Baruipur

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Baruipur

Bāru'ipur
City
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur Municipality
Baruipur is located in West Bengal
Baruipur
Baruipur
Location in West Bengal, India
Baruipur is located in India
Baruipur
Baruipur
Baruipur (India)
Coordinates: 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318Coordinates: 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DivisionPresidency
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Established1869
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBaruipur Municipality
Area
 • Total9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total53,128
 • Density5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[1][2]
 • Additional officialEnglish[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700144, 700145
Telephone code+91 33 2423/2433
Vehicle registrationWB-01 to WB-10, WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituencyJadavpur[3]
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBaruipur Purba (SC),[4] Baruipur Paschim[5]
Websitewww.baruipurmunicipality.org.in

Baruipur is a city and a municipality of the South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It is the headquarters of the Baruipur subdivision and also the seat for the district's Sub-Divisional Court. The Baruipur Police District is responsible for law enforcement in the city.

History[edit]

Many Janapadas grew up along the old Bhagirathi channel from the ancient times till around the 16th century: Kalighat, Boral, Rajpur, Mahinagar, Baruipur, Bahadu, Joynagar, Majilpur, Chatrabhog. Bipradas Pipilai’s Manasavijaya, composed in 1495, mentions many places in this region. Baruipur was a populous city in the late 15th and early 16th century. “Chand Sadagar, a merchant character of Manasavijaya, reached Baruipur, from Kalighat, through the old Bhagirathi channel. From there he proceeded towards Chhatrabhog, and then traveling through Hatigarh pargana reached the open sea.” Chaitanyadeva (1486-1534) also went through this route. Travelling by boat to Puri he halted at the village of Atisara, near Baruipur. "His last stoppage in 24 Parganas was at Chhatrabhog, now a village within the jurisdiction of Mathurapur police station. Chhatrabhog seems to have been an important river-port on the old Bhagirathi channel."[6]

The Gajan Utsab of Baruipur is famous. According to local legend, there was once a severely contested lathi fight between the lathials of the Sabarna Choudhury of Barisha and the Roy Choudhury of Baruipur concerning the boundary dispute of their respective Zamindaris. The Sardar of the lathials of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury was Bhriguram. The lathials of Baruipur managed to cut off his head with a sword and won the fight. However, Bhriguram was so much respected in the area that a lock of his hair was preserved. Bhriguram is still publicly honoured by the exposition of lock during the gajan mela at Baruipur.[7]

Geography[edit]

Cities and towns in the southern part of Baruipur subdivision (including Baruipur, Jaynagar I & II, Kultali CD blocks) in South 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, N: neighbourhood, H: historical place/ religious centre
Places linked with coastal activity are marked in blue
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Area overview[edit]

Baruipur subdivision is a rural subdivision with moderate levels of urbanization. 31.05% of the population lives in the urban areas and 68.95% lives in the rural areas. In the southern portion of the subdivision (shown in the map alongside) there are 20 census towns. The entire district is situated in the Ganges Delta and the southern part is covered by the Baruipur-Jaynagar Plain. Archaeological excavations at Dhosa and Tilpi, on the bank of the Piyali River indicate the existence of human habitation around 2,000 years ago.[8][9][10]

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Location[edit]

Baruipur is located at 22°21′35″N 88°25′54″E / 22.3597°N 88.4318°E / 22.3597; 88.4318.[11] It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).

Map of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities.

Climate[edit]

The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid-September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid-November to mid-February) and humid during summer. Temperature raises up to 40 °C in May and drops down to 10 °C in January. The relative humidity is between 55% in March & 98% in July. The average rainfall occurs here per year is 1,579 mm (normal).[11]

Theme Township project[edit]

The state government has kicked off its 'theme-township' project by floating tenders for 'Uttam City' at Baruipur. Uttam City will be developed on an 86-acre plot. Its theme is wellness and health with focus on senior citizens.

Civic Administration[edit]

There is a Baruipur Municipality which is one of the oldest municipalities in the West Bengal. It is divided into 17 wards. As per 2015 municipal election, it is being controlled by the All India Trinamool Congress.

Police stations[edit]

Baruipur police station covers an area of 212.48 sq km spread over the Baruipur CD block and the Baruipur municipal area.[12][13]

Baruipur Women police station is located in Baruipur.[12]It has jurisdiction over Baruipur CD block and Baruipur municipal area.[13]

CD block HQ[edit]

The headquarters of Baruipur CD block are located at PO Piyali Town, Phultala, Baruipur.[14]The map of CD block Baruipur on page 383 in District Census Handbook for South 24 Parganas shows the headquarters of the block as being in Baruipur.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Population of Baruipur 
CensusPop.
19014,217
19116,37551.2%
19215,114−19.8%
19316,48326.8%
19417,13010.0%
19519,23829.6%
196113,60847.3%
197120,50150.7%
198126,22927.9%
199137,65943.6%
200144,91319.3%
201153,12818.3%
Source:[16]

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 Census of India, Baruipur city had a total population of 53,128, of which 26,718 (50%) were males and 26,410 (50%) were females (100 (0%) were transgenders[17]). There were 3,763 persons in the age range of 0 to 6 years. The total number of literate persons was 45,434 (92.04% of the population 7 years and above).[18]

Commuters[edit]

With the electrification of the railways, suburban traffic has grown tremendously since the 1960s. As of 2005-06, more than 1.7 million (17 lakhs) commuters use the Kolkata Suburban Railway system daily. After the partition of India, refugees from East Pakistan/ Bangladesh had a strong impact on the development of urban areas in the periphery of Kolkata. The new immigrants depended on Kolkata for their livelihood, thus increasing the number of commuters. For the increasing facilities drawn by commuting, population in the peripheries of the metropolitan areas grew at a much faster rate than the metro core areas. During 1951 and 2011, population density has increased by only 1.5 times in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation area. In the Rajpur Sonarpur area, in the southern periphery of Kolkata, population density has increased 31 times during the same period. In the Baruipur urban area population density has increased by over 5 times.[19]

Transport[edit]

Baruipur Junction railway station is on the Sealdah-Namkhana line, the Sealdah-Diamond Harbour line and the Sealdah-Canning line.[20][21][22]

Baruipur is also well connected with the SH–1 and Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Buses like CTC, CSTC, State transport authority, Express ply their trade here. Buses available for all over Kolkata & Suburbs. Electric and LPG vehicles available for Garia, Rajpur and Suburbs. Leading App Cabs Ola & Uber also available in Baruipur.[citation needed]

Nearest Metro Stations are-[citation needed]

Local Trains (EMU), Buses, Autos, App Cabs available from these stations.

Education[edit]

Baruipur College, established in 1981, is affiliated with the University of Calcutta. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, history, geography, education, political science, philosophy, journalism, and general courses in arts, science and commerce.[23]

Al Ameen Memorial Minority College, established in 2008, is affiliated with the University of Calcutta. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Arabic, Islamic history & culture, philosophy and history, and a general course in arts.[24]

Baruipur High School is a Bengali-medium boys only institution established in 1858. It has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII. It has a library with 10,500 books.[25]

Baruipur Girls’ High School is a Bengali-medium girls only institution established in 1951. It has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII.[26]

Welkin National School is a coeducational school affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations.[27]

Rashmoni Balika Vidyalaya is a girls only higher secondary school.[28]

St. Montfort’s Senior Secondary School is a Christian minority school administered by the Society of the Brothers of St. Gabriel. It is affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education.[29]

Shopping[edit]

Baruipur is one of the major shopping areas of South 24 Parganas district. There are many shops present in this neighbourhood where all types of branded products are available.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Maa Shibani Temple, Shibanipith
  • Catholic Diocese of Baruipur, Jogibottala
  • Baruipur Jomidar Roy Chowdhury Bari, Puratan Bazar

Healthcare[edit]

The Sub-Divisional Hospital and Baruipur Superspeciality Hospital are the major healthcare facility here.[30] Baruipur also have several privately operated nursing homes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Jadavpur Lok Sabha Election Result 2019". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Baruipur Purba Assembly Election 2016 Latest News & Results". India.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Baruipur Paschim Assembly Election 2016 Latest News & Results". India.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Pages 3-4, Chapter I: South 24 Parganas: An overview. Department of Planning and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Hindu Books". Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2007.[dead link]
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 South Twety-four Parganas". Table 2.1 , 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 13, Physiography. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  10. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 9: Sundarbans and the Remote Islanders, p 290-311. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Baruipur". Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2006.
  12. ^ a b "Bishnupur police station". Diamond Harbour police district. West Bengal police. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  13. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 South 24 Parganas". Table No. 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  14. ^ "BDO Offices under South 24 Parganas District". West Bengal Public Library Network, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  15. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 383 - Map of Baruipur CD block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  17. ^ "Lok Sabha elections: Recognised by SC, community to vote as third gender for first time | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  18. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  19. ^ Mondal, Bhaswati. "Commuting and Metropolitan Development of Kolkata". ResearchGate. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  20. ^ "34792 Sealdah-Namkhana Local". Time Table. India Rail Info. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  21. ^ "34814 Sealdah-Diamond Harbour Local". Time Table. India Rail Info. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  22. ^ "34520 Sealdah-Canning Local". Time Table. India Rail Info. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  23. ^ "Baruipur College". Careers 360. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Al-Ameen Minority College". AAMMC. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  25. ^ "Baruipur High School". ICBSE. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  26. ^ "Baruipur Girls' High School". ICBSE. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  27. ^ "Welkin National School". ICBSE. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  28. ^ "Rashmoni Balika Vidyalaya". Ask Laila. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  29. ^ "St. Montfort's Senior Secondary School". SMSSS. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  30. ^ "Kolkata Man Travels Over 40 Km With 3 Iron Rods Still Inside Body; Saved After Surgery". indiatimes.com. 9 August 2018. Archived from the original on 25 September 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.