Cumberland County, Illinois

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Cumberland County, Illinois
Cumberland-courthouse.jpg
Cumberland County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1843
Named for Cumberland Road
Seat Toledo
Largest city Neoga
Area
 • Total 347.00 sq mi (899 km2)
 • Land 346.02 sq mi (896 km2)
 • Water 0.98 sq mi (3 km2), 0.28%
Population
 • (2010) 11,048
 • Density 32/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 15th

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 11,048, which is a decrease of 1.8% from 11,253 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Toledo.[2]

Cumberland County is part of the CharlestonMattoon Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Cumberland County was named for the National Road (Cumberland Road), which was projected to run through it.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 347.00 square miles (898.7 km2), of which 346.02 square miles (896.2 km2) (or 99.72%) is land and 0.98 square miles (2.5 km2) (or 0.28%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Cumberland County is divided into eight townships:

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Cumberland County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,718
1860 8,311 123.5%
1870 12,223 47.1%
1880 13,759 12.6%
1890 15,443 12.2%
1900 16,124 4.4%
1910 14,281 −11.4%
1920 12,858 −10.0%
1930 10,419 −19.0%
1940 11,698 12.3%
1950 10,496 −10.3%
1960 9,936 −5.3%
1970 9,772 −1.7%
1980 11,062 13.2%
1990 10,670 −3.5%
2000 11,253 5.5%
2010 11,048 −1.8%
Est. 2012 10,968 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 11,253 people, 4,368 households, and 3,083 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 4,876 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.84% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.9% were of German, 27.4% American, 11.7% English and 7.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.9% spoke English as their first language.

There were 4,368 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,149, and the median income for a family was $42,704. Males had a median income of $30,627 versus $20,007 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,953. About 7.80% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Climate and weather[edit]

Toledo, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
33
17
 
 
2.1
 
39
21
 
 
3.1
 
50
32
 
 
3.8
 
62
42
 
 
4
 
73
53
 
 
4.2
 
83
63
 
 
4.2
 
86
66
 
 
3.3
 
84
64
 
 
3.1
 
78
56
 
 
3
 
66
45
 
 
3.7
 
51
33
 
 
2.8
 
38
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toledo have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in January to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in June.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cumberland County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 97. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Toledo, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

Coordinates: 39°16′N 88°14′W / 39.27°N 88.24°W / 39.27; -88.24