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|Sardar Swaran Singh|
|Born||Swaran Singh Purewal
19 August 1907
Shankar Village, Punjab, India
|Died||30 October 1994
New Delhi, India
Cause of death
|Education||Randhir College, Kpurthala, Government College Lahore|
|Children||Param Panag, Sat Boparai, Iqbal Sidhu, Jasvinder Kaur|
|Parents||Sardar Pratap Singh Purewal|
Saradar Swaran Singh was born on 19 August 1907 in Shankar Village in Jalandhar district of Punjab. He was born into an agricultural family.
He then worked as a lecturer in Physics in Lyallpur Khalsa College. After leaving this job he studied law in Government law college in Lahore and received his L.L.B in 1932.
He started a law practice near his birth village in the nearby town of Jallandhar - he specialised in criminal suits.
The early days
In 1930s he joined the Akali Dal political party and by the mid forties he was a prominent leader in the mid-1940s. He played an important role in the compromise between the Indian national congress party and the Akali Dal in the early 1940s.
Just before the 1946 elections, the panthic party was formed with Baldev Singh as the leader and Sardar Swaran Singh was elected its deputy leader. In 1946 he was elected a member of the Punjab legislative assembly. He then became parliamentary secretary to the Punjab Coalition government.
He was a member of the Punjab Partition Committee where he played an important role.
On 15 August 1947, the day of Indian Independence he was sworn in as Home Minister in the cabinet of the state of Punjab. At the same time the capital of the Punjab was shifted from Shimla to Jallandhar.
On 13 May 1952 he resigned his position here when Jawaharlal Nehru included him in the central cabinet.
In the central government
He entered the cabinet of India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, in 1952, and was that government's last surviving member. He remained in successive governments until he resigned in November 1975.
He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1957, 1962, 1967 and 1972.
To this date he is the longest-serving union cabinet minister in India.
|Works, Housing and Supplies||1952–1957|
|Steel Mines and Fuel||1957–1962|
He is best known for his role as India's foreign minister.
He was also president of the National Congress in 1969, and 1978.
External Affairs Minister
He visited the USSR in July 1966 along with then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
Swaran Singh Committee
Sardar Swaran Singh was chairperson of the committee entrusted with the responsibility of studying the Constitution of India in 1976 during the national emergency. Soon after the declaration of the national emergency, Indira Gandhi constituted a committee under the Chairmanship of Sardar Swaran Singh to study the question of amending the constitution in the light of past experiences. Based on its recommendations, the government incorporated several changes to the Constitution including the Preamble, through the Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India (passed in 1976 and came into effect on 3 January 1977)
The Eminent Persons Group on South Africa
Sardar Swaran Singh met with Nelson Mandela in prison three times in the mid 1980s. He was a member of the eminent persons group on South Africa sponsored by the Commonwealth Institute that consisted of Malcolm Fraser who had been Prime Minister of Australia for eight years, General Obasanjo of Nigeria, Lord Barber who had been Edward Heath's Chancellor of the Exchequer and was also chairman of the Standard Chartered Bank, Dame Nita Barrow, Reverend Scott and John Malecela, a Tanzanian former government minister. The group went to South Africa and spent five weeks there to collect information, interact with local people, met with Nelson Mandela and the ANC - their findings were published by the Commonwealth Institute entitled 'MISSION TO SOUTH AFRICA:THE COMMONWEALTH REPORT'
UNESCO Boards of Directors
Sardar Swaran Singh served as a member of board of directors from 1985 - 1989 for sessions 123 - 132.
He was married in 1925 to Charan Kaur and had four daughters.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
|Minister for External Affairs of India
M C Chagla
|Minister for External Affairs of India