List of cities by temperature

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of cities by average temperature (monthly and yearly). The temperatures listed are averages of the daily highs and lows. Thus, the actual daytime temperature in a given month will be 2 to 10 °C (4 to 18 °F) higher than the temperature listed here, depending on how large the difference between daily highs and lows is.

Africa[edit]

Average temperatures for selected cities in Africa
°C (°F)
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Ivory Coast Gagnoa 26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
[1]
Ivory Coast Bouaké 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
[2]
Ivory Coast Abidjan 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
[3]
Ivory Coast Odienné 25
(77)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
26
(79)
[4]
Benin Cotonou 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
[5]
Benin Parakou 26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
[6]
Benin Kandi 25
(77)
27
(81)
31
(88)
32
(90)
30
(86)
28
(82)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
27
(81)
[7]
Togo Lomé 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
[8]
Togo Mango 27
(81)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
[9]
Ghana Accra 28.8
(83.8)
29.4
(84.9)
29.6
(85.3)
29.5
(85.1)
28.4
(83.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.8
(80.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
28.1
(82.6)
27.6
(81.7)
[10]
Ghana Tamale 28
(82)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
[11]
Ghana Kumasi 26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
[12]
Cameroon Garoua 26.0
(78.8)
28.9
(84.0)
32.2
(90.0)
33.0
(91.4)
30.7
(87.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
28.1
(82.6)
27.3
(81.1)
26.0
(78.8)
28.3
(82.9)
[13]
Cameroon Ngaoundéré 20.5
(68.9)
22.2
(72.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.1
(73.6)
22.1
(71.8)
21.5
(70.7)
22.5
(72.5)
21.7
(71.1)
22.1
(71.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.4
(68.7)
22.0
(71.6)
[14]
Cameroon Douala 27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
26
(79)
[15]
Cameroon Yaoundé 24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
[16]
Gabon Libreville 26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.4
(77.7)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
[17]
Gabon Port-Gentil 26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
23.5
(74.3)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
[18]
Nigeria Lagos 27.3
(81.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
28
(82)
27.1
(80.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
25.5
(77.9)
26.4
(79.5)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
[19]
Nigeria Makurdi 26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
23.5
(74.3)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
[20]
Nigeria Jos 27.3
(81.1)
28.7
(83.7)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
26.1
(79.0)
27.8
(82.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.2
(81.0)
27.4
(81.3)
[21]
Nigeria Kano 21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
28.7
(83.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.9
(87.6)
28.2
(82.8)
26.2
(79.2)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
27.3
(81.1)
24.6
(76.3)
21.6
(70.9)
26.4
(79.5)
[22]
Nigeria Sokoto 25
(77)
26
(79)
30
(86)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
28
(82)
[23]
Sudan Port Sudan 23.3
(73.9)
23.0
(73.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.5
(79.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.2
(90.0)
34.1
(93.4)
34.5
(94.1)
32.1
(89.8)
29.3
(84.7)
27.3
(81.1)
24.7
(76.5)
28.4
(83.1)
[24]
Sudan Khartoum 23.2
(73.8)
25.0
(77.0)
28.7
(83.7)
31.9
(89.4)
34.5
(94.1)
34.3
(93.7)
32.1
(89.8)
31.5
(88.7)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
28.1
(82.6)
24.5
(76.1)
29.9
(85.8)
[25]
Eritrea Asmara 13.8
(56.8)
14.9
(58.8)
16.3
(61.3)
17.0
(62.6)
17.6
(63.7)
17.6
(63.7)
16.3
(61.3)
16.1
(61.0)
15.7
(60.3)
14.9
(58.8)
14.0
(57.2)
13.2
(55.8)
15.6
(60.1)
[26]
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 24
(75)
27
(81)
30
(86)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
27
(81)
[27]
Burkina Faso Ouahigouya 24
(75)
27
(81)
30
(86)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
28
(82)
25
(77)
28
(82)
[28]
Niger Niamey 24
(75)
27
(81)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
28
(82)
25
(77)
29
(84)
[29]
Chad N'Djamena 23
(73)
26
(79)
30
(86)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
27
(81)
24
(75)
28
(82)
[30]
Chad Abéché 26
(79)
28
(82)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
31
(88)
28
(82)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
26
(79)
29
(84)
[31]
The Gambia Banjul 23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
24
(75)
26
(79)
[32]
Senegal Dakar 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
23
(73)
24
(75)
[33]
Senegal Thiès 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
23
(73)
24
(75)
[34]
Somalia Mogadishu 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
[35]
Somalia Buloburde 27.2
(81.0)
27.8
(82.0)
29
(84)
29.2
(84.6)
28.4
(83.1)
27.4
(81.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.7
(80.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81.0)
27.7
(81.9)
[36]
Djibouti Djibouti 25.1
(77.2)
25.8
(78.4)
27.1
(80.8)
28.8
(83.8)
30.9
(87.6)
33.9
(93.0)
35.9
(96.6)
35.4
(95.7)
32.8
(91.0)
29.3
(84.7)
27
(81)
25.5
(77.9)
29.8
(85.6)
[37]
Mali Ségou 24
(75)
27
(81)
30
(86)
33
(91)
33
(91)
30
(86)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
25
(77)
28
(82)
[38]
Mali Timbuktu 21
(70)
23
(73)
27
(81)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
26
(79)
21
(70)
28
(82)
[39]
Mali Bamako 25
(77)
28
(82)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
28
(82)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
25
(77)
28
(82)
[40]
Algeria Algiers 11
(52)
12
(54)
12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
17
(63)
[41]
Algeria Tamanrasset 11
(52)
13
(55)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
22
(72)
17
(63)
13
(55)
20
(68)
[42]
Tunisia Tunis 11.5
(52.7)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.6
(60.1)
19.3
(66.7)
23.2
(73.8)
26.3
(79.3)
26.8
(80.2)
24.4
(75.9)
20.4
(68.7)
15.9
(60.6)
12.5
(54.5)
18.4
(65.1)
[43]
Tunisia Gabès 12.0
(53.6)
13.3
(55.9)
15.1
(59.2)
17.7
(63.9)
20.8
(69.4)
24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
27.4
(81.3)
25.6
(78.1)
21.7
(71.1)
16.8
(62.2)
13.0
(55.4)
19.5
(67.1)
[44]
Morocco Rabat 12.6
(54.7)
13.1
(55.6)
14.2
(57.6)
15.2
(59.4)
17.4
(63.3)
19.8
(67.6)
22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
21.5
(70.7)
19.0
(66.2)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
17.2
(63.0)
[45]
Morocco Marrakesh 12.2
(54.0)
13.8
(56.8)
15.8
(60.4)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.8
(74.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
25.3
(77.5)
21.1
(70.0)
16.3
(61.3)
12.6
(54.7)
19.6
(67.3)
[46]
Morocco Ouarzazate 9.3
(48.7)
11.9
(53.4)
14.8
(58.6)
17.6
(63.7)
21.7
(71.1)
25.9
(78.6)
29.5
(85.1)
28.8
(83.8)
24.6
(76.3)
19.4
(66.9)
13.7
(56.7)
9.5
(49.1)
18.9
(66.0)
[47]
Egypt Cairo 13.6
(56.5)
14.9
(58.8)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.5
(76.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
26
(79)
23.3
(73.9)
18.9
(66.0)
15
(59)
21.4
(70.5)
[48]
Egypt Alexandria 13.4
(56.1)
13.9
(57.0)
15.7
(60.3)
18.5
(65.3)
21.2
(70.2)
24.3
(75.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.1
(77.2)
22.0
(71.6)
18.7
(65.7)
14.9
(58.8)
20.0
(68.0)
[49]
Egypt Helwan 18.5
(65.3)
20.4
(68.7)
23.4
(74.1)
28.5
(83.3)
32.2
(90.0)
34.3
(93.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.6
(94.3)
32.6
(90.7)
29.3
(84.7)
24.5
(76.1)
19.5
(67.1)
27.7
(81.9)
[50]
Libya Tripoli 12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
18
(64)
22
(72)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
23
(73)
17
(63)
13
(55)
20
(68)
[51]
Libya Benghazi 12.5
(54.5)
13.2
(55.8)
14.9
(58.8)
18.7
(65.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.5
(77.9)
25.9
(78.6)
26.5
(79.7)
25.1
(77.2)
22.1
(71.8)
18.2
(64.8)
14.1
(57.4)
19.9
(67.8)
[52]
Kenya Mombasa 27.6
(81.7)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
27.6
(81.7)
26.2
(79.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.7
(76.5)
25.7
(78.3)
26.9
(80.4)
27.4
(81.3)
26.3
(79.3)
[53]
Kenya Nairobi 18.0
(64.4)
18.8
(65.8)
19.4
(66.9)
19.2
(66.6)
17.8
(64.0)
16.3
(61.3)
15.6
(60.1)
15.9
(60.6)
17.3
(63.1)
18.5
(65.3)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
17.8
(64.0)
[54]
Kenya Garissa 29.7
(85.5)
30.6
(87.1)
31.4
(88.5)
30.7
(87.3)
29.6
(85.3)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
29.7
(85.5)
29.9
(85.8)
29.2
(84.6)
29.3
(84.7)
[55]
Kenya Lodwar 28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
29.1
(84.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.5
(83.3)
29.3
(84.7)
[56]
Angola Luanda 26.7
(80.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.6
(83.5)
28.2
(82.8)
27.0
(80.6)
23.9
(75.0)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
23.5
(74.3)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
25.8
(78.4)
[57]
South Sudan Juba 28.3
(82.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.9
(85.8)
29.2
(84.6)
27.9
(82.2)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79.0)
26.8
(80.2)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82.0)
[58]
South Sudan Wau 26.8
(80.2)
28.5
(83.3)
30.4
(86.7)
30.6
(87.1)
29.3
(84.7)
27.5
(81.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.4
(81.3)
26.5
(79.7)
27.8
(82.0)
[59]
Tanzania Dar es Salaam 27.4
(81.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.5
(79.7)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.3
(79.3)
27.3
(81.1)
25.8
(78.4)
[60]
Tanzania Zanzibar City 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
[61]
Tanzania Tabora 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
23
(73)
[62]
Tanzania Dodoma 23.8
(74.8)
23.0
(73.4)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
22.1
(71.8)
21.4
(70.5)
19.8
(67.6)
20.5
(68.9)
22.3
(72.1)
23.8
(74.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
22.7
(72.9)
[63]
Ethiopia Mek'ele 19.5
(67.1)
20.5
(68.9)
21.5
(70.7)
22.5
(72.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
20.5
(68.9)
20
(68)
21.5
(70.7)
20.5
(68.9)
19.5
(67.1)
18.5
(65.3)
22.7
(72.9)
[64]
Ethiopia Addis Ababa 16
(61)
17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
17
(63)
15
(59)
16
(61)
16
(61)
16
(61)
15
(59)
15
(59)
16
(61)
[65]
Congo Brazzaville 26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
[66]
Congo Pointe-Noire 27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.9
(82.2)
27.8
(82.0)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
24.5
(76.1)
26.3
(79.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79.0)
[67]
Congo Dolisie 25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
[68]
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
[69]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
[70]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Lubumbashi 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
18
(64)
16
(61)
16
(61)
17
(63)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
20
(68)
[71]
Mauritania Nouadhibou 19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
23
(73)
22
(72)
20
(68)
22
(72)
[72]
Mauritania Nouakchott 21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
29
(84)
26
(79)
22
(72)
26
(79)
[73]
South Africa Pretoria 22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
21.0
(69.8)
17.9
(64.2)
14.7
(58.5)
11.5
(52.7)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
18.6
(65.5)
20.1
(68.2)
21.0
(69.8)
21.9
(71.4)
18.2
(64.8)
[74]
South Africa Cape Town 20.4
(68.7)
20.4
(68.7)
19.2
(66.6)
16.9
(62.4)
14.4
(57.9)
12.5
(54.5)
11.9
(53.4)
12.4
(54.3)
13.7
(56.7)
15.6
(60.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.5
(67.1)
16.2
(61.2)
[75]
South Africa Johannesburg 19.5
(67.1)
19.0
(66.2)
18.0
(64.4)
15.3
(59.5)
12.6
(54.7)
9.6
(49.3)
10.0
(50.0)
12.5
(54.5)
15.9
(60.6)
17.1
(62.8)
17.9
(64.2)
19.0
(66.2)
15.5
(59.9)
[76]
South Africa Bloemfontein 22.8
(73.0)
21.4
(70.5)
19.2
(66.6)
14.9
(58.8)
10.7
(51.3)
6.9
(44.4)
7.2
(45.0)
10.1
(50.2)
14.6
(58.3)
17.5
(63.5)
19.9
(67.8)
21.9
(71.4)
15.6
(60.1)
[77]
South Africa Upington 27.8
(82.0)
26.9
(80.4)
24.7
(76.5)
20.2
(68.4)
15.7
(60.3)
12.1
(53.8)
11.9
(53.4)
14.0
(57.2)
18.1
(64.6)
21.4
(70.5)
24.7
(76.5)
26.9
(80.4)
20.4
(68.7)
[78]
South Africa Durban 24.1
(75.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
21.6
(70.9)
19.1
(66.4)
16.6
(61.9)
16.5
(61.7)
17.7
(63.9)
19.2
(66.6)
20.1
(68.2)
21.4
(70.5)
23.1
(73.6)
20.6
(69.1)
[79]
Botswana Maun 25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
15
(59)
15
(59)
18
(64)
22
(72)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
21
(70)
[80]
Botswana Gaborone 26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
21
(70)
17
(63)
13
(55)
13
(55)
17
(63)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
[81]
Botswana Ghanzi 25.9
(78.6)
25.3
(77.5)
24.1
(75.4)
21.2
(70.2)
17.6
(63.7)
14.3
(57.7)
14.1
(57.4)
17.1
(62.8)
21.5
(70.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
21.4
(70.5)
[82]
Zambia Ndola 20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
21.0
(69.8)
20.5
(68.9)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
16.7
(62.1)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
23.7
(74.7)
22.5
(72.5)
21.0
(69.8)
20.3
(68.5)
[83]
Zambia Lusaka 21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.1
(70.0)
19.9
(67.8)
17.4
(63.3)
15.2
(59.4)
14.9
(58.8)
17.3
(63.1)
21.3
(70.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
21.7
(71.1)
19.9
(67.8)
[84]
Zambia Livingstone 23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
21.9
(71.4)
18.9
(66.0)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61.0)
19.3
(66.7)
23.9
(75.0)
26.2
(79.2)
25.1
(77.2)
23.6
(74.5)
21.8
(71.2)
[85]
Zimbabwe Harare 21.0
(69.8)
20.7
(69.3)
20.3
(68.5)
18.8
(65.8)
16.1
(61.0)
13.7
(56.7)
13.4
(56.1)
15.5
(59.9)
18.6
(65.5)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
20.9
(69.6)
18.4
(65.1)
[86]
Zimbabwe Bulawayo 21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.6
(69.1)
18.7
(65.7)
16.0
(60.8)
13.7
(56.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.4
(61.5)
19.9
(67.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.4
(70.5)
18.9
(66.0)
[87]
Malawi Karonga 24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
23.6
(74.5)
22.2
(72.0)
21.7
(71.1)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
26.4
(79.5)
27.0
(80.6)
25.7
(78.3)
24.4
(75.9)
[88]
Malawi Blantyre 24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
18
(64)
17
(63)
19
(66)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
[89]
Malawi Mzuzu 19.9
(67.8)
20.0
(68.0)
19.5
(67.1)
18.7
(65.7)
16.4
(61.5)
13.9
(57.0)
13.1
(55.6)
14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
20.5
(68.9)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
[90]
Madagascar Fianarantsoa 20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
20.0
(68.0)
18.9
(66.0)
16.7
(62.1)
14.5
(58.1)
14.0
(57.2)
14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
18.3
(64.9)
19.7
(67.5)
20.4
(68.7)
17.9
(64.2)
[91]
Madagascar Toamasina 26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79.0)
25.5
(77.9)
24.6
(76.3)
22.9
(73.2)
21.1
(70.0)
20.4
(68.7)
20.5
(68.9)
21.3
(70.3)
22.7
(72.9)
24.3
(75.7)
25.5
(77.9)
23.4
(74.1)
[92]
Madagascar Antananarivo 20.5
(68.9)
20.7
(69.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.2
(66.6)
16.8
(62.2)
14.6
(58.3)
14.1
(57.4)
14.5
(58.1)
16.3
(61.3)
18.5
(65.3)
19.7
(67.5)
20.2
(68.4)
17.9
(64.2)
[93]
Madagascar Antsiranana 27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
[94]
Madagascar Mahajanga 27.1
(80.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.5
(81.5)
27.4
(81.3)
26.1
(79.0)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
26.8
(80.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.3
(79.3)
[95]
Madagascar Toliara 27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.0
(77.0)
22.7
(72.9)
20.7
(69.3)
20.3
(68.5)
21.0
(69.8)
22.3
(72.1)
23.9
(75.0)
25.3
(77.5)
26.6
(79.9)
24.1
(75.4)
[96]
Mozambique Maputo 27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
24
(75)
22
(72)
20
(68)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
26
(79)
23
(73)
[97]
Central African Republic Bangui 24
(75)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
[98]
Central African Republic Birao 23
(73)
25
(77)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
27
(81)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(75)
22
(72)
26
(79)
[99]
Uganda Kampala 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
[100]
Uganda Entebbe 21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
[101]
Burundi Bujumbura 25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
[102]
Guinea Conakry 26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
26.5
(79.7)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
[103]
Guinea Kankan 24.3
(75.7)
26.3
(79.3)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
28.3
(82.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
25.5
(77.9)
26.4
(79.5)
27.0
(80.6)
23.8
(74.8)
26.5
(79.7)
[104]
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
[105]
Equatorial Guinea Bata 26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
[106]
Equatorial Guinea Malabo 24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
[107]


Asia[edit]

Average temperatures for selected cities in Asia
°C (°F)
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Azerbaijan Baku 4.4
(39.9)
4.2
(39.6)
7.0
(44.6)
12.9
(55.2)
18.5
(65.3)
23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
22.5
(72.5)
16.6
(61.9)
11.2
(52.2)
7.3
(45.1)
15.1
(59.2)
[108]
Armenia Yerevan −4.3
(24.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.9
(40.8)
12.3
(54.1)
17.5
(63.5)
21.7
(71.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
20.5
(68.9)
13.5
(56.3)
6.5
(43.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
11.6
(52.9)
[109]
Bangladesh Dhaka 19.1
(66.4)
21.8
(71.2)
26.5
(79.7)
28.7
(83.7)
28.7
(83.7)
29.1
(84.4)
28.8
(83.8)
29
(84)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
24.4
(75.9)
20.3
(68.5)
26.1
(79.0)
[110]
China Beijing −3.1
(26.4)
0.3
(32.5)
6.7
(44.1)
14.8
(58.6)
20.8
(69.4)
24.9
(76.8)
26.7
(80.1)
25.5
(77.9)
20.8
(69.4)
13.7
(56.7)
5.0
(41.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
12.9
(55.2)
[111]
China Chongqing 8.0
(46.4)
10.1
(50.2)
14.0
(57.2)
18.8
(65.8)
22.8
(73.0)
25.3
(77.5)
28.5
(83.3)
28.6
(83.5)
24.3
(75.7)
18.7
(65.7)
14.3
(57.7)
9.3
(48.7)
18.6
(65.5)
[112]
China Lhasa −2.1
(28.2)
1.1
(34.0)
4.6
(40.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.5
(59.9)
15.3
(59.5)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55.0)
8.1
(46.6)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
7.6
(45.7)
[113]
China Shanghai 4.6
(40.3)
6.1
(43.0)
9.6
(49.3)
15.1
(59.2)
20.3
(68.5)
24.1
(75.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.6)
24.4
(75.9)
19.3
(66.7)
13.4
(56.1)
7.1
(44.8)
16.7
(62.1)
[114]
China Ürümqi −12.1
(10.2)
−9.3
(15.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.4
(50.7)
17
(63)
21.8
(71.2)
23.9
(75.0)
22.7
(72.9)
17
(63)
8.4
(47.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−9.4
(15.1)
7.4
(45.3)
[115]
Georgia Batumi 6
(43)
7
(45)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(61)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
8
(46)
14
(57)
[116]
Georgia Tbilisi 1.2
(34.2)
2.7
(36.9)
6.6
(43.9)
12.2
(54.0)
17.4
(63.3)
21.3
(70.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.1
(75.4)
19.6
(67.3)
13.7
(56.7)
7.8
(46.0)
3.2
(37.8)
12.9
(55.2)
[117]
Hong Kong Hong Kong 16.3
(61.3)
16.8
(62.2)
19.1
(66.4)
22.6
(72.7)
25.9
(78.6)
27.9
(82.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.6
(83.5)
27.7
(81.9)
25.5
(77.9)
21.8
(71.2)
17.9
(64.2)
23.3
(73.9)
[118]
India New Delhi 13.8
(56.8)
16.5
(61.7)
22.1
(71.8)
28.7
(83.7)
32.8
(91.0)
34
(93)
30.9
(87.6)
29.7
(85.5)
29
(84)
26.1
(79.0)
20.5
(68.9)
15.3
(59.5)
25
(77)
[119]
India Kolkata 20.1
(68.2)
22.8
(73.0)
27.6
(81.7)
30.5
(86.9)
31.3
(88.3)
30.4
(86.7)
29.1
(84.4)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
27.5
(81.5)
23.7
(74.7)
20.3
(68.5)
26.7
(80.1)
[120]
India Mumbai 23.7
(74.7)
24.5
(76.1)
26.8
(80.2)
28.4
(83.1)
29.9
(85.8)
29.2
(84.6)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
28.3
(82.9)
27.2
(81.0)
25.2
(77.4)
27.1
(80.8)
[121]
Indonesia Jakarta 26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
27.0
(80.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
[122]
Iraq Baghdad 9.7
(49.5)
12
(54)
16.6
(61.9)
22.6
(72.7)
28.3
(82.9)
32.3
(90.1)
34.8
(94.6)
34
(93)
30.5
(86.9)
24.7
(76.5)
16.5
(61.7)
11.2
(52.2)
22.77
(72.99)
[123]
Iraq Erbil 6.2
(43.2)
8.1
(46.6)
12.2
(54.0)
17.4
(63.3)
23.6
(74.5)
28.9
(84.0)
32.9
(91.2)
32.1
(89.8)
28.2
(82.8)
21.4
(70.5)
14.1
(57.4)
8.3
(46.9)
19.5
(67.1)
[124]
Iran Tehran 1
(34)
5
(41)
10
(50)
17
(63)
21
(70)
27
(81)
31
(88)
29
(84)
26
(79)
18
(64)
11
(52)
5
(41)
17
(63)
[125]
Iran Ahvaz 12.3
(54.1)
14.7
(58.5)
19.0
(66.2)
24.9
(76.8)
31.1
(88.0)
35.2
(95.4)
37.3
(99.1)
36.7
(98.1)
33.0
(91.4)
27.3
(81.1)
19.8
(67.6)
14.0
(57.2)
25.4
(77.7)
[126]
Iran Tabriz −1.7
(28.9)
0.5
(32.9)
5.6
(42.1)
11.5
(52.7)
16.7
(62.1)
22.1
(71.8)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
21.4
(70.5)
14.5
(58.1)
7.1
(44.8)
1.2
(34.2)
12.6
(54.7)
[127]
Israel Tel Aviv 12
(54)
13
(55)
15
(59)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
22
(72)
18
(64)
13
(55)
20
(68)
[128]
Japan Sapporo −3.6
(25.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.6
(33.1)
7.1
(44.8)
12.4
(54.3)
16.7
(62.1)
20.5
(68.9)
22.3
(72.1)
18.1
(64.6)
11.8
(53.2)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
8.9
(48.0)
[129]
Japan Tokyo 5.2
(41.4)
5.7
(42.3)
8.7
(47.7)
13.9
(57.0)
18.2
(64.8)
21.4
(70.5)
25.0
(77.0)
26.4
(79.5)
22.8
(73.0)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
7.6
(45.7)
15.4
(59.7)
[129]
Japan Naha 17.0
(62.6)
17.1
(62.8)
18.9
(66.0)
21.4
(70.5)
24.0
(75.2)
26.8
(80.2)
28.9
(84.0)
28.7
(83.7)
27.6
(81.7)
25.2
(77.4)
22.1
(71.8)
18.7
(65.7)
23.1
(73.6)
[129]
Kazakhstan Almaty −4.7
(23.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
3.4
(38.1)
11.5
(52.7)
16.6
(61.9)
21.6
(70.9)
23.8
(74.8)
23.0
(73.4)
17.6
(63.7)
9.9
(49.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
10.0
(50.0)
[130]
Kazakhstan Astana −14.2
(6.4)
−14.1
(6.6)
−7.1
(19.2)
5.2
(41.4)
13.9
(57.0)
19.5
(67.1)
20.8
(69.4)
18.8
(65.8)
12.3
(54.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−12.1
(10.2)
3.5
(38.3)
[131]
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar −21.6
(−6.9)
−16.6
(2.1)
−7.4
(18.7)
2.0
(35.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.2
(64.8)
16.0
(60.8)
9.6
(49.3)
0.5
(32.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
[132]
South Korea Seoul 1.5
(34.7)
4.7
(40.5)
10.4
(50.7)
17.8
(64.0)
23.0
(73.4)
27.1
(80.8)
28.6
(83.5)
29.6
(85.3)
25.8
(78.4)
19.8
(67.6)
11.6
(52.9)
4.3
(39.7)
12.5
(54.5)
[133]
Oman Muscat 21
(70)
22
(72)
25
(77)
30
(86)
34
(93)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
25
(77)
22
(72)
28
(82)
[134]
Pakistan Karachi 18
(64)
21
(70)
25
(77)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
24
(75)
20
(68)
26
(79)
[135]
Pakistan Lahore 13
(55)
16
(61)
21
(70)
27
(81)
31
(88)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
26
(79)
20
(68)
14
(57)
24
(75)
[136]
Philippines Manila 26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
[137]
Russia Dikson −24.8
(−12.6)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−17.2
(1.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
0.4
(32.7)
4.9
(40.8)
5.5
(41.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−17.5
(0.5)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−11.1
(12.0)
[138]
Russia Irkutsk −17.8
(0.0)
−14.4
(6.1)
−6.4
(20.5)
2.5
(36.5)
10.2
(50.4)
15.4
(59.7)
18.3
(64.9)
15.9
(60.6)
9.2
(48.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−7.6
(18.3)
−15.3
(4.5)
1.0
(33.8)
[139]
Russia Novosibirsk −16.5
(2.3)
−14.8
(5.4)
−7.6
(18.3)
2.3
(36.1)
11.8
(53.2)
17.1
(62.8)
19.4
(66.9)
16.6
(61.9)
10.2
(50.4)
3.1
(37.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
−14.0
(6.8)
1.7
(35.1)
[140]
Russia Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
−7.6
(18.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
8.2
(46.8)
11.5
(52.7)
12.5
(54.5)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.9
(35.4)
[141]
Russia Vladivostok −12.3
(9.9)
−8.4
(16.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
5.1
(41.2)
9.8
(49.6)
13.6
(56.5)
17.6
(63.7)
19.8
(67.6)
16.0
(60.8)
8.9
(48.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
4.9
(40.8)
[142]
Russia Yakutsk −38.6
(−37.5)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
7.5
(45.5)
16.4
(61.5)
19.5
(67.1)
15.2
(59.4)
6.1
(43.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−37.6
(−35.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
[143]
Saudi Arabia Abha 13
(55)
14
(57)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
18
(64)
15
(59)
13
(55)
18
(64)
[144]
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 14
(57)
16
(61)
21
(70)
26
(79)
32
(90)
34
(93)
36
(97)
35
(95)
32
(90)
27
(81)
21
(70)
16
(61)
26
(79)
[145]
Singapore Singapore 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
[146]
Taiwan Taipei 16
(61)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
25
(77)
27
(81)
29
(84)
29
(84)
27
(81)
24
(75)
20
(68)
17
(63)
22
(72)
[147]
Thailand Bangkok 27.0
(80.6)
28.3
(82.9)
29.5
(85.1)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
29.5
(85.1)
29.0
(84.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
27.8
(82.0)
26.5
(79.7)
28.6
(83.5)
[148]
Turkey Ankara 0.4
(32.7)
1.9
(35.4)
6.0
(42.8)
11.3
(52.3)
16.1
(61.0)
20.1
(68.2)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
18.8
(65.8)
13.0
(55.4)
7.0
(44.6)
2.6
(36.7)
12.0
(53.6)
[149]
Turkey Erzurum −10.2
(13.6)
−8.7
(16.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
14.1
(57.4)
18.4
(65.1)
18.7
(65.7)
13.9
(57.0)
7.5
(45.5)
0.4
(32.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
5.1
(41.2)
[150]
Turkey İzmir 8.9
(48.0)
9.5
(49.1)
11.7
(53.1)
15.9
(60.6)
20.8
(69.4)
25.6
(78.1)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
23.7
(74.7)
18.8
(65.8)
14.0
(57.2)
10.6
(51.1)
17.9
(64.2)
[151]
United Arab
Emirates
Dubai 18.7
(65.7)
19.3
(66.7)
22.3
(72.1)
26.1
(79.0)
29.9
(85.8)
32.2
(90.0)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
32.1
(89.8)
28.7
(83.7)
24.3
(75.7)
20.6
(69.1)
26.9
(80.4)
[152]
Uzbekistan Tashkent 1.9
(35.4)
3.9
(39.0)
9.4
(48.9)
15.5
(59.9)
20.5
(68.9)
25.8
(78.4)
27.8
(82.0)
26.2
(79.2)
20.6
(69.1)
13.9
(57.0)
8.5
(47.3)
3.5
(38.3)
14.8
(58.6)
[153]
Yemen Sana'a 16
(61)
18
(64)
20
(68)
20
(68)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
18
(64)
16
(61)
15
(59)
20
(68)
[154]
Vietnam Hanoi 17
(63)
17
(63)
20
(68)
24
(75)
27
(81)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
21
(70)
18
(64)
23
(73)
[155]

Europe[edit]

Average temperatures for selected cities in Europe
°C (°F)
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Austria Vienna 0.3
(32.5)
1.5
(34.7)
5.7
(42.3)
10.7
(51.3)
15.7
(60.3)
18.7
(65.7)
20.8
(69.4)
20.2
(68.4)
15.4
(59.7)
10.2
(50.4)
5.1
(41.2)
1.1
(34.0)
10.4
(50.7)
[156]
Belgium Brussels 3.3
(37.9)
3.7
(38.7)
6.8
(44.2)
9.8
(49.6)
13.6
(56.5)
16.2
(61.2)
18.4
(65.1)
18.0
(64.4)
14.9
(58.8)
11.1
(52.0)
6.8
(44.2)
3.9
(39.0)
10.5
(50.9)
[157]
Bulgaria Sofia −0.5
(31.1)
1.1
(34.0)
5.4
(41.7)
10.6
(51.1)
15.4
(59.7)
18.9
(66.0)
21.2
(70.2)
21.0
(69.8)
16.5
(61.7)
11.3
(52.3)
5.1
(41.2)
0.7
(33.3)
10.6
(51.1)
[158]
Croatia Zagreb 0.3
(32.5)
2.3
(36.1)
6.4
(43.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
18.8
(65.8)
20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41.0)
1.4
(34.5)
10.7
(51.3)
[159]
Czech Republic Prague −1.4
(29.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.6
(38.5)
8.4
(47.1)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61.0)
18.2
(64.8)
17.8
(64.0)
13.5
(56.3)
8.5
(47.3)
3.1
(37.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
8.4
(47.1)
[160]
Denmark Copenhagen 0.6
(33.1)
0.5
(32.9)
2.5
(36.5)
6.1
(43.0)
11.1
(52.0)
14.8
(58.6)
16.9
(62.4)
16.7
(62.1)
13.1
(55.6)
9.1
(48.4)
4.9
(40.8)
2.1
(35.8)
8.2
(46.8)
[161]
Finland Helsinki −3.9
(25.0)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.9
(39.0)
10.2
(50.4)
14.6
(58.3)
17.8
(64.0)
16.3
(61.3)
11.5
(52.7)
6.6
(43.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
5.9
(42.6)
[162]
Finland Kuopio −9.2
(15.4)
−9.2
(15.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
2.0
(35.6)
9.1
(48.4)
14.5
(58.1)
17.5
(63.5)
15.0
(59.0)
9.7
(49.5)
4.1
(39.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
3.4
(38.1)
[162]
Finland Oulu −9.6
(14.7)
−9.3
(15.3)
−4.8
(23.4)
1.4
(34.5)
7.8
(46.0)
13.5
(56.3)
16.5
(61.7)
14.1
(57.4)
8.9
(48.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−7.1
(19.2)
2.7
(36.9)
[162]
France Marseille 8.4
(47.1)
8.9
(48.0)
11.6
(52.9)
13.8
(56.8)
17.9
(64.2)
21.3
(70.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.1
(75.4)
20.7
(69.3)
16.9
(62.4)
11.8
(53.2)
9.3
(48.7)
15.8
(60.4)
[163]
France Paris 4.9
(40.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.8
(47.8)
11.4
(52.5)
15.1
(59.2)
18.2
(64.8)
20.4
(68.7)
20.2
(68.4)
16.9
(62.4)
12.9
(55.2)
8.1
(46.6)
5.4
(41.7)
12.3
(54.1)
[164]
Germany Berlin 0.6
(33.1)
2.3
(36.1)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
14.8
(58.6)
17.9
(64.2)
20.3
(68.5)
19.7
(67.5)
15.3
(59.5)
10.5
(50.9)
6.0
(42.8)
1.3
(34.3)
10.3
(50.5)
[165]
Germany Frankfurt 1
(34)
2
(36)
6
(43)
8
(46)
13
(55)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
2
(36)
10
(50)
[166]
Greece Athens 9.8
(49.6)
10.1
(50.2)
12.2
(54.0)
16.0
(60.8)
21.0
(69.8)
25.9
(78.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.4
(83.1)
24.1
(75.4)
19.2
(66.6)
14.7
(58.5)
11.1
(52.0)
18.4
(65.1)
[167]
Hungary Budapest 0.4
(32.7)
2.3
(36.1)
6.1
(43.0)
12.0
(53.6)
16.6
(61.9)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
21.2
(70.2)
16.9
(62.4)
11.8
(53.2)
5.4
(41.7)
1.8
(35.2)
11.3
(52.3)
[168]
Iceland Reykjavík −0.5
(31.1)
0.4
(32.7)
0.5
(32.9)
2.9
(37.2)
6.3
(43.3)
9.0
(48.2)
10.6
(51.1)
10.3
(50.5)
7.4
(45.3)
4.4
(39.9)
1.1
(34.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.3
(39.7)
[169]
Ireland Dublin 5.3
(41.5)
5.3
(41.5)
6.8
(44.2)
8.3
(46.9)
10.9
(51.6)
13.6
(56.5)
15.6
(60.1)
15.3
(59.5)
13.4
(56.1)
10.5
(50.9)
7.4
(45.3)
5.6
(42.1)
9.8
(49.6)
[170]
Italy Milan 2.5
(36.5)
4.7
(40.5)
9.0
(48.2)
12.2
(54.0)
17.0
(62.6)
20.8
(69.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.0
(73.4)
19.2
(66.6)
13.4
(56.1)
7.2
(45.0)
3.3
(37.9)
13.0
(55.4)
[171]
Italy Rome 7.5
(45.5)
8.2
(46.8)
10.2
(50.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.2
(63.0)
21.1
(70.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
20.8
(69.4)
16.4
(61.5)
11.4
(52.5)
8.4
(47.1)
15.2
(59.4)
[172]
Malta Valletta 12.8
(55.0)
12.8
(55.0)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
18.9
(66.0)
22.8
(73.0)
26.1
(79.0)
26.7
(80.1)
23.9
(75.0)
21.1
(70.0)
17.2
(63.0)
13.9
(57.0)
18.8
(65.8)
[173]
Netherlands Amsterdam 3.4
(38.1)
3.5
(38.3)
6.1
(43.0)
9.1
(48.4)
12.9
(55.2)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
17.5
(63.5)
14.7
(58.5)
11.0
(51.8)
7.1
(44.8)
4.0
(39.2)
10.2
(50.4)
[174]
Norway Bergen 1.5
(34.7)
1.6
(34.9)
3.3
(37.9)
5.9
(42.6)
10.5
(50.9)
13.5
(56.3)
14.5
(58.1)
14.4
(57.9)
11.5
(52.7)
8.7
(47.7)
4.7
(40.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.7
(45.9)
[175]
Norway Oslo −4.3
(24.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.5
(40.1)
10.8
(51.4)
15.2
(59.4)
16.4
(61.5)
15.2
(59.4)
10.8
(51.4)
6.3
(43.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
5.7
(42.3)
[176]
Norway Tromsø −3.8
(25.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.7
(33.3)
5.1
(41.2)
9.2
(48.6)
11.8
(53.2)
10.9
(51.6)
6.9
(44.4)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.9
(37.2)
[177]
Poland Warsaw −1.8
(28.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.8
(37.0)
8.7
(47.7)
14.2
(57.6)
17.0
(62.6)
19.2
(66.6)
18.3
(64.9)
13.5
(56.3)
8.5
(47.3)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
8.5
(47.3)
[178]
Portugal Lisbon 11.6
(52.9)
12.7
(54.9)
14.9
(58.8)
15.9
(60.6)
18.0
(64.4)
21.2
(70.2)
23.1
(73.6)
23.5
(74.3)
22.1
(71.8)
18.8
(65.8)
15.0
(59.0)
12.4
(54.3)
17.5
(63.5)
[179]
Romania Bucharest −1.3
(29.7)
0.4
(32.7)
5.4
(41.7)
11.2
(52.2)
16.8
(62.2)
20.6
(69.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
16.9
(62.4)
11.0
(51.8)
4.7
(40.5)
0.2
(32.4)
10.8
(51.4)
[180]
Russia Arkhangelsk −12.7
(9.1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
0.4
(32.7)
6.9
(44.4)
13.0
(55.4)
16.3
(61.3)
13.1
(55.6)
8.2
(46.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
−9.8
(14.4)
1.3
(34.3)
[181]
Russia Moscow −6.5
(20.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
6.7
(44.1)
13.2
(55.8)
17.0
(62.6)
19.2
(66.6)
17.0
(62.6)
11.3
(52.3)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
5.8
(42.4)
[182]
Russia Murmansk −10.1
(13.8)
−9.7
(14.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
4.0
(39.2)
9.2
(48.6)
12.8
(55.0)
11.1
(52.0)
7.0
(44.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.6
(33.1)
[183]
Russia Rostov-on-Don −3.0
(26.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
2.4
(36.3)
10.6
(51.1)
16.6
(61.9)
21.0
(69.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.6
(72.7)
16.7
(62.1)
10.0
(50.0)
2.9
(37.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
9.9
(49.8)
[184]
Russia Sochi 6.1
(43.0)
6.0
(42.8)
8.2
(46.8)
12.1
(53.8)
16.0
(60.8)
20.2
(68.4)
23.2
(73.8)
23.6
(74.5)
20.0
(68.0)
15.8
(60.4)
11.1
(52.0)
8.1
(46.6)
14.2
(57.6)
[185]
Serbia Belgrade 1.4
(34.5)
3.1
(37.6)
7.6
(45.7)
12.9
(55.2)
18.1
(64.6)
21.0
(69.8)
23.0
(73.4)
22.7
(72.9)
18.0
(64.4)
12.9
(55.2)
7.1
(44.8)
2.7
(36.9)
12.5
(54.5)
[186]
Spain Barcelona 11.8
(53.2)
12.4
(54.3)
14.2
(57.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
23.0
(73.4)
19.5
(67.1)
14.9
(58.8)
12.3
(54.1)
18.2
(64.8)
[187]
Spain Madrid 6.3
(43.3)
7.9
(46.2)
11.2
(52.2)
12.9
(55.2)
16.7
(62.1)
22.2
(72.0)
25.6
(78.1)
25.1
(77.2)
20.9
(69.6)
15.1
(59.2)
9.9
(49.8)
6.9
(44.4)
15.0
(59.0)
[188]
Sweden Stockholm −2.8
(27.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.1
(32.2)
4.6
(40.3)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
17.2
(63.0)
16.2
(61.2)
11.9
(53.4)
7.5
(45.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
6.6
(43.9)
[189]
Switzerland Zürich 0.3
(32.5)
1.3
(34.3)
5.3
(41.5)
8.8
(47.8)
13.3
(55.9)
16.4
(61.5)
18.6
(65.5)
18.0
(64.4)
14.1
(57.4)
9.9
(49.8)
4.4
(39.9)
1.4
(34.5)
9.3
(48.7)
[190]
Turkey Istanbul 5.7
(42.3)
5.7
(42.3)
7.0
(44.6)
11.1
(52.0)
15.7
(60.3)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
19.8
(67.6)
15.6
(60.1)
11.5
(52.7)
8.0
(46.4)
13.9
(57.0)
[191]
Ukraine Kiev −3.5
(25.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.8
(35.2)
9.3
(48.7)
15.5
(59.9)
18.5
(65.3)
20.5
(68.9)
19.7
(67.5)
14.2
(57.6)
8.4
(47.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
8.4
(47.1)
[192]
United Kingdom Edinburgh 4.2
(39.6)
4.5
(40.1)
6.2
(43.2)
8.1
(46.6)
10.8
(51.4)
13.5
(56.3)
15.3
(59.5)
15.2
(59.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.8
(49.6)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
9.3
(48.7)
[193]
United Kingdom London 4.3
(39.7)
4.5
(40.1)
6.9
(44.4)
8.7
(47.7)
12.1
(53.8)
15.1
(59.2)
17.3
(63.1)
17.0
(62.6)
14.3
(57.7)
10.9
(51.6)
7.2
(45.0)
4.7
(40.5)
10.3
(50.5)
[194]

North America[edit]

Average temperatures for selected cities in North America
°C (°F)
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Canada Calgary −7.1
(19.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.6
(40.3)
9.7
(49.5)
13.7
(56.7)
16.5
(61.7)
15.8
(60.4)
11.0
(51.8)
5.2
(41.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
4.4
(39.9)
[195]
Canada Churchill −26.0
(−14.8)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−9.8
(14.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
7.0
(44.6)
12.7
(54.9)
12.3
(54.1)
6.4
(43.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
−12.7
(9.1)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
[196]
Canada Edmonton −10.4
(13.3)
−7.6
(18.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.4
(41.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.5
(59.9)
17.7
(63.9)
16.9
(62.4)
11.4
(52.5)
5.1
(41.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
−8.8
(16.2)
4.2
(39.6)
[197]
Canada Halifax −4.1
(24.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.9
(40.8)
10.1
(50.2)
15.2
(59.4)
18.8
(65.8)
19.1
(66.4)
15.5
(59.9)
9.9
(49.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.5
(45.5)
[198]
Canada Iqaluit −26.9
(−16.4)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−14.2
(6.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
3.6
(38.5)
8.2
(46.8)
7.1
(44.8)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−12.0
(10.4)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−9.3
(15.3)
[199]
Canada Kelowna −2.5
(27.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.1
(39.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.8
(55.0)
16.6
(61.9)
19.5
(67.1)
19.1
(66.4)
13.9
(57.0)
7.3
(45.1)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.6
(27.3)
8.1
(46.6)
[200]
Canada Moncton −8.2
(17.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
4.2
(39.6)
10.7
(51.3)
16.0
(60.8)
19.5
(67.1)
19.0
(66.2)
14.5
(58.1)
8.3
(46.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−4.3
(24.3)
6.1
(43.0)
[201]
Canada Montreal −9.7
(14.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
6.4
(43.5)
13.4
(56.1)
18.6
(65.5)
21.2
(70.2)
20.1
(68.2)
15.5
(59.9)
8.5
(47.3)
2.1
(35.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
6.8
(44.2)
[202]
Canada Ottawa −10.2
(13.6)
−7.9
(17.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
6.5
(43.7)
13.5
(56.3)
18.7
(65.7)
21.2
(70.2)
19.9
(67.8)
15.3
(59.5)
8.4
(47.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
6.6
(43.9)
[203]
Canada Saskatoon −13.9
(7.0)
−11.4
(11.5)
−4.9
(23.2)
5.2
(41.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.1
(61.0)
19.0
(66.2)
18.2
(64.8)
12.0
(53.6)
4.4
(39.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−12.4
(9.7)
3.3
(37.9)
[204]
Canada St. John's −4.5
(23.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.9
(35.4)
6.4
(43.5)
10.9
(51.6)
15.8
(60.4)
16.1
(61.0)
12.4
(54.3)
7.4
(45.3)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.0
(41.0)
[205]
Canada Toronto −3.7
(25.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.4
(34.5)
7.9
(46.2)
14.1
(57.4)
19.4
(66.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.5
(70.7)
17.2
(63.0)
10.7
(51.3)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.4
(48.9)
[206]
Canada Vancouver 4.1
(39.4)
4.9
(40.8)
6.9
(44.4)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55.0)
15.7
(60.3)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
14.9
(58.8)
10.3
(50.5)
6.3
(43.3)
3.6
(38.5)
10.4
(50.7)
[207]
Canada Winnipeg −16.4
(2.5)
−13.2
(8.2)
−5.8
(21.6)
4.4
(39.9)
11.6
(52.9)
17.0
(62.6)
19.7
(67.5)
18.8
(65.8)
12.7
(54.9)
5.0
(41.0)
−4.9
(23.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
3.0
(37.4)
[208]
Canada Whitehorse −15.2
(4.6)
−12.7
(9.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.3
(45.1)
12.3
(54.1)
14.3
(57.7)
12.6
(54.7)
7.2
(45.0)
0.5
(32.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
[209]
Canada Yellowknife −25.6
(−14.1)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−16.8
(1.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
4.6
(40.3)
13.3
(55.9)
17.0
(62.6)
14.2
(57.6)
7.2
(45.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−13.7
(7.3)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−4.3
(24.3)
[210]
Greenland Nuuk −7.4
(18.7)
−7.8
(18.0)
−8
(18)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.6
(33.1)
3.9
(39.0)
6.5
(43.7)
6.1
(43.0)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
[211]
Honduras La Ceiba 23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
26
(79)
[212]
Mexico Guadalajara 15
(59)
16
(61)
18
(64)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
17
(63)
16
(61)
20
(68)
[213]
Mexico La Paz 17.3
(63.1)
18.1
(64.6)
19.6
(67.3)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27
(81)
29.7
(85.5)
30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
26.2
(79.2)
22
(72)
18.5
(65.3)
23.7
(74.7)
[214]
Mexico Mexico City 12
(54)
14
(57)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
17
(63)
17
(63)
17
(63)
16
(61)
15
(59)
14
(57)
12
(54)
15
(59)
[215]
Mexico Monterrey 14.4
(57.9)
16.6
(61.9)
20
(68)
23.4
(74.1)
26.2
(79.2)
27.9
(82.2)
28.6
(83.5)
28.5
(83.3)
26.2
(79.2)
22.4
(72.3)
18.4
(65.1)
15.1
(59.2)
22.3
(72.1)
[216]
Mexico Villahermosa 23.6
(74.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.6
(79.9)
28.5
(83.3)
29.6
(85.3)
29.3
(84.7)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.4
(83.1)
27.1
(80.8)
25.7
(78.3)
24.1
(75.4)
27.1
(80.8)
[217]
Nicaragua Managua 26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
[218]
Panama Panama City 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
[219]
El Salvador San Salvador 23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
[220]
Saint Pierre
and Miquelon
Saint-Pierre −2.6
(27.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.0
(35.6)
5.6
(42.1)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
16.2
(61.2)
13.5
(56.3)
8.9
(48.0)
4.5
(40.1)
0.4
(32.7)
5.7
(42.3)
[221]
United States Albuquerque 2.4
(36.4)
5.2
(41.4)
8.9
(48.1)
13.3
(56.0)
18.7
(65.6)
23.8
(74.9)
25.7
(78.3)
24.6
(76.2)
20.7
(69.3)
14.2
(57.5)
7.2
(44.9)
2.4
(36.3)
14.0
(57.2)
[222]
United States Anchorage −8.3
(17.1)
−6.6
(20.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.7
(36.8)
8.8
(47.8)
12.9
(55.2)
14.9
(58.8)
13.7
(56.7)
9.2
(48.6)
1.6
(34.8)
−5.4
(22.2)
−7.2
(19.0)
2.8
(37.1)
[223]
United States Atlanta 6.3
(43.3)
8.4
(47.1)
12.3
(54.2)
16.4
(61.5)
21.1
(69.9)
25.2
(77.4)
26.9
(80.5)
26.3
(79.4)
22.9
(73.2)
17.1
(62.8)
12.0
(53.6)
7.3
(45.1)
16.8
(62.3)
[224]
United States Austin 10.8
(51.5)
12.8
(55.0)
16.5
(61.7)
20.7
(69.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.9
(82.2)
29.4
(85.0)
29.9
(85.8)
26.7
(80.0)
21.8
(71.2)
16.1
(61.0)
11.4
(52.5)
20.7
(69.3)
[225]
United States Baltimore 0.8
(33.5)
2.4
(36.4)
6.8
(44.2)
12.4
(54.3)
17.6
(63.6)
22.8
(73.0)
25.3
(77.6)
24.3
(75.7)
20.2
(68.4)
13.7
(56.7)
8.3
(47.0)
2.9
(37.3)
13.1
(55.6)
[226]
United States Boise −0.4
(31.3)
2.5
(36.5)
6.9
(44.5)
10.4
(50.8)
15.1
(59.1)
19.7
(67.5)
24.3
(75.8)
23.7
(74.7)
18.3
(64.9)
11.6
(52.8)
4.4
(40.0)
−0.7
(30.7)
11.4
(52.5)
[227]
United States Boston −1.5
(29.3)
0.0
(32.0)
3.7
(38.6)
9.1
(48.4)
14.6
(58.2)
20.0
(68.0)
23.2
(73.7)
22.4
(72.4)
18.4
(65.2)
12.4
(54.3)
7.2
(45.0)
1.7
(35.0)
10.9
(51.7)
[228]
United States Charlotte 5.1
(41.2)
7.2
(45.0)
11.3
(52.3)
15.8
(60.5)
20.3
(68.5)
24.7
(76.4)
26.4
(79.6)
25.8
(78.4)
22.2
(71.9)
16.3
(61.3)
11.1
(51.9)
6.3
(43.4)
16.1
(60.9)
[229]
United States Chicago −5.6
(21.9)
−2.9
(26.7)
5.4
(41.7)
12.6
(54.6)
16.5
(61.7)
21.8
(71.2)
25.3
(77.6)
24.8
(76.7)
18.4
(65.1)
13.3
(56.0)
5.3
(41.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
10.8
(51.4)
[230]
United States Cleveland −2.6
(27.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.2
(37.7)
9.5
(49.1)
15.1
(59.1)
20.3
(68.6)
22.7
(72.8)
21.8
(71.3)
17.9
(64.3)
11.8
(53.2)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.2
(31.7)
10.4
(50.7)
[231]
United States Columbus −1.6
(29.2)
0.2
(32.4)
5.3
(41.5)
11.5
(52.7)
16.8
(62.2)
21.8
(71.2)
23.8
(74.9)
23.1
(73.6)
19.1
(66.4)
12.6
(54.7)
6.7
(44.0)
0.6
(33.1)
11.7
(53.0)
[232]
United States Dallas 7.7
(45.9)
9.9
(49.9)
14.2
(57.6)
18.6
(65.5)
23.3
(73.9)
27.4
(81.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.8
(85.7)
25.6
(78.1)
19.8
(67.6)
13.7
(56.6)
8.4
(47.2)
19.0
(66.2)
[233]
United States Denver −0.3
(31.4)
0.8
(33.4)
4.8
(40.7)
8.9
(48.0)
14.2
(57.6)
19.7
(67.4)
23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
17.3
(63.2)
10.4
(50.7)
3.8
(38.9)
−0.9
(30.3)
10.4
(50.7)
[234]
United States Detroit −3.7
(25.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
2.7
(36.9)
9.4
(49.0)
15.2
(59.4)
20.7
(69.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.1
(71.8)
17.9
(64.2)
11.2
(52.2)
5.2
(41.3)
−1.2
(29.9)
10.0
(50.0)
[235]
United States El Paso 7.3
(45.2)
10.1
(50.2)
13.7
(56.7)
18.2
(64.7)
23.3
(74.0)
27.7
(81.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.3
(81.1)
24.1
(75.4)
18.4
(65.2)
11.7
(53.1)
7.2
(44.9)
18.1
(64.6)
[236]
United States Fairbanks −21.9
(−7.5)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−11.2
(11.8)
0.5
(32.9)
9.9
(49.8)
16.0
(60.8)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
7.3
(45.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
−16.2
(2.9)
−19.8
(−3.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
[237]
United States Fresno 8.3
(46.9)
11.1
(51.9)
13.7
(56.7)
16.7
(62.0)
21.2
(70.2)
25.1
(77.2)
28.3
(83.0)
27.5
(81.5)
24.6
(76.2)
18.9
(66.1)
12.4
(54.3)
8.2
(46.7)
18.0
(64.4)
[238]
United States Honolulu 22.9
(73.3)
22.9
(73.3)
23.7
(74.6)
24.6
(76.3)
25.6
(78.0)
26.8
(80.3)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.1)
27.6
(81.6)
26.8
(80.2)
25.4
(77.8)
23.8
(74.9)
25.4
(77.8)
[239]
United States Houston 11.5
(52.7)
13.3
(56.0)
16.9
(62.4)
20.7
(69.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.7
(81.9)
28.9
(84.0)
29.0
(84.2)
26.3
(79.4)
21.7
(71.1)
16.6
(61.9)
12.3
(54.1)
20.8
(69.4)
[240]
United States Indianapolis −2.2
(28.1)
0.1
(32.2)
5.7
(42.3)
11.8
(53.2)
17.2
(62.9)
22.3
(72.2)
24.2
(75.5)
23.5
(74.3)
19.5
(67.1)
12.9
(55.2)
6.6
(43.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
11.8
(53.2)
[241]
United States Jacksonville 11.7
(53.1)
13.6
(56.4)
16.5
(61.7)
19.4
(66.9)
23.4
(74.1)
26.7
(80.0)
27.9
(82.3)
27.6
(81.7)
25.7
(78.2)
21.3
(70.4)
16.8
(62.2)
12.9
(55.2)
20.3
(68.5)
[242]
United States Kansas City −1.8
(28.8)
0.8
(33.5)
6.8
(44.2)
12.7
(54.8)
18.1
(64.5)
23.1
(73.5)
25.7
(78.3)
25.0
(77.0)
20.1
(68.1)
13.5
(56.3)
6.4
(43.6)
−0.3
(31.4)
12.5
(54.5)
[243]
United States Las Vegas 8.8
(47.8)
11.1
(52.0)
15.0
(59.0)
19.1
(66.4)
24.7
(76.5)
29.9
(85.8)
33.2
(91.7)
32.1
(89.8)
27.6
(81.7)
20.4
(68.7)
13.1
(55.6)
8.2
(46.8)
20.3
(68.5)
[244]
United States Los Angeles 14.1
(57.4)
14.3
(57.8)
14.8
(58.7)
16.0
(60.8)
17.4
(63.4)
19.0
(66.2)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
20.9
(69.6)
19.2
(66.5)
16.5
(61.7)
14.1
(57.3)
17.4
(63.3)
[245]
United States Louisville 1.1
(34.0)
3.3
(37.9)
8.3
(46.9)
13.9
(57.0)
18.9
(66.1)
23.7
(74.6)
25.7
(78.2)
25.2
(77.3)
21.1
(70.0)
14.8
(58.6)
8.7
(47.7)
2.7
(36.9)
13.9
(57.1)
[246]
United States Memphis 5.2
(41.3)
7.5
(45.5)
12.2
(54.0)
17.2
(63.0)
22.1
(71.7)
26.4
(79.6)
28.2
(82.7)
27.8
(82.1)
24.0
(75.2)
17.8
(64.1)
11.8
(53.2)
6.4
(43.6)
17.2
(63.0)
[247]
United States Miami 19.9
(67.9)
21.1
(70.0)
22.4
(72.4)
24.2
(75.6)
26.5
(79.7)
28.1
(82.5)
28.8
(83.9)
28.9
(84.0)
28.2
(82.7)
26.4
(79.6)
23.7
(74.7)
21.2
(70.2)
24.9
(76.9)
[248]
United States Milwaukee −5.2
(22.6)
−3.2
(26.3)
1.9
(35.4)
7.8
(46.0)
13.3
(56.0)
19.2
(66.6)
22.3
(72.1)
21.7
(71.0)
17.4
(63.3)
10.9
(51.6)
4.1
(39.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
8.9
(48.1)
[249]
United States Minneapolis −9.1
(15.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
0.4
(32.7)
8.6
(47.5)
15.1
(59.1)
20.4
(68.7)
23.2
(73.7)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.0)
9.4
(48.9)
0.9
(33.7)
−6.8
(19.7)
7.8
(46.1)
[250]
United States Nashville 3.4
(38.1)
5.7
(42.2)
10.3
(50.5)
15.3
(59.5)
20.0
(68.0)
24.6
(76.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
22.2
(72.0)
16.0
(60.8)
10.2
(50.3)
4.9
(40.9)
15.4
(59.8)
[251]
United States New Orleans 11.6
(52.9)
13.4
(56.2)
16.8
(62.2)
20.3
(68.6)
24.6
(76.2)
27.2
(81.0)
28.2
(82.8)
28.2
(82.8)
26.2
(79.2)
21.6
(70.8)
16.8
(62.2)
12.9
(55.2)
20.7
(69.2)
[252]
United States New York City 0.6
(33.0)
2.1
(35.7)
6.1
(42.9)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
22.1
(71.8)
24.9
(76.9)
24.3
(75.7)
20.2
(68.4)
14.1
(57.3)
8.9
(48.1)
3.3
(37.9)
12.9
(55.3)
[253]
United States Oklahoma
City
3.6
(38.4)
6.1
(42.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
20.6
(69.0)
25.1
(77.1)
27.8
(82.1)
27.6
(81.6)
22.8
(73.1)
16.5
(61.7)
9.9
(49.9)
4.3
(39.7)
15.9
(60.6)
[254]
United States Omaha −4.6
(23.7)
−2.1
(28.3)
4.2
(39.5)
10.9
(51.7)
16.9
(62.5)
22.3
(72.2)
24.8
(76.7)
23.7
(74.6)
18.8
(65.9)
11.8
(53.3)
3.8
(38.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
10.6
(51.1)
[255]
United States Philadelphia 0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
6.4
(43.5)
12.2
(54.0)
17.7
(63.8)
22.9
(73.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
20.6
(69.1)
14.2
(57.5)
8.7
(47.6)
3.0
(37.4)
13.2
(55.8)
[256]
United States Phoenix 13.6
(56.5)
15.4
(59.8)
18.5
(65.3)
22.7
(72.8)
27.8
(82.1)
32.7
(90.9)
34.9
(94.8)
34.2
(93.6)
31.3
(88.4)
24.8
(76.7)
17.9
(64.2)
13.1
(55.5)
23.9
(75.0)
[257]
United States Pittsburgh −1.9
(28.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.3
(39.8)
10.6
(51.1)
15.7
(60.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.7
(72.8)
22.0
(71.6)
17.9
(64.3)
11.6
(52.9)
6.2
(43.1)
0.3
(32.5)
10.8
(51.4)
[258]
United States Portland (OR) 5.2
(41.4)
6.6
(43.8)
8.9
(48.1)
11.3
(52.3)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.6)
20.7
(69.2)
20.9
(69.6)
18.1
(64.5)
12.7
(54.9)
8.1
(46.6)
4.7
(40.4)
12.4
(54.4)
[259]
United States Raleigh 4.7
(40.4)
6.7
(44.0)
10.6
(51.1)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
24.4
(75.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.0)
21.9
(71.4)
15.9
(60.7)
10.9
(51.7)
6.1
(43.0)
15.7
(60.2)
[260]
United States Richmond 3.2
(37.8)
4.9
(40.8)
9.1
(48.4)
14.5
(58.1)
19.1
(66.3)
24.0
(75.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.2
(77.4)
21.4
(70.5)
15.3
(59.5)
10.2
(50.3)
4.9
(40.9)
14.8
(58.7)
[261]
United States Sacramento 8.1
(46.6)
10.6
(51.1)
12.7
(54.9)
15.0
(59.0)
18.8
(65.8)
22.1
(71.7)
24.2
(75.5)
23.8
(74.9)
22.1
(71.7)
17.9
(64.2)
11.9
(53.5)
8.0
(46.4)
16.3
(61.3)
[262]
United States Salt Lake
City
−1.3
(29.6)
1.3
(34.3)
6.6
(43.8)
10.4
(50.7)
15.5
(59.9)
21.1
(69.9)
26.1
(78.9)
25.1
(77.2)
19.1
(66.3)
11.8
(53.2)
4.6
(40.2)
−0.8
(30.5)
11.6
(52.9)
[263]
United States San Antonio 11.0
(51.8)
13.1
(55.6)
16.8
(62.2)
20.8
(69.5)
25.0
(77.0)
28.1
(82.5)
29.3
(84.7)
29.7
(85.4)
26.6
(79.8)
21.8
(71.3)
16.2
(61.2)
11.6
(52.9)
20.8
(69.5)
[225]
United States San Diego 14.2
(57.6)
14.7
(58.4)
15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.3)
18.1
(64.5)
19.4
(67.0)
21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72.0)
21.7
(71.0)
19.6
(67.2)
16.6
(61.8)
13.9
(57.1)
17.8
(64.1)
[264]
United States San
Francisco
11.2
(52.1)
12.6
(54.7)
13.3
(56.0)
13.9
(57.1)
14.7
(58.5)
15.8
(60.5)
16.3
(61.3)
16.9
(62.5)
17.5
(63.5)
16.8
(62.3)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
14.6
(58.2)
[265]
United States Seattle 5.4
(41.8)
6.2
(43.2)
7.9
(46.3)
10.1
(50.2)
13.2
(55.8)
15.9
(60.7)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.9)
16.2
(61.1)
11.4
(52.6)
7.4
(45.3)
4.7
(40.4)
11.3
(52.4)
[266]
United States St. Louis −0.1
(31.8)
2.4
(36.3)
7.9
(46.3)
14.1
(57.3)
19.3
(66.8)
24.4
(75.9)
26.7
(80.0)
25.9
(78.6)
21.3
(70.4)
14.8
(58.7)
8.2
(46.8)
1.6
(34.8)
13.9
(57.0)
[267]
United States Tampa 15.9
(60.6)
17.3
(63.2)
19.5
(67.1)
22.1
(71.7)
25.7
(78.2)
27.8
(82.0)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(83.0)
27.5
(81.5)
24.4
(76.0)
20.6
(69.0)
17.2
(63.0)
22.9
(73.2)
[268]
United States Tucson 11.6
(52.9)
13.1
(55.6)
15.8
(60.5)
19.7
(67.4)
24.6
(76.3)
29.6
(85.2)
30.8
(87.4)
29.8
(85.7)
27.7
(81.9)
21.9
(71.4)
15.6
(60.1)
11.3
(52.3)
20.9
(69.7)
[269]
United States Tulsa 3.3
(38.0)
5.8
(42.5)
10.8
(51.5)
16.0
(60.8)
20.8
(69.5)
25.4
(77.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.5)
22.9
(73.2)
16.7
(62.0)
10.3
(50.5)
4.3
(39.7)
16.1
(60.9)
[270]
United States Virginia
Beach
4.9
(40.8)
6.1
(43.0)
9.8
(49.7)
14.8
(58.6)
19.4
(67.0)
24.3
(75.7)
26.7
(80.0)
25.7
(78.3)
22.6
(72.6)
16.9
(62.4)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.5)
15.8
(60.5)
[261]
United States Washington,
D.C.
2.3
(36.1)
3.9
(39.1)
8.3
(46.9)
13.8
(56.9)
18.9
(66.1)
24.1
(75.3)
26.6
(79.8)
25.7
(78.2)
21.7
(71.1)
15.3
(59.6)
9.8
(49.6)
4.3
(39.8)
14.6
(58.2)
[226]
United States Wichita 0.1
(32.2)
2.9
(37.2)
8.1
(46.5)
13.4
(56.1)
18.9
(66.0)
24.3
(75.8)
27.3
(81.1)
26.7
(80.0)
21.7
(71.0)
14.6
(58.3)
7.4
(45.4)
0.9
(33.7)
13.9
(57.0)
[271]

Oceania[edit]

Average temperatures for selected cities in Oceania
°C (°F)
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Australia Adelaide 23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
20.9
(69.6)
17.6
(63.7)
13.5
(56.3)
12.1
(53.8)
11.4
(52.5)
12.4
(54.3)
14.4
(57.9)
16.7
(62.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.3
(70.3)
17.3
(63.1)
[272]
Australia Alice Springs 28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
20
(68)
15
(59)
12
(54)
11
(52)
14
(57)
18
(64)
22
(72)
25
(77)
27
(81)
21
(70)
[273]
Australia Brisbane 25.8
(78.4)
25.7
(78.3)
24.5
(76.1)
22.3
(72.1)
19.1
(66.4)
16.8
(62.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
19.7
(67.5)
21.7
(71.1)
23.5
(74.3)
24.8
(76.6)
21.4
(70.5)
[274]
Australia Cairns 27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
25
(77)
[275]
Australia Canberra 20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
17.6
(63.7)
13.4
(56.1)
9.4
(48.9)
6.7
(44.1)
5.7
(42.3)
7.0
(44.6)
9.8
(49.6)
12.8
(55.0)
15.8
(60.4)
18.8
(65.8)
13.1
(55.6)
[276]
Australia Dampier 31.0
(87.8)
31.3
(88.3)
30.9
(87.6)
28.6
(83.5)
24.1
(75.4)
20.9
(69.6)
19.8
(67.6)
21.2
(70.2)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.3
(82.9)
30.2
(86.4)
26.4
(79.5)
[277]
Australia Darwin 28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.4
(83.1)
27.1
(80.8)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77.0)
25.9
(78.6)
27.8
(82.0)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
27.6
(81.7)
[278]
Australia Hobart 16.8
(62.2)
16.9
(62.4)
15.6
(60.1)
13.2
(55.8)
10.8
(51.4)
8.6
(47.5)
8.2
(46.8)
9.2
(48.6)
10.8
(51.4)
12.4
(54.3)
14.0
(57.2)
15.6
(60.1)
12.7
(54.9)
[279]
Australia Melbourne 20.1
(68.2)
20.2
(68.4)
18.6
(65.5)
15.6
(60.1)
12.7
(54.9)
10.5
(50.9)
9.8
(49.6)
10.9
(51.6)
12.7
(54.9)
14.7
(58.5)
16.6
(61.9)
18.6
(65.5)
15.1
(59.2)
[280]
Australia Perth 24.5
(76.1)
24.9
(76.8)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
16.5
(61.7)
14.0
(57.2)
13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
14.8
(58.6)
17.3
(63.1)
20.3
(68.5)
22.7
(72.9)
18.7
(65.7)
[281]
Australia Sydney 22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.5
(65.3)
15.5
(59.9)
13.1
(55.6)
12.2
(54.0)
13.4
(56.1)
15.5
(59.9)
17.8
(64.0)
19.6
(67.3)
21.3
(70.3)
17.7
(63.9)
[282]
New Zealand Auckland 19.1
(66.4)
19.7
(67.5)
18.4
(65.1)
16.1
(61.0)
14.0
(57.2)
11.8
(53.2)
10.9
(51.6)
11.3
(52.3)
12.7
(54.9)
14.2
(57.6)
15.7
(60.3)
17.8
(64.0)
15.2
(59.4)
[283]
New Zealand Christchurch 17.5
(63.5)
17.2
(63.0)
15.5
(59.9)
12.7
(54.9)
9.8
(49.6)
7.1
(44.8)
6.6
(43.9)
7.9
(46.2)
10.3
(50.5)
12.2
(54.0)
14.1
(57.4)
16.1
(61.0)
12.2
(54.0)
[283]
New Zealand Dunedin 15.3
(59.5)
15.0
(59.0)
13.7
(56.7)
11.7
(53.1)
9.3
(48.7)
7.3
(45.1)
6.6
(43.9)
7.7
(45.9)
9.5
(49.1)
10.9
(51.6)
12.4
(54.3)
13.9
(57.0)
11.1
(52.0)
[283]
New Zealand Hamilton 18.4
(65.1)
18.8
(65.8)
17.1
(62.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.9
(53.4)
9.5
(49.1)
8.9
(48.0)
9.8
(49.6)
11.6
(52.9)
13.2
(55.8)
14.9
(58.8)
16.9
(62.4)
13.8
(56.8)
[283]
New Zealand Lake Tekapo 15.2
(59.4)
14.8
(58.6)
12.4
(54.3)
9.2
(48.6)
5.9
(42.6)
2.6
(36.7)
1.4
(34.5)
3.6
(38.5)
6.5
(43.7)
8.8
(47.8)
11.1
(52.0)
13.2
(55.8)
8.7
(47.7)
[283]
New Zealand Napier 19.5
(67.1)
19.4
(66.9)
17.7
(63.9)
15.0
(59.0)
12.4
(54.3)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
14.3
(57.7)
16.1
(61.0)
18.4
(65.1)
14.6
(58.3)
[283]
New Zealand Palmerston North 17.8
(64.0)
18.3
(64.9)
16.4
(61.5)
13.6
(56.5)
11.4
(52.5)
9.1
(48.4)
8.6
(47.5)
9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
12.4
(54.3)
13.8
(56.8)
16.2
(61.2)
13.2
(55.8)
[283]
New Zealand Tauranga 19.4
(66.9)
19.6
(67.3)
18.0
(64.4)
15.5
(59.9)
13.2
(55.8)
10.8
(51.4)
10.2
(50.4)
10.7
(51.3)
12.3
(54.1)
13.9
(57.0)
15.8
(60.4)
18.0
(64.4)
14.8
(58.6)
[283]
New Zealand Wellington 16.9
(62.4)
17.2
(63.0)
15.8
(60.4)
13.7
(56.7)
11.7
(53.1)
9.7
(49.5)
8.9
(48.0)
9.4
(48.9)
10.8
(51.4)
12.0
(53.6)
13.5
(56.3)
15.4
(59.7)
12.9
(55.2)
[283]


South America[edit]

Average temperatures for selected cities in South America
°C (°F)
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Argentina Buenos Aires 25.1
(77.2)
23.7
(74.7)
21.4
(70.5)
17.7
(63.9)
14.3
(57.7)
11.2
(52.2)
10.9
(51.6)
12.7
(54.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.7
(63.9)
20.6
(69.1)
23.2
(73.8)
18.1
(64.6)
[284]
Argentina Comodoro Rivadavia 19.6
(67.3)
18.7
(65.7)
16.5
(61.7)
13.5
(56.3)
9.7
(49.5)
6.8
(44.2)
6.6
(43.9)
8.2
(46.8)
10.3
(50.5)
13.1
(55.6)
16.1
(61.0)
18.2
(64.8)
13.1
(55.6)
[285]
Argentina Córdoba 23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
20.9
(69.6)
17.5
(63.5)
14.6
(58.3)
11.4
(52.5)
10.8
(51.4)
13.0
(55.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.4
(65.1)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73.0)
17.4
(63.3)
[286]
Argentina Mendoza 25.3
(77.5)
23.8
(74.8)
21.3
(70.3)
16.7
(62.1)
12.6
(54.7)
9.0
(48.2)
8.6
(47.5)
11.2
(52.2)
14.1
(57.4)
18.5
(65.3)
21.7
(71.1)
24.6
(76.3)
17.3
(63.1)
[287]
Argentina Neuquén 23.3
(73.9)
22.1
(71.8)
19.0
(66.2)
14.0
(57.2)
10.1
(50.2)
7.0
(44.6)
6.4
(43.5)
8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.5
(59.9)
19.1
(66.4)
22.2
(72.0)
14.9
(58.8)
[288]
Argentina Resistencia 27
(81)
26.1
(79.0)
24.4
(75.9)
21.1
(70.0)
17.9
(64.2)
14.7
(58.5)
15
(59)
16.8
(62.2)
17.8
(64.0)
21.6
(70.9)
23.9
(75.0)
25.8
(78.4)
21
(70)
[289]
Argentina Rosario 24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
21.3
(70.3)
17.3
(63.1)
14.0
(57.2)
10.7
(51.3)
10.1
(50.2)
12.0
(53.6)
14.3
(57.7)
17.7
(63.9)
20.6
(69.1)
23.5
(74.3)
17.4
(63.3)
[290]
Argentina Salta 21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
19.3
(66.7)
16.6
(61.9)
13
(55)
9.9
(49.8)
10.5
(50.9)
12.7
(54.9)
14.5
(58.1)
18.9
(66.0)
20.6
(69.1)
21.1
(70.0)
16.6
(61.9)
[291]
Argentina San Juan 27
(81)
25.7
(78.3)
22.4
(72.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.2
(54.0)
7.8
(46.0)
7.8
(46.0)
10.8
(51.4)
14
(57)
19.7
(67.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.5)
17.9
(64.2)
[292]
Argentina San Miguel
de Tucumán
25.3
(77.5)
24.2
(75.6)
22.2
(72.0)
19.1
(66.4)
15.5
(59.9)
12.2
(54.0)
12.1
(53.8)
14.7
(58.5)
17.1
(62.8)
21.6
(70.9)
23.2
(73.8)
24.9
(76.8)
19.3
(66.7)
[293]
Argentina Santiago del Estero 27.0
(80.6)
25.6
(78.1)
24.1
(75.4)
20.1
(68.2)
17.0
(62.6)
13.4
(56.1)
12.9
(55.2)
15.5
(59.9)
18.4
(65.1)
22.5
(72.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.8
(80.2)
20.6
(69.1)
[294]
Argentina Bahía Blanca 23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.6
(58.3)
10.5
(50.9)
7.8
(46.0)
7.3
(45.1)
9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52.0)
14.5
(58.1)
18.9
(66.0)
22.3
(72.1)
15.1
(59.2)
[295]
Argentina Bariloche 14.3
(57.7)
14
(57)
11.3
(52.3)
7.7
(45.9)
5
(41)
2.6
(36.7)
2.1
(35.8)
3
(37)
4.7
(40.5)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
12.9
(55.2)
8
(46)
[296]
Argentina Río Gallegos 14.1
(57.4)
13.6
(56.5)
11.1
(52.0)
7.6
(45.7)
4.2
(39.6)
1.8
(35.2)
1.2
(34.2)
3.3
(37.9)
5.8
(42.4)
8.8
(47.8)
11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
8
(46)
[297]
Argentina Ushuaia 10.3
(50.5)
9.5
(49.1)
7.6
(45.7)
5.7
(42.3)
3.1
(37.6)
1.7
(35.1)
1.6
(34.9)
2.4
(36.3)
4.3
(39.7)
6.5
(43.7)
8.3
(46.9)
9.1
(48.4)
5.8
(42.4)
[298]
Argentina Viedma 22.2
(72.0)
21
(70)
17.6
(63.7)
13.6
(56.5)
9.8
(49.6)
7
(45)
6.6
(43.9)
8.3
(46.9)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
18.3
(64.9)
20.9
(69.6)
14.2
(57.6)
[299]
Brazil Belém 25.6
(78.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.8
(78.4)
26.0
(78.8)
25.7
(78.3)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
[300]
Brazil Belo Horizonte 22.8
(73.0)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
18.5
(65.3)
18.0
(64.4)
19.7
(67.5)
21.1
(70.0)
21.7
(71.1)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
21.1
(70.0)
[300]
Brazil Brasília 21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
20.9
(69.6)
19.6
(67.3)
18.5
(65.3)
18.3
(64.9)
20.3
(68.5)
21.7
(71.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.1
(70.0)
21.0
(69.8)
20.6
(69.1)
[300]
Brazil Campos do Jordão 17.3
(63.1)
17.5
(63.5)
16.7
(62.1)
14.7
(58.5)
11.9
(53.4)
10.1
(50.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.3
(52.3)
13.4
(56.1)
14.9
(58.8)
15.9
(60.6)
16.6
(61.9)
14.2
(57.6)
[300]
Brazil Curitiba 20.4
(68.7)
20.6
(69.1)
19.6
(67.3)
17.2
(63.0)
14.5
(58.1)
13.1
(55.6)
12.9
(55.2)
14.1
(57.4)
15.0
(59.0)
16.5
(61.7)
18.2
(64.8)
19.3
(66.7)
16.8
(62.2)
[300]
Brazil Fortaleza 27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.2
(79.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
26.0
(78.8)
26.4
(79.5)
26.9
(80.4)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.6
(79.9)
[300]
Brazil Goiânia 23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
24.0
(75.2)
23.6
(74.5)
22.2
(72.0)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
23.0
(73.4)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
[300]
Brazil Manaus 26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.7
(81.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81.0)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
[300]
Brazil Porto Alegre 24.6
(76.3)
24.6
(76.3)
23.1
(73.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.9
(62.4)
14.3
(57.7)
14.4
(57.9)
15.2
(59.4)
16.8
(62.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
23.3
(73.9)
19.5
(67.1)
[300]
Brazil Recife 26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.2
(77.4)
24.5
(76.1)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
24.6
(76.3)
25.5
(77.9)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
25.5
(77.9)
[300]
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.0
(78.8)
24.4
(75.9)
22.8
(73.0)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.8
(71.2)
22.2
(72.0)
22.9
(73.2)
24.0
(75.2)
25.3
(77.5)
23.8
(74.8)
[300]
Brazil Salvador 26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
25.5
(77.9)
25.9
(78.6)
25.3
(77.5)
[300]
Brazil São Joaquim 16.8
(62.2)
17.1
(62.8)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
11.4
(52.5)
9.7
(49.5)
9.8
(49.6)
10.7
(51.3)
12.0
(53.6)
12.8
(55.0)
14.4
(57.9)
16.0
(60.8)
13.3
(55.9)
[300]
Brazil São Paulo 22.1
(71.8)
22.4
(72.3)
21.8
(71.2)
19.7
(67.5)
17.4
(63.3)
16.3
(61.3)
15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
17.9
(64.2)
19.0
(66.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70.0)
19.2
(66.6)
[300]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gagnoa, Cote d'Ivoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Odienne, Cote d'Ivoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Cotonou, Benin: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Parakou, Benin: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Kandi, Benin: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Lome, Togo: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Mango, Togo: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 2000-2016 à Accra". Infoclimat. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Tamale, Ghana: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Kumasi, Ghana: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "Garoua Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "Ngaoundéré Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Douala, Cameroon: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  16. ^ "Yaounde, Cameroon: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  17. ^ "Libreville Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "Port-Gentil Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "Lagos Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  20. ^ "Makurdi Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  21. ^ "Jos Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  22. ^ "Kano Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  23. ^ "Sokoto, Nigeria: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  24. ^ "Port Sudan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  25. ^ "Khartoum Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  26. ^ "Asmara Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  27. ^ "Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  28. ^ "Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  29. ^ "Niamey, Niger: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  30. ^ "N'Djamena, Chad: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  31. ^ "Abeche, Chad: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  32. ^ "Banjul, The Gambia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  33. ^ "Dakar, Senegal: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  34. ^ "Thies, Senegal: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  35. ^ "Mogadishu, Somalia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  36. ^ "Buulobarde, Somalia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  37. ^ "Djibouti, Djibouti: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  38. ^ "Segou, Mali: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  39. ^ "Timbuktu, Mali: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  40. ^ "Bamako, Mali: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  41. ^ "Algiers, Algeria: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  42. ^ "Tamanrasset, Algeria: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  43. ^ "Climatological Information for Tunis, Tunisia [data period: 1961-1990]". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  44. ^ "Gabès Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  45. ^ "Climatological Information for Rabat, Morocco [1961-1990]". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  46. ^ "Marrakech (Marrakesh) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  47. ^ "Ouarzazate Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  48. ^ "Cairo (A) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  49. ^ "Climatological Information for Alexandria, Egypt" (1961–1990)". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  50. ^ "Helwan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  51. ^ "Tripoli, Libya: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  52. ^ "Klimatafel von Benina (Bengasi-Flugh.) / Libyen" [Climate table of Benina (Benghazi Airport), Libya [1945-1977]] (PDF) (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  53. ^ "Mombase (Mombasa) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  54. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Dagoretti 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  55. ^ "Garissa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  56. ^ "Lodwar Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  57. ^ "Klimatafel von Luanda, Prov. Luanda / Angola" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  58. ^ "Juba Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  59. ^ "Wau Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  60. ^ "Klimatafel von Daressalam (Flugh.) / Tansania" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  61. ^ "Zanzibar, Tanzania: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  62. ^ "Tabora, Tanzania: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  63. ^ "Klimatafel von Dodoma / Tansania" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  64. ^ "Mekele, Ethiopia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  65. ^ "Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  66. ^ "Brazzaville, Republic of Congo: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  67. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 1981-2010 à Pointe-Noire". Infoclimat. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  68. ^ "Dolisie, Republic of Congo: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  69. ^ "Bissau, Guinea-Bissau: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  70. ^ "Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  71. ^ "Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  72. ^ "Nouadhibou, Mauritania: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  73. ^ "Nouakchott, Mauritania: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. 
  74. ^ "Pretoria Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  75. ^ "Cape Town/DF Malan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  76. ^ "Johannesburg/Jan Smuts Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  77. ^ "Bloemfontein Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  78. ^ "Upington Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  79. ^ "Durban/Louis Botha Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  80. ^ "Maun, Botswana: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  81. ^ "Gaborone, Botswana: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  82. ^ "Ghanzi, Botswana: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  83. ^ "Ndola Met Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  84. ^ "Lusaka International Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  85. ^ "Livingstone Met Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  86. ^ "Harare Kutsaga Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  87. ^ "Bulawayo Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  88. ^ "Karonga Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  89. ^ "Blantyre, Malawi: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  90. ^ "Mzuzu Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  91. ^ "Fianarantsoa Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  92. ^ "Tamatave/Toamasina Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  93. ^ "Antananarivo/Ivato Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  94. ^ "Antsiranana, Madagascar: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  95. ^ "Majunga/Mahajanga Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  96. ^ "Tulear/Toliara Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  97. ^ "Maputo, Mozambique: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  98. ^ "Bangui, Central African Republic: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  99. ^ "Birao, Central African Republic: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  100. ^ "Kampala, Uganda: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  101. ^ "Entebbe, Uganda: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  102. ^ "Bujumbura, Burundi: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  103. ^ "Conakry Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  104. ^ "Kankan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  105. ^ "Bissau, Guinea-Bissau: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  106. ^ "Bata, Equatorial Guinea: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  107. ^ "Malabo, Equatorial Guinea: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  108. ^ "World Weather Information Service". 
  109. ^ "Weatherbase". 
  110. ^ "Dhaka, Bangladesh: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  111. ^ Климат Пекина [The Climate of Beijing], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 1 September 2016 
  112. ^ Климат Чунцина [The Climate of Chongqing], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 1 September 2016 
  113. ^ "Climatological Normals of Lhasa (1961-1989)". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  114. ^ "Klimat Šanxaja" Климат Шанхая [The Climate of Shanghai], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 1 September 2016 
  115. ^ Климат Урумчи [The Climate of Ürümqi]. Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian). Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  116. ^ "Batumi, Georgia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  117. ^ "Tbilisi, Georgia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  118. ^ "Monthly Meteorological Normals for Hong Kong". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  119. ^ "New Delhi - Airport, India: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  120. ^ "Kolkata, India: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  121. ^ "Mumbai, India: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  122. ^ "INDONESIA - HALIM PERDANAKUS". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  123. ^ "World Weather Information Service - Baghdad". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  124. ^ "Erbil, Iraq: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  125. ^ "Tehran, Iran: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  126. ^ "Average Mean Daily temperature in Ahwaz by Month 1951–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  127. ^ "Average Mean Daily temperature in Tabriz by Month 1951–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  128. ^ "Tel Aviv, Israel: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  129. ^ a b c "Tables of Climatological Normals (1981-2010)". Japanese Meteorological Agency. 
  130. ^ Климат Алматы [The Climate of Almaty], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  131. ^ Климат Астаны [The Climate of Astana], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  132. ^ Климат Улан-Батора [The Climate of Ulaanbaatar], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 1 September 2016 
  133. ^ "30년간(10년이상 포함)의 기후자료를 일별,순별,월별,년별로 평균한 자료를 평년값이라고 합니다" [Climate data in seoul, 1981 ~ 2010] (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  134. ^ "Muscat, Oman: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  135. ^ "Karachi, Pakistan: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  136. ^ "Lahore, Pakistan: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  137. ^ "Manila, Philippines: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  138. ^ Климат Острова Диксон [The Climate of Dikson Island], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  139. ^ Климат Иркутска [The Climate of Irkutsk], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  140. ^ Климат Новосибирска [The Climate of Nobosibirsk], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 3 September 2016 
  141. ^ Климат Петропавловск-Камчатского [The Climate of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  142. ^ Климат Владивостока [The Climate of Vladivostok], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  143. ^ Климат Якутска [The Climate of Yakutsk], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  144. ^ "Abha, Saudi Arabia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  145. ^ "Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  146. ^ "Singapore, Singapore: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  147. ^ "Taipei, Taiwan: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  148. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  149. ^ "Ankara" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  150. ^ "Erzurum, Turkey". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  151. ^ "Official Statistics (Statistical Data of Provinces and districts)-İzmir" (in Turkish). Turkish Meteorological Service. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  152. ^ "Climate Normals for Dubai (dry bulb temperature, 1974-1991)". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  153. ^ Климат Ташкента [The Climate of Tashkent], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 2 September 2016 
  154. ^ "Sanaa, Yemen: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  155. ^ "Hanoi, Vietnam: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  156. ^ "Lufttemperatur, Metadaten". Klimamittel. Austria: Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  157. ^ "Les normales mensuelles à Uccle". IRM. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  158. ^ Николов, Иван. Век. месечен архив Бг. 
  159. ^ "Zagreb Climate Normals (1961-1990, 1971-2000)" (PDF). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  160. ^ Климат Праги [The Climate of Prague], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 9 May 2016 
  161. ^ "Danish Climatological Normals 1971–2000 for selected stations" (PDF). Danish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  162. ^ a b c "Tilastoja Suomen ilmastosta 1981-2010" [Climatological statistics of Finland] (PDF). Finnish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  163. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 1981-2010 à Marseille Observatoire Longchamp". Infoclimat. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  164. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 1981-2010 à Paris-Montsouris". Infoclimat. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  165. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 1981-2010 à Berlin-Tempelhof". Infoclimat. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  166. ^ "Frankfurt, Germany: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  167. ^ Filadelfeia, Alexandros. "Το αρχείο του Θησείου". 
  168. ^ "Monthly Averages for Budapest, Hungary (based on data from 1970–2010)". Hungarian Meteorological Service. 
  169. ^ "Reykjavík 1961-1990 Averages". Icelandic Meteorological Office. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  170. ^ "Dublin 1981–2010 averages". 
  171. ^ "Milano/Linate (MI)" (PDF). Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  172. ^ "Tabelle climatiche 1971–2000 della stazione meteorologica di Roma-Ciampino Ponente dall'Atlante Climatico 1971–2000" (PDF). Servizio Meteorologico dell'Aeronautica Militare. 
  173. ^ "Gzira, Malta: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  174. ^ "Klimaattabel Schiphol, langjarige gemiddelden, tijdvak 1981–2010" (PDF) (in Dutch). Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  175. ^ "Bergen - Florida Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  176. ^ eklima.met.no
  177. ^ "Tromso - Langnes Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  178. ^ Климат Варшавы [The Climate of Warsaw], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 31 August 2016 
  179. ^ "Monthly Averages for Lisbon, Portugal (1981-2010)". Instituto de Meteorologia. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  180. ^ Климат Бухареста [The Climate of Bucharest], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 9 May 2016 
  181. ^ Климат Архангельска [The Climate of Arkhangelsk], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 3 September 2016 
  182. ^ Климат Москвы [The Climate of Moscow]. Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian). Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  183. ^ Климат Мурманска [The Climate of Murmansk]. Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian). Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  184. ^ Климат Ростова-на-Дону [The Climate of Rostov-on-Don], Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 3 September 2016 
  185. ^ "The Climate of Sochi (Климат Сочи)", Weather and Climate (Погода и климат) (in Russian), retrieved 31 August 2016 
  186. ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981 - 2010-Belgrade" (in Serbian). Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  187. ^ "Barcelona Can Bruixa – climate (1987–2010)" (PDF). 
  188. ^ "Standard Climate Values. Madrid, Retiro". Agencia Estatal de Meteorología. 
  189. ^ "Stockholm Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  190. ^ "Climate normals Zurich / Fluntern (Reference period 1981-2010)" (PDF). Zurich-Airport, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office of Metreology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  191. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler (İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler)" [Official Statistics (Statistical Data of Provinces and Districts) – Istanbul] (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  192. ^ Климат Киева [The Climate of Kiev] (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  193. ^ "Edinburgh Burbank Climatic Averages 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  194. ^ "London, England: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  195. ^ "Calgary International Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  196. ^ "Churchill A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  197. ^ "Edmonton City Centre Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010. Environment Canada. August 19, 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  198. ^ "Halifax Citadel". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010. Environment Canada. August 19, 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  199. ^ "Iqaluit A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  200. ^ "Kelowna A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  201. ^ "Moncton". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010. Environment Canada. August 19, 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  202. ^ "Montreal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  203. ^ "Ottawa CDA". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010. Environment Canada. August 19, 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  204. ^ "Saskatoon SRC". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  205. ^ "St John's A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010. Environment Canada. August 19, 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  206. ^ "Toronto". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  207. ^ "Vancouver International Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981 to 2010. Environment Canada. 2015-09-22. Climate ID: 1108447. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  208. ^ "Winnipeg Richardson International A, Manitoba". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  209. ^ "Whitehorse A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2101300. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  210. ^ "Yellowknife A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2204100. Retrieved 2015-03-10. 
  211. ^ "Mean temperatures - Temperatures and climate in Greenland". 
  212. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  213. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  214. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  215. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  216. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  217. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  218. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  219. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  220. ^ ": Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  221. ^ "Présentation". L'Outre-Mer. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  222. ^ "ALBUQUERQUE INTL AP, NEW MEXICO NCDC 1981-2010 Monthly Normals". Western Regional Climate Center. 
  223. ^ "ANCHORAGE INTL AP, ALASKA NCDC 1981-2010 Monthly Normals". Western Regional Climate Center. 
  224. ^ "NOWData: monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Peachtree City, GA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  225. ^ a b "NOWData: monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Austin/San Antonio, Texas. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  226. ^ a b "NOWData: Baltimore Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Baltimore/Washington. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  227. ^ "Boise Air Terminal, Idaho NCDC 1981-2010 Monthly Normals". Western Regional Climate Center. 
  228. ^ "NOWData: Boston Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Boston, MA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  229. ^ "NOWData: Charlotte Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Greenville-Spartanburg, SC. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  230. ^ "NOWData: Chicago Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Chicago, IL. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  231. ^ "NOWData: Cleveland Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Cleveland, OH. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  232. ^ "NOWData: Columbus Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wilmington, OH. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  233. ^ "NOWData: Dallas/Ft Worth Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Fort Worth, TX. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  234. ^ "NOWData: Denver Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Denver-Boulder, CO. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  235. ^ "NOWData: Detroit Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Detroit/Pontiac. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  236. ^ "NOWData: El Paso Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, El Paso Area. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  237. ^ "NOWData: Fairbanks Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Fairbanks, AK. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  238. ^ "NOWData: Fresno Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  239. ^ "NOWData: Honolulu Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Hanford, Ca. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  240. ^ "NOWData: Houston Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Houston/Galveston, TX. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  241. ^ "NOWData: Indianapolis Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Indianapolis, IN. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  242. ^ "NOWData: Jacksonville Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Jacksonville, Florida. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  243. ^ "NOWData: Kansas City Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Kansas City/Pleasant Hill. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  244. ^ "NOWData: Las Vegas Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Las Vegas, NV. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  245. ^ "NOWData: LA Airport Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Los Angeles/Oxnard. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  246. ^ "NOWData: Louisville Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Louisville, Kentucky. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  247. ^ "NOWData: Memphis Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Memphis, TN. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  248. ^ "NOWData: Miami Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Miami-South Florida. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  249. ^ "NOWData: Milwaukee Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Milwaukee/Sullivan. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  250. ^ "NOWData: Minneapolis-St Paul Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Twin Cities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  251. ^ "NOWData: Nashville Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Nashville, TN. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  252. ^ "NOWData: New Orleans Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, New Orleans/Baton Rouge, LA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  253. ^ "NOWData: NY Central Park, NY monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, New York, NY. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  254. ^ "NOWData: Oklahoma City Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Norman, OK. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  255. ^ "NOWData: Omaha Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Omaha/Valley, NE. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  256. ^ "NOWData: Philadelphia Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Philadelphia/Mount Holly. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  257. ^ "NOWData: Phoenix Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Phoenix, AZ. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  258. ^ "NOWData: Pittsburgh Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Pittsburgh, PA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  259. ^ "NOWData: Portland Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Portland, OR. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  260. ^ "NOWData: Raleigh Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Raleigh, NC. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  261. ^ a b "NOWData: Richmond and Norfolk Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wakefield, VA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  262. ^ "NOWData: Sacramento Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Sacramento, CA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  263. ^ "NOWData: Salt Lake City Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Salt Lake City, UT. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  264. ^ "NOWData: San Diego Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, San Diego, CA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  265. ^ "NOWData: San Francisco Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, San Francisco Bay Area/Monterey. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  266. ^ "NOWData: Seattle Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Seattle, WA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  267. ^ "NOWData: St. Louis Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, St. Louis, MO. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  268. ^ "NOWData: Tampa Bay Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tampa Bay, FL. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  269. ^ "NOWData: Tucson Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tucson, AZ. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  270. ^ "NOWData: Tulsa Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Tulsa, OK. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  271. ^ "NOWData: Wichita Area monthly summarized data, 1981-2010, mean of monthly average temperatures". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Wichita, KA. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  272. ^ "Adelaide (Kent Town)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  273. ^ "Alice Springs, Northern Territory: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  274. ^ "Brisbane Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  275. ^ "Cairns, Queensland: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  276. ^ "Canberra Airport". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  277. ^ "Dampier Salt". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  278. ^ "Darwin Post Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  279. ^ "Hobart (Ellerslie Road)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  280. ^ "Melbourne Regional Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  281. ^ Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (January 2013). "Perth Metro Climate Averages" (PDF). Retrieved 15 September 2016. [permanent dead link]
  282. ^ "Sydney (Observatory Hill)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  283. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Mean monthly temperatures (°C), 1981–2010". National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  284. ^ "Climate Statistics for Buenos Aires 1981–1990" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  285. ^ "Station Comodoro Rivadavia" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  286. ^ "Station Cordoba" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  287. ^ "Station Mendoza" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  288. ^ "Station Neuquén" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  289. ^ "Resistencia, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  290. ^ "Station Rosario" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  291. ^ "Salta, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  292. ^ "San Juan, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. <
  293. ^ "Tucuman, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  294. ^ "Station Santiago del Estero" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  295. ^ "Bahia Blanca, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  296. ^ "San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  297. ^ "Rio Gallegos, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  298. ^ "Ushuaia, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  299. ^ "Viedma, Argentina: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  300. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2016.