Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
|KMC wards||46, 63|
|Metro Station||Esplanade, Park Street, Maidan and Rabindra Sadan|
|Kolkata Suburban Railway||Eden Gardens, Sealdah, Park Circus|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
700013, 700016, 700071, 700087
|Area code(s)||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kolkata Uttar and Kolkata Dakshin|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Chowranghee and Bhabanipur|
Chowringhee (also spelt Chourangi) is a neighbourhood of Central Kolkata, in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Chowringhee Road (officially Jawaharlal Nehru Road) runs on its western side. A neighbourhood steeped in history, it is a business district, as well as a shopper's destination and entertainment-hotel centre.
In the seventeenth century or prior to it, the area now occupied by the Maidan and Esplanade was a tiger-infested jungle. At the eastern end of it was an old road, which had once been built by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family from Barisha to Halisahar. In that region were three small hamlets – Chowringhee, Birjee and Colimba.
The strengthening of British power, subsequent to their victory in the Battle of Plassey was followed by the construction of the new Fort William, in 1758. The European inhabitants of Kalikata gradually forsook the narrow limits of the old palisades and moved to around the Maidan.
Camac Street (renamed Abanindranath Tagore Sarani) running from Park Street to Circular Road was named after William Camac, a senior merchant in the days of Cornwallis and Wellesley. Wood Street was named after Henry Wood. Free School Street (renamed Mirza Ghalib Street), named after a Free School established there in 1786, was a bamboo jungle in 1780.
Indian independence saw a rush to rename streets. The process has slowed as few streets are left to be renamed. Chowringhee Road was renamed after Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. Park Street was renamed after Mother Teresa. Theatre Road was renamed after William Shakespeare. Harrington Street was renamed after the leader of the Vietnam independence movement, Ho Chi Minh. Camac Street has been renamed after the great artist Abanindranath Tagore. Russel Street was renamed after industrialist Anandi Lal Poddar. Free School Street was renamed after the Urdu/ Persian poet Mirza Ghalib. Kyd Street was renamed Dr. Md. Ishaque Road. Lindsay Street was renamed after Nellie Sengupta.
Park Street Flyover was inaugurated on 19 February 2005. The 1.3-kilometre (0.81 mi) long flyover above Chowringhee Road helps in reduce the traffic jam between Lindsay Street and Middleton Street.
Industry House on Abanindranath Tagore Sarani
St. Thomas Church adjacent to Loreto House on Middleton Row
KFC outlet on Middleton Row
Kolkata/Esplanade travel guide from Wikivoyage
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chowringhee.|
- "Tax lawyer is CPM candidate for Chowringhee seat". The Hindu Business Line, 18 February 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- Nair, P. Thankappan in The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, pp. 14-15, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
- Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p. 19, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
- Cotton, H.E.A., p. 72.
- Cotton, H.E.A., pp. 230-236.
- "Park Street Flyover".
- "36 Chowringhee Lane (1981)". imdb.com. Retrieved 16 January 2008.