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Yavatmal Municipal Council
|• Body||Yavatmal Municipal Council|
|Elevation||445 m (1,460 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Yavatmal ( pronunciation (help·info) is a city and municipal council in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of Yavatmal District. Yavatmal is around 150 kilometres (93 mi) away from divisional headquarters Nagpur while it is 670 km (420 mi) away from the state capital Mumbai. The name is derived from the Marathi Yavat (mountain) and mal (row).
Formerly known as "Yeoti" or "Yeotmal", Yavatmal was the main town of the Berar Sultanate and according to old writings "the safest place in the world". The then region of Yavatmal (now Yavatmal district), was part of the dominion of Aladdin Hassan Bahman Shah who founded the Bahmani Sultanate in 1347. In 1572, Murtaza Shah, ruler of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate (current day Ahmadnagar District), annexed the Yavatmal district. In 1596, Chand Bibi, warrior queen of Ahmadnagar, ceded the district of Yavatmal to the Mughal Empire, then rulers of a large part of India. Following the death of the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, Yavatmal was passed on to the Maratha Empire. When Raghoji I Bhonsle became ruler of the Nagpur kingdom in 1783, he included the Yavatmal district in his territory. After the British East India Company created Berar Province in 1853, Yavatmal became part of East Berar District in 1863 and later part of the South East Berar district—both districts of the Central Provinces and Berar. Yavatmal remained part of Madhya Pradesh until the 1956 reorganization of states when it was transferred to the Bombay State. With the creation of the Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960, Yavatmal district became a part of the same.
Yavatmal city is run by a municipal council (category-A). According to the 2011 census, its population is nearly 132,000, but this figure is the number of inhabitants within municipal boundaries. Urbanization has crossed municipal boundaries and neighboring villages have become part of urban agglomeration with the population nearing 3 lakhs (0.3 million); the villages are Wadgaon, Lohara, Umarsara, Waghapur, Moha, Bhos, Pimpalgaon, Pangari, Bhoyar, Parwa, Bhari, and Madkona. Yavatmal is the fifth most populous city and the largest municipal council in Vidarbha. It is not part of Nagpur Revenue Division any more. It falls within Amravati Revenue Division ( Yavatmal- Amravati distance is 92.00 Ka. by road. )
The principal language of the Yavatmal district is Marathi. However, since the district has numerous Scheduled and Nomadic Tribes, other languages such as Gormati or Banjari, Gondi, Hindi, Telugu and Kolami are also spoken. In 1973, the Marathi Sahitya Sammelan (Marathi Literature Conference) was organized in the city, which was presided over by Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar.
Yavatmal is famous for it's unique Navratri festival celebration, whole city is decorated like Durga mata. People from nearby town Nanded Amravti comes to city to enjoy the festival. Every alley and colony establish Durga Idol and they have their own compitation to make their celebration huge and awesome. every year something unique has been done in all Devi Mandals like making the pandal of wine bottles, thermacol, Throwing flowers from aeroplane, puppet show and storytelling of Mahabharat and Ramayana stories etc. People enjoys to watch this with their family, in night whole city shines like star. people are fully dedicated to Durga devi for 9 days of Navratri. Municipal corporation of Yavatmal are discussing to allow 4 days holidays to all municipal school during Navratri festival. Yavatmal is also called as Kolkata of Maharashtra for it's unique Navratri celebration, though Maharashtra is famous for Ganesh festival Yavatmal has it's different identity of Navratri.
Festivals like Gudi Padwa, Diwali, Dussehra, Bakar-Eid, Ramadan, Christmas, Easter Sunday and almost all Hindu, Muslim and Christian occasions are celebrated. The district is also home to a Buddhist community.
The National Highway (Nagpur–Hyderabad) passes through the district at Vadki, Karanji, Pandharkawada, Patanbori, and Kelapur. The state highway (Amravati–Chandrapur) passes through Ner, Yavatmal, Jodmoha, Mohada, Umari, Karanji and Wani. The (Nagpur–Tulzapur) National highway route passes through Kalamb, Yavatmal, Arni, and Umarkhed.
Yavatmal is the southern terminus of the 762 mm (30.0 in) narrow gauge railway known locally as the Shakuntala Railway. This line is composed of two legs intersecting with the broad gauge Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line at Murtijapur — the 76 km (47 mi) northern leg to Achalpur and the 113 km (70 mi) southeastern leg to Yavatmal. Darwha Station lies on this line.
The state cabinet has approved Wardha–Nanded rail link project. This railway line will connect Wardha–Yavatmal in Vidarbha with Nanded in Marathwada.
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During British rule, Yavatmal city was classified as a hill station. Both cotton-ginning and pressing are carried on in Yavatmal, while the town is also the chief trading center in the district and connected by road with Dhamangaon station, 29 miles (47 km) away. Major business establishments in Yavatmal include the Raymonds factory which produces special fiber for jeans. There are establishments related to the cotton, and textile industries. There is a 106-acre (0.43 km2) textile Special Economic Zone (SEZ) under construction while HLL Unilever has also decided to restart the plant they currently have in the city. Other local businesses in the town are dominated by the presence of agricultural supply facilities used by the nearby farming community. Banking services are available in the Yavatmal, Arni, Ner, Pusad, Digras, Ghatanji and Pandharkawada and Wani areas. The major industrial centres are at: MIDC Lohara, Darwha, Digras, Pusad, Umerkhed, Wani, Umari, Pandharkawada, Ralegaon and Babhulgaon, Ner, and Wani-Maregaon with the main market places in: Yavatmal City, Arni, Wani, Darwha, Digras, Ghatanji, Mohada, Pusad, Umerkhed and Pandharkawada.
Prominent educational institutes:
- Medical: Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, run by the government, DM Majethia Ayurvedic College.
- Technical: Government Polytechnic, Government Residential Women's Polytechnic, Jawaharlal Darda Engineering and Technical Institute (private), Dr. Bhausaheb Nandurkar College of Engineering & Technology, Jagdamba College of Engineering, ITI Institute.
- Other institutes: Amolakchand Mahavidyalaya (Science, Arts and Commerce), Babaji Datey Kala & Vanijya Mahavidyalaya, Yavatmal (Arts and Commerce College), Pharmacy College, Colleges for Physical Education (BPEd), Mahatma Jyotiba Fule College of Social Work (B.S.W., M.S.W), Ayurvedic College in Yavatmal, Late Rupeshkumar Ingole Chitrakala Mahavidyalaya
- Schools: Anglo Hindi High School & Jr. College, Kendriya Vidyalaya Yavatmal (central govt. CBSE), St. Aloysius English Medium School, Free Methodist English, Jawaharlal Darda English Medium School and Jr. College, Maharishi Vidya Mandir (CBSE), School of Scholars, Yavatmal Public School, Sanskar English Medium, Dr. Nandurkar Mahavidyalaya, Waghapur, Nathar English Medium High School, Vivekanand Vidyalaya, Rani Laxmibai Vidyalaya, Loknayak Bapuji Ane Vidyalaya, Ane Mahila Maha Vidyalaya, Podar International School (CBSE).
Yavatmal Municipal Council
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Yavatmal Municipal Council was constituted in 1869 but was dissolved shortly thereafter. It was established again in 1894 and thus forms the oldest municipal council in the district. Mr. Eliot was first mayor and Lieutenant, W. Hege was deputy mayor. Mr. Govind Punaji Bari was the first Indian president of the Yavatmal Municipal council (02-Jan-1914 to 31-May-1932). The first elections conducted for the position of president of municipal council were held on 22 December 1934. Prior to that the same was appointed.
- Nachiket Mor. He is currently a member of the Central Board of the Reserve Bank of India, CARE India, and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. Also, he is current National Director of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, India.
- Vasantrao Naik, former Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
- Jambuwantrao Dhote Political leader of saperate Vidarbha movement.
- "Transports, Trades & Commerce". Yavatmal district information. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Indian Narrow-Gauge Lines 2002–2003". Simon Mortimer, Indian Railways Fan Club. February 13, 2004.
- "Reliance Airport gets five projects on lease". Times of India. 6 Aug 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College". vngmcytl.org. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Government Polytechnic Yavatmal". gpyavatmal.edu.in. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Government Residential Women's Polytechnic". grwpy.ac.in. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Jawaharlal Darda Engineering and Technical Institute". jdiet.ac.in. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Dr. Bhausaheb Nandurkar College of Engineering & Technology". dbncoet.ac.in. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Jagdamba College of Engineering". jcoet.org. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Amolakchand Vidhi Mahavidyalaya". amolakchandmahavidyalaya.org/. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Babaji Datey Kala ani Vanijya Mahavidyalaya". dateycollege.in. Retrieved 11 March 2018.