PNR Metro Commuter Line
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|PNR Metro Commuter Line|
|Native name||Pambansang Daambakal ng Pilipinas|
|Status||Operational (Metro South Commuter)
Discontinued (Caloocan-Meycauayan, Carmona Line)
|Daily ridership||100,000[year needed]|
|Opened||November 24, 1892|
|Owner||Government of the Philippines|
|Operator(s)||Philippine National Railways|
|Rolling stock||Hyundai Rotem DMUs
KiHa 350 series
KiHa 52 series
900 Series Locomotives
2500 Series Locomotives
|Line length||28.09 km (17.45 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge (planned)
|Operating speed||40-90 km/h|
The Philippine National Railways Metro Commuter Line is a commuter rail line operated by the Philippine National Railways, stretching from Tondo, Manila to the southern edge of Metro Manila. Presently, there are 27 railway stations. The current line is colored orange on most maps.
The current line runs in a general north-south direction from Tondo to the Province of Laguna, linking the cities of Manila, Makati, Taguig, Parañaque and Muntinlupa. Passengers can transfer to the LRT Line 1 at Blumentritt, to LRT Line 2 at Santa Mesa and to MRT Line 3 at EDSA.
The Metro Commuter Line has known for many names including PNR Metro South Commuter Line, shortened to Metro South Commuter(For the remaining active service), Metro Manila Commuter Service, Metro Commuter, Orange Line, Metrotrak, Metrotren, and Commuter Express or Commex. The orange color of the line dates back to its major upgrade in the 1970s.
The PNR commuter service started in April 6. 1970, starting at Manila North Harbor, with stops at Tutuban, Blumentritt, Santa Mesa, Paco, Pasay Road (Culi-Culi), Gelmart (Philippine-American Embroidery), Sucat, Alabang and ends at Biñan, Laguna. The commuter service between Tutuban and San Pedro, Laguna started in November 30, 1972, it was further extended up to College station in Los Baños. The double tracking also lead to the construction of new stations such as Vito Cruz and Buendia in 1975, FTI and Bicutan in 1977 and Laon-Laan in 1978. In the 1990's an extension northwards of the service up to Meycauayan, Bulacan and a spur line to Carmona, Cavite materialized only to be discontinued later on.
The existing operational Metro Commuter Line is predominantly aligned and shares the path of the South Main Line or SouthRail which uses a dedicated right of way of its own. It terminates at Calamba Station despite having rails further towards Sorsogon, but few trains stop at Sta. Rosa and Calamba Stations further to the south. Inter-provincial services such as the Bicol Express and Mayon Limited are not running as of 2015, but plans to revive the services have been presented, especially Bicol Express will hopefully open by January or February 2017, at least as far as Naga, Camarines Sur.
- Trains stop at stations marked "●".
- Trains pass those marked "｜".
- Only morning and evening trains stop at stations marked "◇".
- closed stations
- MSC — Metro South Commuter
- SS (TU-SU) — Shuttle Service (Tutuban to Sucat)
- SS (SA-SU) — Shuttle Service (Santa Mesa to Sucat)
- PT — Premiere Train
|Between stations||From Tutuban||MSC||SS
|San Pedro||3.361||35.374||◇||●||San Pedro City,
|Golden City 1||1.170||38.720||◇||｜||Biñan City,
|Santa Rosa||4.042||43.806||◇||●||Santa Rosa,
|Golden City 2||1.954||45.760||｜||｜|
|Stations in italics are either under construction, not yet operational, or have been closed.|
Four types of rolling stock currently runs on the PNR Metro Commuter line: the Hyundai Rotem Diesel Multiple Units, the locomotive hauled JR 203 series Electric multiple units, the former Kanto Railway KiHa 350 series and the former JR KiHa 52 Diesel multiple units. The line is also being served by the JR Kiha 59 (Kogane) unit which is called as the "Premiere Train" service which runs from Tutuban up to Mamatid. Due to the opening of the Calamba Station building, the Premiere Train services were currently suspended until further notice. After a derailment in April 2015 the train services were suspended for nearly three months.
|Rolling stock||In service||Out of service||Scrapped|
|Hyundai Rotem DMU||9||9||0|
|203 series EMU||25||15||0|
|900 series locomotives||9||4||8|
|2500 series locomotives||1||2||40|
|5000 series locomotives||4||6||0|
Metro South Commuter
The Metro South Commuter (also known as MSC) is the main and only train service currently being offered by PNR that run along the Metro Commuter Line. The trains that are currently being used for this service are the 900 Series Locomotives, PNR 2500 Series Locomotives, 203 series ex-Joban Line Local EMUs donated by JR East, and the South Korean Hyundai Rotem DMUs. The trips are reduced upon announcements. On December 2, 2014, the new Calamba Station was inaugurated. Later that night, the MSC1907 was extended up to the said station. The MSC1937 was also extended, but only up to Sta. Rosa Station. As of July 2015, MSC services run between Tutuban and Alabang. But in October 2016, the trips (morning and night) reach Mamatid.
During the Metrotren era, Commuter Services was extended Northwards to Meycauayan, Bulacan on May 10, 1990, with the Caloocan to Meycauayan Extension of the services before it was abandoned in 1997 due to maintenance costs and inadequate services.
A spur line towards Carmona once existed during the Metrotren era which also fell into disuse and subsequently was abandoned up to this date.
The Shuttle Service was introduced on January 27, 2014. This service uses Hyundai Rotem DMUs and JR KiHa 52. There are 4 routes of the Shuttle Service, where trains stop at all stations along the routes.
This train service was removed last May 23, 2014 to give way to maintenance servicing of the rolling stocks. Another reason was the 3 consecutive weeks of delays and cancellations of some train trips.
The Premiere Train was a special MSC service that operates from Monday to Friday, except holidays. The train being used in this special service was the KiHa 59 "Kogane" train set, which is also from Japan. The train used to stop at selected stations only, namely Tutuban, Blumentritt, España, Sta. Mesa, Buendia, Pasay Road, EDSA (flagstop), Sucat, Alabang, San Pedro, Biñan, Santa Rosa, and Mamatid. The service had 4 trips: MSC501, MSC702, MSC1555, and MSC1802.
The service is currently suspended, due to the inauguration of the station building of Calamba (December 2014) and due to the repairs of the trainset being used for this service.
As part of the DuterteNomics ("Build-Build-Build") infrastructure program by Rodrigo Duterte, the Metro Commuter Line will be reconstructed as an electrified standard-gauge full double-track line, and will serve Los Baños. On September 12, 2017, the National Economic and Development Authority approved the construction of the newer line, as part of the longer Long-haul Railway that will connect to Legazpi and Matnog, and Batangas City. Funding for the project, which costs ₱131 billion, is provided by the Japan International Cooperation Agency, and is expected to serve 300,000 passengers a day at its initial year of operation.
- Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 (LRT-1)
- Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2 (LRT-2)
- Manila Metro Rail Transit System (MRT-3)
- Strong Republic Transit System (SRTS)
- List of rail transit stations in the Greater Manila Area
- "Metro commuter - Philippine National Railways". Philippine National Railways. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
- "PNR Official Site - Northbound & Southbound Timetable". Pnr.gov.ph. 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- Dela Paz, Chrissie (September 13, 2017). "NEDA Board approves Manila subway, longest railway". Rappler. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
- Leyco, Chino S. (September 13, 2017). "NEDA Board approves big infra projects". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved September 15, 2017.