Sharm El Sheikh International Airport

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Sharm El Sheikh
International Airport

مطار شرم الشيخ الدولي
Terminal 2 Sharm el-Sheikh Airport.JPG
Airport typePublic (former military)
ServesSharm El Sheikh, Egypt
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL143 ft / 44 m
Coordinates27°58′38″N 34°23′41″E / 27.97722°N 34.39472°E / 27.97722; 34.39472Coordinates: 27°58′38″N 34°23′41″E / 27.97722°N 34.39472°E / 27.97722; 34.39472
SSH is located in Sinai
Location of airport in Sinai
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,081 10,108 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,081 10,108 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Passenger throughput8,693,990[1]
Source: DAFIF[2][3]

Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (Arabic: مطار شرم الشيخ الدوليMaṭār Sharm El Sheikh El Dawli) (IATA: SSH, ICAO: HESH) is an international airport located in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. It is the third-busiest airport in Egypt after Cairo International Airport and Hurghada International Airport.


The airport was opened on 14 May 1968 as an Israeli Air Force base. After the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1979 and subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, it was reopened as a civilian airport.

The largest regular aircraft using the airport was a Transaero Airlines-operated Boeing 747-400. These flights transiting from Moscow ended when Transaero ceased operations in October 2015. British Airways operated the only regular scheduled Boeing 777-200ER service (from Gatwick Airport). However, this service (and others) has ceased due to concerns over the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015.

In 2008, the Egyptian Airports Holding Company (EAHC) announced plans to build a third new terminal at the airport. In July 2009 the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN) signed a contract with Spanish construction designers Pointec for the third terminal. The terminal was planned to double the airport's capacity from 7.5 to 15 million passengers per year. The project's primary costs were estimated at $350 million. The design phase was due to be completed by early 2010. International contractors then were invited for an open tender to construct the terminal, which was scheduled to be completely constructed by 2015.[4] However, as of September 2016 construction has not commenced yet.

In November 2015, passenger numbers significantly decreased due to the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015. This led to airlines cancelling flights from the airport and operating rescue flights for stranded passengers. Governments from Russia and European countries such as the United Kingdom banned airlines from operating to the airport, citing safety concerns that were highlighted following the crash. The Government of the United Kingdom, HM Government advised against all travel to and from Sharm El Sheikh.

In January 2018, it was announced that EgyptAir Express would open a base at the airport for its incoming fleet of Airbus A220s. This would increase the amount of destinations served by the airline at the airport with the possibility of operating to cities in Italy, Germany, Morocco and India non-stop.[5]

On 22 October 2019 the UK lifted the flight ban on flights between UK airports and Sharm El Sheikh.[6]

On 1 November 2019 TUI AG, parent company of TUI Airways and TUI UK announced a resume of flights to the airport, starting in February 2020.[7]


Terminal 1[edit]

On 23 May 2007, the airport's second terminal was inaugurated with a capacity for 5 million passengers per year. The two-level, 43,000-square-metre (460,000 sq ft) terminal features 40 check-in counters and is designed to cater to a large number of international and chartered flights. It has two domestic and six international gates, all of which exit to remote stands. The terminal comprises three building components: two circular-shaped halls fused together by a wedge-shaped intermediate space dubbed 'the boat'. This serves as a passenger transit hub housing passport control, duty-free, and VIP areas as well as cafes/restaurants. The halls, in stark textural contrast to the solid mass of 'the boat', feature airy, billowing tent-like roofs inspired by the indigenous Bedouin culture.

Terminal 2[edit]

Although known as Terminal 2, this is actually the airport's original terminal building. The building underwent a complete modernisation programme in 2004 and has a passenger handling capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year. Since the inauguration of Terminal 1 in 2007 most airlines have shifted operations to the new building.

In December 2016 Egyptian Airports Company announced plans to extend Terminal 2. EAC plans to expand the terminal and increase its capacity by two million passengers per year, thus taking the total capacity of the airport to 9.5 million. This also includes the construction of a new runway and 40 new airsides.[8]

In November 2019, it was announced part of the expansion of Terminal 2 had been completed increasing the airports annual capacity, from 7 million, to 9 million a year. The plan aims to increase the capacity to 20 million passengers per annum as the number of tourists visiting the resort city is rising, during winter in particular. For now, the number of gates was raised to 12 from 8. The total cost of development works in the airport has reached LE 800 million so far.[9]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Departure hall at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
Control tower at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
Air Arabia Egypt[10] Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Beirut,[11] Bergamo, Naples
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia[12]
Air Astana Almaty,[13] Nur-Sultan[13]
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Bucharest,[14] Suceava (begins 21 December 2019)[14]
Air Cairo[15] Bari, Bergamo,[16] Bologna,[17] Cairo, Katowice, Milan–Malpensa, Naples,[18] Rome–Fiumicino, Tbilisi, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Amman–Queen Alia,[19] Bratislava, Venice,[17]
Air Italy Milan–Malpensa
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău[20]
Air Serbia Seasonal charter: Belgrade[21]
airBaltic Seasonal charter: Riga[20]
AlbaStar Charter: Bergamo, Milan–Malpensa, Verona[22]
Alitalia Seasonal: Bari[23]
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal: Cairo
Seasonal charter: Bari,[24][25] Bologna,[26] Catania,[25] Cluj–Napoca,[27] Milan–Malpensa,[25] Naples,[24][25] Rome–Fiumicino,[25] Tirana,[28] Verona,[25] Yerevan
AtlasGlobal Seasonal charter: Antalya[29]
Aviolet Seasonal charter: Belgrade[30]
Avia Traffic Company Seasonal: Bishkek[31]
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku[32]
Azur Air Ukraine Charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[33] Lviv[33]
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[33] Odessa,[33] Zaporizhia[33]
Belavia Charter: Brest,[20] Gomel,[20] Grodno,[20] Minsk,[34][20] Mogilev,[20] Vitebsk[20]
BH Air Seasonal charter: Sofia[20]
Blue Air Seasonal charter: Bucharest[35]
Blue Panorama Airlines Seasonal charter: Bologna,[26] Verona[36]
Bukovyna Airlines Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[37] Kryvyi Rih,[37] Lviv,[37] Zaporizhia[37]
Chair Airlines Zürich
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal charter: Leipzig/Halle[38]
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Billund,[39] Copenhagen[39]
EgyptAir Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo, Hurghada, Kuwait
Seasonal: Jeddah,[40] Medina[40]
Enter Air Charter: Katowice,[41] Warsaw–Chopin[42]
Seasonal charter: London–Gatwick (begins 22 December 2019),[43] Poznań (begins 30 May 2020)[41]
FlyEgypt Cairo[44]
Seasonal charter: Basel/Mulhouse (begins 21 December 2019),[45] Cluj–Napoca,[46] Graz,[47] Košice,[48] Oslo–Gardermoen[49]
Flynas Jeddah, Riyadh[50]
FlyOne Seasonal charter: Chișinău[20]
GetJet Airlines Charter: Vilnius[20]
Gulf Air Bahrain[51]
Holiday Europe Seasonal charter: Berlin–Schönefeld,[52] Cologne/Bonn,[52] Düsseldorf,[52] Frankfurt,[52] Leipzig/Halle,[52] Munich,[52] Nuremberg,[52] Riga,[53] Sofia,[54] Stuttgart,[52] Tallinn,[55] Vilnius[56]
Iraqi Airways Seasonal charter: Baghdad[57]
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait[58]
Jordan Aviation Amman–Queen Alia
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait
Nile Air Cairo[59]
Seasonal charter: Baghdad,[60] Tashkent[61]
Neos[62] Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Verona
Seasonal: Naples
Nesma Airlines Seasonal charter: Rimini[63]
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[64]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh[65]
SCAT Airlines Seasonal: Baku[66]
SkyUp Charter: Kharkiv,[37] Kiev–Boryspil,[37] Lviv,[37] Odessa,[37] Zaporizhia[37]
Seasonal charter: Kherson,[37] Mykolaiv[37]
Smartlynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[20]
Smartlynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[20]
Smartwings Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava[67]
Somon Air Seasonal charter: Dushanbe[68]
Sunday Airlines Charter: Almaty,[20] Nur–Sultan[20]
Seasonal charter: Aktau,[69] Aktobe,[20] Karaganda,[20] Kostanay,[69] Oral,[69] Oskemen,[69] Shymkent,[69] Taraz[69]
TUI Airways[70] Birmingham (resumes 19 February 2020),[71] Bristol (resumes 6 May 2020),[71] Doncaster/Sheffield (resumes 3 May 2020),[71] London–Gatwick (resumes 16 February 2020),[71] Manchester (resumes 16 February 2020)[71]
Seasonal: Bournemouth (resumes 7 November 2020),[72] Cardiff (resumes 2 November 2020),[73] East Midlands (resumes 5 November 2020),[74] Edinburgh (resumes 2 November 2020),[75] Exeter (resumes 4 November 2020),[76] Glasgow (resumes 4 November 2020),[75] London–Luton (resumes 5 November 2020),[77] London–Stansted (resumes 1 November 2020),[77] Newcastle (resumes 7 November 2020)[78]
TUI fly Belgium[79] Brussels, Charleroi, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Netherlands Eindhoven
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[80] Lviv,[80] Odessa[80]
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[80] Zaporizhia[80]
Windrose Airlines Charter: Dnipropetrovsk,[20] Kiev–Boryspil[20]
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[20] Lviv,[81] Odessa[20]
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut[82]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On January 3, 2004, Flash Airlines Flight 604, en route to Cairo and then Paris as its final destination, crashed in the Red Sea shortly after taking off from Sharm El Sheikh, killing all 148 people on board. Causes for the accident include pilot error and instrument failure, but investigators have been unable to reach a consensus.
  • On August 23, 2015, Thomson Airways Flight 476, approaching Sharm El Sheikh at the end of a flight from London Stansted Airport with 189 passengers aboard, took evasive action to avoid a missile traveling toward it; the missile missed the airliner by about 1,000 feet (300 meters), and the plane landed safely. An investigation concluded that the missile was an Egyptian armed forces missile that had strayed from a military exercise.
  • On October 31, 2015, Metrojet Flight 9268, en route from Sharm El Sheikh to St. Petersburg, Russia, crashed in the Sinai Peninsula between Nekhel and Housna, killing all 224 people on board, most of them Russian tourists. The jihadist group ISIL, at war with Russian forces in nearby Syria, quickly claimed responsibility for the crash, which was believed by western governments to be the result of a terrorist bombing. Russian investigators confirmed in mid-November that the flight was bombed; the investigation is still ongoing.[83] Following these events, many countries ordered all flights to Sharm El Sheikh suspended until further notice. [83]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A-Z World Airports Online - Egypt airports - Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (SSH/HESH)". Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  2. ^ Airport information for HESH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for SSH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  4. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh International Airport". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Egyptair Express eyes Sharm el-Sheikh base with CS300s". ch-aviation. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  6. ^ "Sharm el-Sheikh: UK to resume flights after safety ban". 22 October 2019.
  7. ^ "TUI Sharm El Sheikh holiday flight ban". The Sun UK. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  8. ^ Dey, Paromita. "Egypt: Tender for Sharm El-Sheikh airport works -". Archived from the original on 14 January 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh Airport annual capacity becomes 9M passengers". 4 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Flights to Sharm El Sheikh".
  11. ^ "Air Arabia launches Beirut – Sharm El Sheikh flights". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Air Arabia Egypt Launches New Flights Connecting Sharm El Sheikh and Amman". Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  13. ^ a b Liu, Jim (28 May 2019). "Air Astana adds Sharm el Sheikh service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Charter programme".
  15. ^ "Timetable".
  16. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air Cairo schedules new Italian routes in S19". Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  17. ^ a b "Air Cairo W18 network additions". Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  18. ^ "Air Cairo adds Sharm el Sheikh – Naples route in 1Q18". 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  19. ^ "Air Cairo adds Sharm el Sheikh – Amman route from April 2019". Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Flight Schedules and Airline Availability".
  21. ^ "Timetable :: Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport".
  23. ^ "Alitalia adds Bari – Sharm el Sheikh service in 3Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  24. ^ a b "Flight Only". 30 January 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d e f "New flights from Italy to Sharm El Sheikh". 8 February 2018.
  26. ^ a b "Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt". 30 January 2018.
  27. ^ "Shuttle".
  28. ^ "Albanian tourism company operates charter flights to Sharm, Hurghada". Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  29. ^ "AtlasGlobal adds Sharm el Sheikh service from May 2019". 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  30. ^ "Charter schedule" (PDF).
  31. ^ "Flight Schedule". Retrieved 2019-05-20.
  32. ^ "Charter flights to open from Baku to Sharm El-Sheikh". Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  33. ^ a b c d e "Flights".
  34. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  35. ^ "Timetable Summer 2019 Christian Tour Romania" (PDF).
  36. ^ "Flights schedule".,
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "freight monitor".
  38. ^ Liu, Jim (30 October 2019). "Corendon Airlines Europe expands Leipzig network in W19".
  39. ^ a b "Sharm El Sheikh". 30 January 2018.
  41. ^ a b "Coral Travel".
  42. ^ "Charter flights".
  43. ^ "First flights to Sharm el Sheikh confirmed as UK lifts travel ban". 22 October 2019.
  44. ^ "FlyEgypt adds domestic routes in S19". 4 April 2019.
  45. ^ "New FTI flight program is bookable". 10 October 2019.
  46. ^ "Charter flights".
  47. ^ "TUI expands vigorously in Graz". 5 April 2019.
  48. ^ "Flight schedule".
  49. ^ "Oslo Airport - Sharm El-Sheikh".
  50. ^ "Route map".
  51. ^ "Gulf Air expands S18 network". Routesonline. 26 February 2018.
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h "Flight".
  53. ^ "Hurghada".
  54. ^ Liu, Jim (19 November 2019). "Holiday Europe adds Egyptian routes from Sofia in W19".
  55. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh".
  56. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh".
  57. ^ "Iraqi Airways IA192". Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  58. ^ "Flight Schedule".
  59. ^ "Route map". 30 January 2018.
  60. ^ "Nile Air schedules Baghdad charters from July 2019". 27 June 2019.
  61. ^ "Между Шарм-эль-Шейхом и Ташкентом запустят дополнительный авиарейс". 8 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  62. ^ "Flight Times".
  63. ^ "Flight Info".
  64. ^ "Pegasus Adds New Egyptian Service from late-Oct 2014". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  65. ^ "Flight Schedule".
  66. ^ Liu, Jim (27 June 2019). "SCAT Aircompany adds Baku – Sharm el Sheikh charters from late-July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  67. ^ "Travel Service Slovensko S19 Sharm el Sheikh service changes". 29 May 2019.
  68. ^ "Orange2fly to operate additional couple of flights to Sharm El-Sheikh". 31 December 2018.
  69. ^ a b c d e f "Residents of Taraz to be able to fly to Sharm el-Sheikh". 29 October 2018.
  70. ^ "Flight Timetable".
  71. ^ a b c d e Liu, Jim (19 November 2019). "TUI Airways resumes Sharm el Sheikh service from Feb 2020".
  72. ^ "Flights to Sharm el Sheikh to resume". 5 December 2019.
  73. ^ "TUI UK launches new Sharm El Sheikh route for winter 2020 from Cardiff Airport". 5 December 2019.
  75. ^ a b "Tui to reintroduce Scotland to Sharm el-Sheikh flights". 3 December 2019.
  76. ^ "New Exeter flight to all year round sun destination". 5 December 2019.
  77. ^ a b "EASA extends Egyptian Sinai Peninsula overfly guidance". 5 December 2019.
  78. ^ "TUI launch flights to Sharm El Sheikh, Tunisia and Hurghada from Newcastle Airport". 5 December 2019.
  79. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh".
  80. ^ a b c d e "Charter flights timetable". 30 January 2018.
  81. ^ Liu, Jim (20 November 2017). "WindRose adds Lviv – Sharm el Sheikh service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  82. ^ "Welcome to Nakhal Online Booking System".
  83. ^ a b News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World -- People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport at Wikimedia Commons