Ghaziabad district, Uttar Pradesh
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Location of Ghaziabad district in Uttar Pradesh
|Headquarters||Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Meerut (shared with Meerut district) 2. Ghaziabad|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||5|
|• Total||1,273 km2 (492 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,700/km2 (9,500/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||860 (2001)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH58, NH24, NH91|
Ghaziabad district (pronounced [ɣaːziːaːˈbaːd̪ ˈzɪlaː]) is a largely suburban district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India of National Capital Region. The city of Ghaziabad is the administrative headquarters of the district. This district is part of Meerut Division. It has become a major bedroom community for Delhi.
Ghaziabad District was once part of Meerut District, but split off forming the district with an area of 2550 km2, and again Gautam Buddha Nagar District was split off as well, reducing it to 1933.3 km2. In Sept 2011 2 tehsils split off and formed Hapur District. The revised area is 1273 km2 and revised population is 3,323,241.
Ghaziabad district is bounded on the northwest by Baghpat District, on the north by Meerut District, on the east by Hapur District, on the southeast by Bulandshahr District, on the southwest by Gautam Buddha Nagar District, and on the west by Delhi state across the Yamuna River. Hindon River flows through the district. Ghaziabad is a part of National Capital Region (NCR).
According to the 2011 census of Ghaziabad district, it has a population of 4,681,645, roughly equal to the nation of Ireland or the US state of South Carolina. This gives it a ranking of 28th highest in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 3,967 inhabitants per square kilometre (10,270/sq mi). Its population growth rate[failed verification] over the decade 2001–2011 was 41.66%. Ghaziabad has a sex ratio of 878 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 85%.
At the 2011 census, this district had a population of 4,661,452 (3rd highest in UP), with 2,481,803 males and 2,179,649 females. It contributes 2.33% of the total population of UP. It has highest density of population in UP with 4060 persons per square km. It is second in population growth rate with 40.66%. The average literacy rate in 2011 was 85%, which is the highest in UP. This is revised to 3,323,241 after the split of Hapur district.
Income disparity exists between Hindus and Muslims. There were numerous riots with religious context. The Muslim proportion of Ghaziabad City is much lower than in the district in general. Per the 2011 census, Hindus are the majority, at around 72%, Muslims are the second largest religious community at 25% and the remaining 3% are of religious groups.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Country Comparison : Population". Cia.gov. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Ireland: 4,670,976, July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
South Carolina: 4,625,364
- "Census of India 2011 : Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- Brass, Paul R. (6 February 1997). Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. ISBN 978-0691026503.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
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