|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||288.429 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Methitural (INN; Neraval, Thiogenal), or methitural sodium, also known as methioturiate, is a barbiturate derivative which was marketed in the 1950s in Europe (in Germany and Italy) as an ultra-short-acting intravenous anesthetic.
A somewhat more complex side chain is incorporated by alkylation of the carbanion of the substituted cyanoacetate (1) with 2-chloroethylmethyl sulfide (2). Condensation of the resulting cyanoester (3) with thiourea followed by hydrolysis of the resulting imine affords methitural.
- F.. Macdonald (1997). Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents. CRC Press. p. 1300. ISBN 978-0-412-46630-4. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- HOUDE J, HUDON F, JACQUES A (January 1957). "Neraval (methitural sodium) (sch. 3132)". Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal. 4 (1): 43–6. doi:10.1007/bf03009193. PMID 13396640.
- IRWIN S, STAGG RD, DUNBAR E, GOVIER WM (March 1956). "Methitural, a new intravenous anesthetic: comparison with thiopental in the cat, dog and monkey". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 116 (3): 317–25. PMID 13307393.
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