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Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Dakshineswar is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Dakshineswar is located in India
Dakshineswar (India)
Coordinates: 22°39′20″N 88°21′28″E / 22.6554310°N 88.3578620°E / 22.6554310; 88.3578620Coordinates: 22°39′20″N 88°21′28″E / 22.6554310°N 88.3578620°E / 22.6554310; 88.3578620
Country India
State West Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Metro StationDakshineswar(under construction)
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyKamarhati Municipality
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
700076, 700035
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKamarhati
Nearest cityKolkata

Dakshineswar is a locality in Kamarhati Municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).



Dakshineswar is located at 22°39′20″N 88°21′28″E / 22.6554310°N 88.3578620°E / 22.6554310; 88.3578620. Surrounded by Alambazar, Baranagar (separated by Belghoria Expressway) in South, Ariadaha in North, Dunlop in East and Ganges River (locally called Hooghly River) in West. Hooghly River is considered sacred to Hindus and its water is considered holy.

Belghoria Expressway, Dakshineshwar

Police station[edit]

Belgharia police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Kamarhati Municipal area.[1][2]

Pilgrimage centre[edit]

Dakshineswar is the most important international pilgrimage centre in the district. Dakshineswar Kali Temple was built in 1855 by Rani Rashmoni. The temple is famous for its association with Shri Ramkrishna Paramhangsha Dev, a mystic of 19th Century Bengal. Large number of people gather at Dakshineswar throughout the year especially on the day of Shyama Puja, Shiva Chaturdashi, Bengali New Year's Day (naba barsha), Akshaya Tritiya and on 1 January every year on the occasion of Kalpataru Utsava (the day Shree Ramkrishna attained siddhi)[3][4][5]

As per the District Statistical Handbook, "Panchabati Ban is the place where Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansha Dev planted five (pancha) trees i.e. Asvattha, Bata, Bel, Asok and Amlaki, under which he used to meditate. The Panchamundi Asan is called so because there are five human skulls buried underneath and Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansha Dev used to sit and meditate on the asan (seat) and attained siddhi (enlightenment/attainment with the Holy Spirit i.e. the God; in his case Goddess Kali)."[5]

Adyapeath Ashram, located nearby at Dakshineswar, is the house of deities of Sri Adya Shakti.[5]

Military Camp[edit]

Dakshineswar is also home to Indian Army and Indian Navy camps. There are various Military housing facilities for the armed forces with a primary school in the camp. The navy also uses the river for various water sports.



WIMCO, a Swedish match company, which established in the 1920s a factory at Dakshineswar, was taken over by ITC Limited in 2011.[6][7]

Emami Paper Mills Ltd. manufactures newsprint from waste paper. It is one the largest producers of newsprint in the country. It has two plants – one at Dakshineswar and the other at Balgopalpur, Balasore.[8]


Dakshineswar is one of the most important religious shrine for the Hindus and people from all over the World visit the Dakshineswar Kali Temple everyday in numbers. Along with the Kali temple, there are other important Hindu temples like the Adyapeath temple, Ramakrishna Sarada Math and many more. Because of a large number of temples in the town and the Ganges River flowing by, it is also regarded as a twin town of Varanasi by the locals.


T: temple, P: park, F: facility, C: college
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Belghoria Expressway is a tolled expressway connecting the junction points of NH 19 and NH 16 near Dankuni to Dakshineswar, across Nivedita Setu, and NH 12 (Jessore Road), near Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport.[9][10] Dakshineswar is also connected by ordinary toll-free roads to Dankuni across Vivekananda Setu (old Bally Bridge) and Dunlop More (in Baranagar) on State Highway 1 (locally popular as Barrackpore Trunk Road).[11]

Dakshineswar railway station is 13 km from Sealdah railway station on the Calcutta Chord line linking Dum Dum Junction railway station with Dankuni Junction railway station.[12]

Dakshineswar-Belur Math and Dakshineswar-Uttarpara ferry services are available across the Hooghly from Maa Bhabatarini Jetty.[11]


The 350 m long and narrow Rani Rashmoni Road links Dakshineswar bus stand and railway station to the Kali temple. This road is used annually by 13 million devotees. On festival days 1 lakh people visit Dakshineswar. On 17 March 2015, the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee laid the foundation stone of a 400 m long, 10.5 m wide elevated walkway over the congested road to be built at a cost of Rs. 63 crore. The road below would be widened and used only by vehicles. The skywalk will have 12 escalators, 4 elevators and 8 staircases. There is provision for 200 shops inside the skywalk.[13][14][15][16] The Skywalk, named Dakshineswar Rani Rashmoni Skywalk, was ianugurated by Banerjee, on 5 November 2018.[17]


The extension of Kolkata Metro Line 1 from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010–11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013. The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. The state government has taken steps to remove the encroachment and work is expected to make progress. Dakshineswar metro station is under construction next to the Dakshineswar railway station. As of July 2018, the earliest it can be expected to be in operation is September 2019, but may get delayed up to early 2020.[18][19][20][21]


Hiralal Mazumdar Memorial College for Women was established at Dakshineswar in 1959. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, sociology, history, political science, philosophy, education, journalism, music, geography, economics, zoology, botany, food & nutrition, psychology, chemistry and general courses in BA and B Sc.[22][23]

Adyapeath Annada Polytechnic College was established at Dakshineswar in 2016. It offers diploma courses in mechanical, electrical and civil engineering.[24]

Adyapeath Annada B.Ed. College was established at Dakshineswar in 2013.[25]

Schools like Ariadaha Kalachand High School, Dakshineswar High School (oldest educational institution of the area), Dakshineswar Sri Sri Sarada Devi Balika Vidyalaya and Dakshineswar Bharati Bhaban Girl's School are there for Primary and secondary education.

External links[edit]

External video
Dakshineswar Skywalk under construction


  1. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  3. ^ "History of the temple". Dakshineswar Kali Temple. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Dakshineswar - A Heritage". Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  5. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Places of religious importance, Page 123. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  6. ^ "WIMCO Limited". ITC. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Wimco closure threat". The Telegraph. 18 September 2004. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Emami Paper Mills Ltd". EPML. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Inauguration of bridge postponed". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 9 June 2007. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.
  10. ^ Gupta, Jayanta (23 January 2012). "A cattle track that poses as expressway". Times of India. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
  11. ^ a b Google maps
  12. ^ "32211 Sealdah-Dankuni local". Time Table. Inidia Rail Info. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Dakshineswar hawkers stall skyway project". The Times of India, 6 October 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Firhad Hakim visits Dakshineswar Sky Walk Project site". Kolkata 24 X 7, 29 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Kolkata's Dakshineswar Sky Walk misses Kali Puja deadline". The Times of India, 23 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  16. ^ "নতুন বছরেও খুলছে না স্কাইওয়াক (The Skywalk will not be opened in the New Year)". in Bengali. Ananda Bazar Patrika, 15 April 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Mamata ridicules BJP leaders' saffron attire". Asian Age. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Road Ahead… Projects Sanctioned". Dakshineswar-Dum Dum-Barrackpore Metro Extension. Metro Railway, Kolkata. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Dakshineswar Metro by 2019 Pujas: says Chairman, Railway Board". Rail News 6 March 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  20. ^ "Land cloud over Dakshineswar Metro set to lift". The Telegraph, 13 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Dakshineswar won't feature in Metro map by December 2019". The Times of India, 14 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Hiralal Maumdar Memorial College for Women". HMMCW. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Hiralal Majumdar Memorial College for Women". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Adyapeath Annada Polytechnic College, Kolkata". Careers 360. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Adyapeath Annada B.Ed. College". AABC. Retrieved 20 July 2018.