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Aglaea (center), as depicted on Antonio Canova’s sculpture, The Three Graces with her sisters

Aglaea (/əˈɡlə/) or Aglaïa (/əˈɡlə/; Greek: Ἀγλαΐα "splendor, brilliant, shining one") is the name of several figures in Greek mythology, the best known of which is one of the three Charites or Graces.

As a Charis or Grace[edit]

Aglaea is the Greek goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment.[1]

She is the youngest of the Charites or Graces, although Homer knew of a younger Charis or Grace named Pasithea ("Hallucination"). Aglaea is one of three daughters of Zeus and either the Oceanid Eurynome, or of Eunomia, the goddess of good order and lawful conduct. Her two sisters are Euphrosyne, the goddess of joy or mirth, and Thalia, the goddess of festivity and rich banquets.[2][3] Together they are known as the Three Graces, or the Charites,[4] and as such they attended Aphrodite, the goddess of love, with Aglaea sometimes acting as her messenger.[5]

Aglaea was also known as Charis (the Grace) and Cale (Beauty).[1]

Aglaea was married to Hephaestus after his divorce from Aphrodite,[6] and by him became mother of Eucleia ("Good Repute"), Eupheme ("Acclaim"), Euthenia ("Prosperity"), and Philophrosyne ("Welcome").[7]

Other occurrences in mythology[edit]

Modern references[edit]

  • Aglaia is the name of a character that features in Dostoyevsky's The Idiot, where she is the daughter of General Epanchin.
  • The asteroid 47 Aglaja is named for her.
  • The butterfly genus Aglais (Dalman, 1816) is named for her.
  • Aglaïa is the name of a rose, a pale yellow hybrid multiflora, bred by Schmitt, 1896. [16]



  1. ^ a b Kharis Algaia
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 907
  3. ^ Bibliotheca 1. 3. 1
  4. ^ Pindar, Olympian Ode 14. 1 ff
  5. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 261 ff
  6. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 945
  7. ^ Orphic Rhapsodies (fragments)
  8. ^ Greek Lyric Anonymous, Fragments 939 (Inscription from Erythrai) (trans. Campbell)
  9. ^ Suidas s.v. Epione (trans. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon 10th century AD)
  10. ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 2. 1
  11. ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 7. 8
  12. ^ Homer, Iliad, 2. 671
  13. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 5. 53. 2
  14. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 97
  15. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 68. 3
  16. ^ Three Graces roses: