|Headquarters||Toledo, Ohio, U.S.|
|Michael Manley (CEO of Jeep division)
Sergio Marchionne (CEO of FCA US LLC)
|Products||Sport utility vehicles|
|Owner||Fiat Chrysler Automobiles|
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. The former Chrysler Corporation acquired the Jeep brand, along with the remaining assets of its owner American Motors, in 1987. The division is headquartered in Toledo, Ohio. Jeep's current product range consists solely of sport utility vehicles and off-road vehicles, but has also included pickup trucks in the past.
The original Jeep was the prototype Bantam BRC. Willys MB Jeeps went into production in 1941 specifically for the military, arguably making them the oldest four-wheel drive mass-production vehicles now known as SUVs. The Jeep became the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the United States Army and the Allies during World War II, as well as the postwar period. The term became common worldwide in the wake of the war. Doug Stewart notes:
The spartan, cramped, and unstintingly functional jeep became the ubiquitous World War II four-wheeled personification of Yankee ingenuity and cocky, can-do determination.
The first civilian models were produced in 1945. It inspired a number of other light utility vehicles, such as the Land Rover. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been designed in other nations.
- 1 Development
- 2 Origin of the name
- 3 World War II Jeeps
- 4 Post-war military Jeeps
- 5 The Jeep brand
- 6 Off-road abilities
- 7 Ownership
- 8 Jeep model list
- 9 Future models
- 10 Jeeps around the world
- 11 Jeep apparel and sponsorships
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
When it became obvious that the United States was eventually going to become involved in the war raging in Europe, the U.S. Army contacted 135 companies asking for working prototypes of a four-wheel-drive reconnaissance car. Only two companies responded to the request: American Bantam Car Company and Willys-Overland. The Army had set what seemed like an impossible deadline of 49 days to supply a working prototype. Willys asked for more time, but was refused. The bankrupt American Bantam Car Company had no engineering staff left on the payroll and solicited Karl Probst, a talented freelance designer from Detroit. After turning down Bantam's initial request, Probst responded to an Army request and commenced work, initially without salary, on July 17, 1940.
Probst laid out full plans for the Bantam prototype, known as the BRC or Bantam Reconnaissance Car, in just two days, working up a cost estimate the next. Bantam's bid was submitted, complete with blueprints, on July 22. While much of the vehicle could be assembled from off-the-shelf automotive parts, custom four-wheel drivetrain components were to be supplied by Spicer. The hand-built prototype was completed in Butler, Pennsylvania, and driven to Camp Holabird, Maryland, for Army testing September 21. The vehicle met all the Army's criteria except engine torque.
As World War II had already begun in Asia, with Japan expanding in China, Manchuria and Southeast Asia, the Imperial Japanese Army was using a small four-wheel-drive car for reconnaissance and troop movements, having introduced the Kurogane Type 95 in 1936.
Willys MA and Ford GP
The Army felt that the Bantam company was too small to supply the number of vehicles it needed, so it supplied the Bantam design to Willys and Ford, who were encouraged to make their own changes and modifications. The resulting Ford "Pygmy" and Willys "Quad" prototypes looked very similar to the Bantam BRC prototype, and Spicer supplied very similar four-wheel drivetrain components to all three manufacturers.
Fifteen hundred of each of the three models (Bantam BRC-40, Ford GP, and Willys MA) were built and extensively field-tested. Delmar "Barney" Roos, Willys-Overland's chief engineer, made design changes to meet a revised weight specification (a maximum of 1,275 lb (578 kg), including oil and water). He was thus able to use the powerful but comparatively heavy Willys "Go Devil" engine, and win the initial production contract. The Willys version of the car would become the standardized Jeep design, designated the model MB and was built at their plant in Toledo, Ohio. The familiar pressed-metal Jeep grille was actually a Ford design feature and incorporated in the final design by the Army.
Since the War Department required a large number of vehicles to be manufactured in a relatively short time, Willys-Overland granted the United States Government a non-exclusive license to allow another company to manufacture vehicles using Willys' specifications. The Army chose Ford as the second supplier, building Jeeps to the Willys' design. Willys supplied Ford with a complete set of plans and specifications. American Bantam, the creators of the first Jeep, built approximately 2700 of them to the BRC-40 design, but then spent the rest of the war building heavy-duty trailers for the Army.
Origin of the name
Many explanations of the origin of the word jeep have proven difficult to verify. The most widely held theory is that the military designation GP (for Government Purposes or General Purpose) was slurred into the word Jeep in the same way that the contemporary HMMWV (for High-Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle) has become known as the Humvee. Joe Frazer, Willys-Overland President from 1939 to 1944, claimed to have coined the word jeep by slurring the initials G.P. There are no contemporaneous uses of "GP" before later attempts to create a "backronym."
A more detailed view, popularized by R. Lee Ermey on his television series Mail Call, disputes this "slurred GP" origin, saying that the vehicle was designed for specific duties, and was never referred to as "General Purpose" and it is highly unlikely that the average jeep-driving GI would have been familiar with this designation. The Ford GPW abbreviation actually meant G for government use, P to designate its 80-inch (2,000 mm) wheelbase and W to indicate its Willys-Overland designed engine. Ermey suggests that soldiers at the time were so impressed with the new vehicles that they informally named it after Eugene the Jeep, a character in the Thimble Theatre comic strip and cartoons created by E. C. Segar, as early as mid-March 1936. Eugene the Jeep was Popeye's "jungle pet" and was "small, able to move between dimensions and could solve seemingly impossible problems."
The word jeep, however, was used as early as 1914 by US Army mechanics assigned to test new vehicles. In 1937, tractors which were supplied by Minneapolis Moline to the US Army were called jeeps. A precursor of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress was also referred to as the jeep.
Words of the Fighting Forces by Clinton A. Sanders, a dictionary of military slang, published in 1942, in the library at The Pentagon gives this definition:
- Jeep: A four-wheel drive vehicle of one-half- to one-and-one-half-ton capacity for reconnaissance or other army duty. A term applied to the bantam-cars, and occasionally to other motor vehicles (U.S.A.) in the Air Corps, the Link Trainer; in the armored forces, the ½-ton command vehicle. Also referred to as "any small plane, helicopter, or gadget."
This definition is supported by the use of the term "jeep carrier" to refer to the Navy's small escort carriers.
Early in 1941, Willys-Overland demonstrated the vehicle's off-road capability by having it drive up the steps of the United States Capitol, driven by Willys test driver Irving "Red" Haussman, who had recently heard soldiers at Fort Holabird calling it a "jeep." When asked by syndicated columnist Katharine Hillyer for the Washington Daily News (or by a bystander, according to another account) what it was called, Irving answered, "It's a jeep."
Katharine Hillyer's article was published nationally on February 19, 1941, and included a picture of the vehicle with the caption:
- LAWMAKERS TAKE A RIDE- With Senator Meade, of New York, at the wheel, and Representative Thomas, of New Jersey, sitting beside him, one of the Army's new scout cars, known as "jeeps" or "quads", climbs up the Capitol steps in a demonstration yesterday. Soldiers in the rear seat for gunners were unperturbed.
Although the term was also military slang for vehicles that were untried or untested, this exposure caused all other jeep references to fade, leaving the 4x4 with the name.
The original trademark brand-name application was filed in February 1943 by Willys-Overland. It is also used as a generic term as the lowercase "jeep" for vehicles inspired by the Jeep that are suitable for use on rough terrain.
World War II Jeeps
Final production version Jeeps built by Willys-Overland were the Model MB, while those built by Ford were the Model GPW (G=government vehicle, P designated the 80" wheelbase, and W = the Willys engine design). There were subtle differences between the two. The versions produced by Ford had every component (including bolt heads) marked with an "F". Willys also followed the Ford pattern by stamping its name into some body parts, but stopped this in 1942. The cost per vehicle trended upwards as the war continued from the price under the first contract from Willys at US$648.74 (Ford's was $782.59 per unit). Willys-Overland and Ford, under the direction of Charles E. Sorensen (Vice-President of Ford during World War II), produced about 640,000 Jeeps towards the war effort, which accounted for approximately 18% of all the wheeled military vehicles built in the U.S. during the war.
Jeeps were used by every service of the U.S. military. An average of 145 were supplied to every Army infantry regiment. Jeeps were used for many purposes, including cable laying, saw milling, as firefighting pumpers, field ambulances, tractors and, with suitable wheels, would even run on railway tracks. An amphibious jeep, the model GPA, or "seep" (Sea Jeep) was built for Ford in modest numbers but it could not be considered a huge success—it was neither a good off-road vehicle nor a good boat. As part of the war effort, nearly 30% of all Jeep production was supplied to Great Britain and to the Soviet Red Army.
Post-war military Jeeps
The Jeep has been widely imitated around the world, including in France by Delahaye and by Hotchkiss et Cie (after 1954, Hotchkiss manufactured Jeeps under license from Willys), and in Japan by Mitsubishi Motors and Toyota. The utilitarian good looks of the original Jeep have been hailed by industrial designers and museum curators alike. The Museum of Modern Art described the Jeep as a masterpiece of functionalist design, and has periodically exhibited the Jeep as part of its collection. Ernie Pyle called the Jeep, along with the Coleman G.I. Pocket Stove, "the two most important pieces of noncombat equipment ever developed." Jeeps became even more famous following the war, as they became available on the surplus market. Some ads claimed to offer "Jeeps still in the factory crate." This legend persisted for decades, despite the fact that Jeeps were never shipped from the factory in crates (although Ford did "knock down" Jeeps for easier shipping, which may have perpetuated the myth).
The Jeepney is a unique type of taxi or bus created in the Philippines. The first Jeepneys were military-surplus MBs and GPWs, left behind in the war-ravaged country following World War II and Filipino independence. Jeepneys were built from Jeeps by lengthening and widening the rear "tub" of the vehicle, allowing them to carry more passengers. Over the years, Jeepneys have become the most ubiquitous symbol of the modern Philippines, even as they have been decorated in more elaborate and flamboyant styles by their owners. Most Jeepneys today are scratch-built by local manufacturers, using different powertrains. Some are even constructed from stainless steel.
After World War II, Jeep began to experiment with new designs, including a model that could drive under water. On February 1, 1950, contract N8ss-2660 was approved for 1,000 units "especially adapted for general reconnaissance or command communications" and "constructed for short period underwater operation such as encountered in landing and fording operations." The engine was modified with a snorkel system so that the engine could properly breathe under water.
In 1965, Jeep developed the M715 1.25-ton army truck, a militarized version of the civilian J-series Jeep truck, which served extensively in the Vietnam War. It had heavier full-floating axles and a foldable, vertical, flat windshield. Today, it serves other countries, and is still being produced by Kia under license.
The CJ ("Civilian Jeep") series began in 1945 with the CJ-2A, followed by the CJ-3B in 1953. These early Jeeps are commonly referred to as "flatfenders" because their front fenders were flat across the front, the same as their military precedents, the Willys MB and identical Ford GPW models. The CJ-4 exists only as a 1951 prototype, and is the "missing" link between the flat-fendered CJ-2A and CJ-3B and the round-fendered CJ-5 first introduced in 1955.
The Jeep brand
The brand has gone through many owners, starting with Willys, which produced the first Civilian Jeep (CJ) in 1945. As the only company that continually produced Jeep vehicles after the war, in June 1950 Willys-Overland was granted the privilege of owning the name "Jeep" as a registered trademark. Willys was sold to Kaiser Motors in 1953, which became Kaiser-Jeep in 1963. American Motors Corporation (AMC) purchased Kaiser's money-losing Jeep operations in 1970. The utility vehicles complemented AMC's passenger car business by sharing components, achieving volume efficiencies, as well as capitalizing on Jeep's international and government markets.
The French automaker Renault began investing in AMC in 1979. However, by 1987, the automobile markets had changed and even Renault itself was experiencing financial troubles. At the same time, Chrysler Corporation wanted to capture the Jeep brand, as well as other assets of AMC. Chrysler bought out AMC in 1987, shortly after the Jeep CJ-7 was replaced with the AMC-designed Jeep Wrangler or YJ. Chrysler merged with Daimler-Benz in 1998 to form DaimlerChrysler. DaimlerChrysler eventually sold most of their interest in Chrysler to a private equity company in 2007. Chrysler and the Jeep division operated under Chrysler Group LLC, until December 15, 2014, when the name was changed to FCA US LLC.
Jeeps have been built under licence by various manufacturers around the world, including Mahindra in India, EBRO in Spain, and several in South America. Mitsubishi built more than 30 different Jeep models in Japan between 1953 and 1998. Most of them were based on the CJ-3B model of the original Willys-Kaiser design.
Toledo, Ohio has been the headquarters of the Jeep brand since its inception, and the city has always been proud of this heritage. Although no longer produced in the same Toledo Complex as the World War II originals, two streets in the vicinity of the old plant are named Willys Parkway and Jeep Parkway. The Jeep Wrangler and Jeep Cherokee are built in the city currently, in separate facilities, not far from the site of the original Willys-Overland plant.
American Motors set up the first automobile-manufacturing joint venture in the People's Republic of China on January 15, 1984. The result was Beijing Jeep Corporation, Ltd., in partnership with Beijing Automobile Industry Corporation, to produce the Jeep Cherokee (XJ) in Beijing. Manufacture continued after Chrysler's buyout of AMC. This joint venture is now part of DaimlerChrysler and DaimlerChrysler China Invest Corporation. The original 1984 XJ model was updated and called the "Jeep 2500" toward the end of its production that ended after 2005.
A division of FCA US LLC, the most recent successor company to the Jeep brand, now holds trademark status on the name "Jeep" and the distinctive 7-slot front grille design. The original 9-slot grille associated with all World War II jeeps was designed by Ford for their GPW, and because it weighed less than the original "Slat Grille" of Willys (an arrangement of flat bars), was incorporated into the "standardized jeep" design.
The history of the HMMWV (Humvee) has ties with Jeep. In 1971, Jeep's Defense and Government Products Division was turned into AM General, a wholly owned subsidiary of American Motors Corporation, which also owned Jeep. In 1979, while still owned by American Motors, AM General began the first steps toward designing the Humvee. AM General also continued manufacturing the two-wheel-drive DJ, which Jeep created in 1953. The General Motors Hummer and Chrysler Jeep have been waging battle in U.S. courts over the right to use seven slots in their respective radiator grilles. Chrysler Jeep claims it has the exclusive rights to use the seven vertical slits since it is the sole remaining assignee of the various companies since Willys gave their postwar jeeps seven slots instead of Ford's nine-slot design for the Jeep.
Jeeps have been built under licence by Mahindra & Mahindra Limited in India since the 1960s. Jeep entered the Indian market directly on 30 August 2016 and released the Wrangler and Grand Cherokee in the country.
Jeep advertising has always emphasized the vehicle's off-road capabilities. Today, the Wrangler is one of the few remaining four-wheel-drive vehicles with solid front and rear axles. These axles are known for their durability, strength, and articulation. New Wranglers come with a Dana 44 rear differential and a Dana 30 front differential. The upgraded Rubicon model of the JK Wrangler is equipped with electronically activated locking differentials, Dana 44 axles front and rear with 4.10 gears, a 4:1 transfer case, electronic sway bar disconnect and heavy duty suspension.
Another benefit of solid axle vehicles is they tend to be easier and cheaper to "lift" with aftermarket suspension systems. This increases the distance between the axle and chassis of the vehicle. By increasing this distance, larger tires can be installed, which will increase the ground clearance, allowing it to traverse even larger and more difficult obstacles. In addition to higher ground clearance, many owners aim to increase suspension articulation or "flex" to give their Jeeps greatly improved off-road capabilities. Good suspension articulation keeps all four wheels in contact with the ground and maintains traction.
Useful features of the smaller Jeeps are their short wheelbases, narrow frames, and ample approach, breakover, and departure angles, allowing them to fit into places where full-size four-wheel drives have difficulty.
- 1944–1953: Willys-Overland
- 1953–1964: Kaiser-Jeep (calling themselves "Willys Motors")
- 1964–1970: Kaiser-Jeep
- 1970–1987: AMC (w/ Renault controlling production in 1986)
- 1987–1998: Chrysler
- 1998–2007: DaimlerChrysler AG
- 2007–2009: Chrysler LLC
- 2009–2013: Chrysler Group LLC - Fiat Group Automobiles
- 2014–present: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Jeep model list
Historical and military models
- 1940 Bantam Pilot—Prototype
- 1940 Bantam BRC-60—Prototype
- 1940 Willys Quad—Prototype
- 1940 Ford Pygmy—Prototype
- 1940 Budd Ford—Prototype
- 1941 Ford GP
- 1941 Willys MA
- 1941 Bantam BRC-40
- 1941-1944 Willys MT "Super Jeep"—Prototype
- 1942 Willys MB (slat grille)
- 1942–1945 Willys MB (stamped grille)
- 1942–1945 Ford GPW
- 1942–1943 Ford GPA
- 1943 Willys WAC "Jeeplet"—Prototype
- 1944 Willys MLW-1—Prototype (never finished)
- 1944 Willys MLW-2—Prototype
- 1946–1965 Willys Jeep Wagon
- 1947–1965 Willys Jeep Truck
- 1948–1950 VJ—Willys Jeepster
- 1950 X-98—Prototype
- 1953 BC Bobcat—Prototype
- 1950–1952 M38 (MC)
- 1952–1957 M38A1 (MD)
- M170 Ambulance
- 1952–1957 M38A1C
- 1955 M38A1D
- 1958-1960 Willys Super Mule-Prototype
- 1959–1982 M151
- 1960–1968 Jeep M606
- 1956–1965 Jeep Forward Control (Military Variations)
- 1967–1969 Kaiser Jeep M715—based upon the civilian Jeep Gladiator
- 1948–1950 Willys VJ Jeepster
- 1948–1949 VJ2 Jeepster
- 1949–1951 VJ3 Jeepster
- 1949 Alcoa Aluminum-bodied Jeepster Coupe (prototype)
- 1962 The Brazilian Jeepster (prototype)
- Jeepster Safari (concept)
(Forward Control Jeep)
- 1966–1971 C101—Jeepster Commando
- Hurst Jeepster (only 100 produced)
- Hurst Half Cab
- Revival Jeepster
- Commando convertible
- open body roadster
- 1972–1973 C104—Jeep Commando
- Commando Half Cab
- 1944 CJ-1
- 1944–1945 CJ-2
- 1945–1949 CJ-2A
- 1949–1953 CJ-3A
- 1950 CJ-V35
- 1950 CJ-4—Prototype
- 1950 CJ-4M—Prototype
- 1950 CJ-4MA—Prototypes
- 1953–1968 CJ-3B
- 1954–1983 CJ-5
- 1961–1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III
- 1969 Camper
- 1969 462
- 1970 Renegade I
- 1971 Renegade II
- 1972–1983 Renegade Models
- 1973 Super Jeep
- 1977–1979 Golden Eagle
- 1977 Golden Eagle California Edition (available only through California AMC Dealerships)
- 1980 Golden Hawk
- 1979 Silver Anniversary CJ-5 Limited Edition (estimated 1,000 built)
- 1955–1975 CJ-6
- 1955–1968 CJ-3B Long—Spain
- 1960–1977 Jeep Rural—Brazil
- 1964–1967 CJ-5A/CJ-6A Tuxedo Park
- 1976–1986 CJ-7
- 1982 Jamboree Commemorative Edition (650 units built) 
- 1981–1985 CJ-8 Scrambler
- 1981–1985 CJ-10
- 1955 USAF DJ
- 1955–1964 DJ-3A
- Surrey Gala Package
- 1965–1975 DJ-5
- 1965–1973 DJ-6
- 1967–1975 DJ-5A
- 1970–1972 DJ-5B
- 1973–1974 DJ-5C
- 1975–1976 DJ-5D
- 1976 DJ-5E Electruck
- 1977–1978 DJ-5F
- 1979 DJ-5G
- 1982 DJ-5L
(Full Size Jeep)
- 1963–1983 SJ Wagoneer
- 1963–1986 J-Series
- 1966–1969 SJ Super Wagoneer
- 1967–1969 Kaiser Jeep M715- based upon the civilian Jeep Gladiator
- 1974–1983 SJ Cherokee
- 1978–1983 Limited
- 1976–1983 Chief
- 1980–1983 Laredo
- 1977–1979 Golden Eagle
- 1984–1991 SJ Jeep Grand Wagoneer
- 1991 Final Edition
- 1984–2001 XJ Cherokee
- 1984–2001 Base "SE"
- 1984–1988 Chief
- 1984–1990 Pioneer
- 1985–1992 Laredo
- 1987–1992/1998-2001 Limited
- 1988–2001 Sport
- 1991–1992 Briarwood
- 1993–1997 Country
- 1996–2001 Classic
- 2000 Freedom
- 2001 60th Anniversary Edition
- 1984–1990 XJ Wagoneer
- 1984–1985 Broughwood
- 1984–1990 Limited
(Metric Ton Jeep Comanche)
- 1986–1992 MJ Comanche
- 1986 Custom
- 1986 X
- 1986 XLS
- 1987–1992 Base SE
- 1987–1990 Chief
- 1987–1992 Laredo
- 1987–1990 Pioneer
- 1987–1992 SporTruck
- 1987–1992 Eliminator
- 1987–1995 Wrangler YJ
- 1991–1993 Renegade
- 1988–1995 Wrangler Long—Venezuela
- 1995 Wrangler Rio Grande
- 1997–2006 Wrangler TJ
- 2002 TJ Se, X, Sport, Sahara models
- 2003 TJ Rubicon, Rubicon Tomb Raider Edition, Sahara, Sport, X, Se models, Freedom Edition
- 2004–2006 TJ Long Wheel Base (LJ) Unlimited(15" Longer than a standard TJ) Rubicon, Sport, X, Se models
- 2004–2005 Willys Edition (2004–1997 made, 2005–2001 made)
- 2004 Columbia Edition
- 2005 Rubicon Sahara Unlimited TJ LWB (LJ) (1000 made)
- 2006 Golden Eagle Edition, 65 Year Anniversary Edition (1,675 Black 65th Anniversary Editions made)
- 2007–2009 Wrangler JK
ZJ, WJ, and WK models
(Jeep Grand Cherokee)
- 1993–1998 ZJ Grand Cherokee
- 1993–1995 Base SE
- 1993–1998 Laredo
- 1993–1998 Limited
- 1995–1997 Orvis "Limited Edition"
- 1997–1998 TSi
- 1998 5.9 Limited
- 1993 ZJ Jeep Grand Wagoneer
- 1999–2004 WJ Grand Cherokee
- 2002–2003 Sport
- 2002–2004 Special edition
- 2002–2004 Overland
- 2004 Columbia Edition
- Jeep Grand Cherokee: Five-passenger family-oriented SUV
- WK: Grand Cherokee, 2005–2010 ("WK" is the designator for the 2005–2010 Grand Cherokee, marks the beginning of the -K designation compared to the -J designation)
- 2006–2010 Jeep Commander
- 2006 Base
- 2007–2010 Sport
- 2006–2010 Limited
- 2007–2009 Overland
- 2002–2007 Jeep Liberty (Jeep Cherokee in Europe)
- 2003 Freedom Edition
- 2004–05 Rocky Mountain Edition
- 2004 Columbia Edition
- 2006 65th Anniversary Edition
- 2007 Latitude Edition(replaced Renegade)
- Jeep Patriot: Compact sport utility vehicle (2006-2017)
The Jeep brand currently produces five models, but 8 vehicles are under the brand name or use the Jeep logo:
- Jeep Renegade BU: Subcompact Sport Utility Vehicle
- Jeep Wrangler
- JK: Standard wheelbase Compact Sport utility vehicle, 2-door version
- TJL:Compact pickup truck, 2-door version;Produced by AAV. A similar version is produced by AEV as the AEV Brute, but with the Jeep logo.
- Brute Double Cab:Compact pickup truck, 4-door version;Produced by American Expedition Vehicles
- JK Unlimited: Long wheelbase Mid-Size sport utility vehicle, 4-door version
- J8: Mid-Size military sport utility vehicle;Produced by AIL, AAV, and AEV.
- Jeep Grand Cherokee: Mid-size sport utility vehicle
- Jeep Compass: Compact sport utility vehicle
- Jeep Cherokee KL: Mid-size sport utility vehicle
- Jeep Wagoneer Full-Size SUV
- 1952 CJ Coiler: Experimental design for an all independent suspension
- 1958 DJ-3A Pickup: Prototype pickup truck version of the DJ-3A
- 1958 Jeep Creep: Prototype utility vehicle
- 1959 Jeep J-100 Malibu and Berkeley: Later developed into the Wagoneer
- 1960 Jeep Wide-Trac: Concept for developing a low-cost vehicle for third-world countries
- 1963 Jeep XM-200: J200 based concept for developing a low-cost vehicle for third-world countries
- 1965 Jeep/Renault Model H: A light 4x4 prototype based on the Renault 16
- 1966 FWD Concept Jeepvair: Similar to the Model H but with a Chevrolet Corvair powertrain
- 1970 XJ001
- 1970 XJ002
- 1971 Jeep Cowboy: A design study using AMC's "compact" automobile platform
- 1977 Jeep II
- 1979 Jeep Jeepster II
- 1986 Cherokee Targa: A two-door Cherokee convertible (later revised as Jeep Freedom show car)
- 1987 Comanche Thunderchief: This vehicle was put into production later as the Comanche Eliminator
- 1989 Jeep Concept 1: Evolved into the ZJ Grand Cherokee
- 1989 Jeep Rubicon Wrangler: This vehicle was later put in production
- 1990 Jeep JJ: Essentially what would later be called the Icon
- 1990 Jeep Freedom: A revised Cherokee Targa
- 1991 Jeep Wagoneer 2000: A design study be the next generation Wagoneer, but was not put into production
- 1993 Jeep Ecco
- 1997 Jeep Cherokee Casablanca: A special edition of Cherokee, never produced
- 1997 Jeep Wrangler Ultimate Rescue: A tuned version of a regular TJ Wrangler developed for SEMA show
- 1997 Fender Jeep Wrangler
- 1997 Jeep Dakar: A fused version of a XJ Cherokee and TJ Wrangler
- 1997 Jeep Icon: A design study for the next-generation Wrangler
- 1999 Jeep Journey
- 1999 Jeep Jeepster Concept
- 2000 Jeep Cherokee Total Exposure
- 2000 Jeep Varsity: Subsequently put into production as the Compass
- 2000 Jeep Commander Concept: Subsequently put into production as the XK
- 2000 Jeep Willys
- 2001 Jeep Willys2
- 2002 Jeep Wrangler Tabasco
- 2002 Jeep Wrangler Patriot: A special decal package for the Wrangler X/Sport
- 2002 Jeep Wrangler Mountain Biker
- 2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) Concierge
- 2004 Jeep Treo
- 2004 Jeep Rescue
- 2004 Jeep Liberator CRD
- 2005 Jeep Hurricane: The 4-wheel steering system allows the vehicle to have both a zero turning circle, and "crab" sideways. Its engine was later put in the Grand Cherokee (WK) SRT-8
- 2005 Jeep Gladiator Concept
- 2005 Jeep Aggressor (the Rezo)
- 2007 Jeep Trailhawk
- 2008 Jeep Renegade
- 2010 Jeep J8
- 2010 Jeep Nukizer: Design study inspired by the Military Kaiser M-715
- 2011 Jeep Wrangler JK-8 Independence: taking cues from the 1980s Scrambler CJ-8
- 2011 Jeep Wrangler Pork Chop
- 2011 Jeep Compass Canyon: uses a 2 1/8 inch lift
- 2011 Jeep Cherokee Overland
- 2012 Jeep Mighty FC: inspired by the 1956 to 1965 Forward Control vehicles Jeep sold
- 2012 Jeep J-12 Concept: recalling the 1962-1971 Gladiator pickups
- 2013 Jeep Wrangler Mopar Recon
- 2013 Jeep Grand Cherokee Trailhawk EcoDiesel
- 2013 Jeep Wrangler Stitch
- 2013 Jeep Wrangler Flattop: featuring a one-piece, windowless hardtop
- 2014 Jeep Wrangler Level Red
- 2014 Jeep Cherokee Dakar
- 2014 Jeep Wrangler MOJO
- 2015 Jeep Chief
- 2015 Jeep Wrangler Africa
- 2015 Jeep Wrangler Red Rock Responder
- 2015 Jeep Staff Car: a tribute to Jeep's military history starting with WWII
Jeeps around the world
Jeeps have been built and/or assembled around the world by various companies.
- Argentina – IKA Jeeps 1956–current; now owned by Chrysler
- Australia – Willys Motors Australia – 1940s–1980s
- Brazil – Willys Overland do Brasil, purchased by Ford to become Ford do Brasil – 1957–1985 and the Troller T4 is a fiberglass bodied Jeep version built in Brazil. Troller was purchased by Ford do Brasil in 2007.
- Burma/Myanmar – Two Burmese companies produce unlicensed copies of jeeps; Myanmar Jeeps and Chin Dwin Star Jeeps.
- Canada – Kaiser Jeep – 1959–1969
- China – Beijing Jeep Corporation – 1983 to 2009 as Beijing-Benz DaimlerChrysler Automotive. Fiat-Chrysler plans to re-open Jeep production in China through joint venture with Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group (GAIG).
- Colombia – Willys Colombia – at least until 1999
- Egypt – Arab Organization for Industrialization subsidiary Arab American Vehicles based in Cairo produces the Jeep Cherokee; the open-top, Wrangler-based Jeep AAV TJL.
- France – Hotchkiss and Auverland – 1952–1962
- India – Mahindra & Mahindra Limited – 1960s-current
- Iran – Pars Khodro, ShahBaaz, Sahra, and Ahoo – ShahBaaz based on DJ series, Sahra based on Jeep Wrangler and CJ series, and Ahoo based on Wagoneer
- Israel – Automotive Industries which produces the AIL Storm (Sufa) series of Jeep Wrangler-derivatives
- Italy – 1950s
- Japan – Mitsubishi Jeeps – 1953–1998
- Korea – Asia Motors, Ltd, Dong A Motors (SsangYong Motor Company) and Kia. (don't use Jeep name) – 1980s-current
- Mexico – VAM Jeeps – 1946–1987
- Netherlands –NEKAF-JEEP Nederlandse Kaiser-Frazer – 1954-1990s
- Philippines – Jeepneys; MD Juan Willys MB.; "E-jeepneys" or minibuses, LSV (low-speed vehicles) which uses electricity.
- Portugal – Bravia Sarl – 1960s to 1980s This Lisbon company assembled a number of Kaiser Jeep M-201 models from several Spanish EBRO and VIASA parts built to order for the USAF airfields & the US Army based at the time in Portugal, of the 500 vehicles made, most had American running gear.
- Spain – Vehículos Industriales y Agrícolas, S.A (VIASA), absorbed by Ebro trucks, and later sold to Nissan – 1960-1990s
- Turkey – Tuzla – 1954-1970s
- Venezuela- Valencia Carabobo 1962–2011, 1962 Tejerias Edo Aragua Willys de Venezuela, S.A, 1979–2011 Ensambladora Carabobo C.A Valencia Edo Carabobo
Jeep apparel and sponsorships
Jeep is also a brand of apparel of outdoor lifestyle sold under license. It is reported that there are between 600 and 1,500 such outlets in China, vastly outnumbering the number of Jeep auto dealers in the country.
- AMC and Jeep transmissions
- Criticism of sport utility vehicles
- Jeep four-wheel-drive systems
- Jeep Jamboree: Off Road Adventure, a video game based on the then-current Jeep Wrangler YJ model
- Jeep Thrills
- Jeep parade
- Jeep trail
- List of automobile manufacturers of the United States
- Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (14 December 2007). "1940–1941 Jeep". Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Chrysler 8-K/A SEC filing" (PDF). secdatabase.com. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
... served as the auditor for Fiat S.p.A. and its consolidated subsidiaries, which include Chrysler Group
- "Chrysler Group LLC". InsideView company data. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
Chrysler Group LLC operates as a subsidiary of Fiat North America LLC
- Russell, Philip (2013). 100 Military Inventions that Changed the World. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 9781472106704. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Stewart, Doug (1992). "Hail to the jeep! Could we have won without it?". Smithsonian. 23 (8): 60–69.
- Swan, Tony (January 1991). "Jeep Thrills". Popular Mechanics. 168 (1): 106–107.
- Gunn, Richard (2006). Trucks & Off-Road Vehicles. Motorbooks. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-7603-2569-8. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- Robson, Graham (1981). The Rover Story. Stephens. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-85059-543-7.
The first Land-Rover owed a lot to the Jeep. Designer Gordon Bashford, who laid out the basic concept, makes no secret of that. It was also his job to go off to an ex-WD surplus vehicle dump in the Cotswolds, buy a couple of roadworthy Jeeps...
- "The Military Jeep". Cossor.com.au. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- "Invention of the Jeep - Pennsylvania Historical Markers". Waymarking.com. 2006-03-09. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Ford Manufacturers a Jeep". Jeep History. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Notman, Robert (2006). Bantam, Ford and Willys-1/4-Ton Reconnaissance Cars. Lulu.com. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-84728-188-3. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
- Brown, Arch (2001). Jeep: The Unstoppable Legend. Publications International. p. 42. ISBN 0-7853-5562-6.
- "Wordorigins.org". Wordorigins.org. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- Borth, Christy. Masters of Mass Production, pp. 208-236, Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, IN, 1945.
- Statham, Steve (2002). Jeep Color History. MBI Publishing. pp. 26–27. ISBN 978-0-7603-0636-9. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Morr, Tom; Brubaker, Ken (2007). The Joy of Jeep. MBI Publishing. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7603-3061-6. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Allen, Jim (2003). Jeep: Collector's Library. MBI Publishing. pp. 36–39. ISBN 978-0-7603-1486-9.
- Scott, Graham (1996). Essential Military Jeep: Willys, Ford & Bantam models 1941–45. MBI Publishing. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-870979-76-4.
- Zaloga, Steven J. (2005). Jeeps 1941–45. Osprey Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-84176-888-5.
- "The History of Jeep". Gear Heads. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Borth, Christy. Masters of Mass Production, pp. 208-36, Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, IN, 1945.
- Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 214, 218, 342, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
- Leigh Brown, Patricia, "Where Do You Hang The 747?", The New York Times, December 13, 1998
- "New Acquisitions—Smart Car, Volkswagen "Beetle," and Willys-Overland Jeep—Join Three Other Automobiles in MoMA's Collection" (PDF). The Museum of Modern Art. June 2002. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
- R. Cole, "Chairman Offers to Buy Coleman", The New York Times, Page D1, Feb. 15, 1989.
- "Jeep in a crate $50! - The legend of Jeep Body Tubs". motorcitymusclecars. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "The 3A's Navy Cousin - The CJ-V35/U". Cj3apage.com. 1950-02-01. Retrieved 2012-01-14.
- "Mitsubishi Jeep Photos on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2002-08-29. Archived from the original on 2009-10-11. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- Mann, Jim (1997). Beijing Jeep: A Case Study of Western Business in China. Perseus. ISBN 978-0-8133-3327-4.
- Dunne, Timothy (2007-11-02). "Can Chrysler Rebound in China?". Business Week. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Will Jeep storm India despite 'exorbitant' price tag? Fiat has fingers crossed". Hindustan Times. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- "Toledo-built Jeeps' sales results abroad mirror those in North American market". News.top100.biz. 2007-11-13. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeepster VJ". Jeep.off-road.com. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Jeepster yellow front". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "Jeepster yellow rear". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "Jeepster red front". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "Jeepster fixed roof coupe". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "196X Jeepster front". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "196X Jeepster top view". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "Jeepster Safari". americanjeepsterclub.org. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- Cranswick, Marc (2001). Cars of American Motors: An Illustrated History. McFarland. pp. 146–147. ISBN 978-0-7864-4672-8. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Statham, Steve (2002). Jeep Color History. MBI Publishing. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-7603-0636-9. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Jewett, Dale. "2005 Detroit: Jeep blows into auto show with twin-Hemi Hurricane". Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Jeeps Around the World on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-01-31. Archived from the original on 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Argentina on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-02-06. Archived from the original on 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Australia on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Brasil on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Kaiser Jeep in Canada 1959–69 on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Fiat to Re-introduce Jeep to China". ChinaAutoWeb.com. May 2010.
- "Jeeps in Colombia on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2010-03-22. Archived from the original on 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in France on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2008-09-17. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Mahindra Jeeps on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2007-01-31. Archived from the original on 1999-04-21. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Italy on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-03-24. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Japan on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-01-31. Archived from the original on 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Korea on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2006-11-02. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Mexico on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2002-07-25. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in the Netherlands on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeepneys of the Philippines on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-04-27. Archived from the original on 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- "Philippine firm brings old WWII jeeps back to life". Afp.google.com. 2008-06-30. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
- "Electric minibuses start commercial operations in Philippines". Gulf-Times.com. 2008-07-02. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Fabella, Ferdinand (2008-06-30). "Enforcers to drive E-jeeps". ManilaStandardToday.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Jeeps in Spain on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "Jeeps in Turkey on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-11-22. Archived from the original on 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- Frost, Laurence (27 April 2012). "China auto market laggards chase premium profile". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Higgins, Tim (21 May 2012). "Jeeps Sell for $189,750 as China Demand Offsets Tariffs". Bloomberg Business Week. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- "Juventus nets Jeep Deal". Football-Italia.net. 2002-08-29. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- . 2014-08-19 http://www.aekfc.gr/index.asp?a_id=1355&n_id=8652&cpage=1. Retrieved 2014-08-22. Missing or empty
- Allen, Jim (2004). Jeep. MBI Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7603-1979-6.
- Foster, Patrick R. (2003). Standard Catalog of Jeep 1940–2003. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87349-522-6.
- Ludel, Moses (1992). Jeep Owner's Bible: A Hands-On Guide to Getting the Most from Your Jeep. Robert Bentley. ISBN 978-0-8376-0154-0.
- Hartwell, Dickson (December 1960). "The Mighty Jeep". American Heritage Magazine. 12 (1).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeep.|
- Official website
- "Leeping Lena Joins the Army", October 1941 first detailed article on what became known as the Jeep
- Autobiography of a Jeep (1943). United Films, Prelinger Archives, Historical Public Domain video.
- Meet the Postwar Jeep August 1945 Popular Science
- Story of the Jeep and the American Story are Intertwined A Visual History
|CJ-7||Wrangler (YJ)||Wrangler (TJ)||Wrangler (JK)|
|Wrangler Unlimited (LJ)||Wrangler Unlimited (JK)|
|Subcompact crossover||Renegade (BU)|
|Compact crossover||Compass (MK)|
|Mid-size crossover||Cherokee (KL)|
|Compact SUV||Cherokee/Wagoneer (XJ)||Liberty/Cherokee (KJ)||Liberty/Cherokee (KK)|
|Mid-size SUV||Grand Cherokee/Grand Wagoneer (ZJ)||Grand Cherokee (WJ)||Grand Cherokee (WK)||Grand Cherokee (WK2)|
|Full-size SUV||Cherokee (SJ)|
|Wagoneer/Grand Wagoneer (SJ)|
|Compact pickup||CJ-8 (Scrambler)||Comanche (MJ)|
|Compact SUV||Jeepster (VJ)||Jeepster Commando||Commando|
|SUV||Willys Jeep Station Wagon||Cherokee (SJ)|
|Compact pickup||Jeepster Commando||Commando|
|Full-size pickup||Willys Jeep Truck|