DC animated universe

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An image of several DCAU heroes from the Justice League Unlimited episode "Dark Heart"

The DC Animated Universe (DCAU; also referred to as the Timmverse by fans) is the shared universe centered on a group of animated television series based on DC Comics, produced by Warner Bros. Animation from the early 1990s to mid-2000s; beginning with Batman: The Animated Series in 1992, and ending with Justice League Unlimited in 2006.[1][2] Some parts of the associated media franchise including direct-to-video feature films and shorts, comic books, video games and other multimedia adaptations are also included in the continuity.

List of DCAU media[edit]

Batman's various character designs from the DCAU; he has been the most-featured character in this animated continuity, due to being the star of the original TV series in the DCAU.

While there have been several animated projects based upon DC Comics characters over the decades, what is commonly accepted as the DC animated universe consists of the stable of TV series and films that spin off from Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995), the first TV show in this continuity. Two characters outside of the normal Batman canon, Zatanna and Jonah Hex, appeared on the show, but the first series to indicate a shared continuity with other well-known characters was the subsequent show, Superman: The Animated Series, in which the title character has encounters with heroes such as the Flash and the Green Lantern.

Older shows such as Super Friends and newer shows such as The Batman, Legion of Super Heroes, Batman: The Brave and the Bold, and Young Justice are not part of this continuity. The direct-to-video DC Universe Animated Original Movies, such as Superman: Doomsday, Justice League: The New Frontier and Batman: Gotham Knight, are also not considered part of the DCAU, despite utilizing similar character designs and several of them featuring much of the same voice cast as previous DCAU series.

TV series[edit]

The DC animated universe consists of these animated series (and their related films; see below):

Series Airdates Channel Connection
Batman: The Animated Series September 5, 1992 – September 15, 1995 Fox Starting point for the universe
Soft introductions:
"Zatanna" (Zatanna)
"Showdown" (Jonah Hex)
Superman: The Animated Series September 6, 1996 – February 12, 2000 The WB Crossovers with The New Batman Adventures:
World's Finest
Knight Time
The Demon Reborn
Soft introductions:
Speed Demons (The Flash)
The Hand of Fate (Dr. Fate)
Heavy Metal (Steel)
In Brightest Day (The Green Lantern Corps)
A Fish Story (Aquaman)
The Main Man Parts 1 and 2 (Lobo)
The New Batman Adventures September 13, 1997 – January 16, 1999 Sequel to Batman: The Animated Series
Crossovers with Superman: The Animated Series:
Girl's Night Out
Soft introductions:
The Demon Within (Etrigan)
Beware The Creeper (The Creeper)
Batman Beyond January 10, 1999 – December 18, 2001 Sequel to The New Batman Adventures
Crossovers with The Zeta Project:
Soft Introductions:
Zeta (Infiltration Unit Zeta)
The Call (The Justice League Unlimited)
Static Shock September 23, 2000 – May 22, 2004 Crossovers:
The Big Leagues (The New Batman Adventures)
Fallen Hero (Justice League)
Future Shock (The New Batman Adventures/Batman Beyond)
Hard as Nails (The New Batman Adventures)
A League of Their Own (Justice League)
Toys in the Hood (Superman: The Animated Series)
The Zeta Project January 27, 2001 – August 17, 2002 Spin-off of Batman Beyond
Crossovers with Batman Beyond:
Justice League November 17, 2001 – May 29, 2004 Cartoon Network Sequel to Superman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures
Justice League Unlimited July 31, 2004 – May 13, 2006 Sequel to Justice League
The Once And Future Thing (Static Shock/Batman Beyond)
Epilogue (Batman Beyond)

An animated series based on the Teen Titans comic books was planned for the DC animated universe during the mid-1990s, but was finally scrapped.[3] Instead a Teen Titans series not related to the DC animated universe was released. Also, after the success of Batman: The Animated Series in the early 1990s, Fox approached producer Bruce Timm to create a spin-off series focusing on Catwoman, but the project never materialized.[3]

Feature-length films[edit]

The following animated feature films also are part of the DCAU continuity:

Before the release of Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, a third animated feature based on Batman: The Animated Series was planned, entitled Batman: Arkham. The film was supposed to be a follow-up for Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero, and Boyd Kirkland was attached to write and direct; but the project was soon scrapped. A second Batman Beyond movie was planned for release but was finally scrapped due to the dark tones and controversies of Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker in 2001.[6] Around 2003, during the production of Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman, Warner Bros. approached Kirkland to write a Catwoman direct-to-video feature film as a tie-in with the 2004 live-action film. Although the script was written, the project was soon scrapped after the poor reception of the live-action film.[7] Also, a direct-to-video feature-length animated film entitled Justice League: Worlds Collide was planned to connect Justice League with its follow-up Justice League Unlimited, but the production was finally cancelled in 2004, and the script was later rewritten for the animated film Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, that was not part of the DC animated universe.[8][9] "Batman and Harley Quinn uses DCAU art but due to vague language used in articles promoting the movie, there has been debate in the fan community as to whether the film is canon to the DCAU, most notable being The Vocal Range's headline stating that the film is unofficially canon.[10] However, Bruce Timm has stated in interviews that it is a return to the DCAU saying "it was just an excuse to kind of go back to the BTAS world",[11] "I personally kind of think of it as a continuation of Batman: The Animated Series, and the DC Animated Universe",[12] and in an interview with ComicBook.com that it was always his intent for the film to be in continuity but went on to state that he's "not actually in control of what’s in continuity and what isn’t " [13] implying that it was up to the corporate entities of Warner brothers and DC Comics. Clearing up the confusion, Warner Brothers has billed the movie stating "Bruce Timm returns to his Batman: The Animated Series roots."[14] DC has listed the film as a Batman: the Animated Series movie on their website[15] and on the back of the trade collection of the movies tie-in comics stated "Head back to the universe of Batman: The Animated Series in Batman and Harley Quinn" [16]

Short films[edit]

  • The Dark Knight's First Night (1990) – A short film which acted as the developmental pilot for Batman: The Animated Series.
  • Chase Me (2003) – A short film with no dialogue based on The New Batman Adventures.
  • Batman Black & White: Two of a Kind (2008) - A motion comic adaptation of Bruce Timm's "Two-Face: Two of a Kind"
  • Mad Love (2008) - A 3 part motion comic adaptation of Bruce Timm and Paul Dini's "Batman Adventures: Mad Love"
  • Batman Beyond (2014) – A short film based on Batman Beyond created by Darwyn Cooke for Batman's 75th anniversary. The short features the original voice cast of the show, as well as cameos of robotic batmen from The New Batman Adventures, The Batman, Batman: The Brave and the Bold, Beware the Batman, The Dark Knight Returns, Michael Keaton's Batman, Adam West's Batman, and the original comic book Batman from 1939.

Web cartoons[edit]

  • Gotham Girls (2000–2002) – A Macromedia Flash web cartoon series, this was downloadable from the WB website, and featured DCAU versions of characters voiced by their original actors. A DC Comics miniseries inspired by the web series was released in 2004. All three seasons of Gotham Girls were released on the Birds of Prey DVD box set in 2008.
  • Lobo (2000) – A Flash cartoon series starring Lobo, the galactic bounty hunter, the web-series is a spin-off of the Superman episode "The Main Man." A wax statue with the same character design as Lobo in this series appeared in an episode of Gotham Girls and he also made a reappearance in the Justice League episode "Hereafter" briefly becoming a member of the Justice League. Both of these examples somewhat support that the webseries is part of the official DCAU, although this is still disputed. Unlike the other cartoons set in the DCAU, it has graphic violence, sexual content and strong profanity.

Comic books[edit]

Many of the DCAU productions have also had comic books created based on the characters of the various series, though their canonicity is disputable. The comics are:

Year Title Issues
1992 The Batman Adventures (vol. 1) #1–36
Mad Love
Holiday Special
Batman: Mask of the Phantasm
Annuals (#1–2)
1993 Superman & Batman Magazine #1–8
1995 Batman and Robin Adventures #1–25
Annuals (#1–2)
Batman & Mr. Freeze: Sub-Zero
Dark Claw Adventures
1996 Superman Adventures #1–66
World's Finest
Superman vs. Lobo
Exclusive Edition (Superman '64 prequel)
Two-Face: Two of a Kind[17] #0
1997 Adventures in the DC Universe #1–19
1998 The Batman Adventures: The Lost Years #1–5
Batman: Gotham Adventures #1–60
Batgirl Adventures One-Shot
1999 Batman Beyond (vol. 1) #1–6
Batman Beyond (vol. 2) #1–24
Return of the Joker
Claritin Syrup Presents Batman[18] One-Shot
2001 Gotham Knights #14 (backstory by Paul Dini)[19]
2002 Gotham Girls #1–5
Justice League Adventures #1–34
#1-8 (Burger King miniseries)[20]
2003 Batman Adventures (vol. 2) #1–17
Batman: Shadow of Sin Tzu #1–22
2004 Batman: Harley and Ivy #1–3
Justice League Unlimited #1–46
2010 Batman Beyond (vol. 3) #1–6
Superman/Batman Annual #4
2011 Batman Beyond (vol. 4) #1–8
Superman Beyond #0–20
2012 Justice League Beyond #1–25
Batman Beyond (vol. 5) #1–29
2013 Batman Beyond 2.0 #1–40
Justice League Beyond 2.0 #1–24
2015 Scooby Doo Team Up[21] #12, #17, #21
(series uses DCAU character models but ignores the lore)
2016 Batman/TMNT Adventures #1-6
Love is Love[22] Harley and Ivy story by Paul Dini
Harley Quinn[23] #17-26 (backstory by Paul Dini)
2017 Harley Quinn and Batman[24] #1-5
(prequel series to Batman and Harley Quinn)

Video games[edit]

There have also been a number of DCAU tie-in video games released to correspond with the various animated television series and films. Some of these games have original plots, while others follow previous stories; their status in DCAU canon is unknown. The games are:

Year Title Consoles
1993 Batman: The Animated Series Game Boy
1994 The Adventures of Batman & Robin Super NES, Mega Drive/Genesis, Mega-CD/Sega CD, Game Gear
1997 Superman[25] Game Boy
1999 Superman Nintendo 64
2000 Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker Game Boy Color, PlayStation, Nintendo 64
2001 Batman: Chaos in Gotham Game Boy Color
Batman: Gotham City Racer PlayStation
Batman: Vengeance PlayStation 2, Game Boy Advance, GameCube, Xbox, Microsoft Windows
2002 Justice League: Injustice for All Game Boy Advance
Static Shock (canceled game)[26]
Superman: Shadow of Apokolips PlayStation 2, GameCube
2003 Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu Xbox, PlayStation 2, Game Boy Advance, GameCube
Justice League: Chronicles Game Boy Advance
Superman: Countdown to Apokolips

Five of these games feature voice acting from the casts of the original shows. These are: The Adventures of Batman and Robin (SEGA CD/Mega CD version), Superman, Batman Vengeance, Superman: Shadow of Apokolips, and Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu. The SEGA CD/Mega CD game, The Adventures of Batman and Robin, also features animation from one of the studios that animated Batman: The Animated Series.

Cast and characters[edit]

Character TV series Films
The Animated Series
The Animated Series
The New Batman Adventures Batman Beyond Static Shock The Zeta Project Justice League Justice League Unlimited Batman: Mask of the Phantasm Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman Batman and Harley Quinn
Bruce Wayne
The Batman
Kevin Conroy
Dick Grayson
Loren Lester Mentioned Loren Lester Mentioned   Cameo   Loren Lester Mentioned   Loren Lester
Barbara Gordon
Melissa Gilbert Mentioned Tara Strong Stockard Channing,
Angie Harmon
  Cameo Mentioned   Mary Kay Bergman Angie Harmon,
Tara Strong (flashback)
Tara Strong  
Zatanna Julie Brown   Cameo   Jennifer Hale,
Juliet Landau
Jonah Hex William McKinney   Adam Baldwin  
Clark Kent
  Tim Daly Cameo Christopher McDonald   George Newbern  
Tim Drake
  Mathew Valencia Mentioned Eli Marienthal,
Shane Sweet
  Cameo Mentioned   Dean Stockwell,
Mathew Valencia (flashback)
Eli Marienthal  
Kara Zor-El
  Nicholle Tom   Nicholle Tom   Mentioned  
Wally West
  Charlie Schlatter   Michael Rosenbaum   Michael Rosenbaum  
Kent Nelson
Doctor Fate
  George DelHoyo   Oded Fehr  
Jason Blood
Etrigan the Demon
  Billy Zane   Michael T. Weiss  
Terry McGinnis
  Will Friedle   Will Friedle   Will Friedle  
Infiltration Unit Zeta   Gary Cole   Dietrich Bader  
John Stewart
Green Lantern
  Phil Lamarr   Phil Lamarr  
Shayera Hol
  Maria Canals   Maria Canals  
J'onn J'onzz   Carl Lumbly   Carl Lumbly  
Virgil Ovid Hawkins
  Phil LaMarr   Phil LaMarr  
Diana of Themyscira
Wonder Woman
  Mentioned   Mentioned   Susan Eisenberg  
Oliver Queen
Green Arrow
  Kin Shriner  
Michael J. Carter
Booster Gold
  Tom Everett Scott   Bruce Timm
The Joker Mark Hamill Cameo Mark Hamill   Mark Hamill Mentioned Mark Hamill   Mark Hamill Mentioned
Harley Quinn Arleen Sorkin Cameo Arleen Sorkin   Arleen Sorkin   Arleen Sorkin   Melissa Rauch
Oswald Cobblepot
The Penguin
Paul Williams Cameo   Mentioned   David Ogden Stiers  
Edward Nygma
The Riddler
John Glover Cameo   Cameo  
Pamela Isley
Poison Ivy
Diane Pershing   Diane Pershing   Diane Pershing   Diane Pershing   Paget Brewster
Bane Henry Silva Cameo   Hector Elizondo  
Ra's al Ghul David Warner   Olivia Hussey, David Warner  
Victor Fries
Mr. Freeze
Michael Ansara   Michael Ansara   Mentioned   Michael Ansara Cameo  
Harvey Dent
Richard Moll   Richard Moll Cameo   Cameo  
Matt Hagen
Ron Perlman   Ron Perlman   Ron Perlman  
Leslie Willis
  Lori Petty   Maria Canals  
Brainiac   Corey Burton   Corey Burton   Corey Burton  
Toyman   Bud Cort   Bud Cort   Corey Burton Bud Cort  
Lex Luthor   Clancy Brown   Clancy Brown  
Darkseid   Michael Ironside   Michael Ironside  
John Corben
  Malcolm McDowell   Corey Burton Malcolm McDowell  
Rudy Jones
  Brion James   Brian George  
General Hardcastle   Charles Napier   Charles Napier  
Bizarro   Tim Daly   George Newbern  
Jax-Ur   Ron Perlman  
Doomsday   Michael Jai White  
Alfred Pennyworth Clive Revill, Efrem Zimbalist Jr. Efrem Zimbalist Jr.   Efrem Zimbalist Jr.   Efrem Zimbalist Jr.   Efrem Zimbalist Jr.   Efrem Zimbalist Jr.  
Commissioner James Gordon Bob Hastings   Bob Hastings   Bob Hastings   Bob Hastings  
Detective Harvey Bullock Robert Costanzo   Robert Costanzo   Robert Costanzo   Robert Costanzo  
Selina Kyle
Adrienne Barbeau   Adrienne Barbeau Cameo   Mentioned   Mentioned  
Lois Lane   Dana Delaney Cameo Mentioned   Dana Delaney  
Lobo   Brad Garrett   Brad Garrett  

In other media[edit]

TV Shows[edit]

Year Show Episode DCAU Reference
1995 Freakazoid Dance of Doom Batman appears, but is unable to help due to being on a different network[27]
1995 Animaniacs A Hard Day's Warners Paul Dini and Bruce Timm can be seen at the Batman booth in episode #73 with a Mask of the Phantasm poster[28]
2011 Batman: The Brave and the Bold Night of the Batmen Batman's TNBA design shows up among the Batmen of other worlds along with Batman Beyond[29]
2013 Teen Titans Go! multiple Meta-gags referencing the DCAU have been made[30]


Year Title Issue DCAU Reference
1994 Man of Steel #37 Bruce Timm's Batman design appears on the front cover[31]
1999 Fan Boy #5 Bruce Timm was a featured artist, lending his Batman to the issue[32]
1999 Superman/Fantastic Four One-Shot Superman's DCAU counterpart makes a cameo
2001 Catwoman #89 Harleen Quinzel pitches a TV series in the same style of The New Batman Adventures[33]
2005 Krypto the Super Dog #1-6 Artist Min S Ku draws many characters in their DCAU style.
2007 Teen Titans Go! #45 The Justice League is presented in their DCAU style[34]
2008 Legion of Superheroes in the 31st Century #11 The Justice League appears in their DCAU versions
2013 Green Lantern: The Animated Series #13 Lobo shows up in his DCAU design
2014 Adventures of Superman #40 The Joker shows up in multiple styles, including his New Batman Adventures look.[35]
2017 Action Comics #975 Mr. Mxyzptlk and Superman appear in their Superman: The Animated Series style.[36]

Characters adapted from the DCAU[edit]

Though the DCAU is an offshoot of the mainstream DC comics universe, it has also affected the DC universe in return. The following characters were originally created for their respective series in the DCAU, but were eventually adapted via retroactive continuity into the mainstream DC comic continuity:

Retroactive continuity

In addition, the backstory of Mr. Freeze was adapted from his portrayal in Batman: The Animated Series, and the visuals and/or characterization of Green Lantern, Supergirl, Toyman, Two-Face, Parasite, Metallo, Clayface, and many others have been applied to their comic counterparts.[citation needed] On a different note, issue #22 of DC Comics' Superman/Batman series, which explores alternate realities, had Bizarro transported to an alternate version of Gotham City patrolled by a Batman using the Batman Beyond version of the costume. A version of the future of Batman Beyond made an appearance in Countdown to Final Crisis #21, as part of the new Multiverse in the wake of the Infinite Crisis and 52, and a Batman Beyond series is planned. In January 2015, DC published The Multiversity Guidebook which revealed that a universe inspired by the DCAU is Earth-12 in the DC Multiverse, and currently in the Batman Beyond era, while the Justice Lords Earth from the Justice League episode "A Better World" has also been added to the canon as Earth-50.[37]

Roland Daggett was adapted into the live-action film The Dark Knight Rises as a minor antagonist (renamed "John Daggett") and CEO of a rival company to Wayne Enterprises.

The future of the DCAU[edit]

With the conclusion of the Justice League Unlimited animated series, Warner Bros has moved on to adapting new versions of the various DC comics properties rather than reviving the DCAU counterparts.

The last script written for DCAU continuity was titled Justice League: Worlds Collide. This screenplay was created to bridge the several month gap between Justice League and Justice League Unlimited. The draft was eventually adapted into the February 2010 film Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, with the removal of any references specific to DCAU continuity, replacing Green Lantern John Stewart with Hal Jordan, and the casting of different voice actors than those of the DCAU.

In 2009, Bruce Timm was asked at a ToonZone forum if the DCAU will return in the future, and he stated this:[38]

I very much appreciate that so many of you guys have so much love for the old series, from BTAS through JLU (I do too) -- but frankly, I doubt that we'll be formally, "officially" doing another movie or TV series set in that continuity (...) anything is possible, so conceivably that could change someday -- instead of saying "THE DCAU IS DEAD", maybe we can just say it's in a state of suspended animation until further notice...?

— Bruce Timm, 2009[39]

On June 8, 2015, during an interview with Nerdist about his new film Justice League: Gods and Monsters, Bruce Timm was asked if the DC animated universe will return someday. Although Timm stated that the DCAU continuity was unlikely to return, the possibility always exists.[40] In 2017, Bruce Timm confirmed that he considers the DC Universe Animated Original Movie Batman and Harley Quinn to be part of the DCAU canon.[41] Warner Brothers has billed the movie stating "Bruce Timm returns to his Batman: The Animated Series roots."[42] DC has listed the film as a Batman: the Animated Series movie on their website[43] and on the back of the trade collection of the movies tie-in comics stated "Head back to the universe of Batman: The Animated Series in Batman and Harley Quinn" [44]

In 2018, Kevin Conroy said work on the DCAU had stalled because the writers ran out of ideas for stories and believed stopping was best, as they did not want to "compromise on the quality of what they had and start creating kind of silly stories."[45]


The Batman Beyond comic series is a loose adaptation of the Batman Beyond franchise, intended to fit the character and storylines from the series into the mainstream DC continuity. The miniseries began in June 2010, under the title Future Evil. In August 2010, the series was announced to continue following the completion of the first arc as an ongoing series.[46] That series concluded alongside the entire line of ongoing monthly DC Comics superhero books during the 2011 revamp and relaunch, titled The New 52.

Superman Beyond, a one-shot comic set in the same universe as Batman Beyond, was released in 2011.

Batman Beyond Unlimited, a title chronicling the adventures of the future Justice League introduced in the DCAU, was released in February 2012.[47] This series published monthly triple-sized issues, containing three stories of Terry McGinnis, Clark "Cal" Kent, and the future Justice League Unlimited, respectively.[48]

Batman Beyond Universe succeeded Unlimited in August 2013, condensing to double-monthly issues upon the elderly Superman's rejoining the future Justice League.[49]

Terry McGinnis was the central figure in The New 52: Futures End weekly series.[50]

In 2015-2016, DC Comics and IDW Publishing released a jointly produced, six-issue miniseries comic titled Batman/TMNT, where the New 52 Batman encounters the IDW incarnation of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. The success of this miniseries inspired a similar crossover story, with Batman's DCAU incarnation meeting the Amazing Adventures comic version of the 2012 CGI series' Turtles. The concept was first announced in late July 2016,[51] and is scheduled for a six-issue release starting November 9, 2016.[52]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A History of Batman on TV". IGN. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
  2. ^ "The Greatest Comic Book Cartoons of All Time" Archived May 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. IGN. January 26, 2007. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 21, 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-07.
  4. ^ "Top 25 Animated Movies of All-Time". IGN. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
  5. ^ "Batman: Mask of the Phantasm". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Archived from the original on January 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 16, 2016. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved 2010-09-13.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 20, 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-31.
  10. ^ http://thevocalrange.com/2017/08/02/batman-harley-quinn-unofficially-dcau/
  11. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWS0A37E9Yg
  12. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JaXNjRETfvA
  13. ^ http://comicbook.com/dc/2017/07/30/batman-and-harley-quinn-dc-animated-universe-continuity/
  14. ^ https://www.warnerbros.com/blogs/2017/07/14/comic-con-2017
  15. ^ https://www.dccomics.com/tags/batman-the-animated-series-movie
  16. ^ https://www.instagram.com/p/Be6BGnEBD5o/?hl=en&taken-by=lucianovecchioart
  17. ^ "Two-Face #0". Comic Vine. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  18. ^ "Claritin Syrup Presents". Comic Book Database. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  19. ^ "Gotham Knights". Comixology. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  20. ^ "JLA Burger King Mini". Comic Vine. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  21. ^ "SCOOBY-DOO TEAM-UP #12". DC Comics. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  22. ^ "Love is Love". Previews World. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  23. ^ "Harley Quinn". DC Comics. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  24. ^ "In the New Harley Quinn and Batman Comic, Classic Harley Gets an Important, Modern Update". io9. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  25. ^ "Superman: Game Boy: Video Games". Amazon.com. September 21, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-14.
  26. ^ http://www.blockbuster.com/games/catalog/gameDetails/2399[dead link]
  27. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Tf6s0v2VWM
  28. ^ http://legion1979.tumblr.com/post/66461205976/you-crazy-fans-episode-73
  29. ^ https://vignette.wikia.nocookie.net/batmanthebraveandtheboldfanon/images/2/24/24.png/revision/latest?cb=20120317042002
  30. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bFqbkr7Kgw
  31. ^ https://vignette.wikia.nocookie.net/marvel_dc/images/6/68/Superman_Man_of_Steel_37.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20081123180455
  32. ^ https://vignette.wikia.nocookie.net/marvel_dc/images/d/dc/Fanboy_Vol_1_5.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20100825184232
  33. ^ http://capesandwhips.com/reading-comprehension-retry-catwoman-when-in-rome/
  34. ^ http://teentitans.wikia.com/wiki/Justice_League
  35. ^ http://abload.de/image.php?img=adventuresofsuperman6ogjni.jpg
  36. ^ http://www.comicbookrevolution.com/action-comics-975-review/
  37. ^ Morrison, Grant (w), Wyatt, Jake (p). Maps and Legends 1: 35/1 (January 28, 2015), New York City: DC Comics
  38. ^ "Green Lantern History: An Unauthorized Guide to the DC Comic Book Series". google.com. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  39. ^ Timm, Bruce (September 18, 2009). "Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths News & Discussion". Toon Zone.
  40. ^ "Interview: Bruce Timm Talks JUSTICE LEAGUE: GODS AND MONSTERS - Nerdist". June 8, 2015.
  41. ^ "Bruce Timm On Whether Batman & Harley Quinn Is In The Animated Series Continuity". comicbook.com. Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  42. ^ https://www.warnerbros.com/blogs/2017/07/14/comic-con-2017
  43. ^ https://www.dccomics.com/tags/batman-the-animated-series-movie
  44. ^ https://www.instagram.com/p/Be6BGnEBD5o/?hl=en&taken-by=lucianovecchioart
  45. ^ Bonomolo, Cameron (May 27, 2018). "Kevin Conroy Reveals The Real Reason They Stopped Making 'Batman: The Animated Series'". ComicBook.com. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
  46. ^ "Batman Beyond To Receive An Ongoing Series". Inside Pulse. August 28, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
  47. ^ "DC Comics Launches Batman Beyond Unlimited". DC Comics. November 14, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-14.
  48. ^ "DC Comics' FULL June 2013 Solicitations". Newsarama. Retrieved July 14, 2013. ...don't miss the epic conclusion of Superman Beyond!
  49. ^ "DC Comics' FULL August 2013 Solicitations". Newsarama. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  50. ^ Arrant, Chris (May 16, 2014). "DC Reveals Creative Line-Ups For September's Futures End Titles". Newsarama. Retrieved May 16, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  51. ^ Press, Official (2016-07-22). "The Classic '90s Cartoon Batman Is Teaming Up With the Ninja Turtles for a New Comic". io9.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  52. ^ Press, Official (2016-07-22). "Animated-style Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles crossover announced". Batman-news.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.

External links[edit]