St. Mary's, Whitechapel

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St Mary's Whitechapel
St marys whitechapel.jpg
photograph of St Mary's Whitechapel taken in 2009
Location 5940 Whitechapel Road
Lancaster, Virginia
Country United States
Denomination Episcopal
Website www.stmaryswhitechapel.org
History
Founded 1669
Architecture
Style Colonial
Years built c1675
Administration
Parish St Mary's Whitechapel
Clergy
Rector Megan Limburg
St. Mary's Whitechapel
St. Mary's, Whitechapel is located in Virginia
St. Mary's, Whitechapel
St. Mary's, Whitechapel is located in the US
St. Mary's, Whitechapel
Nearest city Lively, Virginia
Coordinates 37°44′32″N 76°32′53″W / 37.74222°N 76.54806°W / 37.74222; -76.54806Coordinates: 37°44′32″N 76°32′53″W / 37.74222°N 76.54806°W / 37.74222; -76.54806
Area 8 acres (3.2 ha)
Built 1661 (1661)
Architect Jones, James
NRHP reference # 69000254[1]
VLR # 051-0022[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 12, 1969
Designated VLR September 9, 1969[3]

St Mary's Whitechapel is an Episcopal church in Lancaster, Virginia, founded in 1669, and located three miles south of Lively, in Lancaster County, in the Northern Neck. The parish of St Mary's Whitechapel is notable for being the birthplace of Mary Ball Washington, mother of George Washington.[4]

History[edit]

In April 1657, the Colonial Assembly (General Court) divided the parish north of the Rappahannock River into two parishes: the upper becoming St. Mary's Whitechapel and the lower Christ Church (Lancaster County, Virginia). It is thought to have been named after Whitechapel parish in the East End of London. In 1752, the parishes were combined, but served by two separate buildings and vestries.[5]

St. Mary's church is built in the simple elegant style typical of colonial era churches in Seventeenth Century Virginia.[4] Construction of the building was begun in around 1675, pursuant to a bequest of David Fox, a planter who owned land surrounding the original parish. Population growth in the area led to expansion, transforming the original rectangular design to a cruciform shape in 1741, as both the building's north and south sides had wings added.

During the Disestablishment Era, when Anglican Churches were forced to close all across America, the church became dormant and was abandoned for two decades. Along with numerous other parish properties, the church and its property were seized after a vacancy under a statute of 1802 ultimately upheld by the Virginia Court of Appeals. The church fell into disuse for twenty years, and during this period the interior was gutted and the church's east and west sections deteriorated beyond repair. Around 1830 the North and South wings were repaired, forming the rectangular structure which can be seen today, albeit at right angles to the original rectangular building.[4]

The parish's earliest artifact is a silver chalice bequeathed by David Fox, Sr. in 1669. The Decalogue, or Ten Commandments plaque, inside the church, dates from a David Fox bequest recorded in 1702. On either side, the Apostles' Creed and the Lord's Prayer plaques were both bequeathed by William Fox in 1710, and William Fox also donated a baptismal font in 1718. Such are collectively thought the oldest in the state.[6]

After the church was reestablished in 1832 (in commemoration of which Rawleigh William Dowman donated a Bible) until 1970, nineteen ministers served both St. Mary's parish and Christ Church parish in Lancaster, and sometimes as many as six parishes simultaneously, often including 19th century foundations Grace Church and Trinity Episcopal Church in Lancaster. In 1973 the Diocese of Virginia recognized St. Mary's Whitechapel and Trinity Episcopal in Lancaster jointly as an independent parish, and both churches have continued to share a rector since. The pulpit dates from 1979 and the organ from 1984.

Cemetery[edit]

The church cemetery contains the graves of numerous members of local families, including many members of the Ball family, kin to Mary Ball Washington, mother of George Washington. The earliest marked grave is that of "John Stretchley, gentleman, 1698".[4]

Among notable burials are the physician George H. Steuart, his son George H. Steuart (one of the last consuls of the United States at Liverpool, England),[7] the actress Margaret Sullavan[8] and former state Delegate Robert O. Norris, Jr.[9]

St Mary's Whitechapel today[edit]

The church has an active congregation of the Episcopal church. The Rector is Reverend Doctor Megan Limburg.

The church is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

References[edit]

  • History of St Mary's Whitechapel by Elizabeth Lewis Neale, published in Colonial Churches in the Original Colony of Virginia, by Anonymous.
  • Rawlings, James Scott, Virginia's Colonial Churches: & Architectural Guide. Richmond: Garrett and Massie, 1963, pp. 162–165.
  • Brock, Henry Irving, Colonial Churches & Virginia. Richmond: The Dale Press, 1930, pp. 62–63.
  • Rose, Harold Wickliffe, The Colonial Houses of Worship in America. New York: Hastings House, Publishers, 1963, pp. 503–5047

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Home". www.stmaryswhitechapel.org. Retrieved 13 August 2018. 
  5. ^ "Ancestry® | Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History Records". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2018-08-13. 
  6. ^ "St. Mary's Whitechapel Episcopal Church - Kilmarnock, VA - 22503 Attractions, Tourist". www.discoverourtown.com. Retrieved 13 August 2018. 
  7. ^ George Hume Steuart at Find a Grave
  8. ^ Margaret Sullavan at Find a Grave
  9. ^ Robert Opie Norris, Jr at Find a Grave
  10. ^ "{{subst:PAGENAME}}". nrhp.focus.nps.gov. Retrieved 13 August 2018. 

See also[edit]