Kadiri

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Kadiri
కదిరి
Town
Sri lakshmi Narasimha swamy temple, Kadiri
Sri lakshmi Narasimha swamy temple, Kadiri
Kadiri is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kadiri
Kadiri
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°07′N 78°10′E / 14.12°N 78.17°E / 14.12; 78.17Coordinates: 14°07′N 78°10′E / 14.12°N 78.17°E / 14.12; 78.17
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Anantapur
Area[1]
 • Total 25.88 km2 (9.99 sq mi)
Elevation 504 m (1,654 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 89,240
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
 • Other Urdu Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515 591
Vehicle registration AP–02
Website Kadiri Municipality

Kadiri is one of the big Revenue Divisions and a big town mandal in the southeastern part of Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple is located in this town, and large number of Hindu pilgrims visit this temple throughout the year. The Thimmamma Marrimaanu (World's Biggest banyan tree spread over 11 acres (4 ha) of land. It got entry in the Guinness Book of Records, 1989). It is located just 25 km away from Kadiri. Kadiri is also known for jasmine flowers (Malle Poolu), Vermilion (Kumkuma), and Silk (Pattu Daaram).

Etymology[edit]

The name Kadiri is an alternative name for the Sanskrit word, Khadri, meaning Canary wood or Indian mulberry (Morinda citrifolia). Legend has it that the Lord Sri Khadri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy has emerged from this tree at this place and hence the name. Chennaraaya swaamy gudi project (C.G project) is located 35 km from this town.

Vedic epic[edit]

The Lord Narasimha at Kadiri is believed by devotees to be self emanating (Svaymabhu) from the roots of "Khadri" tree. The main pole (Moolavirat) is that of AshtaBaahu Sri Nrusimha (having eight hands) cleaving Hiranyakasipu and transforming into a more protecting persona with Bhakta Prahlada standing beside him, with folded hands, paying obeisances. After the daily Abishekam is performed, the Archa-Vigraha (Deity of Narasimha) is claimed by the Archakas to be sweating, despite being repeatedly wiped off by the Archakas here.

Geography[edit]

Kadiri is located at 14°07′N 78°10′E / 14.12°N 78.17°E / 14.12; 78.17.[2] It has an average elevation of 504 metres (1653 ft). The temple of popular poet "Sri Yogi Vemana" is at Katarupalle is only 15 kilometres from this town.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Kadiri had a population of 76,261. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kadiri has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 46%. In Kadiri, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kadiri is one of the few towns in Andhra Pradesh with a large MUSLIM population of 55% of the town after Hindupur. Hindupur has the largest Muslim population in Anantapur district. Sri Tayi surya narayana Degree college, Sri Basireddy college are situated in Kadiri.

Economy[edit]

Kadiri is renowned for its yield in variety of groundnut products. Main crops in this region are groundnut and sunflower. Beedi (tobacco sticks) works is another major field on which many people survive in Kadiri. It also houses a vast number of textile shops, thereby a business hub in this region.'Amruth Solar Power Plant operated by Amrit Jal Ventures is installed at Kadiri with 1 MW capacity.[4]

Administration[edit]

Kadiri was a biggest revenue division (taluka) before formation of mandals (talukas were subdivided into mandals as part of administrative reforms carried out in 1980s).

  • Present MLA - ATTAR CHAND BASHA [YSRCP]

Festivals[edit]

Muslim Community here celebrates two major festivals, ramzaan and bakrid, the annual Urs-E-Sharif of "Hazrath Syed Shaik-e-ShahVali" (a humble vali of old times) and also the annual Urs-E-Sharif of "Nana Saheb" (Another Noble human) are also celebrated with devotion.

Another event carried out by Hindus every year is the "Rathothsavam". On this holy day, a huge Rath (Chariot) with the Lord Lakshmi Narasimha's idol on it, is pulled by hundreds of devotees. Thousands of people arrive from almost all surrounding districts, Karnataka and from different states of India to watch the event.

Agriculture[edit]

  • Ground Nut Agriculture Research Centre - Kadiri (Acharya Ranga Agriculture University)
  • Sericulture Research Institute - Kutagulla, Kadiri.

Transport[edit]

Kadiri got into the mainline, after the 100 year age old MG line is converted into BG. It has two daily passenger trains running between Guntakal and Tirupati. A daily train runs through Kadiri connecting the joint capital of Andhra Pradesh-Telangana and the capital of Karnataka. It also has a weekly train running between Hyderabad and Madurai (Chennai).

Kadiri is on the National Highway of Anantapur - Chennai (NH 205) and have scores of buses to Chennai, Bangalore, Vijayawada and Hyderabad by RTC buses and private travel agencies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kadiri
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Amrit Jal Ventures commissions solar unit in Kadiri". The Hindu Business Line. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.