Bregović in 2007
|Birth name||Goran Bregović|
|Also known as||Brega|
|Born||22 March 1950|
Sarajevo, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia
Goran Bregović (Serbian Cyrillic: Горан Бреговић, born 22 March 1950) is a Bosnian recording artist.[nb 1] He is one of the most internationally known modern musicians and composers of the Balkans, and is one of the few former Yugoslav musicians who has performed at major international venues such as Carnegie Hall, Royal Albert Hall and L'Olympia.
A Sarajevo native, Bregović initially gained acclaim for his work in Kodeksi and Jutro, but rose to continental prominence as the main creative mind and lead guitarist of Bijelo dugme, widely considered as one of the most popular recording acts ever to exist in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and one of the most important bands of the Yugoslav rock scene. After Bijelo Dugme split up, he started to compose for films. Among his better known film scores are three of Emir Kusturica's films (Time of the Gypsies, Arizona Dream, and Underground). For Time of the Gypsies, Bregović won a Golden Arena Award at the Pula Film Festival in 1990, among other awards. He had also composed for the Academy Award-nominated film La Reine Margot and the Cannes-entered film The Serpent's Kiss.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Early career
- 3 Bijelo Dugme
- 4 Solo career
- 5 Musical style
- 6 Personal life
- 7 List of film scores
- 8 Discography
- 9 Honours and awards
- 10 Annotations
- 11 References
- 12 Further reading
- 13 External links
Born in Sarajevo, PR Bosnia-Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia to a Croat father Franjo Bregović and Serb mother Borka Perišić, Goran grew up with a younger sister, Dajana, and younger brother, Predrag. Their father was from the Croatian region of Zagorje, specifically Sveti Petar Čvrstec village near Križevci, while their mother was born in Virovitica to parents that had shortly before her birth arrived in the nearby village of Čemernica, settling there from the village of Kazanci near Gacko in eastern Herzegovina. Goran's maternal grandfather, fought in the Royal Serbian Army at the Salonica Front during World War I and as a reward received land in Slavonia where he soon moved his family.
Goran's parents met shortly after World War II in Virovitica where his mother Borka lived and his father Franjo (who fought on the Partisan side during the war) attended a Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) military school. Franjo Bregović soon got his first job, teaching ballistics at a military school in Sarajevo, so the couple that at the time moved there. Goran, their first child, was born in 1950 in Sarajevo.
Goran was 10 years old when his parents divorced. In later interviews, he mentioned his father's alcoholism as the reason for the breakdown of their marriage. Soon after the split, his father moved to Livno, taking Goran's younger brother Predrag with him while Goran remained living with his mother in Sarajevo, visiting his father and brother every summer in Livno. Their father soon retired and eventually moved back to his home village in Zagorje while Goran's brother Predrag later moved back to Sarajevo for university studies.
Goran played violin in a music school. However, deemed untalented, he was thrown out during second grade. His musical education was thus reduced to what his friend taught him until Goran's mother bought him his first guitar in his early teens. Bregović wanted to enroll in a fine arts high school, but his aunt told his mother that it was supposedly full of homosexuals, which precipitated his mother's decision to send him to a technical (traffic) school. As a compromise for not getting his way, she allowed him to grow his hair long.
Upon entering high school, teenage Bregović joined the school band Izohipse where he began on bass guitar. Soon, however, he was kicked out of that school too (this time for misbehavior – he crashed into a school-owned Mercedes-Benz). Bregović then entered grammar school and its school band Beštije (again as a bass guitar player). When he was 16, his mother left him and moved to the coast, meaning that other than having a few relatives to rely on, he mostly had to take care of himself. He did that by playing folk music in a kafana in Konjic, working on construction sites, and selling newspapers.
Eventually, Kodeksi shifted setup so Bregović moved from bass to lead guitar, resulting in Kodeksi having the following line-up during summer 1970: Goran Bregović, Željko Bebek, Zoran Redžić and Milić Vukašinović. All of them would eventually become members of Bijelo Dugme at some point in the future. At the time, they were largely influenced by Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath. During the fall of 1970, this resulted in the departure of Željko Bebek, who (both as rhythm guitar player and singer) got phased out of the band. At the end of the year, Goran's mother and Zoran's brother arrived in Naples and took them back to Sarajevo.
Then, in the autumn of 1971, Bregović enrolled at the University of Sarajevo's Faculty of Philosophy, studying philosophy and sociology. He soon quit, however. At the same time, Milić Vukašinović left for London, so Bregović formed a band with Nuno Arnautalić called Jutro (Morning), which Redžić soon joined as well. Over the next few years, the band changed lineups frequently, and on 1 January 1974 modified its name to Bijelo Dugme ("White Button").
At the time Bijelo Dugme was falling apart, Goran entered the world of film music. His first project was Emir Kusturica's Time of the Gypsies (1989). This turned out to be a great success (both the film and the soundtrack). Goran and Emir's collaboration continued, and Goran composed music (which was performed by Iggy Pop) for Emir's next film Arizona Dream (1993). During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Goran lived in Paris, but he also lived in Belgrade. His next major project, music for Patrice Chéreau's Queen Margot was a great success as well, and as a result, the film won two awards on the 1994 Cannes Film Festival. The next year's Golden Palm award went to Underground, for which Goran Bregović composed the music.
In 1997, he worked with Turkish singer Sezen Aksu on her album Düğün ve Cenaze (Wedding and Funeral). After that album, he continued making composite albums with other musicians that were based on his music and singers' lyrics.
He made an album with George Dalaras in 1999 named Thessaloniki – Yannena with Two Canvas Shoes. In the same year, Bregović recorded an album called Kayah i Bregović (Kayah and Bregović) with popular Polish singer Kayah which sold over 700,000 copies in Poland (seven times platinum record).
In 2001, he recorded another album with another Polish singer, Krzysztof Krawczyk, titled "Daj mi drugie życie" ("Give Me Second Life").
In 2005, Bregović took part in three large farewell concerts of Bijelo Dugme.
A number of works created by Bregović can be heard on the soundtrack to the 2006 film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, most notably "Đurđevdan." The film itself actually features more Bregović samples than the soundtrack. Two musical numbers by Bregović, "Ne Siam Kurve Tuke Sijam Prostitutke," and "Gas, Gas" were featured in the soundtrack of the 2012 Brazilian novela, Salve Jorge, on the television network Rede Globo.
Wedding and Funeral Orchestra
For many years Bregović performed with a large ensemble of musicians: a brass band, bagpipes, a string ensemble, a tuxedo-clad all-male choir from Belgrade, women wearing traditional Bulgarian costumes, and Roma singers make up his 40-piece band and orchestra.
Since 1998, and until about 2012, Bregović has been performing his music mainly in the form of concerts all over the world with his Wedding and Funeral Orchestra. This consists of 10 people (in the small version) or 37 (in the large version, although, in some instances, this number varies, depending on participants from the host country).
Since 2012 the orchestra consists of 9 people (in the small version) or 19 (in the large version), as it played in New York at the Lincoln Center on 15 and 16 July 2016.
The small orchestra consists of Muharem "Muki" Rexhepi (vocals, drums), Bokan Stanković (first trumpet), Dragić Velićović (second trumpet), Stojan Dimov (sax, clarinet), Aleksandar Rajković (first trombone, glockenspiel), Miloš Mihajlović (second trombone), female vocals Bulgarian singers Daniela Radkova-Aleksandrova, and Ludmila Radkova-Traikova, and Goran himself. The large orchestra includes also string quartet: Ivana Mateijć (first violin), Bojana Jovanović-Jotić (second violin), Saša Mirković (viola), and Tatjana Jovanović-Mirković, as well as sextet of male voices: Dejan Pesić (first tenor), Milan Panić and Ranko Jović (second tenors), Aleksandar Novaković (baritone), Dusan Ljubinković and Siniša Dutina (basses).
In previous years, in the orchestra the following musicians have performed: Ogi Radivojević and Alen Ademović (vocals, drums), Dalibor Lukić (second trumpet), Dejan Manigodić (tuba), Vaska Jankovska (vocals).
In 2013, as part of his Asia-Pacific tour (including Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong), Bregović performed with a string quartet, a male choir, Bulgarian singers and half of a brass band. The other part of the brass band – including bass and percussions – were being played from his computer. In 2017, he was a guest artist on Puerto Rican rapper Residente's album Residente on the song "El Futuro Es Nuestro" (Spanish for "The Future is Ours").
During the Eurovision 2008 final in Belgrade Arena, Serbia, he had a small concert. He also composed the Serbian entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010; 'Ovo Je Balkan' sung by Milan Stanković.
Bregović's compositions, extending Balkan musical inspirations to innovative extremes, draw upon European classicism and Balkan rhythms.
Bregović's music carries Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Greek, Romani, Romanian, Serbian, Albanian, Italian and Turkish themes and is a fusion of popular music with traditional polyphonic music from the Balkans, tango, and brass bands.
Bregović's first child, daughter Željka, was born out of wedlock from a brief relationship with a woman named Jasenka. Željka lives in Austria where she gave birth to Goran's granddaughter, Bianca.
In 1993, Bregović married his long-time girlfriend Dženana Sudžuka, a Bosniak model. The wedding ceremony held in Paris featured film director Emir Kusturica as the groom's best man and longtime Bijelo Dugme backing vocal, Amila Sulejmanović as the bride's maid of honour.
The couple has three daughters: Ema (born in March 1995), Una (February 2002), and Lulu (May 2004).
Bregović owns real-estate all over the world, but divides most of his time between Belgrade due to most of his musical collaborators residing in Serbia and Paris where his spouse lives with their three daughters. In Belgrade, Bregović owns multiple properties in the upscale Senjak neighbourhood.
On 12 June 2008, Bregović injured his spine, falling from a tree. He fell four meters from a cherry tree in the garden of his home in Senjak, a Belgrade district, breaking vertebrae. However, according to the doctors, his condition was "stable without neurological complications." After surgery, he made a quick recovery and on 8 and 9 July, he held two big concerts in New York City, where for more than two hours each night, he proved his performance skills had not suffered from the accident.
Bregović's siblings, brother Predrag and sister Dajana, live in New York City and Split, respectively.
-Bregović in December 1976 on his political activity.
During mid-1971, while studying at the University of Sarajevo's Faculty of Philosophy, twenty-one-year-old Bregović got accepted into the Yugoslav Communist League (SKJ), the only party in SFR Yugoslavia's political system.
Throughout the mid-to-late 1970s, by now a famous rock musician in SFR Yugoslavia, Bregović often publicly expressed his support for communism and the importance of being active in the party.
In 1990, ahead of the general elections in the SR Bosnia and Herzegovina constituent unit of SFR Yugoslavia, Bregović publicly expressed his support for Ante Marković's Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia (SRSJ). He furthermore participated in their campaign and contributed to it in creative capacity. Despite securing public support and endorsements from many prominent public figures in SR Bosnia and Herzegovina such as Emir Kusturica, Nele Karajlić, Branko Đurić, etc., the party got only 8.9% of the total vote.
In the years following the Yugoslav Wars and the breakup of Yugoslavia, Bregović has described himself as Yugonostalgic. In 2009, he stated: "Yugoslavia is the intersection of so many worlds: Orthodox, Catholic, Muslim. With music, I don't have to represent anyone, except myself – because I speak the first language of the world, the one everyone understands: flowers."
In March 2015, Bregović performed in a concert in Crimea, which was annexed by Russia the previous year. The following month, the Life Festival in Oświęcim, Poland canceled an appearance by Bregović, saying that his statements were "contrary to the values cherished by the Life Festival founders."
List of film scores
- 1977 – Butterfly cloud (Leptirov oblak) – Directed by: Zdravko Randić
- 1979 – Personal Affairs (Lične stvari) – Directed by: Aleksandar Mandić
- 1988 – Time of the Gypsies (Dom za vešanje) – Directed by: Emir Kusturica
- 1989 – Kuduz – Directed by: Ademir Kenović
- 1990 – Silent Gunpowder (Gluvi barut) – Directed by: Bahrudin Čengić
- 1991 – The Serbian Girl (Das Serbische Mädchen) – Directed by: Peter Sehr
- 1991 – The Little One (Mala) – Directed by: Predrag Antonijević
- 1991 – Čaruga – Directed by: Rajko Grlić
- 1993 – Arizona Dream – Directed by: Emir Kusturica
- 1993 – Toxic Affair – Directed by: Philoméne Esposito
- 1993 – La Nuit sacrée – Directed by: Nicolas Klotz
- 1993 – Le Nombril du monde – Directed by: Ariel Zeitoun
- 1993 – KIKA – Directed by: Pedro Almodóvar
- 1994 – soundtrack for La Reine Margot – Directed by: Patrice Chéreau
- 1995 – Underground – Directed by: Emir Kusturica
- 1997 – Music for Weddings and Funerals (Musik för bröllop och begravningar) – Directed by: Unni Straume
- 1997 – A Chef in Love (Shekvarebuli kulinaris ataserti retsepti) – Directed by: Nana Djordjadze
- 1997 – The Serpent's Kiss – Directed by: Philippe Rousselot
- 1997 – XXL – Directed by: Ariel Zeitoun
- 1998 – Train de Vie – Directed by: Radu Mihaileanu
- 1999 – The Lost Son – Directed by: Chris Menges
- 1999 – Tuvalu – Directed by: Veit Helmer
- 1999 – Operation Simoom (Operacja Samum) – Directed by Władysław Pasikowski
- 2000 – 27 Missing Kisses – Directed by: Nana Djordjadze
- 2000 – Je li jasno prijatelju? – Directed by: Dejan Ačimović
- 2005 – The Turkish Gambit (Турецкий гамбит) – Directed by: Dzhanik Faiziyev
- 2005 – I giorni dell'abbandono – Directed by: Roberto Faenza
- 2006 – Karaula – Directed by: Rajko Grlić (This is not true)
- 2006 – Le Lièvre de Vatanen – Directed by: Marc Rivière
- 2006 – Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (non-original music; "Ederlezi" from Dom za vešanje)
- 2007 – Fly by Rossinant – Directed by: Jacky Stoév
- 2008 – Mustafa – Directed by: Can Dündar
- 2011 – Baikonur – Directed by Veit Helmer
With Bijelo dugme
Original movies soundtracks
- Not all his soundtracks compositions are commercially available.
- 1988: Time of the Gypsies (Kamarad, Diskoton, PolyGram, Komuna)
- 1989: Kuduz (Diskoton)
- 1993: Toxic affair (Polygram / Universal)
- 1993: Arizona Dream (Kamarad, PolyGram, Komuna)
- 1994: La reine Margot (Kamarad, PolyGram, Komuna)
- 1995: Underground (Kamarad, PolyGram, Komuna)
- 1995: A Chef in Love (Kamarad)
- 2000: Tuvalu avec Jürgen Knieper (United One Records)
- 2005: I giorni dell'abbandono with Carmen Consoli
- 2006: Le Lièvre de Vatanen (PolyGram)
- 2008: Mustafa (Sony Music Entertainment)
- His compilations include soundtracks from different works.
- 1996: PS (Komuna)
- 1998: Ederlezi (PolyGram)
- 1999: Magic book (Bravo Records)
- 2000: Songbook (Mercury Records, Universal)
- 2000: Music for films (PolyGram)
- 2009: Welcome to Bregović (Wrasse Records)
- 1976: Goran Bregović (PGP RTB)
- 1991: Paradehtika with Alkistis Protopsalti (Polydor)
- 1997: Düğün ve Cenaze with Sezen Aksu (Raks Müzik)
- 1997: Thessaloniki – Yannena with Two Canvas Shoes with George Dalaras (Minos-EMI)
- 1998: Silence of the Balkans, live in Thessaloniki (Mercury Records)
- 1999: Kayah & Bregović with Kayah (ZIC-ZAC)
- 2000: Balkanica with Athens Symphony Orchestra (FM Records)
- 2001: Krawczyk & Bregović Daj mi drugie życie with Krzysztof Krawczyk (BMG Poland, Rada)
- 2002: Tales and Songs from Weddings and Funerals (Mercury)
- 2007: Karmen with a happy end (Mercury)
- 2009: Alkohol: Šljivovica & Champagne (Kamarad, Mercury)
- 2012: Ederlezi x Four (FM Records)
- 2012: Champagne for Gypsies (Kamarad, Mercury)
- 2017: Three Letters from Sarajevo, Opus 1 (Wrasse Records)
Honours and awards
- Albania: On 31 June 2006 he received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana by Edi Rama on the occasion of his visit to Albania.
- In 1990, he received a Golden Arena for Best Film Score, a Porin and a World Music Award for the soundtrack of Dom za vešanje.
- Goran Bregović was born in Sarajevo, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia. His father was an ethnic Croat, while his mother Serb. A Yugonostalgic, after the war he said that he "could only be a Yugoslav". He has stated that he "is not enough Serb to be a Serb, not Croat to be a Croat, and not even enough to be Bosnian".
- "Otac mi je bio Hrvat, majka Srpkinja, moja žena je muslimanka. U koga da uperim pušku? Nemam koga da mrzim". Novosti.
- Glas javnosti 2000.
- "Bregović: Nisam Hrvat, Srbin, a ni Bosanac, to je moj izbor". Blic.
- Strogo kontrolisano disidentstvo;Naša Borba, 18 May 1997
- Grujić, Nenad; Nikčević, Tamara (27 December 2012). "Cigani, juriš!". Vreme. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "Salve Jorge (Trilha Sonora da Novela) [". Musica.com.br. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
- Brochure for the concert in New York (PDF)
- Video on YouTube[dead link]
- Lincoln Center Festival website
- "Brega je pre braka sa Dženanom dobio ćerku: Željka Bregović živi u Austriji i izgleda OVAKO!". Blic. 10 June 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- Š., L. (1 July 2018). "Goran Bregović šeta ulicom u PIDŽAMI I PAPUČAMA". Blic. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- Goran Bregovic plays in New York
- Vlačić, Branko (December 1976). "Nije slučajno da smo ja i Željko članovi Saveza komunista". Ven. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- Bubalo, Robert (29 September 2014). "Bebek je prvi otkrio Bregovića. Tražio je basista za svoj bend Kodeksi i pronašao klinca koji se kreveljio". Večernji list. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
- Karuza, Vesna (1990). "Kad sam bio bijelo dugme". Svijet. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Goran Bregovic to perform at PlayhouseSquare
- "Polish festival drops Balkan maestro Bregovic over Crimea remarks". Agence France-Presse. 9 April 2015.
- Pareles, Jon (20 January 2017). "Residente Chases His Muse, at the Genetic Level". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Dom za vesanje (1989)". Swedish Film Institute. 16 March 2014.
- "Ko je ovaj čovek? Goran Bregović". Glas javnosti. 2000.
- Marković, Aleksandra. "Goran Bregović, the Balkan Music Composer." Ethnologia Balkanica 12 (2008): 9–23.
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