Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov

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Gerbert Aleksandrovich Efremov
Herbert Efremov.png
Gerbert Aleksandrovich Efremov

(1933-03-15)March 15, 1933
Alma materLeningrad Mechanical Institute
OccupationSoviet and Russian rocket scientist and engineer
AwardsHero of Socialist Labor (1963)
Order of Lenin (1963)
Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation (2017)
Lenin Prize (1974)
USSR State Prize (1974)
Order of the Badge of Honour (1959)
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" (2003, 2013)
Padma Bhushan (2003)
Order of St. Andrew (2020)

Gerbert Aleksandrovich Efremov (Russian: Герберт Александрович Ефремов, born 15 March 1933) is a Russian design engineer and Professor of Technical Sciences.

Since 1984 (after the death of Vladimir Chelomey) - General Designer, from 1989 to 2007 - General Director, General Designer NPO Mashinostroyeniya. Directly involved or supervised the creation of

The recipient of state awards from the former Soviet Union and elsewhere, including the Padma Bhushan from India, he co-founded the Indo-Russian joint venture BrahMos.[2][3][4][5]

He played a leading role in the design and construction of several sensitive military missile systems and space stations, and his identity and role in these projects was treated as a state secret for several years.[6][7]


  1. ^ "Conversation with Gerbert Yefremov". Kremlin.ru. 19 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov profile". Npomash.ru. 15 March 1933. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Pillars of BrahMos: Dr. H. Yefremov". Brahmos.com. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Designers & scientists of the Russian space program". Russianspaceweb.com. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Padma Bhushan Awardees". National Portal of India:Government of India. Retrieved 3 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Герберту Ефремову – 75!" (in Russian). 14 March 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  7. ^ "Выдающемуся российскому конструктору ракетной и космической техники Герберту Александровичу Ефремову исполняется 75 лет" (in Russian). 14 March 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2012.[permanent dead link]