Rich Neck Farm

Coordinates: 37°7′33″N 76°45′5″W / 37.12583°N 76.75139°W / 37.12583; -76.75139
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rich Neck Farm
Abandoned office building and burned combine harvester at Rich Neck
Rich Neck Farm is located in Virginia
Rich Neck Farm
Rich Neck Farm is located in the United States
Rich Neck Farm
LocationE of Surry, near Surry, Virginia
Coordinates37°7′33″N 76°45′5″W / 37.12583°N 76.75139°W / 37.12583; -76.75139
Area6 acres (2.4 ha)
Builtc. 1802 (1802)
Architectural stylePre-Georgian
NRHP reference No.80004229[1]
VLR No.090-0021
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 19, 1980
Designated VLRJuly 17, 1975[2]

Rich Neck Farm, also known as Richneck Plantation, was a historic home and farm located near Surry, Surry County, Virginia. The house was built about 1802, and was a 112-story, five-bay, double pile, central-hall plan brick dwelling in a pre-Georgian style. It had a gambrel roof with dormers and sat on a high basement. Long connected with the Ruffins, one of the prominent families of Southside Virginia, Rich Neck possessed a collection of buildings which were among the best preserved and most noteworthy of their type in the region. Original sashes, most of the doors, hinges (many with their leather washers), locks, and other hardware remained. The Ruffin family figured in Virginia's social and intellectual history throughout the colonial and early national periods. Its most notable member was Edmund Ruffin, an ardent secessionist and agricultural pioneer who is considered to be the father of agronomy. Research indicates Rich Neck remained in the Ruffin family until 1865. The house long stood vacant and in a state of disrepair. In 2011 Preservation Virginia listed Rich Neck Farm as one of the most endangered historic sites in Virginia. The house was destroyed by fire in 2012.

Also on the property are two contributing granaries, a smokehouse, office, an outhouse, a well house, and a chicken house.[3]

Rich Neck Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[1]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System – (#80004229)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  3. ^ Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (June 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Rich Neck Farm" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. and Accompanying photo