Aglaea

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Aglaea (center), as depicted on Antonio Canova’s sculpture, The Three Graces with her sisters

Aglaea (/əˈɡlə/) or Aglaïa (/əˈɡlə/; Greek: Ἀγλαΐα "splendor, brilliant, shining one") is the name of several figures in Greek mythology, the best known of which is one of the three Charites or Graces.

Mythology[edit]

Aglaea is the Greek goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment.

She is the youngest of the Charites according to Hesiod.[1] Aglaea is one of three daughters of Zeus and either the Oceanid Eurynome, or of Eunomia, the goddess of good order and lawful conduct. Her two sisters are Euphrosyne, the goddess of joy or mirth, and Thalia, the goddess of festivity and rich banquets.[2][3] Together they are known as the Charities in Greek mythology or the Graces in Roman mythology and were responsible for overseeing all feasts and dances.[4] They were part of the retinue of Aphrodite with Aglaea sometimes acting as her messenger.[5]

Aglaea was also known as Charis (the Grace) and Kale (Beauty).[6] Aglaea was married to Hephaestus, typically seen as after his divorce from Aphrodite, and by him she became mother of Eucleia ("Good Repute"), Eupheme ("Acclaim"), Euthenia ("Prosperity"), and Philophrosyne ("Welcome").[1][7]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Hesiod, Theogony, 945
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony, 907
  3. ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1.3.1
  4. ^ Pindar, Olympian Ode 14, 1–20
  5. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 261 ff
  6. ^ Atsma, Aaron J. (2017). "Aglaia". Theoi Greek Mythology. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  7. ^ Orphic Rhapsodies (fragments)[not specific enough to verify]

Sources