From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

DeveloperThe Ututo Team
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)
Working stateDormant
Initial release16 October 2000; 23 years ago (2000-10-16)[1]
Latest releaseXS 2012 / 27 April 2012; 11 years ago (2012-04-27)
Latest previewCandidato-Ututo-2017-UL.iso[2]
Update methodututo-get, using ebuilds from Gentoo
Package managerututo-get
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64; different repositories and optimizations for atom, duron-athlon, k8, pentium3, pentium4, nocona
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux, FreeBSD)
user interface
LicenseExclusively free licenses per GNU Free System Distribution Guidelines (GNU FSDG)[3]
Official websiteututo.org

Ututo is a Linux distribution consisting entirely of free software. The distribution is named for a variety of gecko found in northern Argentina.[4]

Ututo was the first fully free Linux-based system recognized by the GNU Project.[5][6] The founder of the GNU Project, Richard Stallman, formerly endorsed the distribution nearly exclusively,[7][8][9][10] and used it on his personal computer,[11] before he switched to gNewSense, and later Trisquel.[12]


Ututo was first released in 2000 by Diego Saravia in National University of Salta.[13] Argentina. It was one of the first live CD distributions in the world[14] and the first Linux distribution in Argentina.[15] Ututo carried Simusol,[16] a system to simulate Solar Energy projects. Ututo was simple to install, because it did not need any configuration. It automatically detected the hardware in the machine, it only asked to "move your mouse". At that time no other distribution worked that way.[17][18][19][need quotation to verify]

In 2002, Ututo-R was created, which offered the possibility of operating like a software router. This version was created by Marcos Zapata and used in Buenos Aires public schools.[20][21]

In 2004, the Ututo-e project was born, swiftly becoming the most important derivative of Ututo.[22] This project was started by Daniel Olivera.

In 2006, Ututo was declared "of National Interest" by the Argentine Chamber of Deputies.[23][24]

Ututo XS[edit]

Ututo XS is the current stable version of Ututo.

Ututo XS is compiled using Gentoo Linux ebuilds and emerge software. All documentation is in Spanish.

With the emergence of the XS series, many new features were added, including a faster system installer.[25][26][27] Ututo has been used in different hardware projects such as iFreeTablet.[28] Pablo Manuel Rizzo designed the package management system, Ututo-Get, modelled after Debian's APT;[29] however, as other Gentoo-based distros, Ututo is compatible with Portage.

Ututo has different binaries optimized for different Intel and AMD processors .[30]

With no releases since 2012 the distribution is considered "dormant".[31]

Ututo UL[edit]

Ututo UL (or Ubuntu-Libre) is the current developed version of Ututo. Ututo UL utilize Ubuntu as the distro base, with all non-free software removed as usual in the Ututo project, and Linux-libre as the kernel.

In 2017 the original idea of distributing Simusol, a system to simulate Solar Energy projects, returned to the heart of the project.[2][32]


Tux Machines reviewed Ututo in 2006:

So, all in all, it's a very respectable project. The installer is not exactly the easiest in the world, but the desktop is nice looking with some handy tools and adequate applications. I'm left with mixed feelings about it, having started out quite excited. But it was still nice to try. If you are a gnome or ubuntu fan, you should really check it out.[33]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "History of Ututo". Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Index of /downloads". ututo.org. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  3. ^ "List of Free GNU/Linux Distributions- GNU Project - Free Software Foundation". gnu.org. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Investigadores atraparán 10 "Ututos"".[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "List of Free GNU/Linux Distributions".
  6. ^ Andrews, Jeremy (4 January 2005). "Interview: Richard Stallman, Kernel Trap". Archived from the original on 20 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Ututo-e: "The only free distribution" revisited". 11 September 2008.
  8. ^ "Superuser - Richard Stallman". 2006. Archived from the original on 15 February 2008.
  9. ^ "Stallman recommends Ututo XS in LatinoWare 2007".
  10. ^ "Explaining Why We Don't Endorse Other Systems, GNU Project, 2009".
  11. ^ Guglielmetti, Marcos (2006). "Ututo: el sistema que usa Richard Stallman".
  12. ^ Stallman, Richard. "How I do my computing". Richard Stallman's personal site. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Ututo". DistroWatch. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Ututo, a Simple GNU / Linux". ututo.org. 3 November 2018. Archived from the original on 30 December 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  15. ^ Smith, JT (15 December 2000). "UTUTO, the first Argentinian Linux distribution". linux.com. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  16. ^ "SimuSol - Que es SimuSol". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  17. ^ "Ututo, el linux argentino". 2001. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012.
  18. ^ "INTERNET: Reportaje a Diego Saravia creador del Novedoso Ututo, de la Universidad Nacional de Salta". Clarín newspaper. 2001.
  19. ^ "Argentina Embraces the Penguin". Wired magazine. 2001.
  20. ^ Cassia, Fernando (15 June 2003). "Linux penguin dances tango in schools". Archived from the original on 7 June 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  21. ^ "Ya van 11 escuelas de Buenos Aires con UtutoR (Reporte)". Archived from the original on 24 June 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  22. ^ "Nueva distribución GNU/Linux totalmente libre: UTUTO-e". Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  23. ^ "DECLARAR DE INTERES DE LA H CAMARA EL "Proyecto Social de desarrollo e incorporación de Tecnología Informática basada en Software Libre denominado UTUTO"" (in Spanish). Government of Argentina. 27 October 2006. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Software Libre : Proyecto UTUTO Declarado de Interés Nacional". Archived from the original on 31 July 2007.
  25. ^ "Ututo XS liberado". Archived from the original on 17 November 2009.
  26. ^ "Ututo: Software Libre desde Argentina para el Mundo". 13 March 2009.
  27. ^ ""UTUTO", EL SOFTWARE LIBRE ARGENTINO. Libertad, igualdad, fraternidad".
  28. ^ Penalva, Javier (2 February 2010). "iFreeTablet, la tableta para el hogar digital made in Spain". Xataka. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  29. ^ "Ututo XS 2007". Archived from the original on 8 June 2010. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  30. ^ Byfield, Bruce (2005). "Review: Ututo-e, the "only free distribution"".
  31. ^ DistroWatch. "DistroWatch.com: UTUTO". distrowatch.com. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  32. ^ Saravia, Diego. "Ututo–Home". ututo.org. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  33. ^ Ubuntu Meets Gentoo: Utoto Linux | Tux Machines

External links[edit]