Fig roll

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Fig Roll
Fig-Newtons-Stacked.jpg
A mass-produced fig roll by Fig Newton
TypePastry
Place of originAncient Egypt
Main ingredientsFig paste

The fig roll or fig bar is a cake consisting of a sweet roll filled with fig paste in and around the middle.

History[edit]

Figs are a popular snack food in most of the world. Originating in northern Asia Minor, traded by the sailors and explorers of the region, they became popular in the Southern and hence hotter parts of the Mediterranean.[citation needed]

As baking developed, the ability to effectively store foods stuffs and increasing their duration as longer distances were travelled.[sentence fragment]

Figs were highly traded and fought over during the development of the great trade routes during the 15th to 17th centuries. Christopher Columbus devoted a complete page to what a wonderful time it would be when he would be able to gorge himself on figs in the orient, while Marco Polo described women in association with the beauty of figs. It was also during this period that figs reached America, when the Spanish reached the island of Hispaniola in 1520.[1]

In the UK the biscuit is made by McVities, Jacob's, and Bolands. During the mid 1990's Jacob's produced a limited edition of a Chocolate version of the biscuit.

Mass production[edit]

Until the late 19th century, many physicians believed that most illnesses were related to digestion problems, and therefore recommended a daily intake of biscuits and fruit. Although an ideal solution for this problem, until this time fig rolls were still a locally made and hand-produced product.

A plastic tray of mass-produced Fig Newtons

The mass production of the fig roll was created in 1891 by Philadelphia baker and fig lover Charles Roser, who, in 1892, was awarded a patent for a machine which inserted fig creme into a cake-like dough: classical fig rolls are encased in a more pastry-like covering, creating a chewy experience. Naming his product “Newtons” after the local town of Newton, Massachusetts, he approached the Cambridgeport, Massachusetts based Kennedy Biscuit Company, who agreed to take on production and sales.

Kennedy Biscuit Company had recently become associated with the New York Biscuit Company, and after merger to form Nabisco, trade marked the product as the Fig Newton.[2]

Now a trademarked product of Nabisco, the unusual shape of Fig Newtons is a characteristic that has been adopted by many competitors, such as the generic fig bars sold by most supermarkets, and Newman's Own Fig Newmans (an organic variety).

The Britannia Industries in India produces Fig Rolls.

See also[edit]

Footnotes and references[edit]

  1. ^ John F. Mariani (1999). The Encyclopedia of American Food and Drink. Lebhar-Friedman, New York.
  2. ^ "Fig Newton - History of Cookies". Retrieved 2011-10-21.

External links[edit]