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Meander (mythology)

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Meander, Maeander, Mæander or Maiandros (Ancient Greek: Μαίανδρος) was a river god in Greek mythology, patron deity of the Meander river (modern Büyük Menderes River) in Caria, southern Asia Minor (modern Turkey).

He was one of the sons of the Titans Oceanus and his sister/wife (incest) Tethys.[1] Meander was the father of Cyanee,[2] Samia (wife of Ancaeus, who begat Perilaus, Enudus, Samus, Alitherses and a daughter Parthenope),[3] Kalamos[4] and Callirhoe.[5]


In a story told by Pseudo-Plutarch,[6] Maeander waged war against the Pessinuntines and vowed to the Mother of the Gods that on obtaining victory, he would sacrifice "the first that came to congratulate him for his good success." As it happened, the first people who greeted him on his return were his mother, his son, and his sister. He fulfilled his vow, but was so grief-stricken that he cast himself into the river, and thus the river Maeander got its name. Parallels to this myth are found in Idomeneus and Jephthah.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 339 & 366–370
  2. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 9.450
  3. ^ Pausanias, 7.4.1
  4. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 369-478
  5. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Alabanda
  6. ^ "Pseudo-Plutarch, De fluviis, IX. MAEANDER". 1874. Retrieved 2023-08-19.