User:Crtew/2011 Safety of Journalists

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Journalists killed in 2011 ...[1][2]

Pakistan[edit]

Cities where journalists were killed in 2011
Islamabad
Islamabad
Karachi
Karachi
Peshawar
Peshawar
Turbat
Turbat
Khuzdar
Khuzdar
Mandi Bahauddin
Mandi Bahauddin
Lahore
Lahore
Mentioned locations within Pakistan relative to the capital Islamabad and the largest city Karachi.

Pakistan ... [3]

After the death of Zaman Ibrahim or Zaman Ali, a crime reporter out of Karachi for the Daily Extra News, on 3 April 2011, Reporters Without Borders observed that Pakistan was in a "permanent state of violence" and the level of violence was having a chilling effect on the country's journalism.[5] According to the Rural Media Network, 13 more Pakistani journalists had already been killed than in the previous year when and it was only mid-August.[6]

Pakistan Press Foundation South Asian Free Media Association (SAFMA)

Pakistan's Inter-Service Intellegence Agency[edit]

Syed Saleem Shahzad, an investigative reporter for Asia Times Online, was found dead under suspicious cirmstances in Mandi Bahauddin District, Punjab around 30 May 2011. Some Pakistani journalists believed Pakistan's intelligence service was responsible, and the U.S. revealed it had classified information that indicated the intelligence service killed him.[7] For its part, the ISI denied any involvement but Shahzad had told foreign journalists that he had been threatened.[8] Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said a thorough investigation was being conducted.[9]

Terrorism[edit]

Suicide bombs in Peshawar claimed three journalists this year. The 11 March Peshawar bombing claimed the life of Nasrullah Khan Afridi[10][11]. The 12 June 2011 Peshawar bombings, in which two journalists lost their lives, Asfandyar Abid Naveed, of Akhbar-e-Khyber, and Shafiullah Khan, of The News (Pakistan), who died five days later at the Burn Unit Wah Cantonment (east of Islamabad).[12][13][14][15][16][17].

Muttahida Qaumi Movement[edit]

Pakistan's Home Minister accused the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, a secular opposition party, of being behind the murder of Geo TV reporter Wali Khan Babar in Karachi, Sindh... Faisal Qureshi (See: Faisal_Qureshi_(disambiguation))...

Balochistan[edit]

The War in Afghanistan (2001-Present)[edit]

Taliban insurgents attacked government buildings in Tarin Kowt, Afghanistan 28 July 2011 and killed 21 civilians and injured 38. Among the dead was Afghan reporter Ahmed Omed Khpulwak, who worked the Pajhwok News Agency as a stringer for BBC World News. Although the Taliban initiated the attack, a U.S. soldier from ISAF killed Khpulwak when he mistook the journalist clutching his press pass for a terrorist who was about to detonate a bomb. ISAF released the results of its investigatation 8 September 2011 and in it took responsibility for killing Khpulwak.

The Iraq War (2003-Present)[edit]

Several journalists died in suicide bombings in Iraq by insurgents. Two journalists, Sabah al-Bazi of Al-Arabiya and Muammar Khadir Abdelwahad of Al-Ayn, were killed in one attack by insurgents attacking a government building on 29 March 2011 in Tikrit.

The Arab Spring Uprisings in N. Africa and the Mid East[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

Crowds outside of the Municipal Theatre on the Avenue Bourguiba in January 2011.

The Tunisian revolution ignited a wave of protests that spread quickly through Africa and other Middle East countries. French-German photojournalist Lucas Dolega, European Pressphoto Agency (epa), was the first journalist to have been killed while on assignment during the Arab Spring uprisings. Dolega was taking photographs of a protest on Avenue Bourguiba, Tunis, and was hit in the head by a cannister of tear gas shot by the police. The protest occurred on the same day, 14 January, that Zine El Abidine Ben Ali left Tunisia after 23 years. Dolega died in the hospital days later, 17 January, from his wounds. A United Nations team tallied the number of dead during the revolution and reported that 219 died during the revolution, including 72 in a prison riot.[18]

Egypt[edit]

Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud, a reporter for Al-Taawun was the first journalist to be killed in the Egyptian revolution on January 28.[19] In addition, Bert Sundstrom, a reporter for Sweedish SVT, was hospitalized after being stabbed in the back.[19] Further reports showed a pattern of intimidation against the press by the Mubarak regime.

The interim government in Egypt reported the results from its fact finding commission that 846 people had died and 6,400 people were injured during the revolution.[20]

Libya[edit]

Five journalists were killed while covering the Libyan civil war. All five were killed on the battlefield between 13 March and 20 April, a time in which the battlelines in Libya were fluid and dangerous. Four of the journalists who were killed were members of the foreign press, from Qatar, U.K., U.S. and South Africa. TV camera operator Ali Hassan al-Jaber of al-Jazeera was the first journalist killed in the Libyan civil war. South African photojournalist Anton Hammerl had been killed by pro-Gaddafi forces but his family and friends were led to believe he was still alive and they formed a "Free Anton" campaign, but were later told that he had been killed earlier and Gaddafi's government had known this and withheld the information, which is a violation of international human rights. All of the foreign journalists killed in Libya were photojournalists or TV camera operators. Libyan journalist Mohammed Nabbous, who founded of an online streaming service for news dissemination, was killed while covering a battle. He was a prominent Libyan media figure who supported the opposition to Gaddafi. His last report has been preserved and its ends abruptly at the point of his death.

Yemen[edit]

  • Jamal al-Sharaabi, Al-Masdar was killed 18 March in Sana’a.
  • 18 March 2011 - Mohamed Yahia Al-Malayia - Al-Salam
  • Hassan al-Wadhaf, Al-Hurra was killed 24 September in Sana'a.
  • 3 October 2011 - Abdel Majid Al-Samawi - Al-Yemeniya TV
  • 4 October 2011 - Abdel Hakim Al-Nour - Mas
  • 16 October 2011 - Abd Al-Ghani al-Bureihi - Al-Yemen

Bahrain[edit]

Syria[edit]

Syrian freelance operator Ferzat Jarban's (a.k.a. Farzat Ejreban)[21] body was found on 20 November, which was a day after his arrest.[22][23] According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, Jarban would be the first journalist killed since the organization began keeping records in 1992. CPJ is still investigating. [22] His death would mark the first journalist known to have been killed in Syria during its Arab Spring uprising.

Africa[edit]

Sierra Leone[edit]

Ibrahim Foday, The Exclusive, was killed 12 June in

Ivory Coast[edit]

Sylvain Gagnetaud (RSF) or Sylvain Gagnetau Lago (CPJ), , assistant editor-in-chief at Radio Yopougon, was killed 8 May in Abidjan.

Nigeria[edit]

Zakariya Isa, Nigeria Television Authority (NTA), was killed 22 October

Democratic Republic of Congo[edit]

Witness-Patchelly Kambale Musonia, Radio Communautaire de Lubero Sud, was killed 21 June in Kirumba

Somalia[edit]

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

According to the Media Foundation (New Delhi), a group that monitors the safety of journalists in the subcontinent, two journalists were killed in the first half of 2011 in India and another was killed in December 2010.[24]

  • Jyotirmoy Dey, who was an experienced crime and investigative reporter for the multi-language Mid-Day newspapers and author of two books, was killed 11 June in Powai, a suburb of Mumbia, Maharashtra. Four attackers traveled on motorcycles and killed him with a barrage of bullets.[25][26][27] In December 2011, 12 people were listed on a charge sheet that included crime boss Chhota Rajan.[28]
  • Umesh Rajput, of the Hindi-language Naiduniya newspaper, was murdered by gunfire 23 January in Raipur, Chhattisgarh.[29][30][31] The Media Foundation (New Dehli), a subcontinent media watch organization, has presented Rajput's case as a "classic illustration of impunity" in India. Rajput was threatened and filed a complaint with police before he was killed. Journalist organizations say there are suspects who they believe threatened Rajput but that the police are ignoring them and stalling yet allowing the investigation to continue without progress. The Media Foundation detailed his case in October 2012.[32][33]
  • Mohammad Akram, a reporter for ETV-Urdu in Moradabad was shot and killed 5 August in Delhi while covering an iftar celebration. He was shot twice and his television equipment was missing.[34][35]

Philippines[edit]

Thailand[edit]

The Caucasus Region[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Dagestan[edit]

Latin America[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Peru[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Other notable deaths in 2011[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

In a case that was at first widely believed to have been the first killing of a journalist in Vietnam in 23 years turned out to be a murder by the journalist's wife. The Murder of Le Hoang Hung, of the Nguoi Lao Dong (Translated: Worker), was burned in his bed 30 January 30 2011 by Hung' wife in their Tan An home.

Australia[edit]

Three members of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation were killed in a helicopter crash while reporting in the outback near Lake Eyre. The dead include veteran journalist Paul Lockyer, camera operator John Bean, and pilot Gary Ticehurst.[36]

Updates on impunity[edit]

United States[edit]

Chauncey Bailey was a prominent African American journalist and editor with almost 40 years of journalism experience at the time of his murder on 2 August 2007 in Oakland. The trial of Yusuf Bey IV and Antoine Mackey for the killing of the last American journalist killed on American soil for a domestic news story ended with both being convicted and sent to prison for life. Before that Devaughndre Broussard had pleaded guilty of carrying out the attack and was sentenced to 25 years in a plea bargain agreement that had him testifying at the trial of Bey IV and Mackey.

2011 Documentation of Journalists Killed While on Assignment[edit]

Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Date Killed Name Country CPJ IFEX INSI IPI RSF UN Notes
5 Jan. 2011 Ilyas Nizzar  Pakistan No Yes[37] Yes[38][39] Yes[40] No Yes[41] Notes: Unclear whether Nizzar/Nazar's death is work related.
13 January 2011 Wali Khan Babar  Pakistan Yes[42] Yes[43] Yes[44] Yes[45] Yes[46] No The first journalist killed in 2011 was from Pakistan, which had the most journalists killed in 2010, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists.
17 January 2011 Lucas Mebrouk Dolega,  France/ Germany  Tunisia Yes[47] Yes[48] Yes[49] Yes[50] Yes[51] Yes[52] Dolega, a French-German photojournalist, was the first journalist killed during the 2010-2011 Tunisian protests while covering a protest and the first journalist to die while on assignment during the Arab Spring uprisings.
24 January 2011 Gerardo Ortega  Philippines Yes[53] Yes[54] Yes[55] Yes[56] Yes[57] Yes[58] The Filipino radio talk show host was allegedly killed because of his opposition to mining and his charges of corruption that were connected to the industry's environmental damage but the case has not been successfully prosecuted. He was well known for combining journalism and environmental activism.
30 January 2011 Le Hoang Hung  Vietnam Yes[59] Yes[60] Yes[61] Yes[62] Yes[63] Yes[64] At first, HunLe Hoang was thought to be murdered because of his reporting but later his wife confessed to killing him to collect life insurance that could pay off her gambling debts.
4 February 2011 Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud (also spelled Ahmad)  Egypt Yes[65] Yes[66] Yes[67] IPI[68] RSF[69] UNESCO[70] Mahmoud was the first journalist to be killed in the Egyptian Revolution and the second journalist to have been killed while on assigment covering the Arab Spring uprisings.
18 February 2011 Abdost Rind  Pakistan Yes[71] Yes[72] Yes[73] Yes[74] RSF Yes[75] Rind was among several journalists from the Balochistan region of Pakistan to have been killed in the last few years, and it is a hot spot in an already volatile, dangerous country where the killing of journalists has remained at high levels throughout 2010 and 2011.
24 February 2011 Mohamed al-Hamdani  Iraq Yes[76] Yes[77] Yes[78] IPI[79] RSF[80] Unesco[81] Note
13 March 2011 Ali Hassan al Jaber,  Qatar  Libya Yes[82] Yes[83] Yes[84] Yes[85] Yes[86] Yes[87] The TV camera operator for Al Jazeera, al Jaber, was the first journalist to have been killed during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
18 March 2011 Jamal al-Sharaabi  Yemen Yes[88] Yes[89] Yes[90] Yes[91] Yes[92] Yes[93] al-Sharaabi was the first Yemini journalist to die in the Arab Spring uprisings that had spread to Yemen after taking hold in Tunisia and Egypt.
19 March 2011 Mohammed Nabbous  Libya Yes[94] Yes[95] Yes[96] Yes[97] Yes[98][99] Yes[100] Nabbous founded an online streaming audio & video news service that allowed reports about the opposition to Gaddafi government and military forces to reach a wider audience through the Internet.
25 March 2011 Luis Emanuel Ruiz Carrillo  Mexico Yes[101] Yes[102] Yes[103] Yes[104] Yes[105] Yes[106] Note
29 March 2011 Muammar Khadir Abdelwahad  Iraq Yes[107] Yes[108] Yes[109] Yes[110] Yes[111] Yes[112] Note
29 March 2011 Sabah al-Bazi  Iraq Yes[113] Yes[114] Yes[115] Yes[116] Yes[117] Yes[118] Note
5 April 2011 Anton Hammerl,  South Africa  Libya Yes[119] Yes[120] Yes[121] Yes[122] Yes[123] No Hammerl was killed 5 April 2011 but Libya withheld that information from the family. According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, the Libyan government's withholding of information about Hammerl's death from his family for almost a month and a half constituted a violation of international human rights law.
9 April 2011 Zakariya Rashid Hassan al-Ashiri  Bahrain Yes[124] Yes[125] Yes[126] Yes[127] Yes[128] Yes[129] According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, al-Ashiri was the first Bahraini journalist to be killed since it started keeping records in 1992 and the first journalist to die in the Arab Spring uprisings in Bahrain.
12 April 2011 Karim Fakhrawi  Bahrain Yes[130] IFEX[131] INSI[132] IPI[133] RSF[134] UN[135] The second journalist to be killed in Bahrain since the Arab Spring uprising spread there, the modus operandi of the Bahrain authorities was similar to al-Ashiri's killing where they had blamed it on a health condition that did not exist before.
20 April 2011 Tim Hetherington,  United Kingdom/ United States  Libya Yes[136] Yes[137] INSI[138] IPI[139] RSF[140] Yes[141] Notability
20 April 2011 Chris Hondros,  United States  Libya Yes[142] Yes[137] INSI[143] IPI[144] RSF[145] UN[141] Note
10 May 2011 Hector Francisco Medina Polanco  Honduras Yes[146] IFEX ? INSI ? IPI ? RSF ? UN ? Note: The Omega Visión TV was host killed in Morazán, Yoro, Honduras.
10 May 2011 Nasrullah Khan Afridi  Pakistan Yes[147] IFEX[148] INSI[149] IPI[150] RSF[151] UN[152] Note
19 May 2011 Luis Mendoza Cerrato  Honduras Yes[153] IFEX ? INSI ? IPI ? RSF ? UN ? Note: The owner of Channel 24 was killed in Danlí, El Paraíso, Honduras.
30 May 2011 Syed Saleem Shahzad  Pakistan Yes[154] Yes[155] INSI[156] IPI[157] RSF[158] No Shahzad was a veteran investigative journalist and an expert on the Al-Qaeda and the Taliban who was threatened before an TV appearance in which he was to discuss a security lapse in Pakistan's Navy that led to an Al-Qaeda attack at a base.
31 May 2011 Noel López Olguín  Mexico Yes[159] IFEX[160] INSI[161] IPI[162] RSF[163] UN[164] Note
11 June 2011 Asfandyar Abid Naveed  Pakistan Yes[165] IFEX[166] INSI[167][168] IPI[169] RSF[170] No Note
13 June 2011 Romeo Olea  Philippines Yes[171] IFEX[172] INSI[173] IPI[174] RSF[175] UN[176] Note
15 June 2011 Edinaldo Filgueira  Brazil Yes[177] IFEX[178] INSI[179] IPI[180] RSF[181] UN[182] Note
17 June 2011 Shafiullah Khan  Pakistan Yes[183] IFEX[184] INSI[185] IPI[186] RSF[187] No Note
21 June 2011 Alwan al-Ghorabi  Iraq Yes[188] IFEX[189] INSI[190] IPI[191] RSF[192] UN[193] Note
19 May 2011 Nery Geremias Orellana  Honduras Yes[194] IFEX ? INSI ? IPI ? RSF ? UN ? Note: He worked for Radio Joconguera and was killed in Candelaria, Lempira, Honduras.
4 July 2011 Adán Benítez  Honduras CPJ ? IFEX ? INSI ? IPI ? RSF[195] UN ? Note:
28 July 2011 Ahmed Omaid Khpalwak  Afghanistan Yes[196] Yes[197][198] INSI[199] IPI[200] Yes[201] Yes[202] Khpulwak was killed by US members of a NATO-led security team who mistakenly identified the journalist as a terrorist as the unit made its sweep through an embattled broadcast station that had been attacked earlier.
2 August 2011 José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos  Dominican Republic Yes[203] IFEX[204] INSI[205] IPI[206] RSF[207] Note
2 September 2011 Noramfaizul Mohd Nor,  Malaysia  Somalia Yes[209] Yes[210] INSI[211] IPI[212] Yes[213] No Noramfaizul was the first Malaysian journalist to have been killed overseas while on assignment and was given a hero's burial. He was killed during a humanitarian mission to Somalia but the effort became embroiled in the Somali civil war.
8 September 2011 Hadi al-Mahdi, or Mehdi  Iraq Yes[214] Yes[215][216] Yes[217] Yes[218] Yes[219] Yes[220][221] Notability
8 September 2011 Medardo Flores  Honduras CPJ[222] IFEX[223] INSI[224] IPI[225] RSF[226] UN[227] Note:
6 December 2011 Luz Marina Paz Villalobos  Honduras Yes[228] Yes[229] Yes[230] Yes[231] Yes[232] Yes[233] Note: A radio show host for CHN-Cadena Hondureña de Noticias, she was killed in Tegucigalpa (capital), Francisco Morazán. According to Reporters Without Borders, she was the "first woman journalist to have been killed in Honduras."
15 December 2011 Gadzhimurad Kamalov Dagestan  Russia Yes[234] Yes[235] Yes[236] Yes[237] Yes[238] Yes[239] Note
18 December 2011 Abdisalan Sheikh Hassan  Somalia Yes[240] Yes[241] Yes[242] Yes[243] Yes[244] Yes[245] Note: Hassan worked for the independent broadcast company Horn Cable TV (HCTV), as well as for Hamar Radio and Voice of Democracy, and was the third journalist killed in Mogadishu, Somalia in 2011.
Day Month 2011 Name  United Nations CPJ[246] IFEX[247] INSI[248] IPI[249] RSF[250] UN[251] Note

References[edit]

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  71. ^ "Abdost Rind". Committee to Protect Journalists. February 18, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  73. ^ International News Safety Institute. DATA. "TITLE." Retrieved 18 October 2011 INSI
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  75. ^ United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 28 February 2011. “Director-General condems murder of Pakistani journalist Abdost Rind in Balochistan.” UNESCO Media Services. Retrieved 16 October 2011 UNESCO.
  76. ^ "Mohamed al-Hamdani". Committee to Protect Journalists. February 24, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  78. ^ International News Safety Institute. DATA. "TITLE." Retrieved 18 October 2011 INSI
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  80. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). Reporters Without Borders. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  81. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  82. ^ "Ali Hassan al-Jaber". Committee to Protect Journalists. March 13, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  83. ^ International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 16 March 2011. “Al-Jazeera journalist killed; several journalists detained, beaten, missing.” Retrieved September DAY, 2011 IFEX.
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  86. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 13 March 2011. “Al-Jazeera cameraman killed in ambush near rebel stronghold of Benghazi.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF.
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  88. ^ "Jamal al-Sharaabi". Committee to Protect Journalists. March 18, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  89. ^ International Freedom of Expression Exchange . DATE. “NAME or TITLE OF ARTICLE.” Retrieved 18 October 2011 IFEX.
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  94. ^ "Mohammed al-Nabbous". Committee to Protect Journalists. March 19, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  95. ^ International Federation of Journalists. 23 March 2011. “Another journalist killed; more detained.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 IFEX.
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  98. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 21 March 2011. “Two journalists killed, many missing, arrested or deported – list of media freedom violations gets longer.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF.
  99. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 20 June 2011. “Birth of 'free media' in eastern Libya.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF.
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  107. ^ "Muammar Khadir Abdelwahad". Committee to Protect Journalists. March 29, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  108. ^ International Freedom of Expression Exchange . DATE. “NAME or TITLE OF ARTICLE.” Retrieved 18 October 2011 IFEX.
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  112. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  113. ^ "Sabah al-Bazi". Committee to Protect Journalists. March 29, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  119. ^ "Anton Hammerl". Committee to Protect Journalists. April 5, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  123. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 20 May 2011. “Missing photographer was killed six weeks ago in attack by Gaddafi forces on Brega.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF.
  124. ^ "Zakariya Rashid Hassan al-Ashiri". Committee to Protect Journalists. April 9, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  129. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  130. ^ "Karim Fakhrawi". Committee to Protect Journalists. April 12, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  135. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  136. ^ "Tim Hetherington". Committee to Protect Journalists. April 20, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  141. ^ a b United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 2011. “Director-General deplores death of photojournalists Tim Hetherington and Chris Hondros in Libya” UNESCO Media Services, 23 April. Retrieved 16 October 2011 UNESCO.
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  146. ^ Héctor Francisco Medina Polanco (2011-05-11). "Héctor Francisco Medina Polanco - Journalists Killed". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  147. ^ "Nasrullah Khan Afridi". Committee to Protect Journalists. May 10, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  154. ^ "Saleem Shahzad". Committee to Protect Journalists. May 29 or 30, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  155. ^ Pakistan Press Foundation / International Freedom of Expression Exchange. DATE. “Alert: Body of missing journalist found with torture marks.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 IFEX.
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  158. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 26 July 2011. “Slain journalist’s associates say murder investigation has ground to halt.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF.
  159. ^ "Noel López Olguín". Committee to Protect Journalists. March 1, 2011-May 31, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  160. ^ International Freedom of Expression Exchange . DATE. “NAME or TITLE OF ARTICLE.” Retrieved 18 October 2011 IFEX.
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  165. ^ "Asfandyar Khan". Committee to Protect Journalists. June 11, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  171. ^ "Romeo Olea". Committee to Protect Journalists. June 13, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  177. ^ "Edinaldo Filgueira". Committee to Protect Journalists. June 15, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  183. ^ "Shafiullah Khan". Committee to Protect Journalists. June 17, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  188. ^ "Alwan al-Ghorabi". Committee to Protect Journalists. June 21, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  194. ^ Nery Geremías Orellana (2011-07-14). "Nery Geremías Orellana - Journalists Killed". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  195. ^ "HONDURAS | Asesinan al periodista Adán Benítez, el segundo en menos de dos meses" (in Spanish). Reporteros sin Fronteras. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  196. ^ "Ahmad Omaid Khpalwak". Committee to Protect Journalists. June 28, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  197. ^ International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 14 September 2011. “NATO admits to shooting dead BBC journalist.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 IFEX.
  198. ^ International Press Institute / International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 28 July 2011. “BBC reporter killed during Taliban attack in Uruzgan province.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 IFEX.
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  201. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 9 September 2011. “Afghan journalist was killed by US soldier who mistook him for Taliban.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF.
  202. ^ United Nations. 2011. “Afghan journalist’s killers must be brought to justice, says UN official.” UN News Centre, 2 August. Retrieved 16 October 2011 United Nations.
  203. ^ "José Agustín Silvestre de los Santos". Committee to Protect Journalists. August 2, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  208. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  209. ^ "Noramfaizul Mohd". Committee to Protect Journalists. September 2, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  210. ^ National Union of Somali Journalists / International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 6 September 2011. “Alert: Journalist killed, another wounded in Mogadishu.” Retrieved 16 October 2011 IFEX.
  211. ^ International News Safety Institute. DATA. "TITLE." Retrieved 18 October 2011 INSI
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  213. ^ Reporters Without Borders. 2 September 2011. "Malaysian cameraman shot dead in Mogadishu, another wounded." Retrieved 16 October 2011 RSF
  214. ^ "Hadi al-Mahdi". Committee to Protect Journalists. September 8, 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  216. ^ Human Rights Watch / International Freedom of Expression Exchange (17 October 2011). "Al-Mahdi's death big loss for media and activist community; new law fails to protect journalists' rights". International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 
  217. ^ "Iraqi journalist gunned down in Baghdad". International News Safety Institute. 8 September. Retrieved 18 October 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  218. ^ Hunt, Naomi (12 September 2011). "Journalist Gunned down in Russia". International Press Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  219. ^ {{cite web|Reporters Without Borders. 8 September 2011. “Well-known irreverent journalist shot dead in his home.” Retrieved 17 October 2011 RSF.
  220. ^ {{cite web|United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 2011. “Director-General condemns murder of outspoken Iraqi journalist Hadi al-Mahdi.” UNESCO Media Services, 12 September. Retrieved 18 October 2011 UNESCO.
  221. ^ UNESCO OFFICE FOR IRAQ. 25 September 2011. “UNESCO Iraq Office calls for transparent investigation into the murder of Iraqi journalist.” Retrieved 18 October 2011 UNESCO.
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  223. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). International Freedom of Expression Exchange. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  224. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). International News Safety Institute. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  225. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). International Press Institute. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  226. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). Reporters Without Borders. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  227. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  228. ^ Luz Marina Paz Villalobos (2012-12-06). "Luz Marina Paz Villalobos - Journalists Killed". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  229. ^ "Radio journalist gunned down in Tegucigalpa". International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  230. ^ "Another journalist gunned down in Honduras". International News Safety Institute. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  231. ^ Mariela Hoyer Guerrero (7 December 2011). "Another Journalist Gunned Down in Honduras". International Press Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  232. ^ "Soldiers use clubs to disperse women journalists demonstrating outside presidential palace". Reporters Without Borders. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  233. ^ "Director-General condemns murder of Honduran journalist Luz Marina Paz Villalobos and urges government action to stop bloodshed". United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  234. ^ "Gadzhimurad Kamalov". Committee to Protect Journalists. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  235. ^ "Free expression activist gunned down on Memorial Day for slain journalists". International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  236. ^ "Journalist gunned down in Russia". International News Safety Institute. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  237. ^ Thanki, Nisha (16 December 2011). "Journalist Gunned down in Russia". International Press Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  238. ^ "Leading Independent Journalist Gunned Down in Dagestan". Reporters Without Borders. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  239. ^ "Director-General condemns murder of Dagestanian journalist Hadzhimurad Kamalov". United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  240. ^ "Abdisalan Sheikh Hassan - Journalists Killed". Committee to Protect Journalists. 18 December 2012. Retrieved October 2012-10-29.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  241. ^ "Leading journalist murdered by man in military uniform". International Freedom of Expression Exchange. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  242. ^ "IFJ condemns 'cold blood' murder of prominent journalist in Somalia". International News Safety Institute. 18 Dec 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  243. ^ "Somali Television Journalist Killed". International Press Institute. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  244. ^ "Reporter Shot Dead in Mogadishu is Fourth Journalist Killed This Year in Somalia". Reporters Without Borders. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  245. ^ "Director-General condemns murder of Somali journalist Abdisalam Sheikh Hassan". United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
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  247. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). International Freedom of Expression Exchange. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  248. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). International News Safety Institute. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  249. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). International Press Institute. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  250. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). Reporters Without Borders. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  251. ^ [www "Name"] Check |url= scheme (help). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. date. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Category:Articles created via the Article Wizard Category:2011 Deaths Category:2011 in Africa Category:2011 in Asia Category:Assassinated journalists Category:Murdered journalists Category:Arab Spring Category:Internet censorship|Middle East and North Africa protests Category: Journalists killed while covering the 2011 Libyan civil war Category:Journalists killed in Honduras Category:Journalists killed in Tunisia Category:People murdered by Organized Crime Category:Protest marches