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The Neikea
Personifications of Quarrel
Member of the Family of Eris
AbodeUnderworld (possibly)
Personal information
ParentsEris[1] or
Aether and Gaea[2]
Roman equivalentAltercatio

In Greek mythology, the Neikea[pronunciation?] (Ancient Greek: Νείκεα; singular: Νεῖκος Neikos "quarrels") were spirits of arguments, feuds, quarrels and grievances. Their Roman counterpart was Altercatio.


Hesiod's account[edit]

In Hesiod's Theogony identifies the Neikea as children of Eris (Strife) through parthenogenesis[3] and siblings of Hysminai ("Battles"), Makhai ("Wars"), Phonoi ("Murders") and Androktasiai (Manslaughters").[4]

"And hateful Eris bore painful Ponos ("Hardship"),
Lethe ("Forgetfulness") and Limos ("Starvation") and the tearful Algea ("Pains"),
Hysminai ("Battles"), Makhai ("Wars"), Phonoi ("Murders"), and Androktasiai ("Manslaughters");
Neikea ("Quarrels"), Pseudea ("Lies"), Logoi ("Stories"), Amphillogiai ("Disputes")
Dysnomia ("Anarchy") and Ate ("Ruin"), near one another,
and Horkos ("Oath"), who most afflicts men on earth,
Then willing swears a false oath."[5][6]

Hyginus' account[edit]

In another account, Neikos/ Altercatio was the offspring of the primordial deities Aether and Gaia.[7]

"From Aether (Air) and Terra/ Gaia (Earth) [were born]: Dolor/ Algos (Pain), Dolus (Guile), Ira/ Lyssa (Anger), Luctus/ Penthus (Lamentation), Mendacium/ Pseudologoi (Lies), Jusjurandum/ Horcus (Oath), Ultio/ Poine (Vengeance), Intemperantia (Intemperance), Altercatio/ Neikea (Altercation), Oblivio/ Lethe (Forgetfulness), Socordia/ Aergia (Sloth), Timor/ Phobos (Fear), Superbia (Arrogance), Incestum (Sacrilege), Pugna/ Hysminai (Combat)."[8]


  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 229
  2. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface
  3. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 229
  4. ^ Richard Caldwell, Hesiod's Theogony, Focus Publishing/R. Pullins Company (June 1, 1987). ISBN 978-0-941051-00-2.
  5. ^ Caldwell, p. 42 lines 226-232, with the meanings of the names (in parentheses), as given by Caldwell, p. 40 on lines 212–232.
  6. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 226–232 Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface
  8. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.