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Shallow (Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper song)

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"Shallow"
Single by Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper
from the album A Star Is Born
Released September 27, 2018 (2018-09-27)
Format Digital download
Recorded 2018
Studio Greek Theater, EastWest Studios, The Village West
(Los Angeles, California)
Length 3:37
Label Interscope
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
  • Lady Gaga
  • Benjamin Rice
Lady Gaga singles chronology
"Joanne"
(2017)
"Shallow"
(2018)

"Shallow" is a song from the 2018 film A Star Is Born, performed by Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper. The song served as the first single from the film's soundtrack and was released on September 27, 2018 by Interscope Records. "Shallow" was written by Gaga with Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando, and Andrew Wyatt, and produced by her with Benjamin Rice.

Background and composition

For developing the soundtrack of A Star Is Born, Gaga collaborated again with Mark Ronson with whom she had produced her fifth studio album, Joanne (2016).[1] Among the first draft of songs, one was called "Shallow" written by Gaga and Ronson with Dirty Pretty Things' Anthony Rossomando and Miike Snow's Andrew Wyatt.[2] When Lukas Nelson came onboard during the development of the soundtrack, "Shallow" also evolved into a different sounding track. Nelson put his own band, Promise of the Real, as Bradley Cooper's character Jackson Maine's band. He also added a small acoustic guitar intro, inspired by Eric Clapton, feeling it would contrast with Gaga's loud belting which followed later in the song. Gaga came to EastWest Studio to help Nelson with the track and also directed the band. Some of the instrumentation like "The moments, the crashes of the cymbal, we did that live in the studio based on the vision that we had," Nelson recalled.[1]

"Shallow" was used in the film during a sequence when Jackson strides onto the stage at Greek Theater in Los Angeles and sings the opening verses. Jackson had already told Gaga's character Ally that he would be debuting a song they wrote together. For the second verse Ally musters up courage and goes onstage to sing "Shallow", including belting the loud chorus to the big audience.[3] For filming the sequence with "Shallow", Cooper filled the Greek Theater with around 2,000 Gaga fans and then recorded it. Following the filming, Gaga entertained the crowd playing piano version of her old songs; Promise of the Real also sang at the venue.[1]

Gaga described "Shallow" as a pivotal moment in A Star Is Born, since it spoke about Ally and Jackson's conversations and their "need and drive" to go deep and move away from the shallow area in their relationship.[4] With DJ Zane Lowe's Beats 1 radio show, the singer explained that they wrote the track "from the point of view of Ally, it becomes part of the reason they fall in love. When I was writing music for the film I had to think about Ally as if she wasn't me. I went with a sound for her, even in the pop realm, that's unlike anything I've ever put out before."[5] A slow-burning ballad, "Shallow" features instrumentation from acoustic guitar and piano with Cooper and Gaga trading verses. It gradually moves towards the final chorus with a vocal run, described by Jon Blistein of Rolling Stone as "chilling" and "impressive harmonizing" from both artists.[4] The song is performed in the key of G major with a moderate tempo of 96 beats per minute in common time. It follows a chord progression of Em7–D/F–G5–C–G5–D, and the vocals span from G3 to D5.[6]

Critical response

Brian Truitt of USA Today wrote, "It's a catchy and dramatic song that not only might snag an original song Oscar nomination – honestly, the movie will have quite a few tunes for the Academy's consideration – but also could be an unavoidable hit and a new favorite at karaoke bars everywhere."[2] Eve Barlow of Pitchfork commended Gaga's performance, noting the theme "may prove to be Gaga's own apex in the spotlight, her completion into superstar of charts and screen."[7]

Chart performance

In the United States, "Shallow" debuted at number 14 on the Billboard Digital Songs chart, with 12,000 copies sold according to Nielsen SoundScan. This was only half a day of sales, since the song was released towards the end of the tracking week.[8] The following week, "Shallow" topped the Digital Songs chart selling 58,000 copies (Gaga's sixth chart-topper) and consequently entered at number 28 on the Billboard Hot 100. The placement was also aided by the song acquiring 8.3 million streams in its opening week.[9] Following the release of A Star Is Born on October 5, 2018, "Shallow" ascended to number five on the Hot 100 and topped the Digital Songs chart for a second consecutive week selling 71,000 copies, up 21% from the previous week. The song marked Gaga's fifteenth top-ten entry as well as with Cooper's first on the chart.[10] In Canada, "Shallow" also debuted atop the Canadian Digital Songs chart, becoming Gaga's fifth leader and first since "Born This Way" (2011).[11] It consecutively opened at number 16 on the Canadian Hot 100.[12] Music downloads increased by 31% the next week and it held the top position on the Digital Songs chart.[13]

In Australia, "Shallow" debuted at number 25 on the ARIA Singles Chart.[14] The song entered at number 13 on the UK Singles Chart with 20,425 units according to the Official Charts Company,[15] and reached number six the next week. It sold another 36,952 units becoming Gaga's 12th top-ten song in the nation.[16][17] Elsewhere, "Shallow" topped the charts in Ireland, giving Gaga her sixth number-one in the country and Cooper his first.[18]

Credits and personnel

Management

Personnel

  • Lady Gaga – songwriter, producer, primary vocals
  • Bradley Cooper – primary vocals
  • Mark Ronson – songwriter
  • Anthony Rossomando – songwriter
  • Andrew Wyatt – songwriter
  • Benjamin Rice – producer, recording
  • Bo Bodnar – recording assistant
  • Alex Williams – recording assistant
  • Tom Elmhirstmixing
  • Brandon Bost – mixing engineer
  • Randy Merrill – audio mastering
  • Anthony Logerfo – drums
  • Corey McCormick – bass
  • Alberto Bof – keyboards
  • Lukas Nelson – acoustic guitar
  • Jesse Siebenberg – lap steel guitar
  • Eduardo 'Tato' Melgar – percussion

Credits adapted from the liner notes of A Star Is Born.[19]

Charts

Chart (2018) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[20] 25
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[21] 16
Belgium (Ultratip Flanders)[22] 15
Belgium (Ultratip Wallonia)[23] 15
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[12] 3
Croatia (HRT)[24] 48
Czech Republic (Singles Digitál Top 100)[25] 4
Euro Digital Songs (Billboard)[26] 1
France (SNEP)[27] 19
Germany (Official German Charts)[28] 25
Greece Digital Songs (IFPI Greece)[29] 10
Hungary (Single Top 40)[30] 1
Hungary (Stream Top 40)[31] 2
Ireland (IRMA)[32] 1
Italy (FIMI)[33] 27
Luxembourg Digital Songs (Billboard)[34] 2
Mexico Airplay (Billboard)[35] 31
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[36] 57
New Zealand Hot Singles (RMNZ)[37] 4
Portugal (AFP)[38] 28
Scotland (Official Charts Company)[39] 1
Slovakia (Rádio Top 100)[40] 39
Slovakia (Singles Digitál Top 100)[41] 1
South Korea International Downloads (Gaon)[42] 64
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[43] 42
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[44] 19
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[45] 1
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[17] 6
US Billboard Hot 100[46] 5
US Adult Top 40 (Billboard)[47] 29

Release history

Region Date Format Label Ref.
Various September 27, 2018
  • Digital download
  • streaming
Interscope [2]
Italy October 5, 2018 Contemporary hit radio Universal Music Group [48]
United Kingdom October 13, 2018 Interscope [49]
United States October 15, 2018 Hot Adult Contemporary [50]
October 16, 2018 Contemporary hit radio [51]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Zuckerman, Esther (October 8, 2018). "How the Stunning 'Shallow' Scene in 'A Star Is Born' Came to Be". Thrillist. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Truitt, Brian (September 27, 2018). "'A Star Is Born': Good luck getting Lady Gaga, Bradley Cooper's 'Shallow' out of your head". USA Today. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  3. ^ Sippell, Margeaux (September 27, 2018). "Lady Gaga Drops 'A Star Is Born' Single 'Shallow' (Watch)". Variety. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Blistein, Jon (September 27, 2018). "Watch Lady Gaga, Bradley Cooper Perform Striking 'A Star is Born' Duet 'Shallow'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  5. ^ Lowe, Zane (host) (September 27, 2018). Watch 'Zane Lowe and Lady Gaga' (Radio show podcast). Beats 1. iTunes Store. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  6. ^ Germanotta, Stefani (2018). "Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper 'Shallow' Sheet Music in G Major". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  7. ^ "'Shallow' by Lady Gaga / Bradley Cooper Review". Pitchfork. September 28, 2018. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  8. ^ Zellner, Xander (October 2, 2018). "Lady Gaga Duet Sparks Bradley Cooper's Chart Debut With 'Shallow' From 'A Star Is Born'". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  9. ^ Zellner, Xander (October 8, 2018). "Bradley Cooper Scores First Billboard Hot 100 Hit With Lady Gaga Duet 'Shallow' From 'A Star Is Born'". Billboard. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  10. ^ Trust, Gary (October 15, 2018). "Maroon 5 & Cardi B's 'Girls Like You' Tops Hot 100 For Fourth Week, Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper Hit Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  11. ^ Tuch, Paul (October 10, 2018). "Lil Wayne's No. 1 This Week". FYI Music Canada. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Lady Gaga Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  13. ^ "A Star Is Reborn At No. 1 On This Week's Albums Chart". FYI Music News Canada. October 15, 2018. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  14. ^ "Shotgun lands George Ezra fourth week at #1". Australian Recording Industry Association. October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  15. ^ Jones, Alan (October 5, 2018). "Charts analysis: Calvin Harris & Sam Smith keep Promises at No.1". Music Week. Retrieved October 5, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
  16. ^ Jones, Alan (October 12, 2018). "Charts analysis: It's a Funky Friday for Dave & Fredo". Music Week. Retrieved October 15, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
  17. ^ a b "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  18. ^ White, Jack (October 12, 2018). "Official Irish Singles Chart: Lady Gaga scores her sixth Irish Number 1 single with Bradley Cooper duet Shallow". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  19. ^ A Star Is Born (Credits from Liner notes). Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper. Interscope Records. 2018. B0028726-01. Archived from the original on October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
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  21. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
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  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow" (in French). Ultratip. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  24. ^ "Croatia ARC TOP 100". HRT. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  25. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201841 into search. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  26. ^ "Euro Digital Song Sales: October 20, 2018". Billboard. Retrieved October 17, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
  27. ^ "Top Singles Megafusion Week 41, 2018" (in French). SNEP. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  28. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  29. ^ "Digital Singles Chart (International) Εβδομάδα: 40/2018" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on October 15, 2018. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  30. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  31. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Stream Top 40 slágerlista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  32. ^ "Official Irish Singles Chart Top 50". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  33. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow". Top Digital Download. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  34. ^ "Luxembourg Digital Song Sales: October 20, 2018". Billboard. Retrieved October 17, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
  35. ^ "Mexico Airplay: October 20, 2018". Billboard. Retrieved October 17, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
  36. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  37. ^ "NZ Hot Singles Chart". Recorded Music NZ. October 15, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  38. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow". AFP Top 100 Singles. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  39. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  40. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201841 into search. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  41. ^ "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201841 into search. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  42. ^ "2018년 41주차 Download Chart" (in Korean). Gaon Music Chart. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  43. ^ "Top 100 Canciones – Semana 41: del 5.10.2018 al 11.10.2018" (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  44. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow". Singles Top 100. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  45. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  46. ^ "Lady Gaga Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  47. ^ "Lady Gaga Chart History (Adult Pop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  48. ^ "Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper – Shallow (Radio Date: 05-10-2018)". Earone Radio Italy (in Italian). Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  49. ^ "Radio 2 New Music: October 13, 2018". BBC Radio 2. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  50. ^ "Hot/Modern/AC > Future Releases". All Access Radio Group. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  51. ^ "Top 40/Mainstream > Future Releases". All Access Radio Group. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

External links