|District of Rajasthan|
|Administrative division||Jaipur Division|
|Tehsils||1. Jhunjhunu, 2. Chirawa, 3. Buhana, 4. Khetri, 5. Nawalgarh, 6. Udaipurwati 7.Malsisar 8. Surajgarh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Jhunjhunu|
|• Assembly seats||1. Jhunjhunu, 2. Mandwa, 3. Pilani, 4. Nawalgarh, 5. Khetri, 6. Udaipurwati, 7. Surajgarh|
|• Total||5,926 km2 (2,288 sq mi)|
|• Total||2, 139,658|
|• Urban||22.89 percent|
|• Sex ratio||950|
|Major highways||State Highway 8|
Jhunjhunu district is part of Shekhawati Region. Jhunjhunu was ruled by the Kaimkhani Nawabs till 1730. Rohilla Khan was the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. The Nawabs ruled over Jhunjhunu for 280 years. Rohilla Khan had imposed great faith in Shardul Singh and he acted as his Diwan. Shardul Singh was a bold and efficient administrator. He occupied Jhunjhunu after the death of Rohilla Khan in 1730 A.D.
It was by dint of his subtle political demeanour that Maharao Shardul Singh occupied Jhunjhunu & ruled over it for 12 years. After his death the estate was divided equally among his five sons. Their descendants continued to rule over it till Indian Independence in 1947. Shardul Singh's religious beliif was instrumental in him having built many temples such as Kalyan Ji Mandir & Gopinath Ji Ka mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate Maharao Shardul Singh, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura ordorned with fresco paintings.
The district falls within Shekhawati region, and is bounded on the northeast and east by Haryana state, on the southeast, south, and southwest by Sikar District, and on the northwest and north by Churu District.
According to the 2011 census Jhunjhunu district has a population of 2,139,658, roughly equal to the nation of Namibia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 214th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 361 inhabitants per square kilometre (930 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.81%. Jhunjhunun has a sex ratio of 950 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.72%.
The Pasari, Piramals and The Birla family, three families of prominent Indian industrialists, hail from the district.Mehdi Hasan world famous Gazal Singer was also born in Jhunjhunu. Birla Institute of Technology and Science, one of the prestigious engineering institutes of the country, is situated at Pilani, a town in Jhunjhunu District. Also the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute is also headquartered in Pilani.
Late Sh. RR Morarka was born in 1923 in Nawalgarh town of Rajasthan's Shekhawati region. After completing his schooling in Nawalgarh, he went to Mumbai to undertake higher education. While still being a student of the Bombay University, he joined the freedom struggle and took part in the 'Quit India' movement. Though born in a traditional business family, Sh. Morarka was more inclined to social service which led to his joining active politics. During the country's first general elections, he contested from Jhunjhunu (Rajasthan) parliamentary constituency on a Congress ticket and won. His popularity can be gauged by the fact that the people of his constituency elected him thrice in a row and he represented them till 1967.
Late Sh. RR Morarka again became a member of parliament in 1978. This time, it was the turn of the upper house. He remained a Rajya Sabha member till 1984. During his long stint in the parliament, he was member of many important parliamentary committees such as the ones dealing with the Companies (Amendment) Bill, 1953, Income Tax (Amendment) Bill, Life Insurance Corporation of India Bill etc. In 1964, he was entrusted with the responsibility of heading the Public Accounts Committee. He was also a member of the Estimates Committee. As a Rajya Sabha Member, Sh. Morarka was on the panel of Vice Chairmen during 1979-1980. He was also a member of the upper house's Committee of Privilege, and the General Purpose Committee.
During his long political career, Sh. RR Morarka represented the country on many international forums including the International Convention of Parliamentarians held at Canberra (Australia). He also headed many parliamentary delegations to different countries. Though a great personality, he believed in the principle of 'simple living, high thinking' and never compromised on his principles and moral values.
Place of Interest
- SHREE JAMVAY MATA TEMPLE BHORKI
- Rani Sati Temple
- Badalgarh Fort, used as a Risala and was built by the Kayamkhani Nawabs.
- Jorawargarh Fort, built by Thakur Jorawar Singh son of Thakur Shardul Singh Shekhawat.
- Akhegarh Fort, built by Thakur Akhe Singh son of Thakur Shardul Singh Shekhawat.
- Khetri Mahal, built by Thakur Bhopal Singh of Khetri.
- Gilo sati dadi temple in mandrella. 20 km from jhunjhunu.
- Ramakrishna Mission, Khetri Center lies in the Khetri town of the district.
- Dhosi Hill
- Seth Ishwardas Mohan Das Modi Haveli
- Six Havelies of Tibrewala
- Makbara of Nawab Samaskhan
- Nar Singh Das Tibrewala Haveli
- Jorawar Garh
- Bihari Ji Temple
- Shri Ram Jait Ram Tibrewal haveli
- Kamruddin Shah Ki Durgah
- Captain Henry Forester’s son’s Majaar
- Mertani Ji Ki Bawari (Stepwell)
- Mansha Mata & Badru Ki Johari. A Salubrious tracking
- Laxmi Nath Temple
- Khetan Haveli
- Khetan Bawari (Stepwell)
- Birdi Chand’s Well
- Ajeet Sagar
- Bala Bux Tulshan Haveli
- Captain Henry Forester’s Gate
- Captain Henry Forester’s Radhakrishana Temple
- Captain Henry Forester’s Jama Masjid
- Cenotaphs of Shekhawat Rulers
- Chamatkari Balaji Mandir, Durjanpura (Abusar Ka Bass) Jhunjhunu
Famous copper mines are situated in the Khetri tehsil of the district. The Khetri Copper Complex of Hindustan Copper Limited is situated at distance of 10 km from the Khetri town . It is the largest Copper mines in India. It also has by-products i.e. Sulphuric Acid, Fertilizer etc.
- BITS Pilani
- Shri JagdishPrasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University.
- Shridhar University
Statue of Jujhar Singh Nehra, founder of Jhunjhunu district in Jhunjhunu town
Clock tower, BITS Pilani, Campus
- "Parliamentary Constituencies of Rajasthan". http://188.8.131.52/home.html. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "Assembly Constituencies of Jhunjhunu district". gisserver1.nic.in. 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Namibia 2,147,585"
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179"
||Churu district||Bhiwani district, Haryana|
|Mahendragarh district, Haryana|