Marathwada Martyr Monument (Marathwada Hutatma Smarak), located in the city
|Nickname(s): Ratnapur or Latalluru|
|Settled||Possibly 7th century AD|
|• Body||Latur Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Suresh Pawar|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Achyut Hange|
|• Member of Parliament||Dr. Sunil Gaikwad|
|• Total||32.56 km2 (12.57 sq mi)|
|Elevation||515 m (1,690 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||923.54 ♀/1000 ♂|
|Distance from Mumbai||497 kilometres (309 mi) E (land)|
|Distance from Hyderabad||337 kilometres (209 mi) NW (land)|
|Distance from Aurangabad||294 kilometres (183 mi) SE (land)|
|Precipitation||666 millimetres (26.2 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||41 °C (106 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||13 °C (55 °F)|
Latur, or Lattaluru or Ratnapur, is a city in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Latur district and taluka. The city is a tourist hub surrounded by many historical monuments, including the Kharosa Caves.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Administration and politics
- 5 Education and research
- 6 Trade and industries
- 7 Media and communication
- 8 Transport
- 9 Places of interest
- 10 Geographical location
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Latur has an ancient history, which probably dates to the Rashtrakuta period. It was home to a branch of Rashtrakutas which ruled the Deccan from 753 to 973 AD. The first Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga, was from Lattaluru (Kannada: ಲಟ್ಟಲೂರು), probably the ancient name for Latur. Ratnapur is also mentioned as an historic name for Latur.
The King Amoghavarsha of Rashtrakutas developed the Latur city, originally the native place of the Rashtrakutas. The Rashtrakutas who succeeded the Chalukyas of Badami in 753 AD called themselves the residents of Lattaluru.
Later in the 19th century, Latur became part of the Princely state of Hyderabad. In 1905 it was merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, becoming part of Osmanabad district. Before 1948, Latur was a part of Hyderabad State under Nizam. The chief of Nizam's Razakar army, Qasim Rizwi, was from Latur.
After Indian independence and the merger of Hyderabad with the Indian Union, Osmanabad became part of Bombay Province. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Latur became one of its districts. On August 16, 1982, a separate Latur district was carved out of Osmanabad district.
Geography and climate
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Latur is situated 636 metres above mean sea level, on the Balaghat plateau, near the Maharashtra–Karnataka state boundary. It receives its drinking water from the nearby Manjira River, which suffered from environmental degradation and silting in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. As a result of this and lack of implementation of a water management strategy, during the drought of the 2010s the city ran out of water.
Temperature : Temperatures in Latur range from 13 to 41 °C (55 to 106 °F), with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter, which is October to February. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.6 °C (114.1 °F). The lowest recorded temperature was 2.2 °C (36.0 °F). In the cold season the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 to 4 °C (36 to 39 °F).
Rainfall : Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 to 693 mm/month. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.
Latur earthquake of 1993
Latur had a devastating intraplate earthquake on 30 September 1993 resulting in a huge loss of life. The earthquake measured only 6.3 on the Richter magnitude scale but around 10,000 people were estimated to have died  and 30,000 injured mainly due to poor construction of houses and village huts made of stones which collapsed on people who were fast asleep in early morning hours. It struck southern Marathwada region of Maharashtra state in central-western part of India and affected Latur, Beed, Osmanabad and adjoining districts about 400 km south-east of Mumbai. Latur was almost completely destroyed and life came to a standstill. The earthquake's focus was around 12 km deep (relatively shallow), causing shock waves to cause more damage. The number of lives lost was high as the earthquake occurred at 3:53 a.m. local time, when people were fast asleep. After the earthquake, seismic zones were reclassified and building codes and standards were revised all over India.
Latur's population, as of the 2011 census, is 382,940.
|Source:Census of India|
Administration and politics
Latur earlier had a Municipal Council, which was established in 1952. Latur Municipal Corporation (LMC) is the local civil body. It is divided into five zones. the Municipal Corporation area is about 117.78 square kilometres (45.48 sq mi). It was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation by the State Government in 2011.
The Urban Development Dept., Govt. of Maharashtra expressed its desire vide letter dated 30/10/2006 to notify fringe area of Latur and appoint CIDCO as its Special Planning Authority. CIDCO has submitted its proposal to notify the fringe area measuring approx. 26541.00 ha. inclusive of urbanisable zone of about 16696 ha. Govt. has appointed CIDCO as Special Planning Authority. The notified area covers 40 villages on the fringe of Latur Municipal Corporation. It is envisaged in the project not to acquire 100% land but to adopt minimum land acquisition model for development of infrastructure and growth corridors.
The city is divided in 70 electoral wards called as Prabhag and each ward is represented by a Corporator (called as Nagarsevak) elected by the people from each ward. LMC is responsible for providing basic amenities like drinking water, drainage facility,road,street lights, healthcare facilities, primary schools,etc. LMC collects its revenue from the urban taxes which are imposed on citizens. The administration is headed by the Commissioner of Municipal Corporation; an I.A.S. Officer, assisted by the other officers of different departments.
State and central administration
Latur contributes one seat to the Lok Sabha. The seat is currently held by Dr.Sunil Gaikawad, MP of the BJP. It also holds one seat for the Assembly - Latur Indian National Congress. In latest constituency arrangements made by Election Commission of India, Latur will contribute one Loksabha seat, and two state assembly seats, i.e. Latur City and Latur Rural.
Prominent politicians from Latur
Latur is called the city of politicians. Keshavrao Sonawane was the first minister from Latur region who was in the cabinet of Maharashtra Chief Minister Yashwantrao Chavan and later in the cabinet of Vasantrao Naik, as Co-Operative minister, 1962-1967. The city is the birthplace of other politicians, such as Shivraj Patil, Diliprao Deshmukh.
Vilasrao Deshmukh was born in Babhalgaon village, Latur. He served twice as Chief Minister of Maharashtra state, and twice as Union Cabinet minister. Amidst national political controversy is the unnatural death, on 1 December 2014, of eminent judge Brijgopal Harkishan Loya of Central Bureau of Investigation, who was addressing the case involving Amit Shah, the national leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and who was cremated at his native village of Gategaon.
Education and research
Latur has developed into an educational hub for secondary, higher secondary, and university education. The district is known in Maharashtra for its "Latur Pattern" of study, which involves intensive coaching given in the city. Students of junior colleges in Latur have a good record in taking competitive engineering and medical entrance exams.
Basic and higher education
Public schools (known locally as municipality schools) are run by the LMC, and are affiliated with the MSBSHSE. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. They are usually affiliated with either the state board or national education boards, such as the ICSE or CBSE boards.
Due to more than 140 colleges, the city is known as an educational hub in Marathwada. Many of the students studying in the colleges and the University are from nearby districts. Most colleges in Latur are affiliated with the Nanded University.
The M. S. Bidve Engineering College, Latur, founded in 1983, is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Marathwada. The Maharashtra Institute of Medical Science & Research Latur was founded in 1988 by social activist Vishwanath Karad.
Channabasweshwar Pharmacy College is a degree college that provides diploma, degree, and master courses in the pharmacy field. Other pharmacy colleges are Dayanand College of Pharmacy and Vilasrao Deshmukh College of Pharmacy.
Latur is home to a branch of the Western India Regional Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, along with an exam centre, Information Technology training lab, reading room, and a library for Chartered Accountants as well as for students.
Trade and industries
The city is a major sugarcane and edible oils, soybean, grapes and mango production centre. A fine blend of mango with locally grown mangoes was developed as Keshar Amba.Oil seeds was the major produce of Latur region. So for benefit of farmers Keshavrao Sonavane had established Dalda Factory which was Asia's first oil mill set up on cooperative terms.
Till 1990, Latur languished as a city, remaining an industrially backward. In 1960, region of Marathwada was merged with Maharashtra. This was the time when the industrial development of the Marathwada region began, propelled through designated backward area benefits. Latur got its first MIDC setup during the tenure of then Co-operative minister Keshavrao Sonavane. And it was only when the MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates that it began to grow. but still the majority small and medium scale industries are agriculture based and not industry based.
City is now home to some best known brands. There are Tinna Oils, Kirti Gold, Videocon, Kalantry Group's Agro Processing, Shivshankar Udyog (Brand: Silver Coins), dal manufacturing units to name a few. Many players have their manufacturing bases in Latur, in the sectors of Agro Processing and Edible Oils and consumer durables, plastic processing, aluminium processing, agriculture and biotech. Among Agro Processing Ramkee Infrastructure along with IL&FS would be starting their plant in Latur, which is Largest Agro Based SEZ in Maharashtra.
Latur has the largest trading centre for soybean in India. The green city is inside what is called 'Sugar Belt' of Maharashtra. The district has more than eleven sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market.
Latur is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 square kilometres (350 acres) has been established near Ausa, 18 km from Latur city. A brand new Latur Food Park, spread across 1.2 square kilometres (300 acres) is under construction at Additional MIDC Latur. Latur is major transport junction to south India.
Latur sugar belt
The Latur region is known as the "Sugar Belt of India". This region houses over eleven large sugar factories. Most of the sugar factories of the Latur sugar belt work on the co-operative basis. Latur got its title "Sugar Belt of India" largely due to the efforts of its cooperative political leader Keshavrao Sonawane, who was instrumental in setting up several co-operative institutions in Latur, Osmanabad, and elsewhere in Maharashtra.
MIDC industrial areas in Latur
- Latur Industrial Area
- Additional Latur Phase I Industrial Area
- Additional Latur Phase II Industrial Area
- Latur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Murud taluka Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Chakur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Udaygiri Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Ausa Industrial Area
- Ahmedpur Industrial Area
- Nilanga Industrial Area
- Udgir Industrial Area
Specialised industrial parks and export zones in Latur
- Latur Food Park
- Latur Infotech Park
- Latur Integrated Textile Park, Latur
- Bombay Rayon Fashions, Latur
- Grape Yards, Ausa
Chamber of Commerce and industry associations
- Latur Chamber of Commerce, Latur
- Latur Manufacturers Association, MIDC
- Engineers and Architects Association, Latur
- Latur Builders Association, Latur
- Computers and Media Dealers Association (CMDA), Latur
- Latur Branch of the Western India Regional Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
Media and communication
Newspapers: Lokmat, Sakal, and Ekmat are the most widely read Marathi newspapers in Latur. Navnirman, Lokasha, Lokman, Marathwada Neta, Punyanagri, Rajdharma, Sanchar, Sarathi Samachar, Tarun Bharat, and Yashwant are some other Marathi daily newspapers available in Latur.
Latur is connected by roads with various major cities of Maharashtra and other states. Road connectivity is excellent, and roads connecting to Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Satara, Kolhapur, Sangli, and Aurangabad are being upgraded to four-lane highways. Latur city has one national highway running through it, NH 361.
The scheme of nationalisation of passenger transport services was started as early as 1932 by the State of Hyderabad, which was one of the pioneers in the field of public road transport, first in collaboration with the railways and then as a separate Government Department. After the reorganisation of the Indian states and with an effective date from 1 July 1961, the Marathwada State Transport was amalgamated with the Bombay State Road Transport Corporation into the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state.
The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state. Private buses have an established network to connect the city with all the major cities in Maharashtra and other states.
"Latur Municipal Transport" (LMT) is an intra-city bus service which covers almost all parts of the city and also connects to the more distant industrial suburbs. LMT (Latur Municipal Transport) intra-city buses ply throughout the city including the outskirts and connect different parts of the city and adjoining suburbs together.
Latur is served by Latur Airport, which is near Chincholiraowadi, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) northwest of the city. The Airport facilities include aircraft fuelling, night landing with navigational aids, aircraft parking, CAT VII airport fire fighting and rescue service. A well equipped terminal building has VIP lounges, departure and arrival lounges, transit suites and snooze cabins, visitors' waiting area, and a cafeteria.
The Latur-Miraj Railway (metre gauge) runs for 391 miles (629 km) north-west from Latur city to Miraj on the south-western section of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and was built between 1929 and 1931.
The station (code: LUR) is located on the Latur-Miraj section of the Solapur railway division of the Central Railway zone. The Manmad-Kacheguda broad-gauge railway line, which emanates from the Vikarabad-Latur-Road-Parli trunk route at Latur Road, is an important artery of traffic in Latur district. It also serves as a link between Aurangabad and Hyderabad.
Latur has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Osmanabad, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nashik, Mumbai, Pune, and Kachiguda.
Places of interest
- Siddheshwar & Ratneshwar Temple: Situated about 2 kilometres (2,000 m) from the city. It is a beautiful temple built by King Tamradwaj. It is a gramdaivat of Latur town.
- Ganj Golai: Latur city has the famous 'Ganjgolai' as the central place of the city. The town planner Shri Faiyajuddin prepared the plan for the 'Ganjgolai Chowk'. The main building of the Golai is a huge two-storied structure which was constructed around the year 1917. In the middle of the circular structure is the temple of Goddess Ambabai. There are 19 roads connecting to this Golai and along these roads are separate markets selling all kinds of traditional local wares such as gold ornaments to footwear and food items from chilli to jaggery. Thus, the 'Ganjgolai' has become the main commercial and trade centre of this city.
- Astavinayak Temple: Shri Ashtavinayak Mandir is located in Shivaji Nagar, Latur. Constructed in 1989, it is a newly built temple famous for its beauty, there are gardens on both sides of the temple, as well as some artificial fountains in front. Statue of lord Shiva, standing 8 to 9 feet tall is situated in the garden.
- Buddha Park : A calm park with a big statue of Buddha.
- "City Census 2011". Indian Population Census 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "Gazetteers Department - Latur" (in Marathi). Government of Maharashtra. 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Latur District Map: History of Latur". Maps of India. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016.
- "In dry Latur, villagers revive a dead river". The Times of India. 10 May 2016. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016.
- "Latur Drinking Water Crisis highlights absence of Water Allocation Policy and Management". South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People. 20 April 2016.
- Gokhale, Nihar (8 September 2015). "Water supply once a month: lessons to be learnt from Latur". Catch News (Rajasthan Patrika Group). Archived from the original on 11 September 2015.
- Maharashtra government web site Archived 13 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "The September 29, 1993, M6.4 Killari, Maharashtra Earthquake in Central India, EERI Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 1, January 1994" (PDF). Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Census of India cited by Planning Department, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Maharashtra. "Maharashtra At a Glance" (PDF). Economic Survey of Maharashtra, 2002–03 (in Marathi and English). Government of Maharashtra. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2009.; see also "Economic Survey of Maharashtra, 2014–15" (PDF). Government of Maharashtra. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2015.
- "अमित देशमुखांचे मंत्रिपद हुकले, फौजिया खान यांचे राज्यमंत्रिपद सुरक्षित" [Amit Deshmukh not picked for Cabinet, Fauzia Khan is Minister of State Security]. Divyamarathi.com (in Marathi). 30 May 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Tracking CBI judge Brijgopal Loya’s last journey from Nagpur to Latur
- "What is Latur Pattern?". Mylaturpattern.com. 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "Ex-minister Keshavrao Sonawane dead". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation".
- "MSRTC - Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation: History". Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016.
- "Latur Division". Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation.