Methe

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In Greek mythology, Methe /ˈmt/ is the spirit and personification of drunkenness. She entered the retinue of Dionysus and was mentioned in association with the god or other companions of his. Methe was a daughter of Dionysus in some accounts.[1]

Mythology[edit]

The Anacreontea[1] thus describes the mythological connections of Methe:

"Let us be merry and drink wine and sing of Bacchus . . . thanks to him Methe (Drunkenness) was brought forth, the Charis (Grace) was born, Lype (Pain) takes rest and Ania (Trouble) goes to sleep."

Pausanias mentions a painting of Methe drinking wine in the temple of Asclepius at Epidaurus,[2] and another one of her offering wine to Silenus in the temple of Silenus at Elis.[3]

In Nonnus' Dionysiaca, Methe appears as the wife of Staphylus of Assyria and mother by him of Botrys. When Staphylus suddenly dies the next morning after a banquet in honor of Dionysus, the god makes Methe's name forever commemorated by naming the state of drunkenness after her, as well as makes Staphylus' and Botrys' names refer to grapes.[4] Later, Methe is mentioned as one of the followers of Dionysus on his Indian campaign.[5]

The Latin Ebrietas - female personification of drunkenness mentioned by Pliny[6] - may be seen as an equivalent to Methe.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Anacreontea, fr. 38 (trans. Campbell)
  2. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.27.3
  3. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 6.24.8
  4. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 18-19
  5. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 20.123 ff.
  6. ^ Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 34.69

References[edit]

  • Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca translated by William Henry Denham Rouse (1863-1950), from the Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1940. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Nonnus of Panopolis, Dionysiaca. 3 Vols. W.H.D. Rouse. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1940-1942. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pliny the Elder, The Natural History. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S. H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A. London. Taylor and Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. 1855. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia. Karl Friedrich Theodor Mayhoff. Lipsiae. Teubner. 1906. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library.