Kadiri

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Kadiri
కదిరి
Town
Sri lakshmi Narasimha swamy temple, Kadiri
Sri lakshmi Narasimha swamy temple, Kadiri
Kadiri is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kadiri
Kadiri
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°07′N 78°10′E / 14.12°N 78.17°E / 14.12; 78.17Coordinates: 14°07′N 78°10′E / 14.12°N 78.17°E / 14.12; 78.17
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Anantapur
Area[1]
 • Total 25.88 km2 (9.99 sq mi)
Elevation 504 m (1,654 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 89,240
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
 • Other Urdu Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515 xxx
Vehicle registration AP–02
Website Kadiri Municipality

Kadiri is a one of the big Revenue Division and big town mandal in the southeastern part of Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple is located in this town, and large number of Hindu pilgrims visit this temple throughout the year. The Thimmamma Marrimaanu (World's Biggest banyan tree spread over 11 acres (4 ha) of land. It got entry in the Guinness Book of Records, 1989). It is located just 25 km away from Kadiri. Kadiri is also known for jasmine flowers (Malle Poolu), Vermilion (Kumkuma), and Silk (Pattu Daaram).

Etymology[edit]

The name Kadiri is a vernacular name for the Sanskrit word, Khadri, meaning Canary wood or Indian mulberry (Morinda citrifolia). Legend has it that the Lord Sri Khadri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy has emerged from this tree at this place and hence the name. Chennaraaya swaamy gudi project (C.G project) is located 35 km from this town.

Vedic epic[edit]

Bhagwaan Nrsimha or Narasimha at Kadiri is Svaymabhu, meaning, self emenating, from the roots of Khadri tree. The Moolavirat is that of AshtaBaahu Sri Nrsimha (having eight hands) cleaving Hiranyakasipu and transforming into a more protecting persona with Bhakta Prahlada standing beside him, with folded hands, paying obeisances.

Speciality of the deity at this temple: Astonishingly, after the daily Abishekam is performed, the Archa-Vigraha or Deity of Bhagwaan Nrsimha or Narasimha is seen sweating, despite being repeatedly wiped off by the Archakas here

Narasimha.jpg

Geography[edit]

Kadiri is located at 14°07′N 78°10′E / 14.12°N 78.17°E / 14.12; 78.17.[2] It has an average elevation of 504 metres (1653 ft). The temple of popular poet Sri Yogi Vemana is at Katarupalle is only 15 kilometres from this town.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Kadiri had a population of 76,261. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kadiri has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 46%. In Kadiri, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kadiri is one of the few towns in Andhra Pradesh with a large Muslim population of 55% of the town after Hindupur. Hindupur has the largest Muslim population in Anantapur district.

Economy[edit]

Kadiri was comparatively is not that much of rich region in Anantapur district till recently in the agriculture sector. Kadiri variety of groundnut is renowned for its yield. Main crops in this region are groundnut and sunflower. NH 205 passes through kadiri. Many poor people work in beedi works and supply large quantities of beedis. Amruth Solar Power Plant operated by Amrit Jal Ventures is installed at Kadiri with 1 MW capacity.[4]

Administration[edit]

Kadiri was a biggest revenue division (taluk) before formation of mandals (taluks were subdivided into mandals as part of administrative reforms carried out in 1980s).

  • Present MLA - ATTAR CHAND BASHA [YSRCP]

Festivals[edit]

An event carried out every year is the Rathothsavam (Car Festival), on this holy day, a huge Rath (Chariot) with the Lord Lakshmi Narasimha's idol on it is pulled by hundreds of devotees are watched by lakhs of people. Thousands of people arrive from almost all surrounding districts and from Karnataka to watch the event.

Sunni Muslim Community celebrates the annual Urs-E-Sharif of Hazrath Syed Shah Khak-e-Shah Vali.

Agriculture[edit]

  • Ground Nut Agriculture Research Centre - Kadiri (Acharya Ranga Agriculture University)
  • Sericulture Research Institute - Kutagulla, Kadiri.

Transport[edit]

Kadiri is well connected to Guntakal, major railway junction in Anantapur district. Recently, Kadiri got into the mainline, after the 100 year age old MG line is converted into BG. It is also connected to the state capital, with a bi-weekly train. New trains are in the pipe line from July 2011.

Kadiri is on the National High way of Anantapur - Chennai NH 205. And have scores of buses to Chennai, Bangalore, Vijayawada and Hyderabad by RTC buses.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kadiri
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Amrit Jal Ventures commissions solar unit in Kadiri". The Hindu Business Line. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.