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|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
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Efonidipine (INN) is a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker marketed by Shionogi & Co. of Japan. It was launched in 1995, under the brand name Landel. The drug blocks both T-type and L-type calcium channels.
- Tanaka H, Shigenobu K (2002). "Efonidipine hydrochloride: a dual blocker of L- and T-type Ca2+ channels". Cardiovasc. Drug Rev. 20 (1): 81–92. PMID 12070536.
- Toyoda K, Kitahara M, Yamashita T et al. (May 1994). "[Effect of efonidipine hydrochloride (NZ-105), a new dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, on the experimental atherosclerosis in cholesterol-fed rabbits]". Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi (in Japanese) 103 (5): 231–9. PMID 8188119.
- Shudo C, Masuda Y, Sugita H, Tanaka S, Tomita K (November 1994). "Effects of efonidipine hydrochloride (NZ-105), a new calcium antagonist, against acute renal failure in rats". Gen. Pharmacol. 25 (7): 1451–8. PMID 7896060.
- (Japanese) Landel ランデル (PDF) Shionogi & Co. April 2005.
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