List of manned spacecraft
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- 1 Comparison
- 2 Current human spacecraft
- 3 Former human spacecraft
- 4 In development
- 5 Proposed
- 6 Cancelled
- 6.1 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
- 6.2 Joint NASA / United States Air Force
- 6.3 Joint NASA / European Space Agency (ESA)
- 6.4 Soviet space program
- 6.5 Russian Federal Space Agency (RKA)
- 6.6 European Space Agency (ESA)
- 6.7 China National Space Administration (CNSA)
- 6.8 UK
- 6.9 Japan
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
Current human spacecraft
- Soyuz (1967–present) 3 person Earth orbital; fourth and fifth generations continued operation by Russian Federation. 128 crewed spaceflights (including 1 sub-orbital) as of April 2016. 2 accidental crew losses.
- Shenzhou (2003–present) 3 person Earth orbital craft. 5 flights as of April 2016.
Main article: Space station
- International Space Station (2000–present) Unmanned initial assembly 1998-2000
Former human spacecraft
- Vostok (1961–1963) single-person Earth orbital craft 6 flights.
- Mercury spacecraft (1961–1963) single-person Earth orbital craft6 flights (including 2 sub-orbital).
- Gemini spacecraft (1965–1966) 2 person Earth orbital craft10 flights.
- Apollo spacecraft (1968-1975) 15 flights; including 9 lunar missions (with 6 lunar landings).
- Space Shuttle (1981–2011) 8 person Earth orbital craft; first orbit-capable spaceplane; first partially reusable orbital spacecraft. 135 flights were made in 5 shuttles, of which 2 were accidentally destroyed and crews lost.
- X-15 (1963) single seat, air-launched spaceplane; two X-15 flights above the Kármán line occurred in 1963
- SpaceShipOne (2004) single seat, air-launched spaceplane; three flights above the Kármán line occurred in 2004.
- Salyut series (1971–1991)Salyut's 1, 4, 6, and 7.
- Skylab (1973–1974) Three crews. De-orbited 1979.
- Almaz series (1973–1977) Military reconnaissance stations. Badged as Salyut 2, 3 and 5 as disinformation.
- Mir (1986–2000) 28 crews. De-orbited 2001.
- Tiangong 1 (2011–2012) 2 crews. Still in orbit but will not receive any further crews.
- SpaceX's Dragon V2 - 7 person Earth orbital craft - 1st crewed flight planned for August 2017.
- Boeing's CST-100 Starliner - 7 person Earth orbital craft - 1st crewed flight planned for March 2018
- NASA's Orion - 4 person beyond Earth orbit craft  - 1st crewed flight planned for 2023. 
- Sierra Nevada's Dream Chaser - 7 person Earth orbital space plane
- Blue Origin's orbital spacecraft
- Golden Spike Company's Flyer (lunar)
- Advanced Re-entry Vehicle (ARV) 4 person spacecraft (orbital)
- ESA's Crew Space Transportation System (orbital)
- Mars One's Transit Living Module and Human Lander (Martian)
- JAXA's HTV-R (orbital)
- The Spaceship Company's SpaceShipThree (suborbital)
- Masten Space Systems' O Series (orbital)
- Masten Space Systems' XL Series (orbital/lunar)
- DreamSpace Group's XF1 (suborbital)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
- Space Transportation System (1976 - 2011, all elements canceled, except the Space Shuttle, which took the name)
- VentureStar, Lockheed Martin X-33 demonstrator (canceled 2001) single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) shuttle
- Altair Lunar Surface Access Module for Constellation program
Joint NASA / United States Air Force
- Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar (canceled 1963) winged orbital space plane, launched by Titan 3
- Manned Orbiting Laboratory + Gemini-B spacecraft (canceled 1969)
- Rockwell X-30 or National AeroSpace Plane (canceled 1993) to be used as a hypersonic transport plane or as a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) shuttle
Joint NASA / European Space Agency (ESA)
- X-38 (canceled 1999) lifting body crew-rescue vehicle for ISS
Soviet space program
- Soyuz 7K-VI Zvezda (1962-1968; military researching ship)
- Soyuz 7K-L1 (1967–1970) part of the abandoned Soviet manned lunar flyby program
- Soyuz L3 spacecraft (late 1960s to early 1970s); part of the abandoned Soviet manned lunar landing program (The LOK would carry two cosmonauts into orbit around the Moon, acting as "mother" spacecraft for the LK Lander, which would land one member of the crew to the surface)
- Spiral-EPOS (also known as EPOS – Russian acronym for Experimental Passenger Orbital Aircraft – canceled 1976)
- Shuttle Buran (1976-1988) canceled after one unmanned orbital flight
- Strelec (Archer; 1979 - 1991) universal military 3 person spaceship - tank, which was created within the project of cosmical complex Sapfir (Sapphire, project canceled)
- Zarya (project canceled 1989)
- MAKS (project canceled 1991)
Russian Federal Space Agency (RKA)
- Kliper (government funding canceled 2006)
European Space Agency (ESA)
- Hermes (project cancelled 1992)
- Hopper (project cancelled)
- ATV evolution (project not adopted)
- Columbus-MTFF (project cancelled 1991)
China National Space Administration (CNSA)
- Shuguang (project cancelled 1972)
- FSW (unmanned flights only; manned program cancelled)
National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA)
Main article: National Space Development Agency of Japan
- Kankoh-maru (proposed)
- Gatland, pp.148-165
- Gatland, pp.109-115
- Gatland, pp.131-113
- Gatland, pp.148, 151-165
- Gatland, pp.166-185, 266-275
- Gatland, pp.190, 278-280
- Gatland, pp.191, 207, 283, 284
- Long, Tony (2007-07-19). "July 19, 1963: Cracking the 100-Kilometer-High Barrier ... in a Plane". Advance Publications. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Gatland, pp.229-246
- "Orion Quick Facts" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Ferster, Warren (2011-04-18). "NASA Announces CCDev 2 Awards". Imaginova Corp. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "printer friendly page ATV evolution: Advanced Reentry Vehicle (ARV)". European Space Agency. 2010-03-25. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "Canadian space flight dreams live on". CBC News.