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The headwear of a Han Chinese official during Ming dynastyChina consisted of a black hat with two wing-like flaps of thin, oval shaped boards on each side called the wushamao (烏紗帽，formally known as futou襆頭). According to the Da Ming Hui Dian (大明會典), ordinary citizens are not allowed to wear this headdress unless attending wedding ceremonies or events involving any noble families/officials.
Ming dynasty portrait of officials wearing wushamao（烏紗帽）and robes with mandarin squares