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In Roman mythology, Poena (also Poine) is the spirit of punishment[1] and the attendant of punishment to Nemesis,[2] the goddess of divine retribution. The Latin word poena, "pain, punishment, penalty", gave rise to English words such as subpoena and pain.[3] The original word is the Ancient Greek poinḗ (ποινή), also meaning “penalty.”


  1. ^ Atsma, Aaron. "Poine". Theoi Project. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 
  2. ^ Irwin, Patrick. "Nemesis". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 2010-10-02. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 
  3. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Penal - Etymology". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 

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