Maqluba or Maqlooba (Arabic: مقلوبة) is a traditional Syrian, Iraqi,Palestinian, and Jordanian dish served throughout the Levant. The dish includes meat, rice, and fried vegetables placed in a pot, which is then flipped upside down when served, hence the name maqluba, which, in Arabic, translates literally as "upside-down". The dish goes back centuries and is found in the Kitab al-Tabikh, a collection of 13th century recipes.
A precisely layered maquluba.
The dish can include a variety of vegetables, such as fried tomatoes, potatoes, cauliflower, and eggplant, accompanied by either chicken or lamb. The most common vegetables used are cauliflower and eggplant. They are carefully placed in the pot to be cooked in layers, so that when the casserole is inverted, the pot is inverted and the dish served, the meat, various vegetables, and rice are seen as layers in a savory cake. The bottom layer, which becomes the top when the dish is served, may be a layer of tomatoes, eggplant, or even chicken. Garnished with pine nuts and chopped fresh parsley. Maqluba can be served with salad and fresh yoghurt.
^Ottolenghi, Yotam (2015). "Jerusalem on a Plate". Gastronomica: The Journal of Critical Food Studies. University of California Press. 15 (1): 3. doi:10.1525/gfc.2015.15.1.1. ISSN1529-3262. Maqluba, an upside-down rice and vegetable cake that is actually Palestinian