List of Wimbledon ladies' singles champions

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Wimbledon Ladies’ Singles Champions
Location London
United Kingdom
Venue AELTC
Governing body AELTC / LTA
Created 1884 (established)
Open Era: 1968
(51 editions)
Surface Grass (1884–Present)
Prize money £ 2,000,000 (2016)
Trophy Venus Rosewater Dish
Website aeltc2010.wimbledon.org/en_GB/about/history/rolls/ladiesroll.html
Most titles
Amateur era 7: Dorothea Lambert Chambers
(challenge round)
8: Helen Wills Moody
(regular)
Open era 9: Martina Navratilova
Most consecutive titles
Amateur era 3: Lottie Dod
Suzanne Lenglen
(challenge round)
4: Helen Wills Moody
(regular)
Open era 6: Martina Navratilova
Current champion
Angelique Kerber
(1st singles title)

The Championships, Wimbledon is an annual tennis tournament first contested in 1877 and played on outdoor grass courts[a][b][1] at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club (AELTC) in the Wimbledon suburb of London, United Kingdom.[2] The Ladies' Singles was started in 1884.[3]

History[edit]

Wimbledon has historically been played in the last week of June and the first week of July (though changed to the first two weeks of July in 2017), and has been chronologically the third of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987.[2] The event was not held from 1915 to 1918 because of World War I and again from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II.[4]

The Ladies' Singles' rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. From 1886 until 1921, the event started with a knockout phase, the All Comers' Singles, whose winner then faced the defending champion in a challenge round. The All Comers' winner was automatically awarded the title six times (1887, 1891, 1895, 1907, 1908) in the absence of the previous year's champion. The challenge round system was abolished with the 1922 edition.[5] Since the first championships, all matches have been played at the best-of-three sets. Between 1877 and 1883, the winner of the next game at five games-all took the set in every match except the All Comers' final, and the challenge round, which were won with six games and a two games advantage. All sets were decided in two-game advantage format from 1884 to 1970.[5] The lingering death best-of-12 points tie-break was introduced in 1971 for the first two sets, played at eight games-all until 1978 and at six games-all since 1979.[5][6][7]

The Ladies' Singles champion receives a sterling silver salver commonly known as the "Venus Rosewater Dish", or simply the "Rosewater Dish". The salver, which is 18.75 inches (about 48 cm) in diameter, is decorated with figures from mythology.[8] New singles champions are traditionally elected honorary members of the AELTC by the club's committee.[c][9] In 2012, the Ladies' Singles winner received prize money of £1,150,000.[10]

These records include the Amateur Era only, Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1903–1904, 1906, 1910–1911, 1913–1914) holds the record for most titles, with seven, and Lottie Dod (1891–1893) and Suzanne Lenglen (1919–1921) holds the record for most consecutive wins in the Ladies' Singles during the challenge round era, with three victories each. The record for most consecutive and most wins post challenge round during the Amateur Era is Helen Wills Moody (1927–1930), with four straight wins, and Moody holds the record for most victories in this era with eight (1927–1930, 1932–1933, 1935, 1938).[4]

These records only include the Open Era, since the inclusion of the professional tennis players, Martina Navratilova (1978–1979, 1982–1987, 1990) holds the record for most victories with nine. Navratilova holds the record for most consecutive victories with six (1982–1987).[4]

This event has been won without the loss of a set, during the Open Era of Tennis, by the following players: Billie Jean King in 1968, 1972, 1973 and 1975, Margaret Court in 1970, Evonne Goolagong Cawley in 1971 and 1980, Chris Evert in 1974 and 1981, Martina Navratilova in 1979, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, and 1990, Steffi Graf in 1992 and 1996, Jana Novotná in 1998, Lindsay Davenport in 1999, Venus Williams in 2000, 2007 and 2008, Serena Williams in 2002, 2009, 2010, 2015 and 2016, Maria Sharapova in 2004, Petra Kvitová in 2011 and 2014 and Marion Bartoli in 2013.

Champions[edit]

Regular competition
All Comers' winner, Challenge round winner ‡
Defending champion, Challenge round winner †
All Comers' winner, no Challenge round ◊

Amateur Era[edit]

A black and white picture, a woman is in all-white attire with a hat on, and is looking sideways to the camera
Lottie Dod was a five-time champion and is the youngest ever winner of the ladies' singles championships (15 years and 285 days).
A black and white picture, a woman is in all-white attire with a tie on, and is looking right at the camera in the photograph with a racket in her right hand
Charlotte Cooper Sterry was a five-time champion and is the oldest ladies’ singles champion (37 year and 282 days).
A black and white picture, a woman is in all-white attire hitting a right-handed one handed backhand with a racket in her right hand
Dorothea Lambert Chambers was a seven-time champion between 1903 and 1914.
A woman looking at the camera with a coloured bandanna on and a white shirt, which this picture is black and white
Suzanne Lenglen was a six-time champion.
A woman looking away from the camera with a tennis racket in her right hand and a colored sweater on and all white clothing, which this picture is a black and white
Helen Wills Moody was an eight-time champion between 1927 and 1938.
A woman looking and smiling toward the camera
Maureen Connolly competed in 1952, 1953 and 1954 and won the title on all three occasions.
A woman looking toward the camera with a tennis racket held diagonally in front of her.
Althea Gibson won the title in 1957, the first tennis player of colour to do so, and successfully defended her title in 1958.
Year[d] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4]
1884  BRI[e] Maud Watson  BRI Lillian Watson 6–8, 6–3, 6–3
1885  BRI Maud Watson  BRI Blanche Bingley 6–1, 7–5
1886  BRI Blanche Bingley ‡  BRI Maud Watson 6–3, 6–3
1887  BRI Lottie Dod ‡  BRI Blanche Bingley 6–2, 6–0
1888  BRI Lottie Dod †  BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–3, 6–3
1889  BRI Blanche Hillyard ◊  BRI Lena Rice 4–6, 8–6, 6–4
1890  BRI Lena Rice ◊  BRI May Jacks 6–4, 6–1
1891  BRI Lottie Dod ◊  BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–2, 6–1
1892  BRI Lottie Dod †  BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–1, 6–1
1893  BRI Lottie Dod †  BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–8, 6–1, 6–4
1894  BRI Blanche Hillyard ◊  BRI Edith Austin 6–1, 6–1
1895  BRI Charlotte Cooper ◊  BRI Helen Jackson 7–5, 8–6
1896  BRI Charlotte Cooper †  BRI Alice Pickering 6–2, 6–3
1897  BRI Blanche Hillyard ‡  BRI Charlotte Cooper 5–7, 7–5, 6–2
1898  BRI Charlotte Cooper ◊  BRI Louisa Martin 6–4, 6–4
1899  BRI Blanche Hillyard ‡  BRI Charlotte Cooper 6–2, 6–3
1900  BRI Blanche Hillyard †  BRI Charlotte Cooper 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1901  BRI Charlotte Sterry ‡  BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–2, 6–2
1902  BRI Muriel Robb ‡  BRI Charlotte Sterry 7–5, 6–1
1903  BRI Dorothea Douglass ◊  BRI Ethel Larcombe 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1904  BRI Dorothea Douglass †  BRI Charlotte Sterry 6–0, 6–3
1905  USA May Sutton ‡  BRI Dorothea Douglass 6–3, 6–4
1906  BRI Dorothea Douglass ‡  USA May Sutton 6–3, 9–7
1907  USA May Sutton ‡  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers 6–1, 6–4
1908  BRI Charlotte Sterry ◊  BRI Agnes Morton 6–4, 6–4
1909  BRI Dora Boothby ◊  BRI Agnes Morton 6–4, 4–6, 8–6
1910  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers ‡  BRI Dora Boothby 6–2, 6–2
1911  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers †  BRI Dora Boothby 6–0, 6–0
1912  BRI Ethel Larcombe ◊  BRI Charlotte Sterry 6–3, 6–1
1913  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers ◊  BRI Winifred McNair 6–0, 6–4
1914  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers †  BRI Ethel Larcombe 7–5, 6–4
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1919  FRA Suzanne Lenglen ‡  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers 10–8, 4–6, 9–7
1920  FRA Suzanne Lenglen †  BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers 6–3, 6–0
1921  FRA Suzanne Lenglen †  USA Elizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–0
1922  FRA Suzanne Lenglen  USA Molla Mallory 6–2, 6–0
1923  FRA Suzanne Lenglen  GBR Kitty McKane 6–2, 6–2
1924  GBR Kitty McKane  USA Helen Wills 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1925  FRA Suzanne Lenglen  GBR Joan Fry 6–2, 6–0
1926  GBR Kitty Godfree  ESP Lilí Álvarez 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
1927  USA Helen Wills  ESP Lilí Álvarez 6–2, 6–4
1928  USA Helen Wills  ESP Lilí Álvarez 6–2, 6–3
1929  USA Helen Wills  USA Helen Jacobs 6–1, 6–2
1930  USA Helen Moody  USA Elizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–2
1931  GER Cilly Aussem  GER Hilde Krahwinkel 6–2, 7–5
1932  USA Helen Moody  USA Helen Jacobs 6–3, 6–1
1933  USA Helen Moody  GBR Dorothy Round 6–4, 6–8, 6–3
1934  GBR Dorothy Round  USA Helen Jacobs 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
1935  USA Helen Moody  USA Helen Jacobs 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
1936  USA Helen Jacobs  DEN Hilde Sperling 6–2, 4–6, 7–5
1937  GBR Dorothy Round  POL Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
1938  USA Helen Moody  USA Helen Jacobs 6–4, 6–0
1939  USA Alice Marble  GBR Kay Stammers 6–2, 6–0
1940 No competition (due to World War II)
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946  USA Pauline Betz  USA Louise Brough 6–2, 6–4
1947  USA Margaret Osborne  USA Doris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1948  USA Louise Brough  USA Doris Hart 6–3, 8–6
1949  USA Louise Brough  USA Margaret duPont 10–8, 1–6, 10–8
1950  USA Louise Brough  USA Margaret duPont 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
1951  USA Doris Hart  USA Shirley Fry 6–1, 6–0
1952  USA Maureen Connolly  USA Louise Brough 7–5, 6–3
1953  USA Maureen Connolly  USA Doris Hart 8–6, 7–5
1954  USA Maureen Connolly  USA Louise Brough 6–2, 7–5
1955  USA Louise Brough  USA Beverly Fleitz 7–5, 8–6
1956  USA Shirley Fry  GBR Angela Buxton 6–3, 6–1
1957  USA Althea Gibson  USA Darlene Hard 6–3, 6–2
1958  USA Althea Gibson  GBR Angela Mortimer 8–6, 6–2
1959  BRA Maria Bueno  USA Darlene Hard 6–4, 6–3
1960  BRA Maria Bueno  RSA Sandra Reynolds 8–6, 6–0
1961  GBR Angela Mortimer  GBR Christine Truman 4–6, 6–4, 7–5
1962  USA Karen Susman  TCH Věra Suková 6–4, 6–4
1963  AUS Margaret Smith  USA Billie Jean Moffitt 6–3, 6–4
1964  BRA Maria Bueno  AUS Margaret Smith 6–4, 7–9, 6–3
1965  AUS Margaret Smith  BRA Maria Bueno 6–4, 7–5
1966  USA Billie Jean King  BRA Maria Bueno 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1967  USA Billie Jean King  GBR Ann Jones 6–3, 6–4

Open Era[edit]

A brown haired women in a black jacket and white shirt
Billie Jean King is a six-time champion overall and a four-time champion in the open era.
A blond-haired women with a white shirt, black shorts, and white tennis shoes on about ready to serve the tennis ball in hand
Martina Navratilova is a nine-time singles champion, an all-time Grand Slam record in the Open Era for women (Margaret Court won the Australian 11 times). She won six consecutive titles from 1982 to 1987.
A blond-haired women wearing a white shirt
Steffi Graf is a seven-time champion over a nine-year period from 1988 to 1996.
A black woman wearing a white ensemble with purple accents and headband
Serena Williams is a seven-time champion.
A black woman is serving the ball, and is wearing a white sleeveless top and blue skirt
Venus Williams is a five-time champion.
Year[d] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4]
1968  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Judy Tegart 9–7, 7–5
1969  GBR Ann Jones  USA Billie Jean King 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1970  AUS Margaret Court  USA Billie Jean King 14–12, 11–9
1971  AUS Evonne Goolagong  AUS Margaret Court 6–4, 6–1
1972  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Evonne Goolagong 6–3, 6–3
1973  USA Billie Jean King  USA Chris Evert 6–0, 7–5
1974  USA Chris Evert  URS Olga Morozova 6–0, 6–4
1975  USA Billie Jean King  AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6–0, 6–1
1976  USA Chris Evert  AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6–3, 4–6, 8–6
1977  GBR Virginia Wade  NED Betty Stöve 4–6, 6–3, 6–1
1978  USA Martina Navratilova[i][11]  USA Chris Evert 2–6, 6–4, 7–5
1979  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–4, 6–4
1980  AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
1981  USA Chris Evert Lloyd  TCH[h] Hana Mandlíková 6–2, 6–2
1982  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–1, 3–6, 6–2
1983  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Andrea Jaeger 6–0, 6–3
1984  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 7–6(7–5), 6–2
1985  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Chris Evert Lloyd 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1986  USA Martina Navratilova  TCH Hana Mandlíková 7–6(7–1), 6–3
1987  USA Martina Navratilova  FRG[j] Steffi Graf 7–5, 6–3
1988  FRG[j] Steffi Graf  USA Martina Navratilova 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
1989  FRG Steffi Graf  USA Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–7(1–7), 6–1
1990  USA Martina Navratilova  USA Zina Garrison 6–4, 6–1
1991  GER Steffi Graf  ARG Gabriela Sabatini 6–4, 3–6, 8–6
1992  GER Steffi Graf  YUG Monica Seles 6–2, 6–1
1993  GER Steffi Graf  CZE Jana Novotná 7–6(8–6), 1–6, 6–4
1994  ESP Conchita Martínez  USA Martina Navratilova 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1995  GER Steffi Graf  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 6–1, 7–5
1996  GER Steffi Graf  ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 7–5
1997   SUI Martina Hingis  CZE Jana Novotná 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1998  CZE Jana Novotná  FRA Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
1999  USA Lindsay Davenport  GER Steffi Graf 6–4, 7–5
2000  USA Venus Williams  USA Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2001  USA Venus Williams  BEL Justine Henin 6–1, 3–6, 6–0
2002  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 7–6(7–4), 6–3
2003  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2004  RUS Maria Sharapova  USA Serena Williams 6–1, 6–4
2005  USA Venus Williams  USA Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 7–6(7–4), 9–7
2006  FRA Amélie Mauresmo  BEL Justine Henin 2–6, 6–3, 6–4
2007  USA Venus Williams  FRA Marion Bartoli 6–4, 6–1
2008  USA Venus Williams  USA Serena Williams 7–5, 6–4
2009  USA Serena Williams  USA Venus Williams 7–6(7–3), 6–2
2010  USA Serena Williams  RUS Vera Zvonareva 6–3, 6–2
2011  CZE Petra Kvitová  RUS Maria Sharapova 6–3, 6–4
2012  USA Serena Williams  POL Agnieszka Radwańska 6–1, 5–7, 6–2
2013  FRA Marion Bartoli  GER Sabine Lisicki 6–1, 6–4
2014  CZE Petra Kvitová  CAN Eugenie Bouchard 6–3, 6–0
2015  USA Serena Williams  ESP Garbiñe Muguruza 6–4, 6–4
2016  USA Serena Williams  GER Angelique Kerber 7–5, 6–3
2017  ESP Garbiñe Muguruza  USA Venus Williams 7–5, 6–0
2018  GER Angelique Kerber  USA Serena Williams 6–3, 6–3

Statistics[edit]

Multiple champions[edit]

Title defended in the challenge round
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
 Martina Navratilova (USA)[i] 0 9 9 1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1990
 Helen Wills Moody (USA) 8 0 8 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1938
 Dorothea Lambert Chambers (UK) 7 0 7 1903, 1904, 1906, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914
 Steffi Graf (GER) 0 7 7 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996
 Serena Williams (USA) 0 7 7 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016
 Blanche Bingley (UK) 6 0 6 1886, 1889, 1894, 1897, 1899, 1900
 Suzanne Lenglen (FRA) 6 0 6 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925
 Billie Jean King (USA) 2 4 6 1966, 1967, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1975
 Charlotte Cooper Sterry (UK) 5 0 5 1895, 1896, 1898, 1901, 1908
 Lottie Dod (UK) 5 0 5 1887, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1893
 Venus Williams (USA) 0 5 5 2000, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008
 Louise Brough Clapp (USA) 4 0 4 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955
 Maureen Connolly (USA) 3 0 3 1952, 1953, 1954
 Maria Bueno (BRA) 3 0 3 1959, 1960, 1964
 Margaret Court (AUS) 2 1 3 1963, 1965, 1970
 Chris Evert (USA) 0 3 3 1974, 1976, 1981
 Althea Gibson (USA) 2 0 2 1957, 1958
 Dorothy Round (UK) 2 0 2 1934, 1937
 Kitty McKane Godfree (UK) 2 0 2 1924, 1926
 May Sutton Bundy (USA) 2 0 2 1905, 1907
 Maud Watson (UK) 2 0 2 1884, 1885
 Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS) 0 2 2 1971, 1980
 Petra Kvitová (CZE) 0 2 2 2011, 2014

Championships by country[edit]

A golden trophy, in the shape of a loving-cup, next to a silver plate
The Ladies' Singles plate (right) with the Gentlemen's Singles trophy (left).
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
 United States (USA) 28 29 57 1905 2016
 United Kingdom (UK) 34 2 36 1884 1977
 Germany (GER)[j] 1 8 9 1931 2018
 France (FRA) 6 2 8 1919 2013
 Australia (AUS) 2 3 5 1963 1980
 Brazil (BRA) 3 0 3 1959 1964
 Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 3 1998 2014
 Spain (ESP) 0 2 2 1994 2017
  Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 1 1997 1997
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2004 2004

See also[edit]

Wimbledon Open other competitions

Grand Slam women's singles

Notes[edit]

  • a Since 2009, Centre Court features a retractable roof, allowing indoor and night-time play.[12]
  • b Wimbledon entered the Open Era with the 1968 edition, allowing professional players to compete alongside amateurs.[3]
  • c John McEnroe is the only player to have been denied membership in 1981, because of his on-court behaviour during the championships.[13][14]
  • d Each year is linked to an article about that particular year's draws, but pre-1922 they did not have draws due to the challenge round system. In 1922 till the present they do have draws, but the years of 1925–1939 do not have draw pages with links, so it is linked to the year's articles instead.
  • e "British Isles" (BRI) is used for players from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), distinct from "Great Britain" (GBR) used for players from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).[4][15]
  • f The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1918 because of World War I.[4]
  • g The tournament was not held from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II.[4]
  • h Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992) split into the Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
  • i Martina Navratilova was born in Czechoslovakia, but was stripped of her citizenship in 1975 when she defected to the United States. She became a US citizen in 1981.[16]
  • j FRG is West Germany, but after unification became just Germany (GER) after 1990.

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ - Grass Courts" (PDF). wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Tournament profile - Wimbledon". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  3. ^ a b "About Wimbledon - History: History". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ladies' Singles Finals". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Archived from the original on 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2010-11-12. 
  5. ^ a b c Barrett, John (1986). 100 Wimbledon Championships: A Celebration. Collins Willow. ISBN 978-0-00-218220-1. 
  6. ^ Roberts, John (1998-08-05). "Tennis: Fast, fan friendly - but full of faults". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  7. ^ "Breaking with tradition". The Age. The Age Company Ltd. 2004-01-25. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  8. ^ "About Wimbledon - History: The trophies". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  9. ^ "About Wimbledon - Behind the scenes: The All England Lawn Tennis Club". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Archived from the original on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2010-11-12. 
  10. ^ "2011 Prize Money" (PDF). wimbledon.org. All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  11. ^ "Ladies' Singles Finals 1884-2017". wimbledon.com. Wimbledon Championships. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  12. ^ Harman, Neil (2009-04-22). "No more soaked strawberries - Centre Court, Wimbledon, gets a roof". The Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  13. ^ "Jolly snub for McEnroe; he's refused All-England". St. Petersburg Times. United Press International. 1981-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  14. ^ Zenilman, Avi (2009-06-24). "Back Issues: McEnroe vs. Thatcher". The New Yorker. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  15. ^ "History - Rolls of Honour: Country abbreviations". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  16. ^ McCurry, Justin (11 March 2008). "'Ashamed' Navratilove regains Czech nationality". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2016. 

External links[edit]