Urban rail transit in China

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Map of Greater China Cities with Rapid Transit and Light Rail
Green - Operating; Red - Under Construction/Approved

Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and even maglev.[1] Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. Several Chinese cities had urban electric tramways in the early 20th century, which were dismantled in the 1950s-1970s. Nanjing had an urban railway from 1907 to 1958. Today China boasts both the world's longest and second longest metro systems. Out of the top 10 busiest metro systems in the world 4 of them are in China. The first subway in China was built in Beijing in 1969. The Tianjin Metro followed in 1984. Since 2000, the growth of rapid transit systems in Chinese cities has accelerated. The Shanghai Metro despite being the world's longest only started operating in 1993.[2] From 2009 to 2015, China plans to build 87 mass transit rail lines, totaling 2,495 km, in 25 cities at the cost of ¥988.6 billion.[3] Of the new metro systems to be built between now and 2015, 16% will be in the Pearl River Delta, 25% in the Yangtze River Delta and 24% in the Jingjinji region.[4] As of 2012, China averages 270 km of new rapid transit mileage per year.[5] Hong Kong’s MTR was developed autonomously by the Hong Kong S.A.R. Government. The MTR now has investment and management stakes in the rapid transit systems of several mainland Chinese cities.

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

Currently operational[edit]

Beijing[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Beijing Subway icon.svg
Beijing MTR logo.png
Beijing Subway (BGD)
北京地铁
Locale Beijing

1 2 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 14 15
Airport Batong Changping
Daxing Fangshan Yizhuang

6 Phase II
7
8 Phase II North Section II and South Section I
14 Phase II
15 Phase I Section III
Changping Phase II

Beijing-Subway en.png [Note 1]
[6]
[7]
[8]
Began operation 1 October 1969
Lines in operation 17
№ of stations 232 (List)
Network length 465 km (289 mi)
Ridership 10.276 million (Daily Record)
3.209 billion (2013 annual)

Changsha[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Changsha Metro logo.svg
Changsha Metro
长沙地铁
Locale Changsha

2

1

Changshametro2014.svg
Began operation 29 April 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 19
Network length 22.3 km (14 mi)
Ridership

Chongqing[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Chongqing Rail Transit Logo.svg
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)
重庆轨道交通
Locale Chongqing

1 2 3 6

O
1 Extension
2 Extension
3 Northern Extension
4 Phase I
5 Phase I
6 Phase I Extension & Phase II Southern Section

2012重慶軌道交通運營圖.jpg [11]
[12]
[13]
Began operation 6 November 2004
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 100
Network length 168.1 km (104 mi)
Ridership 1,310,000 (peak day)
1,100,000 (daily avg.)
244 million (2012)

Chengdu[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Chengdu Metro icon.svg
Chengdu Metro
成都地铁
Locale Chengdu

1 2

1 Phase II
2 Phase II east extension
3
4
7

Chengdu Metro Map.svg
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 42
Network length 49 km (30 mi)
Ridership

Dalian[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Dalian Kuaigui Logo.svg
Dalian Metro
Dalian Rapid Transit / DRT
大连地铁(大连轨道交通)
大连快轨
Locale Dalian

3 7 8

1
2
Jinpu

Dalian Metro Map en.svg [14]
Began operation 8 November 2002
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 26 (List)
Network length 106 km (66 mi)
Ridership 120,000 (Avg. Daily)
200,000 (Peak Record)

Guangzhou and Foshan[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Guangzhou Metro icon.svg
Guangzhou Metro
广州地铁
Locale Guangzhou

1 2 3 4 5 6 8 APM

4 Southern Section
6 Phase II
7 Phase I
8 Phase II & Northern Section
9 Phase I
13 Phase I

Guangzhou Metro Map en.svg [Note 2]
[15]
[16]
[17]
Began operation 28 June 1997
Lines in operation 8
№ of stations 147 (List)
Network length 240.6 km (150 mi)
Ridership 7.844 million (5 Nov 2010 record)
1.990 billion (2013 annual)
FMetro logo icon.svg
Guangfo Metro
FMetro
佛山地铁 (广佛地铁)
Locale Foshan (Guangzhou)

Guangfo

Guangfo Phase I Section II

  • Line 2
  • Line 3
FMetro Map.png [Note 2]
[Note 3]
Began operation 3 November 2010
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 14 (List)
Network length 20 km (12 mi)
Ridership see ref.

Hangzhou[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
MTR Hangzhou Logo.jpg
Hangzhou Metro
杭州地铁
Locale Hangzhou

1

2

Hangzhou Metro Line 1.png
Began operation 24 November 2012
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 31 (list)
Network length 48 km (30 mi)
Ridership

Harbin[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Harbin Metro logo.svg
Harbin Metro
哈尔滨地铁
Locale Harbin

1

1 Phase II
3

Harbin Metro System Map.svg
Began operation 26 September 2013
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 18
Network length 17 km (11 mi)
Ridership

Hong Kong[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
MTR Corporation icon.svg
Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵 / 港铁
including Kowloon–Canton Railway
Locale Hong Kong

Kwun Tong Tsuen Wan Island
Tung Chung Airport Disneyland Resort
Tseung Kwan O East Rail West Rail
Ma On Shan

Hong Kong Railway Route Map en.svg [Note 4]
Began operation 2 December 2007
(1 October 1979 old MTR)
(1 October 1910 KCR)
Lines in operation 10
№ of stations 84 (List)
Network length 175 km (109 mi)
Ridership 4.064 million (daily record)
1.482 billion (2011 annual)

Kunming[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Kunming Rail Transit logo.svg
Kunming Rail Transit (KRT)
昆明轨道交通
Locale Kunming

1 2 6

1 Phase III
2 Phase II
3

Kunming metro map.png
Began operation 28 June 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 33
Network length 58.5 km (36 mi)
Ridership

Nanjing[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro
南京地铁
Locale Nanjing

1 2 10

3
4

NJmetro20140801.svg [Note 5][18]
[19]
[20][21]
Began operation 3 September 2005
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 67
Network length 99.2 km (62 mi) (metro only)
135.0 km (84 mi) (incl. S1)
Ridership 1.1 million (Mar 2012 Avg.)
1.33 million (April 1–4, 2012 record)
452 million (2013 annual)

Ningbo[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Ningbo Rail Transit Logo No Text.png
Ningbo Rail Transit
宁波轨道交通
Locale Ningbo

1

2
1 Phase II

Ningbo Rail Transit System Map en.svg
Began operation 30 May 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 20
Network length 20 km (12 mi)
Ridership

Shanghai[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Shanghai Metro logo.svg
Shanghai Metro
上海地铁(上海轨道交通)
Locale Shanghai (and Kunshan)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 16

5 South Extension
11 West Extension
12 Phase II
13 Middle & Expo Section
16 Phase II

Shanghai Metro map en.svg [22]
[Note 6]
[23]
[24]
[25]
Began operation 28 May 1993
Lines in operation 14
№ of stations 330 (List)
Network length 538 km (334.3 mi)
Ridership 8.486 million (Daily Record)
2.500 billion (2013 annual)
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg
Shanghai Maglev Train
SMT / Shanghai Transrapid
上海磁浮示范运营线
Locale Shanghai

Maglev

  • n/a (planned extensions were cancelled in 2010)
SMT.jpg
Began operation 31 December 2002
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 30.5 km (19 mi)
Ridership

Shenyang[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Shenyang Metro logo.svg
Shenyang Metro
沈阳地铁
Locale Shenyang

1 2

1 east extension

Shenyang Metro Map.png
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 55 km (34 mi)
Ridership

Shenzhen[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Shenzhen Metro Corporation logo.svgShenzhen Metro No.3 Line logo.svgMTR Corporation icon.svg
Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Locale Shenzhen

1 2 3 4 5

7
9
11

SZMetro RtDig.png [26]
[27]
[28]
Began operation 28 December 2004
Lines in operation 5
№ of stations 137 (List)
Network length 178 km (111 mi)
Ridership 914 million (2013 annual)

2.89 million (April 30 - May 1, 2012 record)

Suzhou[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Suzhou Rail Transit logo.svg
Suzhou Rail Transit (SRT)
苏州轨道交通
Locale Suzhou

1 2

4
8

Suzhou Rail Transit Map en.svg
Began operation 28 April 2012
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 46 (List)
Network length 52.296 km (32 mi)
Ridership 550,000 (Daily Record)
40.334 million (2012 annual)

Tianjin[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Tianjin Subway logos.png
Tianjin Metro
天津地铁
Locale Tianjin

1 2 3 9

5
6

Tianjin Metro System Map 1.png [Note 7]
Began operation 30 September 2003
(28 December 1984 old system)
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 94
Network length 132.7 km (82 mi)
Ridership 64.3 million (2010 annual)

Wuhan[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Wuhan Metro Logo.svg
Wuhan Metro
武汉地铁(武汉轨道交通)
Locale Wuhan

1 2 4

1 Western Extension
3
4 Phase II
6
7
8

Wuhan Metro bilingual map.png [29]
[30]
Began operation 28 July 2004
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 62
Network length 79.85 km (50 mi)
Ridership 73 million (2011 annual, Line 1 only)
1,272,300 (Feb 2013 Peak)[31]

Wuxi[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Wuxi Metro logo.svg
Wuxi Metro
无锡地铁(无锡轨道交通)
Locale Wuxi

1

2

MAP FOR WUXI METRO.png
Began operation 1 July 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 29.42 km (18 mi)
Ridership

Xi'an[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Xian Metro logo.svg
Xi'an Metro
西安地铁
Locale Xi'an

1 2

3

Xi'anMetro2013.svg [32]
Began operation 16 September 2011
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 40
Network length 52 km (32 mi)
Ridership 150,000 (daily record)

Zhengzhou[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Zhengzhou Metro logo.svg
Zhengzhou Metro
郑州地铁(郑州轨道交通)
Locale Zhengzhou

1

2

Zhengzhou Metro Map en.svg
Began operation 26 December 2013
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 20
Network length 26 km (16 mi)
Ridership

Under construction[edit]

2015[edit]

  • Fuzhou Metro (福州轨道交通) operational by June 2015

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

  • Jinan Metro (济南轨道交通) operational by end of 2018

Approved awaiting for construction[edit]

Under planning[edit]

Proposed[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ The first of the Beijing Subway was completed in 1969 but did not open for trial operation until 1971 and it was restricted to riders with credential letters. The subway was fully opened to the public without credential letters in 1981.
  2. ^ a b The Guangzhou Metro Annual ridership data is combined with Guangfo Metro.
  3. ^ The Guangfo Metro sometimes counts FMetro line 1.
  4. ^ The Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) consists of the main MTR subway system, which opened in 1979, and the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), which opened in 1910 and was electrified in 1983. The two systems merged in 2007. Data no counts light rail lines. The ridership figures for the MTR does not include cross-border train service riders and includes only ridership on the MTR lines, airport express and light rail and certain MTR bus lines. The MTR compiles light rail and MTR bus line riders in one category so it is not possible to separate MTR bus riders from light rail riders. See [1]
  5. ^ The "S lines" are counted under the Suburban rapid rail section.
  6. ^ The Shanghai Metro is the longest network in the world. See David Barboza (29 April 2010). "Expo Offers Shanghai a New Turn in the Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  7. ^ The Tianjin Metro closed down for upgrades in 2001 and reopened in 2006.

Suburban rapid rail transit systems[edit]

Currently operational[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
BCR
Beijing City Railway / Beijing Suburban Railway
北京市郊铁路
Locale Beijing

S2

S1

S2 Line map zh-hans.svg
Began operation 2008
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 6
Network length 77
Ridership 57,800 (daily record)
Chengdu City Railway
成都市域铁路
Locale Chengdu

 Chengdu–Dujiangyan   Chengdu–Lidui   Chengdu–Pengzhou 

 Chengdu–Pujiang 

CDSYTL.svg
Began operation 2008
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 9
Network length 73
Ridership
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN alt.svg
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro (S lines)
南京地铁(S线)
Locale Nanjing

S1
S8

S3

NJmetro20140801.svg
Began operation 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 8
Network length 35.8 km (22 mi) (S1 only)
Ridership
Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit (PRDRT)
珠三角城际轨道交通
Locale Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Zhuhai, Macau

 Guangzhou–Zhuhai 

 Guangzhou–Foshan Ring   Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen   Dongguan–Huizhou   Guangzhou–Foshan–Zhaoqing   Guangzhou–Qingyuan   Huizhou–Heyuan   Zhaoqing–Gaoming–Nansha 

Began operation 2011
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 20
Network length 177.53
Ridership
Jinshan Railway
Shanghai Metro Line 22
金山铁路 / 二十二号线
Locale Shanghai

Jinshan

Shanghai Metro Line 22 map en.svg
Began operation 2012
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 56
Ridership
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway
武汉城市圈城际铁路
Locale Wuhan, Xianning, Huangshi, Huanggang

 Wuhan–Xianning   Wuhan–Huangshi   Wuhan–Huanggang 

 Wuhan–Xiaogan 

Wuhanmetroarearail.png
Began operation 2013
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 37
Network length 222
Ridership

Under construction[edit]

Under planning[edit]

  • Jiangsu-Yangtze River Delta Rapid Transit
  • Central Zhejiang Metropolitan Railway
  • Shandong Peninsula Rapid Transit

Light rail/Tram systems[edit]

Currently operational[edit]

System Information Currently Operational Currently Under Construction Map Ref
Dalian Trams
大连有轨电车
Locale Dalian
  • 201
  • 202
Began operation 1909
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations
Network length 23.4
Ridership
MTR Corporation icon.svg
Hong Kong Light Rail
香港輕鐵 / 香港轻铁
Locale Hong Kong
  • 505
  • 507
  • 610
  • 614
  • 614P
  • 615
  • 615P
  • 705
  • 706
  • 751
  • 751P
  • 761P
Began operation 1988
Lines in operation 12
№ of stations 68
Network length 36.2
Ridership

430,000[41]

Hong Kong Tramways
香港電車 / 香港电车
Locale Hong Kong
  • Shau Kei Wan ↔ Western Market
  • Shau Kei Wan ↔ Happy Valley
  • North Point ↔ Whitty Street
  • Happy Valley ↔ Kennedy Town
  • Causeway Bay ↔ Whitty Street
  • Western Market ↔ Kennedy Town
  • Shau Kei Wan ↔ Kennedy Town (M-F Peak Hours)
Began operation 1904
Lines in operation 7
№ of stations
Network length 30
Ridership
Changchun Light Rail Transit icon.svg
Changchun Rail Transit
长春轨道交通(长春轻轨)
Changchun Trams
长春有轨电车
Locale Changchun

3
4

  • 54

1
2

Map of Changchun Light Rail Transit en.svg
Began operation 2002
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 49
Network length 51
Ridership 0.27 million (daily record)
33.34 million (2010 annual)
TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram
天津开发区导轨电车
Locale Tianjin

TEDA

Began operation 2007
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 14
Network length 7.86
Ridership
Zhangjiang Tram
张江有轨电车
Locale Shanghai
Began operation 2010
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 15
Network length 10
Ridership
Shenyang Trams
沈阳有轨电车
Locale Shenyang
  • Line 1
  • Line 2
  • Line 5
  • Line3
Began operation 2013
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 57
Network length 54.8
Ridership

Under construction[edit]

Planned[edit]

Bus systems (BRT)[edit]

More than 30 bus rapid transit projects are being implemented or studied in China in some big cities. BRT systems with light blue background are not yet operational but under construction or proposed.

List of Bus systems (BRT) in the People's Republic of China by Network length
System Chinese
name
Abbrev. City Began oper. Lines in
oper.
[Note 1]
Number
of stations
[Note 2]
Network
length
(km)
[Note 3]
Notes
Hangzhou BRT 杭州BRT HZBRT Hangzhou 2006 2 50 55.4
Beijing BRT 北京BRT BJBRT Beijing 2004 4 60 54 [Note 4]
Kunming BRT 昆明BRT KMBRT Kunming 1999 5 63 46
Changzhou BRT 常州BRT CZBRT Changzhou 2008 2 51 44
Xiamen BRT 厦门BRT XMBRT Xiamen 2008 3 31 40 [Note 5]
Jinan BRT 济南BRT JNBRT Jinan 2008 2 46 34
Zaozhuang BRT 枣庄BRT ZZBRT Zaozhuang 2010 2 49 62
Zhengzhou BRT 郑州BRT ZZBRT Zhengzhou 2009 8 38 30
Guangzhou BRT 广州BRT GBRT Guangzhou 2010 1 26 22
Suzhou BRT 苏州BRT SZBRT Suzhou 2008 5 106 95
Dalian BRT 大连BRT DLBRT Dalian 2008 1 13 13
Chongqing BRT 重庆BRT CQBRT Chongqing 2008 1 9 11
Hefei BRT 合肥BRT HFBRT Hefei 2010 2 9 7
Yancheng BRT 盐城BRT YCBRT Yancheng 2010 2 24 16
Ürümqi BRT 乌鲁木齐BRT UMBRT Ürümqi 2011 4 66 42.2
Changde BRT 常德BRT CDBRT Changde 2012 1 25 20.9
Lianyungang BRT 连云港BRT LYGBRT Lianyungang 2012 1 29 34
Lanzhou BRT 兰州BRT LZBRT Lanzhou 2012 1 15 9.1
Yinchuan BRT 银川BRT YCBRT Yinchuan 2012 1 22 17
Chengdu BRT 成都BRT CDBRT Chengdu 2013 1 28 28.8
Nanchang BRT 南昌BRT NCBRT Nanchang 20XX
Shanghai BRT 上海BRT SHBRT Shanghai 20XX
Shenzhen BRT 深圳BRT SZBRT Shenzhen 20XX
Wuxi BRT 无锡BRT WXBRT Wuxi 20XX
Xi'an BRT 西安BRT XABRT Xi'an 20XX
Shenyang BRT 沈阳BRT SYBRT Shenyang 20XX
Wuhan BRT 武汉BRT WHBRT Wuhan 20XX
Shijiazhuang BRT 石家庄BRT SJZBRT Shijiazhuang 20XX
Harbin BRT 哈尔滨BRT HBBRT Harbin 20XX

Notes

  1. ^ Lines in operation counts the number of main lines only.
  2. ^ Stations connected by transfers are counted as one station, unless otherwise noted.
  3. ^ Network length refers to track length and lines that share track are counted only once.
  4. ^ running on the Nan Zhongzhouxian (South Central Axis Line), The line terminates at Qianmen and Demaozhuang
  5. ^ There are significant sections that are on dedicated elevated roads. BRT one 33.4 km, BRT 1 Interchange 18.7 km, BRT 2 15.3 km.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国城市轨道交通 China Urban Mass Transit". Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Shanghai now the world's longest metro". Railway Gazette. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  3. ^ (Chinese) "谁的地铁,谁做主?" 财经文摘 Mar. 23, 2010
  4. ^ Toh Han Shih (12 February 2013). "Beijing and other key cities plan for 10-fold expansion of metro railways". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "China to restore confidence in high-speed trains". Xinhua. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "北京公交出行再增两个百分点". Qianlong. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  7. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  8. ^ 杜燕 (2014-01-02). "北京地铁一年运客超32亿人次 同比增长近30%". 中国新闻网. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  9. ^ a b "Changsha metro opens". railwaygazette.com. April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Metro projects underway in Changsha, Xi'an, Wuhan and Xiamen". railwaygazette.com. July 13, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ "2010重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告解读". Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  12. ^ 节后3条轨道运力增幅超10% 观音桥站或6月扩建
  13. ^ "重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告2012". Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  14. ^ "[议案之一]轨道交通不载客试运行三个月". 大连天健网. 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  15. ^ "2011广州地铁运客16.4亿人次 行车里程达19308万车公里" [Guangzhou Metro 2011 ridership tops 1.64 billion] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Daily. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  16. ^ "第二届地铁春联今起征集" [Second Metro Spring Duilian Contest starts today] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Daily. 2011-01-10. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  17. ^ "交通六件事 事事有着落" (in Chinese). Guangzhou Daily. 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  18. ^ "Ditiezu Archive » 2011年南京地铁客流量34370.10万人次". 
  19. ^ "南京地铁一号线3月9日起调整运行图". jspeople. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  20. ^ "2012年清明小长假 南京地铁安全送客531万人次". longhoo. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  21. ^ "南京铁运营十年日均客流占全市公交出行量三分之一". Xici. 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  22. ^ excluding Maglev and Line 22
  23. ^ "2011年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Shanghai Bureau of Statistics and Shanghai Survey Corps, National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  24. ^ "2012年上海地铁网络运营大事件盘点". MTR8 news. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  25. ^ "回顾上海地铁2013" (in Chinese). Eastday. 2014-01-15. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  26. ^ (Chinese) "深圳市统计局2011年度12月份 深圳统计月报 运输邮电,地铁客流量1-12月累计. Retrieved on 2012-03-17.
  27. ^ (Chinese) "深圳地铁客流量 去年猛增近七成. Retrieved on 2013-01-10.
  28. ^ "340.96万!2013跨年日地铁创下客流新高". 深圳都市报. 2014-01-02. 
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  38. ^ 珠海将构建现代有轨电车系统

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