- For the town in Ecuador, see Logroño, Ecuador.
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (September 2012)|
|Autonomous community||La Rioja|
|• Mayor||Concepción Gamarra (PP)|
|• Total||79.57 km2 (30.72 sq mi)|
|Elevation||384 m (1,260 ft)|
|• Density||1,821/km2 (4,720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CET (UTC+2)|
|336 km (209 mi) to Madrid; Fuero given in 1095|
The population of the city in 2008 was 153,736 while the metropolitan area included nearly 197,000 inhabitants. The city is a centre of the trade in Rioja wine, for which the area is noted, and also produces wood, metal, and textile products.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Climate
- 3 History
- 4 Economy
- 5 Food
- 6 Places of interest
- 7 Recreation (plazas and parks)
- 8 Social life
- 9 Broadcasting stations
- 10 Sports
- 11 Festivals and traditions
- 12 International relations
- 13 Transport
- 14 In popular culture
- 15 Gallery
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Logroño is located in the northern region of La Rioja, on the river Ebro, 384 metres (1,260 feet) above sea level. The Camino de Santiago passes through the city. The geographical coordinates of the city are: 42° 27´ N, 2° 29´ W.
The city's weather is moderated by its location in the valley of the river Ebro, and its weather conditions are typical of the continental Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperature is 13.5 °C (56 °F). The temperature in winter can drop to about five degrees below zero, while in summer it can exceed thirty-five degrees. The average annual precipitation is 400 mm (15.75 in). The winds that affect the city are as follows: the northerly Cierzo, the southerly Ábrego, the easterly Solano, and the westerly Castellano. Intermediate winds are the northeasterly Navarrico, the northwesterly Regañón, the southwesterly Burgalés and the southeasterly Soriano.
Logroño was an old settlement, first of the Romans, under the name of Vareia, a commercial port, and then of the Celts. From the 10th century, possession of Logroño was disputed between the kings of Navarre and those of Castile; the region was finally annexed to Castile. Alfonso VI of Castile granted Logroño in 1095 a charter of rights that served as a model for other Spanish cities. In 1609 and 1610 Logroño was the main seat of the Basque witch trials, part of the Spanish Inquisition.
Logroño is the shopping and financial capital of La Rioja. Its economy is heavily reliant on wine. It is twinned with Dunfermline, Darmstadt, Libourne, Dax, Hagunia, Rancagua, Ciudad de La Rioja, Brescia. The new airport Logroño-Agoncillo connects the city with Madrid and Barcelona.
Logroño has one of the most distinguished culinary traditions in Spain. There are over 50 taperías (tapas restaurants) located within a 4 block area, near the town center. The traditional tapas restaurants often serve only one tapa [such as seta (mushroom), served as pincho - pintxo in Basque - meaning one serving, or media ración ("half portion"), a small plate of tapas], but offer different wines by the glass, usually all from the Rioja D.O..
Places of interest
- Con-Catedral de Santa María de la Redonda
- Iglesia de San Bartolomé
- Iglesia de Santiago
- Iglesia de Palacio
- Museo de La Rioja
- Parlamento de La Rioja, an old factory of the tabacalera, the national tobacco company.
- Muralla del Revellín
- Fuente (Fountain) de la Gran Vía in which royal figures with a connection to either Logroño or La Rioja are represented in bronze. Because the figures are placed looking towards the public and so large torrents of water pour down behind them, the fountain is commonly known as the one with "wet backs".
- Peña Bajenza, a massive rock formation which can be seen from the town
- Bridge of Mantible, in the El Cortijo district. Constructed during the Roman era and declared Bien de Interés Cultural in the Monument category on January 25, 1983.
Recreation (plazas and parks)
- Paseo del Príncipe de Vergara (El Espolón): Located in the financial center of the capital and positioned in the center by the statue of General Espartero.
- Town Square: Located on the Avenue of Peace, the modern Town Hall of Logroño, designed by architect Rafael Moneo, is in a large plaza where in years past it has seen numerous public acts, festivals, expositions, concerts, and in the last few years, during Christmas, a life size reconstruction of the nativity scene.
- Carmen Park: Located near the bus station, this park is one of the most beautiful of the city with its variety of flora and fauna including several ducks and birds.
- Plaza del Mercado: Located somewhere near Calle Portales, one of the most famous avenues of the city, at the foot of the Round Cathedral. This is where the nightly festivals of Logroño occur, near Calle Mayor (Marqués de San Nicolas Street).
- Parque del Ebro: Located near the Ebro, an extensive park full of vegetation ideal for relaxing. Also has a bike path traversing through the park.
- Parque de la Ribera: Next to Parque del Ebro, recently constructed. Here many gardens are found alongside the Plaza de Toros de la Ribera). Also: Riojaforum
- Parque de San Miguel
Calle del Laurel, known as "the path of the elephants" and Calle San Juan are typical streets where various restaurants and tapas bars offer some of the best pinchos and tapas in northern Spain. Calle Portales is the main street in the old town, where people like to walk and sit in the terraces to eat a meal or drink wine. Calle Marqués de San Nicolás (otherwise known as Calle Mayor) is the main area where people spend weekend nights.
Southwest of Logroño, at 42°26'34"N 2°30'43"W, there is a mediumwave broadcasting station with a transmission power of 20 kW. There may exist a longwave transmitter with 300 metres tall masts at Logroño with 300 metres tall masts transmitting RNE Todo Noticias on 207 kHz.
|This section requires expansion. (January 2010)|
- CB Ciudad de Logroño - handball-Liga ASOBAL - CB Ciudad de Logroño
- UD Logroñés - football-Segunda División B - UD Logroñés
- SD Logroñés - football-Segunda División B - SD Logroñés
- Yagüe CF - football-Tercera División
Festivals and traditions
The patron saint of Logroño is Santa María de la Esperanza.
The most important festivals are:
- San Bernabé (Saint Barnabas), celebrated on June 11, commemorating the victory and resistance of Logroño against French invaders under Francis I that besieged the city in May and June 1521. During this celebration, fried trout is typically served by the Fish Brotherhood, along with bread and wine, allegedly the only foodstuffs available in Logroño during the siege.
- San Mateo, celebrated between September 20 and September 26. Since 2006 the celebrations start the Saturday before September 21 (the day of Saint Matthew) and last for a week.
Twin towns—sister cities
Logroño is twinned with:
- Brescia, Italy
- Darmstadt, Germany (since 2002)
- Dax, France (since 1960)
- Fife, Scotland, UK. (since 1990)
- Hagunia, Moroccan Sahara (since 1991)
- Libourne, France (since 1979)
- Rancagua, Chile (since 1992) 
- Ciudad de La Rioja, Argentina (since 1992)
Logroño is associated with:
The city is served by the new Logroño railway station.
In popular culture
- "Weather in Logroño". Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- Keay, S., R. Mathisen, H. Sivan, R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 246729 (Vareia?)". Pleiades. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "Städtepartnerschaften und Internationales". Büro für Städtepartnerschaften und internationale Beziehungen (in German). Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- A-Z Twinning and Networking (. Accessed 2010-11-02.)
- "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.
- City of Logroño (Spanish，English)
- Bermemar (Spanish)
- Mayors of Logroño (Spanish)
- Fish Brotherhood (Spanish)
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