Soumitra Chatterjee

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Soumitra Chatterjee
সৌমিত্র চট্টোপাধ্যায়
Soumitra Chatterjee - Kolkata 2011-05-09 2856.JPG
Soumitra Chatterjee inaugurating a Puja at Behala in 2013
Born (1935-01-19) 19 January 1935 (age 80)
Krishnanagar, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in West Bengal, India)
Occupation Actor, Recitator, Poet, Thespian
Years active 1959 – present
Height 6.2 ft (189 cm)

Soumitra Chatterjee or Soumitra Chattopadhyay (Shoumitro Chôṭṭopaddhae; born 19 January 1935) is an Indian film and stage actor and poet. He is best known for his collaborations with film director Satyajit Ray, with whom he worked in fourteen films, and his constant comparison with the Bengali cinema screen idol Uttam Kumar, his contemporary leading man of the 1960s and 1970s.

Starting with his debut film, Apur Sansar (The World of Apu, 1959), the third part of Apu Trilogy, he went on to work in several notable films with Ray, including Abhijan (The Expedition, 1962), Charulata (The Lonely Wife, 1964), Aranyer Din Ratri (Days and Nights in the Forest, 1969); Ashani Sanket (Distant Thunder, 1973); Sonar Kella (The Fortress, 1974), Joi Baba Felunath (The Elephant God, 1978), Ghare-Baire (The Home and The World, 1984) and Ganashatru (Enemy of the People, 1989). Meanwhile, he also worked with other noted directors of Bengali cinema, with Mrinal Sen in Akash Kusum (Up in the Clouds, 1965), Tapan Sinha in Kshudista Pashan (Hungry Stones, 1960), Jhinder Bandi (1961), Asit Sen in Swaralipi (1961), Ajoy Kar in Saat Pake Bandha (1963), Parineeta (1969), and Tarun Mazumdar in Sansar Simante (1975) and Ganadevata (1978).

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 2004.[1] In 2012, he received the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema given by the government of India for lifetime achievement. He has won two National Film Awards as an actor, and as an actor in Bengali theatre, he received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1998, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama. In 2014, he received the introductory Filmfare Awards East for Best Male Actor (Critics) for his role in Rupkatha Noy.

Early life and background[edit]

Soumitra was born in Krishnanagar, a town in Nadia district of West Bengal, 100 km from Calcutta, in 1935. The town under the influence of playwright Dwijendralal Ray, also from Krishnanagar, had a flourishing theatre culture, with numerous small theatre groups. His grandfather was the president of one such group, while his father though lawyer by profession, also worked as an amateur actor. He started acting in school plays. Encouraged by the praise he received his acting, gradually his interest in theatre grew with passing years, thus in late school years, he was taking acting seriously.[2] He was a very close friend of famous theatre personality, Mrityunjay Sil who is often regarded as the person due to which Soumitra is a star. [3]

Soumitra and his family moved to Howrah and Calcutta during his early years. Soumitra graduated from the City College, Kolkata with honours in Bengali literature, as a graduating student of the University of Calcutta.[3] He has lived for a number of years in Calcutta in Satyajit Ray's old apartment. He studied for his M.A. in Bengali from the University of Calcutta. While still a student, he learnt acting under noted actor-director of Bengali theatre Ahindra Choudhury.[3] However a turning point came when in the final year of college he saw a play by Sisir Bhaduri, theatre director and the doyen of Bengali theatre. The play not only set a standard for acting for him, but also help makeup his mind to become an actor. He managed to meet Bhaduri, though his friend's mother, actress Shefalika Putul. Though, he met Bhaduri, towards the end of his career, when his theatre had closed, nevertheless over the next three years, till Bhaduri's death in 1959, Chatterjee made him a mentor, and learnt the craft of acting through their regular interactions.[2][4][5] He even appeared in a small role in one of Bhaduri's productions. [6][7]

Subsequently, he started his career working in All India Radio as an announcer,[6] while he was still there he started pursuing a career in films. He came in touch with Ray during the casting for Aparajito (1956), who was looking for new faces. Ray thought he had the right look, however found him, age 20, and just out of college, too old for the role of adolescent Apu. Ray remembered him and offered him the role of adult Apu two years later. [8][9][6] Meanwhile, he was rejected in his screen test for Bengali film, Nilachale Mahaprabhu (1957) directed by Kartik Chattopadhyay.[5]

Work with Satyajit Ray: 1959–1990[edit]

Soumitra Chatterjee in his early career film, Kapurush (1965), directed by Satyajit Ray.

Chatterjee had gone on the sets of Ray's fourth film, Jalsaghar (1958) to watch the shoot. He was still unaware that he had been already been selected for the title role. That day, while he was leaving the sets, Ray called him over and introduced him to actor Chhabi Biswas as "..This is Soumitra Chattopadhyay; he's playing Apu in my next film Apur Sansar" leaving him much surprised.[10] Despite being selected, as a debutant actor, Chatterjee was nevertheless unsure for his career choice and especially his looks, as he didn't consider himself photogenic. However, on 9 August 1958, when the first shot of the film was given an okay in one take, he realized he had found his vocation.[5] Thus Soumitra's film debut came in 1959 in Satyajit Ray's The World of Apu (Apur Sansar). In fact Ray believed with a beard Chatterjee looked like young poet laureate Tagore.[11]

Soumitra would eventually collaborate with Ray on fourteen films. His centrality to Ray's work is akin to other key collaborations in the history of cinema — Mifune and Kurosawa, Mastroianni and Fellini, De Niro and Scorsese, DiCaprio and Scorsese, Max von Sydow and Ingmar Bergman, Jerzy Stuhr and Kieślowski.[12] After Apur Sansar, he also worked with Sharmila Tagore in a number of Ray films, apart from working with leading star actor of the period, Uttam Kumar with whom he has often been compared, in eight films.[13][14]

Chatterjee was cast in diverse roles by Ray and some of the stories and screenplays that Ray wrote were said to be written with him in mind. Soumitra featured as Feluda/Pradosh Chandra Mitter, the famous private investigator from Calcutta in Ray's Feluda series of books, in two films in the 1970s Sonar Kella and Joi Baba Felunath. Ghare Baire, an adaptation of Rabindranath Tagore's novel of the same name and one of Ray's major ventures of the 1980s, featured Chatterjee in a leading role in the character of a radical revolutionary in a love triangle with his friend's wife. These roles showcased Chatterjee's versatility in playing diverse characters, especially in an urban setting. In Shakha Proshakha (1990), Ray's second last film, Chatterjee turns out a moving performance in the role of a mentally handicapped son of an aging patriarch on his deathbed and the only source of his father's solace, as his siblings squabble.

Soumitra had approached Satyajit Ray to suggest a name for a little magazine founded by Soumitra and Nirmalya Acharya in 1961. Satyajit Ray had named the magazine Ekkhon (Now), he designed the inaugural cover page and illustrated the cover pages regularly even after Soumitra had stopped editing the magazine. Nirmalya continued editing the magazine, and several of Ray's scripts were published in the magazine. [15]

Other works[edit]

Besides working with Ray, Soumitra excelled in collaborations with other well-known Bengali directors such as Mrinal Sen and Tapan Sinha. He earned critical acclaim for his role of an impostor in Mrinal Sen's Akash Kusum. He was equally confident in playing the swashbuckling horse-riding villain in Sinha's Jhinder Bandi giving the legendary Uttam Kumar a tough challenge. In Teen Bhubaner Pare, he again shared the screen with the Tanuja, and his flamboyant and peppy way of romance. Besides films, Chatterjee has continued acting in Kolkata-based Bengali theatre, and even published over 12 poetry books.[16]

Entering the 1980s and 1990s, he started working with contemporary directors, like Goutam Ghose, Aparna Sen, Anjan Das and Rituparno Ghosh, and even acted on television. In 1986, he played the role of a swimming coach in film Kony directed by Saroj Dey, who was part of the film collective Agragami. The film about a young girl from a slum, who wants to become a swimmer.[14] At the 32nd National Film Awards, the film won the National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment .[17] Later in an 2012 interview, he called Kony one of the best films of his career. He even recalled using film's catch-phrase "Fight-Koni-fight" in hard times, as a chant to himself to lift his "aging spirits". The phrase had become popular with middle-class Bengalis at the time.[14]


He replaced Mrityunjay Sil as the lead artist in 1958. Mrityunjay Sil was at the peak of his theatre career at that time. But due to personal issues he suggested his friend, Soumitra's name. Mrityunjay Sil is often credited to be one of the few people to have helped Soumitra. [3] But he soon left his job.

After a two-decade long busy career as a leading man of Bengali cinema, he returned to theatre in 1978, with his production Naam Jiban, staged at Biswarupa Theatre in Kolkata. This led to other plays like Rajkumar (1982), Phera (1987), Nilkantha (1988), Ghatak Biday (1990) and Nyaymurti (1996), beside notable plays like Tiktiki (1995), an adaptation of Sleuth and Homapakhi (2006). Besides acting, he has written and directed several plays, translated a few and also branched out to poetry reading in recent decades. [3]

Since November 2010, he has been regularly performing in the title role of the play Raja Lear directed by Suman Mukhopadhyay, a play based on King Lear by William Shakespeare.[14] Soumitra has received widespread critical and popular accolades for his acting in the play.

Soumitra Chatterjee is also well known for his poetry recitation. Recitation is something tha was imbibed in him since childhood by his Parents. One such popular recitation of his is "Shesher Kobita" by Rabindranath Tagore.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Soumitra has received the 'Officier des Arts et Metiers', the highest award for arts given by the French government, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from Italy. He turned down the honorary Padma Shri award from the Indian government in the 1970s[citation needed]; in 2004, he accepted the prestigious Padma Bhushan award from the President of India.[18] He has been the subject of a full-length documentary named Gaach by French film director Catherine Berge. In 1998, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama.[19]

Incidentally, besides getting 8 times BFJA - Best Actor Awards [20] and international recognition for his acting prowess, Chatterjee never won a National Film Award for acting in the early part of his career, which established his reputation as an actor, working with directors like Satyajit Ray, Tapan Sinha or Mirinal. Thus, over the years, he has been vocal about his feelings of disappointment and alleging bias in the National Film Awards committee's towards awarding popular and mainstream cinema.[2][4] Thus, in a gesture of protest against, he turned down the 2001 Special Jury Award for Dekha directed by Goutam Ghose. Later in an interview he stated "..the National Film Awards, overlooked my performances in several powerful roles...When I did Kony, Shashi Kapoor was adjudged the best actor. Anil Kapoor was feted (Best Actor) for Pukar while Dekha was awarded a 'consolation' prize".[4][21]

However, after receiving the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honour given by Government of India in 2004, he changed his viewpoint towards awards, and stated "Now (after Padma Bhushan) I feel I don't have the right to hurt my viewers by rejecting an award." [4] A few years later, on 9 June 2008, he was awarded the 2007 National Film Award for Best Actor for Podokkhep (Footsteps),[22] which he accepted though stating “after decades of acting, I do not attach too much value to it”.[23]

In 2012, he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema given annually by the Government of India for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.[13][16] In 2014, he received the introductory Filmfare Awards East for Best Male Actor (Critics) for his role in Rupkatha Noy.[24] & also he won Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award – South (1994) [25]


No Year Movie Role Director Co-stars Music Director Banner
1 1959 Apur Sansar Apurba Kumar Ray Satyajit Ray Sharmila Tagore, Alok Chakraborty, Dhiresh Majumdar Ravi Shankar Satyajit Ray Productions
2 1960 Devi Umaprasad Satyajit Ray Sharmila Tagore, Chhabi Biswas Ali Akbar Khan Satyajit Ray Productions
3 1960 Kshudita Pashan Tapan Sinha Arundhati Debi, Chhabi Biswas Ali Akbar Khan Eastern Circuit Pvt. Ltd
4 1961 Teen Kanya Amulya Satyajit Ray Aparna Sen, Santosh Dutta Satyajit Ray Satyajit Ray Productions
5 1961 Punascha Mrinal Sen Kanika Majumdar, Kali Bandopadhyay Samaresh Ray Mrinal Sen Productions
6 1961 Jhinder Bondi Mayurbahan Tapan Sinha Uttam Kumar, Arundhati Debi Ali Akbar Khan B.N.Ray Productions
7 1961 Swayambara Asit Sen Supriya Debi, Dilip Mukhopadhyay Ravi Shankar United Films
8 1961 Swaralipi Asit Sen Supriya Debi, Anil Chattopadhyay Hemanta Mukherjee Janata Pictures & Theatres Ltd
8 1962 Abhijan Narsingh Satyajit Ray Waheeda Rehman, Ruma Guha Thakurta, Rabi Ghosh Satyajit Ray Abhiyatrik
9 1962 Atal Jaler Ahwan Jayanta Choudhury Ajoy Kar Bhanu Bannerjee, Ranjana Bannerjee, Chhabi Biswas, Aparna Devi, Chhaya Devi, Jahar Roy Hemanta Mukherjee R. D. Bansal And Co.
10 1962 Banarasi Arup Guhathakurta Anup Kumar, Ruma Guha Thakurta, Tarun Kumar, Tulsi Chakraborty, Shyam Laha Ali Akbar Khan Filmcraft Pvt. Ltd
11 1963 Saat Pake Badha Professor Sukhendu Dutta Ajoy Kar Suchitra Sen, Pahari Sanyal, Chhaya Debi Hemanta Mukherjee R. D. Bansal And Co.
12 1963 Barnali Ajoy Kar Pahari Sanyal, Sharmila Tagore, Chhaya Debi, Haradhan Bandopadhyay Kalipada Sen D. R. Productions
13 1964 Charulata Amal Satyajit Ray Madhabi Mukherjee Satyajit Ray R.D.Bansal & Co.
14 1964 Kinu Gowalar Goli O. C. Gangopadhyay Jahor Roy, Pahari Sanyal, Sharmila Tagore, Kali Bandyopadhyay, Gita Dey, Ruma Guha Thakurta Salil Chowdhury K. G. Productions
15 1964 Pratinidhi Amal Mrinal Sen Anup Kumar, Jahar Roy, Sabitri Chattopadhyay, Kali Chakraborty, Prosenjit Chatterjee Hemanta Mukherjee Elora Productions
16 1965 Ektuku Basa Tarun Majumdar Anup Kumar, Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Jahar Roy, Pahari Sanyal, Robi Ghosh, Ajit Chattopadhyay, Gita Dey Hemanta Mukherjee Chitradip
17 1965 Kapurush Amitabha Roy Satyajit Ray Madhabi Mukherjee, Haradhan Bandopadhyay Satyajit Ray R. D. Bansal And Co.
18 1965 Kanch Kata Hire Ajoy Kar Jahor Roy, Lily Chakraborty, Bikash Roy, Subhendu Chatterjee, Chhaya Debi Hemanta Mukherjee, R. D. Bansal And Co.
19 1965 Akash Kusum Ajay Sarkar Mrinal Sen Aparna Sen, Subhendu Chatterjee, Haradhan Bandopadhyay Sudhin Dasgupta Purbachal Films
20 1966 Monihar Salil Sen Biswajit Chatterjee, Jahor Roy, Pahari Sanyal, Robi Ghosh, Sandhya Roy, Bikash Roy, Chhaya Debi, Bharati Debi Hemanta Mukherjee Sree Arup Productions
21 1966 Joradighir Chowdhury Paribar Ajit Lahiri Madhabi Mukherjee, Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Tarun Kumar, Bikash Roy, Dilip Ray, Kali Bandyopadhyay, Ruma Guha Thakurta Kalipada Sen Shadow Productions
22 1967 Hathat Dekha Nityananda Dutta Anup Kumar, Bhanu Bandopadhyay, Jahor Roy, Pahari Sanyal, Sandhya Roy Shyamal Mitra Sree Rajesh Productions
23 1967 Prastar Swakshar Salil Dutta Anup Kumar, Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Jahor Roy, Tarun Kumar, Sandhya Roy, Bikash Roy, Gita Dey Robin Chatterjee Chhayachhabi Pratisthan
24 1967 Mahashweta Pinaki Mukherjee Anil Chatterjee, Jahor Roy, Utpal Dutta, Anjana Bhowmik, Chhaya Debi, Gita Dey Rajen Sarkar B. K. Productions
25 1968 Baghini Bijoy Bose Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Jahor Roy, Robi Ghosh, Tarun Kumar, Rakhee, Sandhya Roy, Bikash Roy, Chhaya Debi, Ruma Guha Thakurta Hemanta Mukherjee S. M. Films
26 1969 Parineeta Shekhar Ajoy Kar Moushumi Chatterjee, Bikash Roy, Chhaya Debi, Gita Dey Hemanta Mukherjee Chitralipi Films
27 1969 Teen Bhubaner Porey Ashutosh Bandyopadhyay Robi Ghosh, Tarun Kumar, Tanuja, Chinmoy Ray, Padma Devi, Aparna Debi Sudhin Dasgupta Satirtha Productions
28 1970 Aranyer Din Ratri Ashim Chatterjee Satyajit Ray Sharmila Tagore, Aparna Sen Satyajit Ray Priya Films
29 1970 Aleyar Alo Mangal Chakraborty Anup Kumar, Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Kali Bandyopadhyay Gopen Mullick Unit Productions Of India
30 1970 Padmagolap Ajit Lahiri Aparna Sen, Anup Kumar Shyamal Mitra S. B. P. Production
31 1970 Baksho Bodol Dr.Pratul Bhattacharjee Nityananda Dutta Aparna Sen Satyajit Ray D. M. Productions
32 1971 Malyadaan Ajoy Kar Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Bikash Roy, Sabitri Chattopadhyay, Gita Dey Hemanta Mukherjee Chitralipi Films
33 1971 Khuje Berai Salil Dutta Aparna Sen, Anil Chatterjee, Tarun Kumar, Utpal Dutta, Bikash Roy Robin Chatterjee Geetali Pictures
34 1972 Stree Sitapati Salil Dutta Uttam Kumar, Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Tarun Kumar, Subrata Chattopadhyay, Jahor Roy Nachiketa Ghosh Baby June Productions
35 1973 Nishi Kanya Ashutosh Bandyopadhyay Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Tarun Kumar, Dilip Ray, Nirmal Ghosh, Ruma Guha Thakurta Sudhin Dasgupta Satarupa Pictures
36 1973 Basanta Bilap Dinen Gupta Aparna Sen, Anup Kumar, Robi Ghosh, Tarun Kumar, Chinmoy Ray, Tapen Chatterjee Sudhin Dasgupta Sonali Productions
37 1973 Natun Diner Alo Ajit Gangopadhyay Anup Kumar, Bikash Roy, Chinmoy Ray Nachiketa Ghosh Badal Pictures
38 1973 Ashani Sanket Gangacharan Chakravarti Satyajit Ray Babita, Sandhya Roy Satyajit Ray Balaka Movies Pvt Ltd
39 1973 Agnibhramar Ajit Gangopadhyay Utpal Dutta, Pahari Sanyal
40 1974 Jodi Jantem Yatrik Supriya Choudhury, Uttam Kumar, Tarun Kumar, Ruma Guha Thakurta, Haradhan Bandopadhyay Himangshu Biswas Chitrajug
41 1974 Sangini Dinen Gupta Anup Kumar, Haradhan Bandopadhyay, Jahor Roy, Robi Ghosh, Chinmoy Ray, Kali Bandyopadhyay, Tapen Chatterjee Sudhin Dasgupta Sonali Productions
42 1974 Sonar Kella Pradosh C. Mitra / Feluda (Private Investigator) Satyajit Ray Santosh Dutta, Haradhan Bandopadhyay, Kamu Mukherjee, Ajoy Bandyoadhyay, Kushal Chakraborty, Sailen Mukherjee Satyajit Ray Indrapuri Studio Ltd.
43 1974 Asati Salil Dutta Aparna Sen, Utpal Dutta, Haradhan Bandopadhyay Nachiketa Ghosh Gitali Pictures
44 1975 Chhutir Phande Salil Sen Aparna Sen, Jahor Roy, Robi Ghosh, Tarun Kumar, Utpal Dutta, Chinmoy Ray Nachiketa Ghosh Janhavi Chitram
45 1975 Sansar Simantey Tarun Majumdar Utpal Dutta, Santu Mukhopadhyay Hemanta Mukherjee
46 1975 Nishimrigaya Dinen Gupta Aparna Sen, Utpal Dutta Hemanta Mukherjee Sanchita Productions
47 1979 Joi Baba Felunath Pradosh C. Mitra / Feluda (Private Investigator) Satyajit Ray Santosh Dutta, Haradhan Bandopadhyay, Utpal Dutt, Siddartha Chatterjee, Biplab Chatterjee Satyajit Ray R.D.B. Productions
48 1996 Lathi Prabhat Roy Prosenjit Chatterjee, Rituparna Sengupta, Abhishek Chatterjee, Biplab Chatterjee, Dulal Lahiri Bappi Lahiri
49 2001 Guru Shisya Shankar Maharaj Swapan Saha Prosenjit Chatterjee, Rituparna Sengupta Babul Bose Silver Vally Communications Ltd.
50 2006 MLA Fatakeshto Swapan Saha Mithun Chakraborty, Debasree Roy, Koel Mallick Jeet Gannguli Shree Venkatesh Films
51 2006 Podokkhep Suman Ghosh Nandita Das -- --
52 2007 Minister Fatakeshto Chief Minister Swapan Saha Mithun Chakraborty, Debasree Roy, Koel Mallick Jeet Gannguli Shree Venkatesh Films
53 2008 10:10 Don Durgaprasad Arin Paul Soumitra Chatterjee, Kanchan Mullick, Claudia Ciesla, Subrat Dutta, Aparajita Ghosh Das, Abir Chatterjee Morpheus Media Ventures
54 2009 Dwando(Based on Decalogue || By Krzysztof Kieslowski) Dr. Mukherjee Suman Ghosh Ananya Chatterjee,Kaushik Sen,Samrat Chakrabarti Mayookh Bhaumik
55 2011 The Forlorn (Short) Saptaswa Basu Saswata Chatterjee Neo Studios
56 2012 Life in Park Street Niladri Raj Mukherjee Debashree Roy,Shankar Chakraborty,Rajesh Sharma
57 2012 Paanch Adhyay Hrishi-da Pratim D. Gupta Priyanshu Chatterjee, Dia Mirza Shantanu Moitra
58 2013 Rupkatha Noy(Not a Fairy Tale) Sisir Atanu Ghose Radhika Apte,Sohini Sarkar,Gaurav Chakrabarty,Kaushik Sen Joy Sarkar
59 2013 Shunyo Awnko(The Zero Act) Murphy Goutam Ghose onkona Sen Sharma,Priyanshu Chatterjee,Lolita Chatterjee,Priyanka Bose Anupam Roy Rose Valley Films


  • The Master and I: Soumitra on Satyajit, Soumitra Chatterjee, tr. by Arunava Sinha. Supernova Publishers, 2014. ISBN 8189930729.


  1. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Suhrid Sankar Chattopadhyay (21 April 2012). "My search for man". Frontline magazine, The Hindu 29 (8). Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Soumitra Chatterjee Profile". Upperstall. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "'I have no right to hurt my viewers'". The Times of India. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Anuradha SenGupta (29 June 2008). "Being Soumitra Chatterjee: Star of the East". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Ray 1996, p. 131.
  7. ^ Soumitra Chatterjee, Actor Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  8. ^ Robinson 1989, p. 99.
  9. ^ Ray 2007, p. 161.
  10. ^ "Soumitra Chatterjee on his master Satyajit Ray". The Times of India. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Ray 2007, p. 42.
  12. ^ Salil Tripathi (28 March 2012). "A master of his craft". Mint (newspaper). Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Tankha, Madhur (4 May 2012). "Phalke Award conferred on Soumitra Chatterjee". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Soumitra Chatterjee: I don't have much faith in awards". Movies. 16 May 2012. pp. 1–7. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  15. ^ Robinson 1989, p. 296.
  16. ^ a b "Soumitra Chatterjee to receive Dadasaheb Phalke Award for 2011 (PIB)" (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "32nd National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  18. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 
  19. ^ "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees". Sangeet Natak Akademi Official website. 
  20. ^ "BJFA Awards – Official Listings, 1938 onwards (Yearwise)". Bengal Film Journalists' Association. 
  21. ^ "48th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "54th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  23. ^ "Award comes "too late in the day" for Soumitra". The Hindu. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  24. ^ "Star-struck tryst with Black Lady". The Times of India. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  25. ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award (South) winners down the years...".


External links[edit]