Saheb Qiblah Fultali

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Saheb Qiblah Fultali
Saheb Qiblah.gif
Native name আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী
Born Muhammad Abdul Latif Chowdhury
25 May 1913
Fultali, Zakiganj, Sylhet Division, Bengal Presidency (now Bangladesh), British India
Died 16 January 2008
Sylhet Division, Bangladesh
Nationality Bangladeshi
Other names Saheb Qiblah Fultali,
Raisul Qurra,
Ustad Muhaddisin,
Shamsul Ulama
Alma mater Fultali Alia Madrasah
Badarpur Senior Madrashah
Madrasha e Alia Rampur
Matlaul Ulum Madrashah
Years active 1940–2008
Children 7 sons and 3 daughters
Parent(s) Abdul Majid Chowdhury (father)
Relatives Abu Yusuf Shah Muhammad Ya'qub Badarpuri (father-in-law)
Awards Shamsul Ulama
Website http://www.fultali.org/

Abdul Latif Chowdhury (Bengali: মো:আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী; 25 May 1913 – 16 January 2008), widely known as Saheb Qiblah Fultali, was a Bangladeshi Islamic scholar of theology, philosophy, murshid, spiritual esotericist, and spiritual leader.

Early life[edit]

Abdul Latif Chowdhury Saheb Qiblah Fultali was born in the village of Fultali, Zakiganj, Sylhet Division, Bengal Presidency (now Bangladesh), British India.[1][2]

Background[edit]

Fultali was based upon the Jainpuri silsilah and a descendant of Shah Ala Baksh, himself descendant of Shah Kamal, a companion of Shah Jalal. His family lineage includes Abdul Latif Chowdhury, son of Abdul Majid Chowdhury, son of Shah Muhammad Hiron, son of Shah Muhammad, Danish son of Shah Muhammad Sadeq, son of Shah Muhammad Elahi Baksh, son of Shah Muhammad Ala Baksh.[1][3]

Education[edit]

Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali received his basic education from his own family, he was taught by his cousin, Fatir Ali, while studying at primary school. He was then admitted to Fultali Alia Madrasah, where he studied qirat and tajweed. 1336 AH, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali enrolled in Rangauti Madrasah and studied there successfully finishing higher secondary education.[4]

1338 AH, he enrolled into Badarpur Senior Madrasah. For higher education he studied Fanunnat at Rampur Alia Madrasah in India and completed various Islamic sciences. He then enrolled into Matlaul Ulum Madrasah to specialise in Hadith. He studied there for a few years and obtained first class, first position in the final Hadith exam in 1355 AH. He also attained degrees in Tafsir and Fiqh.[4][5]

In 1355 AH, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali studied and obtained ijazah for Hadith after achieving outstanding results in the faculty of Hadith, he obtained first class honours. He also acquired masters in |Ilm-e-Tafsir and Ilm-e-Fiqh.[4]

By the age of 18, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali had ijazah in four tariqahs from his spiritual master Shah Muhammad Yaqoub Badarpuri, who was a deciple of Hafiz Ahmed Joinpuri.

Career[edit]

In 1940, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali founded the Darul Qirat Majidiah Trust and institutionalized his effort to teach the perfect recitation of the Quran. Now there are more than a thousand branches of the trust throughout the world engaged in educating people in the field of Tajweed.[3][6]

From 1946 to 1950, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali taught at Badarpur Alia Madrasa. From 1951 to 1956, he taught at Gachbari muhaddisa madrassa, where he was later vice principal and then principal.[5]

In 1978, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali established Madrasah-e-Darul Qirat Majidiah UK, which has since vastly expanded (now known as Darul Hadis Latifiah) in London. He was a founder of numerous organisations related to religion, culture and education and a patron to a number of humanitarian and charitable organisations.[3][6][7]

Organisations[edit]

  • Darul Qirat Majidiah Fultali Trust
  • Anjumane Al Islah, Bangladesh
  • Anjumane Al Islah, United Kingdom
  • Anjumane Al Islah, United States
  • Bangladesh Anjumane Talamije Islamia
  • Anjumane Madarise Arabia
  • Darul Hadis Latifiah
  • Darul Qirat Majidiah, United Kingdom
  • Latifiah Qurra Society, United States
  • Latifiah Qurra Society, United Kingdom
  • Latifiah Yatim Khana, Bangladesh
  • Ulama Society, United Kingdom
  • Al Islah Youth Forum, United Kingdom

Death[edit]

On Thursday 16 January 2008 at 2:10 am, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali passed away in his home town of Sylhet due to natural causes. His janazah (Islamic funeral) took place the day after his death following Asr prayer led by his eldest son. Reports in Bangladesh estimate that between 2 and 2.5 million attended his janazah.[2][8][9][10]

An urs and mehfil (gathering) is held on the anniversary of Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali's death every year at his village in Fultali and many other places around the world by his students and followers.

Books[edit]

  • Al-Qawlus Sadeed fil Qir’at wat-Tajweed, a comprehensive guide to the rule of correct Qur'anic recitation. Composed originally in Urdu, it has been translated in Bengali and English.
  • At-Tanweer ala at-Tafsir, an in-depth elucidation of Sura Al-Baqarah.
  • Muntakhab-us Siyar, the biography of Prophet Muhammad in three volumes.
  • Anwar-us-Salikeen, an Urdu work in the field of Tasawwuf, explaining the different stages of the path for the seeker, and elucidating on how to nurture oneself in preparation for the sacred path.
  • Shajara-e-Tayyibah, the names of the spiritual masters of the Tariqahs Chisti, Qadiri, Naqshbandi and Mujaddidiyya.
  • Al-Khutba tul Ya’qubiyyah, a compilation of khutbahs (sermons) in Arabic, including the khutbah for the two ‘Eids (Islamic festivals) and the khutbah for Nikah (marriage)
  • Nala-e-Qalandar, an Urdu compilation of ode in veneration of the Prophet Muhammad and the Awliya.
  • Nek A'mal, a work in Bengali, elucidating on good actions and the rewards gained for action upon them.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family Background". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Gani, Muhammad Usman. "স্মৃতির গগনে উজ্জ্বল ধ্রুবতারা আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব কিবলাহ্ র" (in Bengali). Kazirbazar.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "শামসুল উলামা হযরত ফুলতলী (রহ:) ৪র্থ ওফাত দিবস কাল" (in Bengali). Uttorpurbo. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Educational Background". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "দাদা হুজুর আল্লামা আব্দুল লতিফ ফুলতলি(রহঃ)" (in Bengali). Sufia online 24. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2015. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b "His Work". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  7. ^ ব্রিকলেন মসজিদে আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী ফুলতলী'র (র") ইছালে ছওয়াব সওয়াব (in Bengali). Bangla Times. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Latest News". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব ক্বিবলাহ ছিলেন বরেণ্য ওলীয়ে কামিল" (in Bengali). BANews24.com. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Ahmad, Mohammad Farooq (5 December 2014). "আল্লামা আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী ফুলতলী,জাতীয় বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়সমূহে পড়ানো হয় যাঁর জীবনী" (in Bengali). Chhatak: Chhataknews.com. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 

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