List of unlawfully killed transgender people

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This is a list of notable events where transgender people are known to have died at the hands of others. Worldwide, one transgender person is murdered every three days.[1]

The list does not include deaths by suicide, accident, and other causes and does not imply all these deaths were attributed to trans-phobic motivations, many are still under investigation. For the purposes of this list, shootings by police that were intentional at the time but later questioned by themselves or others in the legal system, are not considered accidents.


  • 1988 — Venus Xtravaganza was strangled to death in New York City on 21 December. Her body was found four days later, shoved under a hotel bed. [2]
  • 1989 — Carla Leigh Salazar was found stabbed to death in her apartment in California.[3]



  • Nizah Morris was an American transgender entertainer. On December 22, 2002 Morris suffered a severe head injury from which she did not recover. The Philadelphia Police Department's handling of Morris' death sparked protests in the LGBT community [11] and led to several investigations into Officer Elizabeth Skala-DiDonato's "blatant and methodical" lying regarding Morris' last moments and the subsequent police coverup of her unsolved homicide.[12]


  • Nireah Johnson was an African American trans woman who was murdered in Indianapolis, Indiana by Paul Moore, who was initially sexually attracted to her and then discovered that she was transgender.
  • Shelby Tracy Tom was a Canadian transgender woman working as a sex worker in North Vancouver, Canada who was murdered by Jatin Patel on 27 May 2003.[13] According to Patel, while having sex with her he noticed her surgery scars and he panicked as a result and strangled her. The prosecutor attempted to classify her death as a hate crime, but Supreme Court of British Columbia Justice Patrick Dohm ruled that the crime was not motivated by hate because he not know of her transgender identity when meeting her and thus could have not targeted her for it.[14] Patel's defense attorney used a gay panic defense as part of his defense of Patel, who pleaded guilty to a charge of manslaughter and was sentenced to nine years. Tom was a successful, well off, sex worker who spent her time helping the disadvantaged in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside.


  • Larry King of Oxnard, California, was a gay or bisexual[15] 15-year-old eighth-grade student who was shot to death at his school on 12 February 2008. He wore gender variant clothes, jewelry and make-up[16] and had come out as gay at school.[16] King was bullied and teased by his fellow students due to his effeminacy and openness about being gay, having come out at ten-years-old and while in the third grade.[15] On the morning of 12 February, Lawrence was in the school’s computer lab with 24 other students. Fellow student, fourteen-year-old Brandon McInerney was witnessed repeatedly looking at King during the class. At 8:15 a.m, McInerney shot King twice in the head using a handgun.[17] King was declared brain dead the next day but kept on a ventilator to preserve his organs for donation.[16] Prosecutors charged McInerney as an adult with murder as a premeditated hate crime and gun possession.[16] The crime was reputed to be the most high-profile hate crime case of 2008. Newsweek described it as "the most prominent gay-bias crime since the 1998 murder of Matthew Shepard", bringing attention to issues of gun violence as well as gender expression and sexual identity of teenagers. On 21 November 2011 McInerney pleaded guilty to second-degree murder, voluntary manslaughter and use of a firearm. He was sentenced to 21 years with no credit given for time served prior to the trial and no credit to be given for good behavior, starting in a juvenile facility followed by transfer to prison at age 18.[15][incomplete short citation]
  • Angie Zapata was a trans woman who was murdered on 17 July 2008, in Greeley, Colorado. Her death was the first ever case involving a transgender victim to be ruled a hate crime.[18] Colorado is one of only eleven states that protect transgender victims under hate crime laws in the United States. Allen Andrade, who learned eighteen-year-old Angie was transgender after meeting her and spending several days with her, beat her to death with a fire extinguisher. In his arrest affidavit, Andrade calls Zapata "it",[19] and during his trial a tape was played of a phone conversation in which he told his girl friend "gay things need to die".[20] Andrade's attorneys used a gay panic defense, implying that Andrade suddenly "snapped" when he learned Zapata was not born biologically female. On 22 April 2009, Andrade was found guilty of first degree murder, hate crimes, and car/ID theft. He was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.[21]


  • Sonia Burgess was a leading British immigration lawyer and transgender woman who also went by the name David Burgess at work. On October 25 she was pushed under a train in London by an acquaintance, Nina Kanagasingham.[22]
  • Stacey Blahnik, a 31-year-old black trans woman, was found murdered in her Breeze Point, South Philadelphia home by her boyfriend on October 14, 2010.[23] Blahnik was remembered by friends as a "peacemaker and a caretaker" who "would give the shirt off of her back to anyone."[24]


  • Dee Dee Pierson was murdered on 24 December 2011. Kenyon Jones confessed to the murder, telling police that he had paid Pierson for sex and when he found out she was transgender, he became angry and killed her.[25][26]


  • Deoni Jones was stabbed in the face and killed on 2 February in Washington, DC.[27][28][29]
  • Coko Williams was found dead in Detroit 4 April. She had been shot and her throat had been cut.[29]
  • Tyrell Jackson was shot dead 4 April in Riviera Beach, Florida. A friend of hers was injured in the same attack.[29]
  • Paige Clay's body was found 16 April in Chicago. She had been shot in the face.[29]
  • Brandy Martell was shot to death on 29 April in Oakland, California.[30]
  • Lorena Xtravaganza was found unconscious and unresponsive on 12 May in her Bushwick apartment. Escalera's apartment was set on fire after two men she had brought into her home had strangled then suffocated her.[31]
  • Tiffany Gooden, 19 years old, was found 14 August in Chicago. She had died from multiple stab wounds, and was found only a few blocks from where Paige Clay's body was discovered. Both murders are still unsolved.[29]
  • Deja Johnson was shot dead 26 August in Miami.[29]
  • Kendall Hampton was shot dead in Cincinnati on 29 August.[29]
  • January Marie Lapuz was stabbed to death on 29 September in New Westminster, Canada.[32]


  • Evon Young was a trans man went missing on 2 January and was tortured and murdered by five men.[33]
  • Cernia 'Ce Ce' Dove (Acoff), 20 years old, was stabbed to death in the Cleveland area on January 5 by Andrey Bridges, authorities later confirmed.[34] Her body was found at bottom of a pond on 17 April with a rope tying her waist to a concrete block. She had been reported missing on 27 March.
  • Kelly Young was shot inside her home in Baltimore on 3 April and died the next day.[35]
  • Ashley Sinclair was murdered on 4 April.[36]
  • Islan Nettles, 21 years old, was beaten to death in Harlem on 17 August after a group of men accosted her and two of her transgender friends.[37]
  • Betty Skinner, a 52-year-old disabled woman, was found dead in her assisted living complex in Cleveland on 5 December. Police believe she was beaten to death.[38]
  • Brittany-Nicole Kidd-Stergis, 22 years old, was found dead in her parked car with a gunshot wound to her head on 6 December 2013. Some of the local media was criticized for referring to her as a man while reporting on her murder. She was the third transgender woman killed in 2013 in the Cleveland area.[39]
  • Dwayne Jones, murdered in Jamaica.[40]


  • Mayang Prasetyo, murdered in Brisbane, Australia, by her husband.[41]
  • Çağla Joker was fatally shot in Istanbul on 21 April while with another trans woman who also was shot but survived.[42]
  • Kandy Hall was found dead due to massive bodily trauma by an unknown object in a field near a school in Baltimore, Maryland on 3 June.[42]
  • Zoraida Reyes's body was discovered 12 June behind a Dairy Queen Restaurant. Police arrested Randy Lee Parkerson for choking her to death.[42]
  • Yaz'min Shancez was found dead behind a garbage bin in Fort Myers, Florida on 19 June. Her body was badly burned post-mortem.[42]
  • Tiffany Edwards was killed by Quamar Edwards, unrelated, on 26 June in Walnut Hills, Ohio.[42]
  • Mia Henderson was found dead in Baltimore, Maryland on 16 July. Her murder reportedly bore similarities to the recent, local murder of Kandy Hall.[42]
  • Alejandra Leos was shot in the back and died 5 September in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Aniyah Parker was murdered 3 October in Los Angeles during what police considered a robbery gone wrong, though the attackers did not take her purse and advocates believe she was targeted due to being transgender.[42]
  • Gypsie Gül was killed in her home in Istanbul on 10 October.[42]
  • Jennifer Laude was murdered in Olongapo, Philippines, on 11 October.[43] Joseph Scott Pemberton was convicted of the murder.[44] Pemberton killed her discovering she was a pre-operative transsexual.[45]
  • Mary Jo Añonuevo was strangled and stabbed 33 times in the bar she owned in Lucena City, Philippines, on 22 October.[42]
  • Keeta Bakhsh died following a police beating on 23 October in Bahawalpur, Pakistan, that occurred while police raided her house. Police originally claimed her injuries were due to jumping from a moving police van but have since suspended the raid's leader.[42]
  • Ashley (Michelle) Sherman was found dead with a gunshot wound to the head in Indianapolis on 27 October.[42]
  • Marcela Duque was stoned to death by a group of attackers on 9 September in Medellin, Columbia.[42]
  • Mahadevi was pushed off a moving train in Bangalore, India on 24 September. She was a 22-year-old disabled trans woman.[42]
  • Gizzy Fowler was found shot dead outside her car in Nashville, Tennessee on 12 November.[42]
  • Rosa Ribut was found beaten to death in an Edmonton, Canada, hotel on 24 November. Police arrested Marcel Cristian Niculae and charged him with second-degree murder.[42]
  • Deshawnda Sanchez was shot and killed on 3 December in Los Angeles.[46]


During 2015 in the United States over twenty transgender women were murdered, the largest number on record.

  • Papi Edwards of Indianapolis Indiana, and Louisville, Kentucky, died of a single bullet wound to the chest at Fern Valley Motel on 9 January. Henry Richard Gleaves was arrested for Papi's murder and is being held on a $500,000 bond. The Advocate, among other media sources, originally reported that Papi Edwards identified as a gay man answering to Lamar and/or Goddess, who likely participated in drag.[47] It has since been confirmed by others close to Papi, and reported by various sources that Edwards identified as a female.[48][49]
  • Lamia Beard of Norfolk, Virginia, was found with life-threatening gunshot wounds on the morning of 17 January. She was taken to the Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, where she died.[50]
  • Ty Underwood of Tyler, Texas, was found in her car, dead from three gunshot wounds, on 26 January. Her roommate feels she may have been targeted because she was a transgender woman.[51]
  • Yazmin Vash Payne of Van Nuys, California, was found stabbed and burned to death in her apartment on 31 January. The following day her boyfriend confessed to the murder and surrendered to police.[52]
  • Taja DeJesus was stabbed to death in San Francisco, California, on 3 February 2015. She was 36 years old. The man believed to have stabbed her, James Hays 49, was found dead hanging a short distance away.[53]
  • Penny Proud of New Orleans, Louisiana, was fatally shot multiple times on 10 February.[54]
  • Bri Golec of Akron, Ohio, was stabbed to death by his father, Kevin Golic, on 13 February 2015.[55] Bri was 22 years old. According to a bandmate, Brian dropped the trans identifier about a year ago. He now identified as an androgynous pansexual man. His father called 911 after the stabbing claiming it was "the cult" that had broken in and stabbed Brian. The cult he referred to is believed to be a local trans support group. Police determined that no one had broken in. Kevin Golic is being charged with murder and felony domestic violence.[56]
  • Kristina Gomez Reinwald of Miami, Florida, was found dead in her apartment on 15 February. She was 46 years old. The case was initially considered a suicide, but news broke on 19 February that police are now treating it as homicide.[57]
  • Sumaya Dalmar of Toronto, Canada, was found dead on 22 February. She was 26 years old.[58]
  • Keyshia Blige, a 33-year-old from Montgomery, Illinois, was killed 7 March 2015. Blige was shot while driving and crashed while attempting to drive herself to the hospital. "Police declined to comment on the motive for the shooting, but described it as "not random."[59] Though she had performed for many years under the name, Blige just started transitioning in January 2015. "Stiff's mother said, though her [child] had begun taking the hormones in January, already she noticed a new glow to [her] skin."[59] Blige's performances "gravitated toward old-school songs by powerhouse artists like Aretha Franklin and Whitney Houston, with some modern hits by Rihanna and Beyoncé."[59] Blige was reported as male in the news.[60]
  • Vanessa Santillan, a 33-year-old from Miami, Florida, was fatally beaten on the head and neck in an apartment in Fulham, London, England on March 28, after responding to a neighbor's phone call.[61]
  • Mya Hall, a twenty-seven-year-old transgender woman from Baltimore, Maryland, was killed by police on Monday, March 30, after taking a wrong turn in a stolen SUV and crashing into a security post on the National Security Agency's campus.[62] Police assumed that the accident was a terrorist attack and immediately opened fire on Hall and her companion, Brittany Fleming, aged twenty. Fleming survived.
  • London Chanel, a 21-year-old, died May 18 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, after being fatally stabbed in the back and neck by Raheam Felton, who was the boyfriend of one of her roommates.[63]
  • Mercedes Williamson, a 17-year-old from Alabama was killed in George County, Mississippi, by Josh Vallum. Her body was found June 2 after Vallum told his father about the murder.[64]
  • Jasmine Collins was stabbed to death in Kansas City on June 23.[65]
  • Ashton O'Hara, 25 years old, was found murdered in a Detroit field on July 14. Ashton went by male pronouns and identified as genderfluid and transgender.[66]
  • India Clarke, 25 years old, was found dead in a Tampa, Florida, park on July 21. She died due to blunt force trauma and her death is being investigated as a murder.[67]
  • K.C. Haggard, 66 years old, stabbed in the neck from a vehicle in Fresno, California, on July 23.[68]
  • Shade Schuler, 22-year-old woman of color, found in a field in Dallas, Texas, on July 29. There are no leads on the murder as Ms. Shade's body was so badly decomposed when found that it took two weeks to identify her. [69]
  • Amber Monroe, 20 years old, shot in Detroit, Michigan, on August 8. This was her third time being shot, but her fear of the police kept her from reporting other times.[70]
  • Kandis Capri, 35, was shot in Phoenix, Arizona, on August 11.[71]
  • Elisha Walker's body was found in a shallow grave in Johnston County, North Carolina, on August 15. She had been reported missing a year before.[72]
  • Tamara Dominguez aged 36 of Kansas City, Missouri, was run over by an SUV truck multiple times on 16 August at 3am local time.[73] Dominguez's brother, Alberto, offered forgiveness to the person who ran over Tamara during the argument which killed her: "We are not here to judge nobody, and he (Alberto) hopes that person really feels bad for what he did."[74]
  • Fernanda 'Coty' Olmos aged 59 of Santa Cruz, Argentina was found in her Alfonso home stabbed and shot to death on September 25, 2015. Area neighbors and media believe "the brutality of the murder suggests that this is a transphobic crime, a femicide against a transgender woman." Coty was fondly remembered for her "charitable work during the dramatic floods" that hit Sante Fe in 2003.[75]
  • Kiesha Jenkins, aged 22 of North Philadelphia, was beaten and shot by five to six men after getting out of a car.[76] Jenkins was a student at Temple University after gradating from Benjamin Franklin High School. "In her spare time, [Jenkins] enjoyed drawing and designing tattoos for friends" and eventually hoped to become a graphic designer, according to her family. Jenkins' family described as her "'comfortable' in her own skin, artistic and meticulous about fashion" who was a loving caregiver to her grandmother and other family members.[77]
  • Marcela Estefania Chocobar aged 26 of Tartagal was found murdered in Santa Cruz, Argentina.[78] Chocobar was a transgender activist in Argentina who went missing for several days before her remains were found. Her body was so badly burned and dismembered that her identity had to be verified by DNA.[79]
  • Amancay Diana Sacayán aged 40 of Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina 13 October.[80] Sacayán was a prominent transgender activist who served on the board of the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association and was a leader of Argentina's Antidiscrimination Liberation Movement.[81] She was found in her apartment with multiple stab wounds. Her death is being investigated as a hate crime.[81]
  • Zella Ziona, aged 21 of Maryland, was shot to death on the 15th of October in Montgomery County.[82] Ziona was a graduate Seneca Valley High School who was a "talented artist" who also worked as a caregiver in an assisted-living facility.[83]
  • Yoshi Tsuchida (aged 38) of Fussa City area, Tokyo, Japan, was discovered wrapped in a blanket at his apartment on November 12, 2015. Police reported that Tsuchida's face had been sliced off with a sharp instrument. Tsuchida's body was discovered by his roommate, who also identified as his adopted son.[84]
  • Vicky Thompson (aged 21) was found unresponsive in the all-male Leeds Prison in Armley, West Yorkshire on Friday, November 13, 2015. According to Thompson's friends, she requested to be sent to a prison for women as she "had identified as female since her mid-teens." Thompson's attorney noted the prison was aware that she was a "vulnerable transgender woman." She was pronounced dead at 8:48 PM after resuscitation efforts failed. The Prisons and Probation Ombudsman will conduct an investigation into Thompson's death.[85]


  • Monica Loera, a 43-year-old Latina woman of North Austin, Texas was murdered on January 22, 2016.[86] A man demanded entry to her home claiming to have forgotten his jacket there. When she opened the door, he shot her. He was subsequently arrested. For days, both the media and police report identified her as a man and referred to her using her birthname David. Loera was a sex worker. The killer was likely her client. He had been seen earlier leaving her home "patting his pockets".[87][88]
  • Kayden Clarke, a 24-year old trans man in Arizona died in a hospital on February 4 after a police shooting. Police reportedly tried to stop him from engaging in self harm but fired when he approached them without dropping his knife. Responders used his legal name Danielle.[89]

See also[edit]


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