and geographical purposes, but is in actuality administratively independent from the province as well as from ARMM.
The province is divided into two congressional districts. In October 2006, the first congressional district was split off into a new province, Shariff Kabunsuan. However, the ARMM's Act creating the province was nullified by the Supreme Court in July 2008, on the basis that creation of a province is a function of the Philippine legislature. The area has since reverted to the province of Maguindanao.
|Population census of
|Excluding Cotabato City
Source: National Statistics Office
The main languages are Maguindanao and Cebuano. Other language spoken is Chabacano, spoken by both Christians and Muslims. The dialect of Chabacano native in Cotabato City is called Cotabateño, evolved from Zamboangueño dialect. Also spoken are Tagalog, as well as English and Arabic.
Maguindanao is a predominantly practitioners of Islam (30%), majority of them are Sunnites, with a minority of Christians, (mostly Roman Catholics, 11%) and most of them are Cebuanos and Chabacanos. Roman Catholics of Maguindanao fall under the jurisdiction of Roman Catholic Diocese of Kidapawan, a suffragan of Archdiocese of Cotabato.
Maguindanao is divided into two congressional districts, which elect members to the House of Representatives. For the brief period that the province of Shariff Kabunsuan existed, Maguindanao became a lone-district province. Since the appointment of a new set of provincial officials for the reunified province of Maguindanao by the ARMM Governor in January 2009, the provincial government has reverted to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan setup (coterminous with the restored 1st and 2nd Congressional districts of Maguindanao) from before Shariff Kabunsuan was created.
Having elected to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Maguindanao also sends six representatives (three per district) to the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly that convenes in Cotabato City.
The native Maguindanaon culture revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.
- "Brief Profile". Provincial Government of Maguindanao. Retrieved 30 May 2014. (There seems to be major discrepancies among authoritative sources: 972,904 ha (NSCB); 6,565 km² (Historical Dictionary of the Philippines); 5,176.1 km² (NAMRIA))
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "Provincial Summary - Number of Provinces, Cities, Municipalities and Barangays, by Region, as of December 31, 2013" (PDF). PSGC Interactive. National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- Conde, Carlos H. (November 23, 2009). "21 Reported Dead and 22 Missing in Mass Kidnapping Linked to Philippine Election". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- Conde, Carlos H. (November 27, 2009). "Philippine Official Says Victims Were Sexually Mutilated". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- "Martial law in Philippines province after massacre". BBC News. 5 December 2009.
- "Arroyo proclaims martial law in Maguindanao". ABS-CBN News. 5 December 2009.
- "At least 30 elite cops killed in clash with MILF". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- Arcon, Dennis (January 26, 2015). "PNP-SAF casualties in encounter now 50 - ARMM police chief". Interaksyon. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- "Province: Maguindanao". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maguindanao (province).|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Maguindanao.|
- Geographic data related to Maguindanao at OpenStreetMap
- COMELEC Resolution No. 8169
- COMELEC Plebiscite Results for 3 new Maguindanao municipalities
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Illana Bay||Lanao del Sur|
|Celebes Sea||Sultan Kudarat|