List of riots in India

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India has faced a lot of race riots both before and after its independence. Here is list of riots in India:

Riots in India
Name Year Locations Cause Factions Deaths Wounded Damage Ref
Communal riots due to Aurangzeb’s religious policy 1671-1681 Benares, Narnaul, Gujarat Protest against Aurangzeb’s religious policy Hindus, Muslims Unknown Unknown Destroyed temples and mosques [1]
Bombay Dog Riots 1832 (6 to 7 June) South Mumbai Protest by Parsis against the British government's killing of stray dogs Parsis None None N/A [2]
Parsee-Muslim riots 1851 October 1851 Protests by Muslims against the Chitra Dynan Darpan owned by a Parsee. The publication had printed a depiction of Prophet Mohammed and his history. Parsis
Muslims
N/A N/A N/A [3]
1857 Bharuch riot May 1857 Broach and Mumbai Linked to the Broach riots Parsis
Muslims
2 Parsis murdered N/A N/A [3]
Parsee-Muslim riots 1874 13 February 1874 Publishing of details of Prophet Mohammed in Famous Prophets and Communities by Rustomji Hormusji Jalbhoy Parsis
Muslims
N/A N/A N/A [3]
Salem Riots of 1882 1882 Salem, Tamil Nadu Objection of Hindus to the construction of a mosque by the Muslims on the path of a Hindu religious procession Hindus
Muslims
Unknown Unknown N/A
Mappila riots 1920-1921 Malabar After being misinformed of end of British raj in India, rose to make Caliphate Hindus
Muslims
British
N/A N/A Close to one lakh Hindus were droven away from Malabar [4][5]
1921 - 1922 riots April 1921- March 1922 Bengal, Punjab, Multan Many riots occurred during Muharram, other causes Hindus
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Various [5]
Riots in Kohat 1924 Kohat Riots were triggered by the publication of an anti-Islamic pamphlet Hindus
Muslims
155 Unknown Rs. 9 lakhs + of damage [5]
1924-1925 riots April 1924- March 1925 Delhi, Nagpur, Lahore, Lucknow, Moradabad, Bhagalpur, Gulbarga,Shahajahanpur, Kankinarah, Kohat and Allahabad Various Hindus
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Various [5]
1925-1926 riots April 1925- March 1926 Calcutta, the United Provinces, the Central Provinces, Bombay Presidency, Berar, Gujarat, Sholapur Dispute outside a mosque between Muslims and Hindus, other causes Hindus
Muslims
44+ 584+ Damage to temples and mosques [5]
1926-1927 riots April 1926- March 1927 Delhi,Calcutta, Bengal, the Punjab, United Provinces , Bombay Presidency, Sind Music during Hindu celebrations near mosques, and other causes Hindus
Muslims
28+ 226+ Unknown [5]
1927-1928 riots April 1927- March 1928 Lahore, Bihar(2), Orissa(2), Punjab (2), Bettiah, United Provinces (10), Bombay Presidency (6), the Central Provinces (2), Bengal(2), Delhi(1) Caused by the publication of Rangila Rasul and Risala Vartman, by music during Hindu celebrations near mosques, cow slaughter, and other causes Hindus
Muslims
103+ 1084+ Unknown [5]
1927 Nagpur riots September 4, 1927 Nagpur, Maharashtra Muslims objected to passage of Hindu procession which resulted in riots Hindus
Muslims
22 100 N/A
1928-1929 riots April 1928 - March 1929 22 significant riots in this period. Most serious were the Bombay riots. Other riots in Punjab, Kharagpur, and other places. Many riots occurred during Bakr-i-Id, other causes Hindus
Muslims
204+ (149 in Bombay) Nearly 1000 Unknown [5]
1929-1930 riots April 1929 - March 1930 12 significant riots in this period. Bombay, other places. Various Hindus
Muslims
35+ 200+ Unknown [5]
Bombay riots of 1930 1930 various Protests against the Salt tax Indian
British government
N/A N/A N/A [6]
1930-1931 riots April 1930 - March 1931 Bengal, Nagpur, Bombay, Assam, Sukkur (Sind) Various Hindus
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Unknown [5]
1931-1932 riots April 1931 - March 1932 Cawnpore, other places Various Hindus
Muslims
300-500 Unknown Damage to temples and other property [5]
1933-1934 riots April 1933 - March 1934 Benares, Cawnpore, Lahore, Peshawar, Ayodhya,... During Hindu and Muslim celebrations. Dispute between Sikhs and Muslims at the Shaheed Ganj Mosque in Lahore. Riots in Karachi after Abdul Quayum was executed for the murder of Hindu writer Nathuramal Hindus, Sikhs
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Various [5]
1936 riots 1936 Firozabad, Bombay, other Various Hindus
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Various [5]
1937 riots 1937 Panipat, Madras, Amritsar During Holi, other causes Hindus, Sikhs
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Various [5]
1939 riots 1939 Benares,Cawnpore,Sukkur (Sind), other Dispute between Muslims and Hindus at Manzilgah over an abandoned mosque in proximity to an area sacred to Hindus, other causes Hindus
Muslims
151+ 58+ Various [5]
Direct Action Day August 1946 Calcutta, Bengal Muslim League Council to show the strength of Muslim feelings both to British and Congress. Muslims feared that if the British just pulled out, Muslims would surely suffer at the hands of overwhelming Hindu majority. Hindus
Muslims
4,000 N/A 100,000 homeless [7]
Noakhali riots October–November 1946 Noakhali, Bengal (now in Bangladesh) Hindus
Muslims
5,000 N/A 50,000 Hindus remained marooned [8][9]
1957 Ramnad riots 1957 Ramnad After Devendrar people objected to electoral victory of Maravar candidate in 1957 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly by-elections Devendrar
Maravar
Tamil Nadu police
38 Unknown 2,842 houses burnt
1967 Ranchi-Hatia riots August 22–29, 1967 Ranchi Anti-Urdu agitations Hindus
Muslims
184 Unknown 195 shops looted and burnt, three places of worship damaged by arson. [10]
1969 Gujarat riots September - October 1969 Gujarat Desecration of dargah and temple Hindus
Muslims
512 1084 Property worth 42 million Rupees destroyed [11]
Worli riots 1974 Mumbai, Maharashtra Reservation issue Shiv Sena
Buddhist
1 [12]
1980 Moradabad riots August 1980 Moradabad Policemen's refusal to remove pig from Idgah PAC
Muslims
400 Unknown 195 shops looted and burnt, three places of worship damaged by arson. [13]
Nellie massacre February 1983 Nellie Tensions between Hindus and Muslims Hindus
Muslims
2,191 (Unofficial Toll 10,000+) Unknown
1984 Bhiwandi riot May 1984 Bhiwandi Placement of Saffron flag on top of mosque Hindus
Muslims
278 1,115 N/A [14]
1984 anti-Sikh riots 31 October 1984 − 3 November 1984 Delhi and Punjab Assassination of Indira Gandhi by her two Sikh bodyguards Indian National Congress (INC)
Sikhs
2,800 N/A N/A [15]
1985 Gujarat riots Ahmedabad Hindus
Muslims
275 N/A N/A
1987 Meerut riots April–May 1987 Meerut Babri Mosque reopened for Hindu worship Hindus
Muslims
PAC
346 (includes 42 killed in Hashimpura massacre) 159 N/A [16]
1989 Bhagalpur violence April–May 1987 Bhagalpur Objection to Hindu procession in a Muslim area Hindus
Muslims
1000+ N/A N/A
1989 Kashmir

Violence

1989-1990 Kashmir Jihads spread by Muslims in valley 200-1341 Mass migration of kashmiri pandits
1990 Hyderabad riots 1990 Hyderabad, India Due to Hindus partly demolishing Babri Mosque Hindus
Muslims
200+ N/A N/A [17]
1990 Aligarh riots 1990 Aligarh Started with an attack on a group of people bound for Etah from the house of Manawwar Hussain, ex- chairman of the Nagar Palika, and from a nearby Masjid Hindus
Muslims
11+ Unknown Unknown [18]
1990 Gonda riots 1990 Gonda Throwing of stones and petrol bombs at a Durga Puja procession Hindus
Muslims
Unknown Unknown Unknown [19]
1991 Anti-Tamil violence of Karnataka 1991 Karnataka Tensions between Kannadigas and Tamils after Cauvery river dispute Tamils
Kannadigas
16 N/A Mass exodus of Tamils, up to 50000, from Karnataka [20]
1992 Bombay riots December 1992, January 1993 Various Protests over the demolition of the Babri Masjid Hindus
Muslims
250
1994 Anti-Urdu riots 1994 Bangalore After Urdu News is broadcast in Doordarshan Hindus
Muslims
30 N/A N/A [21]
2002 Gujarat riots 27 February - 2 March 2002 Gujarat The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims karsevaks returning from Ayodhya triggered the violence. According to official figures, the riots resulted in the deaths of 1044 people; 2,500 people were injured non-fatally, and 223 more were reported missing . Hindus
Muslims
1044 2500 [22]
2006 Vadodara riots 1 May 2006 – 3 May 2006 Gujarat Municipal council's decision to remove the dargah (shrine) of Syed Chishti Rashiduddin Hindus
Muslims
8 42 [23]
2013 Canning riots 21 February 2013 West Bengal Muslim cleric was killed by unidentified assailants Hindus
Muslims
200 homes torched [24]
2013 Muzaffarnagar riots 27 August 2013 – 17 September 2013 Muzaffarnagar District, Uttar Pradesh Disputed Hindus
Muslims
62 93 [25]
2014 Saharanpur riots 25 July 2014 – 26 July 2014 Saharanpur Disputed land Muslims
Sikhs
3 33 [26]
2016 Kaliachak riots 3 January 2016 Malda district, West Bengal Muslims were protesting the remark of Hindu Mahasabha leader Kamlesh Tiwari made on 3 December 2015 in the state of Uttar Pradesh, which allegedly made derogatory remarks against the Muslim prophet Muhammad Hindus
Muslims
30+ 500 homes torched [27][28]
2016 Dhulagarh riots 12 December 2016 Panchla, Howrah refusal to allow Mawlid processions to march Hindus
Muslims
2017 Baduria riots 2 July 2017 Baduria, West Bengal Facebook post by a 11 Class student Hindus
Muslims
23+ N/A [29]
2017 Northern India riots 25 August 2017 Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and New Delhi Rape conviction of Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Dera Sacha Sauda Followers 41+ 300+ [30][31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ali Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Mirat-i-Ahmadi, Calcutta, 1928; English trs. by Lokhandvala, 2 vols., Oriental Institute, Baroda, 1965. I, p. 261. Lal, K. S. (1992). The legacy of Muslim rule in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. Chapter 6
  2. ^ Pg 125 Palsetia, Jesse S. (2001). The Parsis of India: Preservation of Identity in Bombay City. BRILL. p. 368. ISBN 978-90-04-12114-0.
  3. ^ a b c Pg 188–189 Palsetia, Jesse S. (2001). The Parsis of India: Preservation of Identity in Bombay City. BRILL. p. 368. ISBN 978-90-04-12114-0.
  4. ^ [1] The Future of Indian politics, Annie Besant,
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Ambedkar, B.R. (1945), Pakistan, or the partition of India.
  6. ^ "Troops called out for Bombay Riots". New York Times. 1930-06-23. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  7. ^ Burrows, Frederick (1946). Report to Viceroy Lord Wavell. The British Library IOR: L/P&J/8/655 f.f. 95, 96–107.
  8. ^ "India: Written in Blood". Time. 28 October 1946. p. 42. Mobs in the Noakhali district of east Bengal ... burned, looted and massacred on a scale surpassing even the recent Calcutta riots. In eight days an estimated 5,000 were killed
  9. ^ Khan, Yasmin (2007). The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan. Yale University Press. pp. 68–69. ISBN 9780300120783.
  10. ^ [2] State and Repressive Culture: A Case Study of Gujarat,Srikanta Ghosh,1997
  11. ^ [3] Indian Democracy Derailed Politics and Politicians,Akshayakumar Ramanlal Desai, Wilfred D'Costa, 1994
  12. ^ [4], Tooth and Claw, Outlook, 2012
  13. ^ [5] Economic and Political Weekly,Krishna Gandhi ,1980
  14. ^ [6] Wages of Violence: Naming and Identity in Postcolonial Bombay,Thomas Blom Hansen ,2001
  15. ^ Ramakrishnan, Shriya (8 October 2016). "1984 anti-Sikh riots: Calls for justice in India". Al Jazeera.
  16. ^ [7] Rivers of Blood: A Comparative Study of Government Massacres,Brenda.K.Uekert ,1995
  17. ^ [8] Hindustan Times, 2008
  18. ^ The Hindu, 9/12/1990. Frontline, 22/12/1990.
  19. ^ (Frontline 27/10–09/11/1990); (Sunday 14–20/10/1990); (India Today 31/10/1990)
  20. ^ [9] New York Times, 1992
  21. ^ "Legacy of a Divided Nation: India's Muslims since Independence". Westview Press. 1997. Retrieved 27 July 2014.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  22. ^ [10] Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India, Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi, 2002
  23. ^ "The Secular Lies of Vadodara". Tehelka. 20 May 2006. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  24. ^ [11] West Bengal: 200 homes torched, shops ransacked in riots, One India, 2013
  25. ^ "Muzaffarnagar violence: Over 10,000 displaced; 10,000 arrested". Times of India. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  26. ^ "UP cops say Saharanpur riots were well-planned". InToday.in. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  27. ^ "48 hours after communal riots, Kaliachak in Malda turns ghost town". India Today. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  28. ^ "Why did the media ignore the Malda communal violence?". scroll.in. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Fresh Violence In West Bengal's Basirhat After Police Lathicharge, Several Injured: 10 Updates". NDTV.com.
  30. ^ "Families torn apart in Haryana violence". The Hindu. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  31. ^ "Dera violence: Chargesheet against Honeypreet, 14 others". The Times Of India. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.