Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Stratford Station London UK.jpg
Stratford station is a railway station in the London Borough of Newham, East London served by National Rail, London Underground and Docklands Light Railway lines. It is in Travelcard Zone 3.

Stratford station was opened in 1839 by the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR). London Underground Central line services started on 4 December 1946. Services were extended to Leyton on 5 May 1947 and then on to the former London and North Eastern Railway branch lines to Epping, Ongar and Hainault progressively until 1949.

The Docklands Light Railway opened on 31 August 1987 reusing redundant rail routes through the Bow and Poplar areas to reach the new Docklands developments on the Isle of Dogs.

The Low Level station (served by the North London line) underwent a major rebuilding programme in the late 1990s as part of the Jubilee Line Extension works. This saw the construction of a large steel and glass building designed by Wilkinson Eyre and a new replacement booking hall. The Jubilee line opened to passengers on 14 May 1999, with services initially running only as far as Canning Town station.

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Sir Edgar Speyer.jpg
Sir Edgar Speyer, 1st Baronet (7 September 1862 – 16 February 1932) was an American-born financier and philanthropist. He became a British subject in 1892 and was chairman of Speyer Brothers, the British branch of his family's international finance house, and a partner in the German and American branches. He was chairman of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL, forerunner of the London Underground) from 1906 to 1915, a period during which the company opened three underground railway lines, electrified a fourth and took over two more.

Speyer was a supporter of the musical arts and a friend of several leading composers, including Edward Elgar, Richard Strauss and Claude Debussy. He was chairman of the Classical Music Society for ten years, and he largely funded the Promenade Concerts between 1902 and 1914. His non-musical charitable activities included being honorary treasurer of the fund for Captain Scott's Antarctic expedition. For his philanthropy he was made a baronet in 1906 and a Privy Counsellor in 1909.

After the start of the World War I, he became the subject of anti-German attacks in the Press. In 1915, Speyer offered to resign from the Privy Council and to relinquish his baronetcy, but the Prime Minister turned down the offer. He resigned as chairman of the UERL and went to the United States. In 1921, the British government investigated accusations that Speyer had traded with the enemy during the war, and had participated in other wartime conduct incompatible with his status as a British subject. Speyer denied the charges, but his naturalisation was revoked and he was struck off the list of members of the Privy Council.

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King's Cross Western Concourse - central position - 2012-05-02.75.jpg
The western departures concourse of King's Cross railway station.
Credit: Colin

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Did you know...
  • ...that at 44 tons, the locomotives of the Central London Railway's first underground trains were so heavy that they shook buildings as they passed 60 feet below and were scrapped after three years?

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1910 London to Manchester air race · Albert Bridge, London · Aldwych tube station · Baker Street and Waterloo Railway · Battersea Bridge · Brill railway station · Brill Tramway · Central London Railway · Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway · Chelsea Bridge · City & South London Railway · Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway · Herne Hill railway station · Holden, Charles · List of former and unopened London Underground stations · List of London Underground stations · List of works by Charles Holden · London Necropolis Company · Metropolitan Railway · Pick, Frank · Quainton Road railway station · RAF Northolt · Richmond Bridge, London · Speyer, Edgar · Stanley, Albert, 1st Baron Ashfield · Timeline of the London Underground · Underground Electric Railways Company of London · Vauxhall Bridge · Waddesdon Road railway station · Wandsworth Bridge · Westcott railway station · Wood Siding railway station · Wotton railway station
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Brill Tramway · Underground Electric Railways Company of London
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A1 in London · A215 road · Barlow, William Henry · Blackwall Tunnel · Bow Back Rivers · British Airways · British Airways, History of · BOAC Flight 712 · Chesham branch · Chiswick Bridge · Denmark Street · District Railway · Down Street tube station · Embankment tube station · Eurostar · Fowler, Sir John, 1st Baronet · Gloucester Road tube station · Hammersmith & City line · Hammerton's Ferry · High Speed 1 · Holborn tube station · Infrastructure of the Brill Tramway · London Country North East · London Necropolis Railway · London Necropolis railway station · London Paddington station · London Underground departmental stock · M11 link road protest · Morden tube station · Pearson, Charles · South Kensington tube station · Tillingbourne Bus Company · Upminster Bridge tube station · Westminster tube station · Wimbledon and Sutton Railway

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