Jerdone Castle

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Jerdone Castle
Aerial view of the property
Jerdone Castle is located in Virginia
Jerdone Castle
Jerdone Castle is located in the US
Jerdone Castle
Location N of Bumpass, near Bumpass, Virginia
Coordinates 38°0′26″N 77°44′56″W / 38.00722°N 77.74889°W / 38.00722; -77.74889Coordinates: 38°0′26″N 77°44′56″W / 38.00722°N 77.74889°W / 38.00722; -77.74889
Area 15 acres (6.1 ha)
Architectural style Italianate
NRHP Reference # 84000042[1]
VLR # 054-0045
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 04, 1984
Designated VLR August 21, 1984[2]

Jerdone Castle is a plantation located in Bumpass, Virginia, dating from 1742. Jerdone Castle is a Virginia Historic Landmark and registered on the U.S. National Register of Historical Places. Originally 1,100 acres (450 ha), much of the plantation's original land is submerged under Lake Anna. The estate currently contains 125 acres (51 ha).


The oldest section of Jerdone Castle was built in 1742 by Francis Jerdone who came to Louisa County from Scotland in 1740. In addition to expanding his original landholdings and building a residence, Jerdone operated stores, mills, and a forge. The later main section of the house was built in 1853 for Francis Jerdone's descendent Sarah Jerdone Coleman and her husband, Gen. Clayton Coleman. The structure's generous size is emphasized by an Italianate bracketed cornice and cupola. In 1879 the estate was purchased by Frank T. Glasgow of Richmond, father of the author Ellen Glasgow. Ellen Glasgow spent her childhood summers at Jerdone Castle, which she later said greatly influenced her writing. In the fourth chapter of The Woman Within, entitled "I Become a Writer," Miss Glasgow describes lying in the meadow at Jerdone Castle and coming to the realization that writing was to be her future (VLR 280).[3]

The Louisa County, Virginia, Historical Society documents that on June 10, 1791, President George Washington was an overnight visitor at Jerdone Castle. Washington's wife Martha was a close friend of Francis Jerdone's wife Sarah. Papers from the Jerdone family, including life at and the maintenance of Jerdone Castle, can be found in the Special Collections Research Center at the College of William & Mary.[4]

Biographical note[edit]

Francis Jerdone was born in Jedburgh in the Shire of Tivotdale, Scotland on January 30, 1721. He was the son of John Jerdone, a magistrate and treasurer of the town. At the age of nineteen, he immigrated to Virginia from Scotland and settled in Hanover County, Yorktown; and later in Louisa County. He made his living as a merchant (factor), running a mercantile business with George Pottie until his death in 1771.

He owned plantations in Hanover, York, Louisa and Albemarle Counties in Virginia. His Albemarle plantation is now the old part of the Clubhouse at Farmington Country Club. His wife, Sarah (Macon) Jerdone, (1731–1818) was born in Virginia. Their sons included Francis Jerdone II, 1756–1841; John Jerdone, 1764–1786; and William, 1769-1772. Their daughters included Mary, b. 1754;[5] Sarah, 1757–1793; Elizabeth, 1759–1830; Isabella, 1761–1825; Anne, 1763–1794; and Martha, b. 1767. Elizabeth was the wife of Alexander Macauley, a merchant of Yorktown, Virginia.

His son, Francis Jerdone II, was a planter of Louisa County, Virginia. He was born on February 9, 1756 in Louisa County, Virginia, and died on April 29, 1841 in Louisa County, Virginia. His wife, Mary "Polly" Byars, was born on December 2, 1771 in Louisa County, Virginia; died March 12, 1821 in Louisa County, Virginia. She was the daughter of Captain John Byars.

Francis and Mary's sons included John Jerdone, a planter of Spotsylvania County, Virginia. John was born October 11, 1800 in Louisa County, Virginia and died on December 2, 1863 in Henderson, Kentucky. This family were the absentee landowners of Providence Forge, New Kent County, Virginia. He married Barbara Ann Callis on November 30, 1830 in Louisa County, Virginia. Barbara Ann Callis, born February 25, 1814 in Louisa Co., Virginia; died December 9, 1890 in Henderson, Kentucky. She was the daughter of William Overton Callis and Anne Price.

Francis Jerdone, III, b. 1802, a planter of Orange County; and William Jerdone, b. 1805, a planter of New Kent County, Virginia. Daughters of Francis Jerdone II included Sarah Jerdone Coleman and Mary Jerdone Toler.


  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission staff and Howard J. Kittell (August 1984). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Jerdone Castle" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.  and Accompanying photo
  4. ^ "Jerdone Family Papers". Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William & Mary. Retrieved 4 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Mary Jerdone, was born on January 14, 1754 at New Kent County, Virginia. She married as her first husband, in 1771, George Pottie, the business partner of her father. Mary helped run this business after her father's death in 1771. They had three children; George Pottie, Isbella Pottie and Mary Pottie Honeyman. He died prior to 1785 when she married Adam Toler. He was born on November 30, 1766 in Louisa County, Virginia and died on March 20, 1813 in Chesterfield, Virginia. He was the son of William Toler and Hannah Brockman. Adam founded the town of Tolersville, Virginia. Adam and Mary had several children including, Sarah Toler, Adam Toler, Elizabeth Toler, and William Toler.

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