Abdul Latif Chowdhury Fultali

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Saheb-e-Qiblah

Abdul Latif Chowdhury

Fultali
আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী
Saheb Qiblah.gif
Other namesFultali Saheb
Rais al-Qurra,
Ustadh-e-Muhaddithin,
Shams al-Ulama
Personal
Born
Muhammad Abdul Latif Chowdhury

(1913-05-25)25 May 1913
Died15 January 2008(2008-01-15) (aged 94)
Resting placeSaheb Bari, Fultali, Zakiganj, Sylhet District
ReligionIslam
NationalityBangladeshi
Children7 sons and 3 daughters
ParentsAbdul Majid Chowdhury (father)
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
MovementFultali
Alma materFultali Alia Madrasah
Badarpur Senior Madrashah
Madrash-e-Alia Rampur
Matlaul Ulum Madrashah
TariqaNaqshbandi
Other namesFultali Saheb
Rais al-Qurra,
Ustadh-e-Muhaddithin,
Shams al-Ulama
RelationsAbu Yusuf Shah Muhammad Ya'qub Badarpuri (father-in-law)
Muslim leader
Websitehttp://www.fultali.org/

Abdul Latif Chowdhury (Bengali: আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী; 25 May 1913 – 16 January 2008), widely known as Saheb Qiblah Fultali, was a Bangladeshi Sufi Islamic scholar, theologian and poet who is the founder of the Fultali movement.

Early life and background[edit]

Abdul Latif Chowdhury was born into a noble Bengali Muslim Sufi family in the village of Fultali, Zakiganj, Sylhet Division, Bengal Presidency (now Bangladesh), British India.[1][2]

His lineage is the following: Abdul Latif Chowdhury, son of Abdul Majid Chowdhury, son of Shāh Muhammad Hiron, son of Shāh Muhammad Dānish, son of Shāh Muhammad Sadeq, son of Shāh Muhammad Elāhi Bakhsh, son of Shah Muhammad Alā Bakhsh.[1][3] Ala Bakhsh was a descendant of Shah Kamal Quhafah, a later companion of Shah Jalal,[4] who in turn, descended from Abu Bakr, the friend of the Prophet Muhammad, through his eldest son Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr. According to Fultali's biographers, Bakhsh contributed to Ahmad Sirhindi's opposition movement against the Mughal emperor Akbar's theological opinions such as the Din-i Ilahi.[5]

Education[edit]

Fultali received his basic education from his own family, he was taught by his cousin, Fatir Ali, while studying at primary school. He was then admitted to Fultali Alia Madrasah, where he studied qirat and tajweed. In 1336 AH (1918 CE), Fultali enrolled in Rangauti Madrasah and studied there, successfully completing higher secondary education.[6]

In 1338 AH (1920 CE), he enrolled into the Badarpur Senior Madrasah in Karimganj. For higher education, he studied Fanunnat at Rampur Alia Madrasah in Uttar Pradesh and completed various Islamic sciences. He then enrolled into Matlaul Ulum Madrasah to specialise in Hadith. He studied there for a few years and obtained first class, first position in the final Hadith exam in 1355 AH (1936 CE). He also attained degrees in Tafsir and Fiqh.[6]

By 1355 AH (1936 CE), Fultali studied and obtained ijazah for Hadith after achieving outstanding results in the faculty of Hadith, he obtained first class honours. He also acquired masters in Ilm-e-Tafsir and Ilm-e-Fiqh.[6] By the age of 18, Fultali had ijazah in the four principal tariqahs from his spiritual master Shah Muhammad Yaqub Badarpuri, who was a disciple of Hafiz Ahmed Jaunpuri. Fultali also studied the Quran with Tajwid (recitation) in Mecca.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1940, Fultali founded the Darul Qirat Majidiah Trust and institutionalized his effort to teach the perfect recitation of the Quran. Now there are more than two thousand branches of the trust throughout the world engaged in educating people in the field of Tajweed.[3][7] As a result of riots in the 1950s, Fultali briefly migrated to Pakistan.[5]

Abdun Nur Ali (1880-1963) of Gorkapon in Badarpur was a Mawlana who requested Abdul Latif Chowdhury Fultali to visit the mosque conjoined to Adam Khaki's shrine. In 1946, Fultali announced that he would be travelling to Badarpur to give a lesson on qira'at at Adam Khaki's mosque.[8] Abd an-Nur Gorkaponi and his students purchased a horse for the scholar to ride on so the journey could be easier.[9] Afterwards he joined the then Satpur Alia Madrasah and Isamati Alia Madrashah as a Muhaddith and taught Hadith.[7]

Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali was the best known and most influential spiritual leader among the British Bangladeshi community. He was based in Bangladesh, but made well-attended visits to the United Kingdom.[10] Among these visits, In 1978, he established Madrasah-e-Darul Qirat Majidiah UK, which has since vastly expanded (now known as Darul Hadis Latifiah) in London. He was a founder of numerous organisations related to religion, culture and education and a patron to a number of humanitarian and charitable organisations.[3][7][11]

Organisations[edit]

  • Darul Qirat Majidiah Fultali Trust
  • Anjumane Al Islah, Bangladesh[12]
  • Anjumane Al Islah, United Kingdom[13]
  • Anjumane Al Islah, United States
  • Bangladesh Anjuman-e-Talamiz-e-Islamia
  • Anjuman-e-Madaris-e-Arabia
  • Darul Hadis Latifiah
  • Darul Qirat Majidiah, United Kingdom
  • Latifiah Qurra Society, United States
  • Latifiah Qurra Society, United Kingdom
  • Latifiah Qari Society, Bangladesh
  • Latifiah Yatim Khana, Bangladesh[14]
  • Ulama Society, United Kingdom
  • Al Islah Youth Forum, United Kingdom
  • Darul Hadis Latifiah North West United Kingdom[15]

Death[edit]

On Thursday 16 January 2008 at 2:10 am, Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali died in his home town of Sylhet due to natural causes. His janazah (Islamic funeral) took place the day after his death following Asr prayer led by his eldest son. Reports in Bangladesh estimate that between 2 and 2.5 million attended his janazah. It is also estimated that further hundreds of thousands of people joined the janazah across the Indian border.[2][16][17][18]

An urs and mehfil (gathering) is held on the anniversary of Allama Saheb Qiblah Fultali's death every year at his village in Fultali and many other places around the world by his students and followers.

Books[edit]

  • Al-Qawl as-Sadeed fi al-Qir’at wa at-Tajweed, a comprehensive guide to the rule of correct Qur'anic recitation. Composed originally in Urdu, it has been translated in Bengali and English.
  • At-Tanweer ala at-Tafsir, an in-depth elucidation of Surah Al-Baqarah.
  • Muntakhab-us Siyar, the biography of Prophet Muhammad in three volumes.
  • Anwar as-Salikeen, an Urdu work in the field of Tasawwuf, explaining the different stages of the path for the seeker, and elucidating on how to nurture oneself in preparation for the sacred path.
  • Shajara-e-Tayyibah, the names of the spiritual masters of the Tariqahs Chisti, Qadiri, Naqshbandi and Mujaddidiyya.
  • Al-Khutbah al-Ya’qubiyyah, a compilation of khutbahs (sermons) in Arabic, including the khutbah for the two ‘Eids (Islamic festivals) and the khutbah for Nikah (marriage). Named after his father-in-law, Hatim Ali Yaqub Badarpuri (d. 1958 CE).
  • Nala-e-Qalandar, an Urdu compilation of ode in veneration of the Prophet Muhammad and the Awliya.
  • Nek A'mal, a work in Bengali, elucidating on good actions and the rewards gained for action upon them.[19]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Ahmad Hasan Chowdhury, Biography of Allama Saheb Qibla Fultali (R.A.)
  • Mujahid Islam Bulbul, Biography of Allama Saheb Qibla Fultali (R.A.)
  • Allamah Fultali Sahib Qiblah. Ahl-e Muhabba. 17 January 2010
  • Bangladeshi diaspora in the UK
  • Sociology of Diaspora: A Reader. Rawat Publications. 2007. p. 726. ISBN 9788131601020.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ahmed, Abdul-Azim; Ali, Mansur (2019). In Search of Sylhet – The Fultoli Tradition in Britain (Thesis). Centre for the Study of Islam in the UK, Cardiff: Cardiff University.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family Background". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  2. ^ a b Gani, Muhammad Usman. স্মৃতির গগনে উজ্জ্বল ধ্রুবতারা আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব কিবলাহ্ র. (in Bengali). Kazirbazar.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b c শামসুল উলামা হযরত ফুলতলী (রহ:) ৪র্থ ওফাত দিবস কাল (in Bengali). Uttorpurbo. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b Siddiqi, Bulbul (2018). Becoming 'Good Muslim': The Tablighi Jamaat in the UK and Bangladesh. Springer. p. 121. ISBN 978-981-10-7235-2.
  5. ^ a b Ahmed & Ali (2019).
  6. ^ a b c "Educational Background". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  7. ^ a b c "His Work". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 September 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  8. ^ Ali Fazl Muhammad Kawthar (6 January 2020). শতাব্দীর উজ্জ্বল নক্ষত্র আল্লামা ছাহেব ক্বিবলাহ ফুলতলী (in Bengali). SylhetView24.
  9. ^ Shah, Ahsan Habib (29 January 2018). ইলমে কিরাতে আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব কিবলাহ (রহ.)-এর অবদান. Avijatrik (in Bengali).
  10. ^ Hamid, Sadek (2016). Sufis, Salafis and Islamists: The Contested Ground of British Islamic Activism. London & New York: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-78453-231-4.
  11. ^ ব্রিকলেন মসজিদে আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী ফুলতলী'র (র") ইছালে ছওয়াব সওয়াব (in Bengali). Bangla Times. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Joint Secretary General of Bangladesh Anjumane Al Islah Maulana Ahmed Hasan Chowdhury Fultali speaking at a seminar on 'Guhadae Karbala: Chetonar Utsha' organized by its city unit at the Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday". The New Nation. 22 October 2015.
  13. ^ https://anjumane-alislah.org.uk/about-us
  14. ^ http://manikpurup.sylhet.gov.bd/site/religious_institutes/8b14c66d-2724-11e7-8f57-286ed488c766/
  15. ^ Chowdhury, Ahmad Hasan (2018). Hazrat Allama Abdul Latif Chowdhury (in Bengali). Dhaka, Bangladesh.: Islamic Foundation Bangladesh. pp. 89–92.
  16. ^ "Latest News". Fultali. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  17. ^ আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব ক্বিবলাহ ছিলেন বরেণ্য ওলীয়ে কামিল (in Bengali). BANews24.com. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  18. ^ Ahmad, Mohammad Farooq (5 December 2014). আল্লামা আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী ফুলতলী,জাতীয় বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়সমূহে পড়ানো হয় যাঁর জীবনী (in Bengali). Chhatak: Chhataknews.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  19. ^ Chowdhury, Ahmad Hasan. Allama Fultali Saheb Qibla Smarak (in Bengali). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Latifia Foundation. p. 39.