Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)
|Founded||24 April 1948|
|Headquarters||48 Lenin Sarani|
|Newspaper||Proletarian Era (English)|
|Student wing||All India Democratic Students Organisation|
|Youth wing||All India Democratic Youth Organisation|
|Women's wing||All India Mahila Sanskritik Sanghathan|
|Labour wing||All India United Trade Union Centre|
|Peasant's wing||All India Krishak Khet Majdoor Sangathan|
|ECI Status||Registered - Unrecognized|
The Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) or SUCI(C), previously called the Socialist Unity Centre of India and "Socialist Unity Centre" is an anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist communist party in India. The party was founded by Shibdas Ghosh, Nihar Mukherjee and others in 1948.
SUCI(C) is a communist party in India, and follows a Marxist-Leninist ideological line formulated by Shibdas Ghosh. The party rejects political ideas such as glasnost and perestroika as revisionist, and claims to uphold the original intent of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, and the thoughts of Ghosh.
SUCI(C) holds that India is a capitalist country with monopoly capitalism and imperialist trends. In line with that analysis, the party works toward a socialist revolution, rather than a people's democratic revolution (like the Communist Party of India (Marxist)), a national democratic revolution (like the Communist Party of India) or a new democratic revolution (like the Naxalites).
SUCI(C) leadership emphasizes the qualitative upliftment of party cadres, workers of mass-organisations and supporters, by both theoretical study of Marxism-Leninism-Shibdas Ghosh Thought and the practical application of such knowledge in the day-to-day life of party workers. In various publications of the party, SUCI upholds the proletarian cultural standard, which, according to the leadership, should be achieved by the cadres, before they can lead the masses in the Socialist Revolution.
The 1st SUCI Party Congress was held in Kolkata in 1988. The 2nd party congress was held from 11 to 17 November 2009 in Ramlila Maidan, New Delhi attended by thousands of participants from 22 states and observers from several foreign countries. The current political line of the party was formulated in the 2nd party congress. The party's name was changed from Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI) to Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) [SUCI (C)] at the second party congress.
From its inception, SUCI took part in parliamentary elections and was part of the United Front governments in West Bengal in 1967–1969 and 1969–1970 together with CPI(M) and others. The party had a Member of Parliament (MP) in the 4th Lok Sabha from Jaynagar. The SUCI had presence in the legislative assemblies of Assam, Bihar and Orissa at various times. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections SUCI launched 56 candidates, 30 of them from West Bengal. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections SUCI declared 40 candidates from 12 states.
Around 45 SUCI(C) members live in communes wherein they lead a simple life style. Day-to-day upkeep of the commune and the well being of the children of party members living in the communes are taken care by the shared efforts of party members. Major income of the party is from box collection in the streets and house to house collection; members who are employed hand in their salaries to the party. The party contests elections with the money collected through this transparent fund raising method.
SUCI(C) is actively involved in the ongoing anti-Special Economic Zone movements in India. The most notable of these movements that the party is active in are:
- The Singur movement against the SEZ for the Tata Group's car factory.
- The Nandigram movement against the SEZ for the Salim Group's chemical hub. SUCI(C) is one of the main backers of the Bhumi Uchhed Pratirodh Committee.
- The Moolampally (Cochin, Kerala) land evictees agitation for an appropriate rehabilitation package. The general convener of the Moolampally agitation is Francis Kalathunkal, the local secretary of SUCI(C).
- The party is also actively involved in the agitation of landless in Chengara (Pathanamthitta, Kerala) called Chengara Samaram in popular media.
- The anti-Posco movement in Orissa.
In 2008, the party had formed a temporary political front in West Bengal with All India Trinamool Congress to fight the Communist Party of India (Marxist) on an agreement that the alliance will maintain equidistance from the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The Gherao principle was introduced as a formal mode of protest in the trade union sector by Subodh Banarjee, who was a central committee member of SUCI and the PWD and Labor Minister in the 1967 and 1969 United Front Governments in West Bengal, respectively.
One of the major campaigns of the party in West Bengal has been its agitations against the educational policy of the Left Front state government. The decision of the Left Front government to remove the English language from primary education sparked a mass movement led by the SUCI for the reinstatement of English.
Below is a chronological list of campaigns organised by the SUCI(C) in West Bengal:
- 1953: Tram fare protest movement was organised by the SUCI.
- 1954: In 1954, the SUCI organised the teachers' movement.
- 1956: Banga bihar sanjukti birodhi andolan.
- 1958: Students' movement was organised by the party.
- 1959: The SUCI organised food movement.
- 1967: Another food movement was led by the party.
- 1979: The SUCI organised a movement against various decisions taken by the Government of India.
- 1980: The SUCI organised Bhasha andolan against the Government of West Bengal which continues till now.
- 1983: A movement was led by the party against bus fare hike.
- 1988: First Party Congress in Kolkata (24–29 March)
- 1990: Another movement was organised by the 13 Left Parties [COI(ML), CPI(ML)ND and others] along with SUCI against the Government of West Bengal for bus fare hike and a Bangla bandh in September to protest against the death of Madhai Halder, a party supporter killed in police firing at the Esplanade on 31 August 1990. This was the first bandh.
- 1991: A protest was led by the organisation against electricity price hike.
- 1991: The SUCI organised a movement against the state education policy.
- 1998: Bangla bandh on 3 February in order to bring back English at the primary education. This was the second bandh.
- 2000: The SUCI organised a protest movement demanding English as a compulsory subject at primary education.
- 2002: A protest was organised against the decision of the Government of West Bengal to increase hospital fee and the increase in electricity charges by the Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation and West Bengal State Electricity Board. This was the third bandh.
- 2006-ongoing: The Anti SEZ movements in Singur and Nandigram.
- 2008: 21 12 April-hour statewide shutdown in West Bengal jointly called by the Trinamool Congress and SUCI.
- 2011: The movement against anti eviction drive at Ranchi, Jharkhand. Forming a public Committee "BASTI BACHAO SANGRASH SAMITI". Lakhs of people protested against government forceful campaign.
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The central committee members of the party are:
- Provash Ghosh (General Secretary & Politburo member)
- Manik Mukherjee (Politburo member)
- Asit Bhattacharya (Politburo member)
- Ranjit Dhar (Politburo member)
- Yakub Pailan (died on 14 June 2014)
- Debaprasad Sarkar
- Kalyan Chowdhury
- C.K Lukose (Politburo member; died on 13 Feb 2019)
- K. Radhakrishna
- Gopal Kundu
- Soumen Bose
- Sankar Saha
- Chhaya Mukherjee
The incumbent central committee and politburo was elected in the 2nd party congress.
Secretaries of the State Committees of the party are:
- Assam: Chandralekha Das
- Bihar: Shiv Shankar
- Haryana: Satyawan
- Karnataka: K. Uma
- Kerala: V Venugopal (Kerala State Committee)
- Madhya Pradesh: Pratap Samal
- Orissa: Durjati Das
- Uttar Pradesh: V.N. Singh
- West Bengal: Chandidas Bhattacharya
Secretaries of the State Organising Committees are:
- Delhi: Pran Kumar Sharma
- Andhra Pradesh: B.S.Amarnath
- Tamil Nadu: Rengasamy
- Telangana: Ch.Murahari
- Gujarat: Dwarika Nath Rath
- Punjab: Aminder Pal Singh (Incharge)
- Jharkhand: Robin Samajpati
- Tripura: Arun Bhowmik
The MP of the party is:
The MLA of the party is:
Former Legislators of SUCI(C)
The former ministers of SUCI in West Bengal:
- Subodh Banarjee: PWD Minister 1967 United Front Government, Labour Minister 1969 United Front Government
- Protiva Mukherjee: PWD Minister 1969 United Front Government
The former MPs of the party were:
- Chitta Roy: Jaynagar (Lok Sabha constituency), West Bengal – The First MP of SUCI(C)
- Dr. Tarun Mandal: Jaynagar (Lok Sabha constituency), West Bengal
- Subodh Banarjee: Jaynagar constituency, West Bengal – The First MLA of SUCI(C)
- Debaprasad Sarkar: Jaynagar constituency, West Bengal
- Dr. Tarun Kanti Naskar: Jaynagar constituency, West Bengal
- Probodh Purkait: Kultali constituency, West Bengal
- Renupada Halder: Mathurapur constituency, West Bengal
- Rabin Mondal: Patharpratima constituency, West Bengal
- Haripada Bauri: Raghunathpur constituency, West Bengal
- Protiva Mukherjee: Suri constituency, West Bengal
- Bazle Ahmad: Murarai constituency, West Bengal
- Sambhunath Naik: Jashipur constituency, Orissa
- Nalini Ranjan Singh:Kanti:Muzaffarpur constituency, Bihar
The principal mass organisations of SUCI(C) are:
- All India United Trade Union Centre
- All India Democratic Students Organisation
- All India Democratic Youth Organisation
- All India Mahila Sanskritik Sanghathan
- All India Kisan Khet Majdoor Sangathan
The state committees of the party publishes:
- Ganadabi (Bengali weekly, published from Kolkata)
- Unity (Malayalam monthly, published from Thiruvananthapuram)
- Ganamukti (Assamese fortnightly, published from Guwahati)
- Karmika Drushtikona (Kannada monthly, published from Bangalore)
- Pattali Chinthanai (Tamil monthly, published from Chennai)
- Sarbahara Kranti (Oriya monthly, published from Bhubaneswar)
- Sarvahara Dristhikon (Hindi forthnighly, published from Delhi)
- Socialist Viplavam (Telugu monthly, published from Hyderabad)
- Morcha (Urdu monthly, published from Kolkata)
They are often criticized by the other Left parties for supporting a nondemocratic anti-communist party like TMC, to defeat the Left Government. After breaking the alliance with TMC, Provash Ghosh said in a press statement, "The CPI(M) government had turned 'anti-people' therefore it was extremely important to end their 34-year tenure in the state", he also added, "Our main target of dislodging the CPI(M) government has been achieved, and we are no longer an ally of TMC. We are ready to sit in opposition".
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- A brief introduction to the Socialist Unity Centre of India
- "SUCI critique on Naxal movement — cgnet.in". 11 July 2009. Archived from the original on 11 July 2009.
- "- YouTube". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016.
- "India Vision News Clip – SUCI Party Congress inauguration (in Malayalam)".
- "News&contentId=6269200&tabId=11&BV_ID=@@@ Nihar Mukherjee again elected as SUCI's General Secretary "(In Malayalam)"".
- SUCI rechristens itself as SUCI (Communist)
- "Key Highlights of General Elections, 1967 to The Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2009.
- "At Joynagar,SUCI banks on a doctor". 21 March 2009.
- "Rally behind Mallika Sarabhai in her Fight against Communal (...) - Mainstream". www.mainstreamweekly.net.
- Balan S.S, Wednesday, 21 February 2008, Viplavathintte Kudumbayogam (in Malayalam; Family of Revolutionaries), Kerala Kaumudi Online Edition (Malayalam Daily). Retrieved on 22 February 2008. 
- Athul Lal AG, 1 April 2009, For Whom Fund Raising is Transparent, Indian Express (National Daily), Thiruvananthapuram. Retrieved on 1 April 2009. 
- Sreejan B, 26 April 2009, An uphill battle for the upright , Indian Express (National Daily), Thiruvananthapuram. Retrieved on 26 April 2009.  Archived 16 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "Singur issue triggers protests in Howrah - Times Of India". 20 October 2012. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
- "Singur has turned violent thanks to brutal and anti-people stance of ironic communist government of West Bengal".
- "Singur: Medha Patkar visits dead girl's family". Rediff.
- "Mamata resigns from LS : 11th nov07 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". www.e-pao.net.
- Extend support to Nandigram people: SUCI
- SUCI Protests against repression in Nandigram
- "Nandigram turns blood red" – via The Economic Times.
- Cancel SEZs in Bengal, Buddha urged
- SUCI demand
- Row over Moolampally rehabilitation package
- "Aid for the family of deceased Vedi worker". The Hindu. 18 September 2008.
- SUCI takes out march
- "SUCI alleges CPI betrayed anti-Posco people in Orissa".
- "Trinamool-SUCI front organises first rally".
- Trinamool Congress to tie up with SUCI
- CNN-IBN website
- Dasgupta, Surajit Kumar; Dāśagupta, Surajit̲a (18 April 1992). West Bengal's Jyoti Basu: A Political Profile. Gian Publishing House. ISBN 9788121204200 – via Google Books.
- "A Defiant Rebel - Mainstream". www.mainstreamweekly.net.
- "Populist Governance". Archived from the original on 18 April 2009.
- Millions Rise Up For Total Bangla Bandh (total General Strike)
- "Bandh call banks on past success".
- Twist of the mother tongue
- "How much do you know about SUCI? | undefined News - Times of India". The Times of India.
- "12-hour shutdown against price rise in West Bengal" – via The Economic Times.
- "Provash Ghosh, SUCI General Secretary, Mathrubhumi Online, 5 March 2010, Kerala News (In Malayalam)".
- SUCI General Secretary Nihar Mukherjee demised, Malayala Manorama, 20 February 2010, Page 9
- "Nihar Mukherjee again SUCI's General Secretary (In Malayalam)".
- [dead link]
- "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Delhi and neighbourhood". www.tribuneindia.com.
- "SUCI will field candidates in Gujarat elections - News - Webindia123.com". news.webindia123.com.
- CNN-IBN Website
- "State Elections 2006 – Partywise Comparison for 103-Jaynagar Constituency of West Bengal".
- "The Second United Front". Archived from the original on 12 October 2008.
- "Key Highlights of General Election, 1967 to The Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2009.
- "Key Highlights of General Election, 1967 to The Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2009.
- "ganadabi.in". www.ganadabi.in.
- "SUCI-TMC alliance ends soon after West Bengal polls". Jagran Post. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
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