Rangpuri language

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Rangpuri
Rajbangshi, Kamatapuri, Bahe[1][2]
রংপুরী, রাজবংশী, কামতাপুরী,
কোচ ৰাজবংশী, राजबंशी
Rajbongshi Rangpuri Kamatapuri.png
Rajbongshi, Rangpuri, Kamatapuri in Bengali
Koch Rajbongshi in Assamese
Rajbanshi in Devanagari
Native toBangladesh, India
RegionBangladesh, India
EthnicityRajbongshi
Native speakers
15 million (2007)[3]
Bengali-Assamese script,[6] Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in
 India
Language codes
ISO 639-3
rkt – Kamtapuri/Rangpuri
Glottolograng1265  Central-Eastern Kamta[8]

Rajbangshi, Rangpuri or Kamatapuri, is a Bengali-Assamese language spoken by the Rajbongshi people in India and Bangladesh. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese.

Names[edit]

Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Kamtapuri, Rajbongshi, and Polia. In India, there is Kamtapuri, Rajbongshi, Rajbanshi, Goalparia, Surjapuri, Koch Rajbanshi. In Assam it is known as Koch-Rajbongshi and Goalpariya (which is also known as Deshi bhasha). In Bihar it is known as Surjapuri or Rajbanshi.

Dialects[edit]

The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, and Eastern Rajbanshi.

The Central dialect has the majority of speakers and is quite uniform. There are publications in this language. The Western dialect has more diversity. Lexical similarity is 77 to 89% between the three dialects. Rajbonshi shares 48 to 55% of its vocabulary with Assamese and Bengali and 43 to 49% with Maithili and Nepali.

Comparison with related languages[edit]

English Kamarupi Rarhi Vangiya
Kamtapuri Assamese Bengali Sylheti
I do Muĩ korong Moe korü̃/korönɡ Ami kori Mui/Ami xorí
I am doing Muĩ koria asong Moe kori asü̃/asöng Ami korchhi Mui/Ami xoriar/xorram
I did Muĩ korisong Moe korisü̃/korisöng Ami korechhi Mui/Ami xor(i)si
I did (perfective) Muĩ korilung Moe korilü̃/korilöng Ami kôrlam Mui/Ami xorlam
I did (distant) Muĩ korisilung Moe korisilü̃/korisilong Ami korechhilam Mui/Ami xors(i)lam
I was doing Muĩ koria asilung Moe kori asilü̃/asilöng Ami korchhilam Mui/Ami xorat aslam
I will do Muĩ korim Moe korim Ami korbo Mui/Ami xormu
I will be doing Muĩ koria thakim Moe kori thakim Ami korte thakbo Mui/Ami xorat táxmu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Simons, Gary F; Fennig, Charles D, eds. (2018). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (21st ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  2. ^ (Toulmin 2009:5-7)
  3. ^ Kamtapuri/Rangpuri at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  4. ^ "The Origin and Development of the Bengali Language". 29 September 1926. Retrieved 29 September 2020 – via Internet Archive.
  5. ^ Toulmin 2009
  6. ^ Toulmin 2009, p. 72f, 89
  7. ^ PTI (28 February 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri make it to list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  8. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central-Eastern Kamta". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

References[edit]

External links[edit]