List of proper names of stars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

These names of stars that have either been approved by the International Astronomical Union or which have been in somewhat recent use. IAU approval comes mostly from its Working Group on Star Names, which has been publishing a "List of IAU-approved Star Names" since 2016. As of April 2022, the list included a total of 451 proper names of stars.[1]


Of the roughly 10,000 stars visible to the naked eye, only a few hundred have been given proper names in the history of astronomy.[a] Traditional astronomy tends to group stars into constellations or asterisms and give proper names to those, not to individual stars.

Many star names are, in origin, descriptive of the part of the constellation they are found in; thus Phecda, a corruption of Arabic فخذ الدب (fakhdh ad-dubb, 'thigh of the bear'). Only a handful of the brightest stars have individual proper names not depending on their asterism; so Sirius ('the scorcher'), Antares ('rival of Ares', i.e., red-hued like Mars), Canopus (of uncertain origin), Alphard ('the solitary one'), Regulus ('kinglet'); and arguably Aldebaran ('the follower' [of the Pleiades]) and Procyon ('preceding the dog' [Sirius]). The same holds for Chinese star names, where most stars are enumerated within their asterisms, with a handful of exceptions such as 織女 ('weaving girl') (Vega).

In addition to the limited number of traditional star names, there were some coined in modern times, e.g. "Avior" for Epsilon Carinae (1930), and a number of stars named after people (mostly in the 20th century).

IAU catalog[edit]

In 2016, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[2] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN's first bulletin, dated July 2016,[3] included a table of 125 stars comprising the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN (on 30 June and 20 July 2016) together with names of stars adopted by the IAU Executive Committee Working Group on the Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites during the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign[4] and recognized by the WGSN. Further batches of names were approved on 21 August, 12 September, 5 October, and 6 November 2016. These were listed in a table of 102 stars included in the WGSN's second bulletin, dated November 2016.[5] The next additions were done on 1 February 2017 (13 new star names), 30 June 2017 (29), 5 September 2017 (41), 17 November 2017 (3), 1 June 2018 (17), and on 10 August 2018 (6). All 336 names are included in the current List of IAU-approved Star Names.[1]

In 2019, the IAU organised its IAU 100 NameExoWorlds campaign to name exoplanets and their host stars. The approved names of 112 exoplanets and their host stars were published on 17 December 2019, with an additional pair of names (for the star HAT-P-21 and its planet) approved on 1 March 2020.[6][7] An additional two star names were approved on 4 April 2022.[1] In June 2023 an additional 20 names where approved in the NameExoWorlds 2022 campaign bringing the current total to 471 named stars.[8]


In the table below, unless indicated by a "†", the "modern proper name" is the name approved by the WGSN and entered in the List of IAU-approved Star Names[1] or otherwise approved by the IAU. The WGSN decided to attribute proper names to individual stars rather than entire multiple-star systems.[9] Names marked with a "†" have not been approved by the IAU.

For such names relating to members of multiple-star systems, and where a component letter (from, e.g., the Washington Double Star Catalog) is not explicitly listed, the WGSN says that the name should be understood to be attributed to the visually brightest component.[5] In the "Historical names/comments" column, "IAU new 2015" and "IAU new 2019" denote that the name was approved by the IAU as a consequence of its 2015 and 2019 NameExoWorlds campaigns, respectively.

Constellation Designation Modern proper name Historical names/comments English pronunciation[b][10][11][12][13][14][full citation needed]
Lynx XO-5 Absolutno IAU new 2019
Czech Republic proposal; a fictional substance in the novel Továrna na absolutno by Karel Čapek.
Eridanus θ1 Eridani A Acamar /ˈækəmɑːr/
Eridanus α Eridani A Achernar The name was originally Arabic: آخر النهر ʾāẖir an-nahr ('river's end'). /ˈkərnɑːr/
Cassiopeia η Cassiopeiae A Achird Apparently first applied to η Cassiopeiae in the Skalnate Pleso Atlas of the Heavens published in 1950, but is not known prior to that.[15] /ˈərd/
Scorpius β1 Scorpii Aa Acrab The traditional name of the β Scorpii system has been rendered Akrab and Elakrab, derived (like Acrab) from Arabic: العقرب al-ʿaqrab ('the scorpion'). /ˈkræb/
Crux α Crucis Aa Acrux "Acrux" is a modern contraction of the Bayer designation, coined in the 19th century, but which entered into common use only by the mid-20th century.[16][17] /ˈkrʌks/
Cancer α Cancri Aa Acubens The name was originally Arabic: الزبانى az-zubāná ('the claws'). /ˈækjuːbɛnz/
Leo ζ Leonis Aa Adhafera Also called Aldhafera. The name is originally from Arabic: الضفيرة aḍ-ḍafīra ('the braid (or curl, or strand)' [of the lion's mane]). /ædəˈfɪərə/
Canis Major ε Canis Majoris A Adhara The name is originally from Arabic: عذارى ʿaḏārá ('virgins'). In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, it is designated أول العذاري ʾawwil al-ʿaḏāriyy, translated into Latin as Prima Virginum ('first virgin'). /əˈdɛərə/
Andromeda ξ Andromedae Adhil The name was originally Arabic: الذيل aḏ-ḏayl (the train, lit. 'the tail'). /əˈdɪl/
Taurus ε Tauri Aa1 Ain The name is originally from Arabic: عين ʿayn ('eye') and was reviewed and adopted by the Working Group on Star Names.[5] /ˈeɪn/
Sagittarius ν1 Sagittarii A Ainalrami From Arabic: عين الرامي ʿayn ar-rāmī ('eye of the archer'). /ˌɛnəlˈreɪmi/
Carina HD 95086 Aiolos IAU new 2022

Greek proposal; named after Aeolus a god from Greek mythology

Lyra η Lyrae Aa Aladfar The name is originally from Arabic: الأظفر al-ʾuẓfur ('the talons' [of the swooping eagle]), shared with μ Lyrae (Alathfar). /əˈlædfɑːr/
Serpens HD 168746 Alasia IAU new 2019
Cypriot proposal; first historically recorded name of Cyprus (mid-15th century).
Lyra μ Lyrae Alathfar† The name is originally from Arabic: الأظفر al-ʾuẓfur ('the talons' [of the swooping eagle]), shared with η Lyrae (Aladfar). /əˈlæθfɑːr/
Sagittarius π Sagittarii A Albaldah The name is originally from Arabic: البلدة al-balda ('town'). In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, it is designated نير البلدة nayyir al-baldah, translated into Latin as Lucida Oppidi ('brightest of the town'). /ælˈbɔːldə/
Aquarius ε Aquarii Albali The name is originally from Arabic: البالع al-bāliʿ ('the swallower'). /ælˈbeɪli/
Cygnus β1 Cygni Aa Albireo The source of the name Albireo is not entirely clear.[c] /ælˈbɪrioʊ/
Corvus α Corvi Alchiba From Arabic: الخباء al-ẖibāʾ ('tent'). In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, it is designated المنخر الغراب al-manẖar al-ġurāb, translated into Latin as Rostrum Corvi ('beak of the crow'). /ˈælkᵻbə/
Ursa Major 80 Ursae Majoris Ca Alcor From Arabic: الخوار al‑ẖawwār ('the faint one'). /ˈælkɔːr/
Taurus η Tauri A Alcyone Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Alcyone (Ancient Greek: Ἀλκυόνη Alkuonē) was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ælˈsaɪəniː/
Taurus α Tauri Aldebaran The name was originally Arabic: الدبران ad-dabarān ('the follower' [of the Pleiades]).[19] /ælˈdɛbərən/
Cepheus α Cephei Alderamin From Arabic: الذراع اليمين aḏ-ḏirāʿ al-yamīn ('the right arm' [of Cepheus]). /ælˈdɛrəmɪn/
Grus γ Gruis Aldhanab The name was originally الذنب aḏ-ḏanab ('the tail' [of the constellation of the Southern Fish]). /ˈældənæb/
Draco ζ Draconis A Aldhibah From Arabic: الضباع aḍ-ḍibāʿ ('the hyenas'). /ælˈdaɪbə/
Delphinus ε Delphini Aldulfin Shortening of Arabic: ذنب الدلفين ḏanab ad-dulfīn ('tail of the dolphin'). /ælˈdʌlfən/
Cepheus β Cephei Aa Alfirk From Arabic: الفرق al-firq ('the flock'). Name given by Ulugh Beg to the asterism consisting of α, β and η Cephei. /ˈælfərk/
Capricornus α2 Capricorni Algedi From Arabic: الجدي al-jady ('the (male) kid'). Alternative traditional names are Al Giedi, Secunda Giedi and Algiedi Secunda. /ælˈdʒiːdi/
Pegasus γ Pegasi Algenib From Arabic: الجانب al-jānib ('the flank'). Algenib is also another name for α Persei (Mirfak). /ælˈdʒiːnᵻb/
Leo γ1 Leonis Algieba From Arabic: الجبهة al-jabha ('the forehead' [of the lion]). /ælˈdʒiːbə/
Perseus β Persei Aa1 Algol From Arabic: رأس الغول raʾs al-ġūl ('head of the ogre'). In Egyptian, Horus.[clarification needed][20] /ˈælɡɒl/
Corvus δ Corvi A Algorab The traditional name Algorab is derived from Arabic: الغراب al-ġurāb ('the crow'). The WGSN re-designated the star as Algorab in July 2016.[2] /ˈælɡəræb/
Gemini γ Geminorum Aa Alhena Derived from Arabic: الهنعة al-hanʿa ('the brand' [on the neck of the camel]). /ælˈhiːnə/
Ursa Major ε Ursae Majoris A Alioth Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈæliɒθ/
Cygnus ε Cygni Aa Aljanah /ˈældʒənə/
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Alkaid Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ælˈkeɪd/
Boötes μ1 Boötis Aa Alkalurops /ælkəˈljʊərɒps/
Ursa Major κ Ursae Majoris A Alkaphrah /ælˈkæfrə/
Pegasus υ Pegasi Alkarab /ˈælkəræb/
Crater α Crateris Alkes /ˈælkɛs/
Auriga ε Aurigae Almaaz /ˈælmeɪ.əz/
Andromeda γ Andromedae A Almach /ˈælmæk/
Leo κ Leonis Al Minliar al Asad† From Arabic: أل مينلير أل أسد 'al mynilir 'al 'asad ('lion's nose')[18]: 67-72 
Grus α Gruis Alnair /ælˈnɛər/
Sagittarius γ2 Sagittarii Alnasl From Arabic: النصل an-naṣl ('the point' [of the archer's arrow]).[21] /ælˈnæzəl/
Orion ε Orionis Alnilam The middle star in Orion's belt. /ˈælnᵻlæm/
Orion ζ Orionis Aa Alnitak The traditional name, alternately spelled Al Nitak or Alnitah, is from Arabic: النطاق an-niṭāq ('the girdle').[18]: 314–315  /ˈælnᵻtæk/
Scorpius σ Scorpii Aa1 Alniyat /ælˈnaɪæt/
Hydra α Hydrae Alphard /ˈælfɑːrd/
Corona Borealis α Coronae Borealis Alphecca The name نير الفكة nayyir al-fakka ('bright (star) of the broken' [ring of stars]) is found in the Al Achsasi al Mouakket catalogue (c. 1650).[22] /ælˈfɛkə/
Andromeda α Andromedae Aa Alpheratz /ælˈfɪəræts/
Pisces η Piscium A Alpherg /ˈælfɜːrɡ/
Draco μ Draconis A Alrakis From Arabic: الراقص ar-rāqiṣ ('the dancer'); also spelled Arrakis and Elrakis. /ælˈreɪkᵻs/
Pisces α Piscium A Alrescha /ælˈriːʃə/
Draco HD 161693 Alruba /ælˈruːbə/
Draco σ Draconis Alsafi /ælˈseɪfi/
Lynx 31 Lyncis Alsciaukat /ælʃiˈɔːkæt/
Vela δ Velorum Aa Alsephina /ælsᵻˈfaɪnə/
Aquila β Aquilae A Alshain /ælˈʃeɪn/
Capricornus ν Capricorni A Alshat /ˈælʃæt/
Aquila α Aquilae Altair From Arabic: (النسر) الطائر (an-nasr) aṭ-ṭāʾir ('the flying' [eagle]).[citation needed] Altair is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle asterism. /ælˈteɪ.ər/
Draco δ Draconis Altais /ælˈteɪ.ᵻs/
Leo λ Leonis Alterf /ˈæltərf/
Canis Major η Canis Majoris Aludra /əˈluːdrə/
Ursa Major ξ Ursae Majoris Aa Alula Australis /əˈluːlə ɔːˈstreɪlᵻs/
Ursa Major ν Ursae Majoris Alula Borealis /əˈluːlə bɒriˈælᵻs/
Serpens θ1 Serpentis A Alya /ˈeɪliə/
Gemini ξ Geminorum Alzirr Alternately spelled Alzir. /ˈælzər/
Canis Major HD 43197 Amadioha IAU new 2019
Nigerian proposal; named after Amadioha, a god in Igbo mythology.
Crater WASP-34 Amansinaya IAU new 2019
Philippines proposal. Named after Aman Sinaya, deity of the ocean and protector of fishermen in Tagalog mythology.
Pegasus WASP-52 Anadolu IAU new 2019
Turkish proposal; refers to the motherland in Turkish culture.
Vela GJ 367 Añañuca IAU new 2022

Chilean proposal; named for the endemic Chilean wildflowers Phycella cyrtanthoides.

Aquarius θ Aquarii Ancha /ˈæŋkə/
Eridanus τ2 Eridani Angetenar The name is originally from Arabic: عرجة النهر ʿarjat an-nahr ('the bend of the river').[citation needed] /ænˈdʒɛtᵻnɑːr/
Ursa Major HD 102956 Aniara IAU new 2019
Swedish proposal; name of a spaceship in Aniara, the eponymous poem by Harry Martinson.
Phoenix α Phoenicis Ankaa /ˈæŋkə/
Vulpecula α Vulpeculae Anser Alternative traditional name is Lucida Anseris. /ˈænsər/
Scorpius α Scorpii A Antares From Ancient Greek: Ἀντάρης Antarēs ('rival of Ares') (Mars). /ænˈtɛəriːz/
Boötes HD 131496 Arcalís IAU new 2019
Andorran proposal; named after Vallnord, a peak in the north of the country.
Boötes α Boötis Arcturus From ancient Greek Ἀρκτοῦρος (Arktouros), "Guardian of the Bear". /ɑːrkˈtjʊərəs/
Sagittarius β2 Sagittarii Arkab Posterior /ˈɑːrkæb pɒˈstɪəriər/
Sagittarius β1 Sagittarii Arkab Prior /ˈɑːrkæb ˈpraɪər/
Lepus α Leporis A Arneb The traditional name Arneb is from Arabic: أرنب ʾarnab ('hare').[18]: 268  (Lepus is Latin for hare.) /ˈɑːrnɛb
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii A Ascella Part of the Teapot asterism. /əˈsɛlə/
Cancer δ Cancri Aa Asellus Australis /əˈsɛləs ɔːsˈtreɪlᵻs/
Cancer γ Cancri Aa Asellus Borealis /əˈsɛləs bɒriˈælᵻs/
Hydra ε Hydrae A Ashlesha /æʃˈleɪʃə/
Boötes θ Boötis Asellus Primus† Latin for 'first donkey colt'. /əˈsɛləs ˈpraɪməs/
Boötes ι Boötis Asellus Secundus† Latin for 'second donkey colt'. /əˈsɛləs sᵻˈkʌndəs/
Boötes κ Boötis Asellus Tertius† Latin for 'third donkey colt'. /əˈsɛləs ˈtɜːrʃiəs/
Carina ι Carinae Aspidiske /ˌæspᵻˈdɪskiː/
Taurus 21 Tauri A Asterope Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Asterope was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /(ə)ˈstɛrəpiː/
Canis Major WASP-64 Atakoraka IAU new 2019
Togolese proposal; means 'the chain of the Atacora', a mountain range.
Draco η Draconis A Athebyne /'æθᵻbaɪn/
Perseus ο Persei A Atik /ˈeɪtɪk/
Taurus 27 Tauri Aa1 Atlas Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Atlas was the Titan of endurance and astronomy[23] and the father of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈætləs/
Triangulum Australe α Trianguli Australis Atria /ˈeɪtriə/
Carina ε Carinae A Avior Designated "Avior" by His Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office for the Royal Air Force in the 1930s.[24] /ˈeɪviər/
Cetus HD 224693 Axólotl IAU new 2019
Mexican proposal. An axolotl is a culturally significant amphibian; the name means 'water animal' in the Nahuatl language.
Eridanus HD 18742 Ayeyarwady IAU new 2019
Myanmar proposal; named after the Irrawaddy River.
Cygnus π1 Cygni Azelfafage Variously reported as from Arabic: السلحفاة as-sulaḥfāh ('turtle'), الطلف الفرس aṭ-ṭilf al-faras ('horse track'), or عزل الدجاجة ʿazal ad-dajāja ('tail of the hen').[18]: 192–197  /əˈzɛlfəfeɪdʒ/
Eridanus η Eridani Azha Originally from Arabic: أدحي (النعام) ʾudḥiyy (an-naʿām) ('nest' [of the ostrich]); later miscopied as أزحى ʾazḥá in medieval manuscripts. /ˈeɪzə/
Puppis ξ Puppis Azmidi Alternatively rendered Asmidiske. /ˈæzmᵻdi/
Ursa Minor 8 Ursae Minoris Baekdu IAU new 2019
South Korean proposal; named after the highest mountain on the Korean peninsula.
Ophiuchus V2500 Ophiuchi Barnard's Star Named after the American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard, the first to measure its high proper motion. /ˈbɑːrnərdz/
Cetus ζ Ceti Aa Baten Kaitos /ˈbeɪtən ˈkeɪtɒs/
Indus LHS 3844 Batsũ̀ IAU new 2022

Costa Rican proposal; Bribri word for hummingbird

Eridanus υ3 Eridani Beemim /ˈbiːməm/
Eridanus ο1 Eridani Beid The name is originally from Arabic: البيض al-bayḍ ('the eggs'). /ˈbaɪd/
Sagittarius HD 181342 Belel IAU new 2019
Senegalese proposal; a rare source of water in the North.
Pisces HD 8574 Bélénos IAU new 2019
French proposal; named after Belenus, a god of light, the Sun and of health in Gaulish mythology.
Orion γ Orionis Bellatrix Latin for 'female warrior'; applied to this star in the 15th century.[25] /bɛˈleɪtrɪks/
Perseus HAT-P-15 Berehynia IAU new 2019
Ukrainian proposal. A deity of waters and riverbanks in Slavic religion; now a national goddess – "hearth mother, protectress of the earth".
Orion α Orionis Aa Betelgeuse Derived from Arabic: يد الجوزاء yad al-jawzāʾ ('the hand of') (an old asterism). /ˈbɛtəldʒuːz, ˈbiːtəl-, -dʒuːs/
Aries 41 Arietis Aa Bharani /ˈbærəni/
Sextans HD 86081 Bibhā IAU new 2019
Indian proposal; Bengali pronunciation of Sanskrit Vibha, meaning 'a bright beam of light'.
Pegasus θ Pegasi Biham /ˈbaɪ.æm/
Aquarius HD 206610 Bosona IAU new 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina proposal; name of the territory of Bosnia in the 10th century.
Aries δ Arietis Botein /ˈboʊtiːn/
Libra σ Librae A Brachium /ˈbreɪkiəm/
Mensa HD 38283 Bubup IAU new 2019
Australian proposal; means 'child' in the Boonwurrung language.
Andromeda HD 16175 Buna IAU new 2019
Ethiopian proposal; a commonly used word for coffee.
Aquarius ξ Aquarii A Bunda /ˈbʌndə/
Carina α Carinae A Canopus Ptolemy's Κάνωβος, after Canopus (Kanōpos, Kanōbos), a pilot from Greek mythology, whose name is itself of uncertain etymology. /kəˈnoʊpəs/
Auriga α Aurigae Aa Capella The traditional name Capella ('small female goat') is from Latin, and is a diminutive of capra ('female goat').[18]: 86  /kəˈpɛlə/
Cassiopeia β Cassiopeiae A Caph The name is originally Arabic: كف kaff ('palm'), a residue of an old name of Cassiopeia, الكف الخصيب al-kaff al-ẖaḍīb ('the stained hand'); also known as السنام الناقة as-sanām al-nāqa ('the camel's hump'). /ˈkæf/
Gemini α Geminorum Aa Castor /ˈkæstər/
Cassiopeia υ2 Cassiopeiae Castula /ˈkæstjʊlə/
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cebalrai /ˌsɛbəlˈreɪ.iː/
Chamaeleon HD 63454 Ceibo IAU new 2019
Uruguayan proposal; named after Erythrina crista-galli (the native tree that gives rise to the national flower).
Taurus 16 Tauri Celaeno Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Celaeno was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /sᵻˈliːnoʊ/
Ara μ Arae Cervantes IAU new 2015
Named after Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, the Spanish author of El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha (Don Quixote).[26]
Ursa Major 47 Ursae Majoris Chalawan IAU new 2015
Named after Chalawan, a mythological crocodile king from a Thai folktale.[26]
Taurus θ2 Tauri Aa Chamukuy /ˈtʃɑːmuːkuːi/
Eridanus WASP-50 Chaophraya IAU new 2019
Thai proposal; named after the Chao Phraya River.
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Aa Chara /ˈkɛərə/
Lyra HAT-P-5 Chasoň IAU new 2019
Slovakian proposal; an ancient Slovak term for the Sun.
Aquila HD 192699 Chechia IAU new 2019
Tunisian proposal; a taqiyah (traditional hat) and national headdress.
Leo θ Leonis Chertan Alternative traditional name Chort.
Pisces HD 1502 Citadelle IAU new 2019
Haitian proposal; named after Citadelle Laferrière, a mountaintop fortress and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Monoceros HD 52265 Citalá IAU new 2019
El Salvadorian proposal; means 'river of stars' in the Nawat language.
Sculptor HD 4208 Cocibolca IAU new 2019
Nicaraguan proposal; named after Lake Nicaragua.
Cancer 55 Cancri A Copernicus IAU new 2015
In honor of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.[26]
Canes Venatici α2 Canum Venaticorum Aa Cor Caroli Named after Charles I of England by Sir Charles Scarborough.[18][27][28] /ˌkɔːr ˈkærəlaɪ/
Hercules ω Herculis A Cujam Traditional name, variously spelled Kajam. /ˈkjuːdʒəm/
Eridanus β Eridani Cursa The name is originally from Arabic: الكرسي al-kursiyy ('the chair, footstool'). /ˈkɜːrsə/
Capricornus β1 Capricorni Aa Dabih /ˈdeɪbiː/
Fornax α Fornacis A Dalim /ˈdeɪlᵻm/
Tucana L 168-9 Danfeng IAU new 2022

Chinese proposal; named after the red phoenix simplified Chinese: 丹凤; traditional Chinese: 丹鳳; pinyin: dānfèng a bird from Chinese mythology

Cygnus α Cygni Deneb The name is originally from Arabic: ذنب الدجاجة ḏanab ad-dajāja. In Chinese, Deneb is part of the 鵲橋 ('Magpie bridge') in the Qi Xi love story.[citation needed] Deneb is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle asterism. /ˈdɛnɛb/
Capricornus δ Capricorni Aa Deneb Algedi /ˌdɛnɛb ælˈdʒiːdiː/
Leo β Leonis Denebola /dəˈnɛbələ/
Coma Berenices α Comae Berenices A Diadem /ˈdaɪədɛm/
Puppis WASP-121 Dilmun IAU new 2022

Bahraini proposal; named after the ancient civilization of the same name

Leo HD 96063 Dingolay IAU new 2019
Trinidad and Tobago proposal; means 'to dance, twist and turn', symbolising the national ancestral culture and language.
Cetus β Ceti Diphda Arabic for 'frog', from the phrase ضفدع الثاني aḍ-ḍifdaʿ aṯ-ṯānī 'the second frog' (the 'first frog' is Fomalhaut) /ˈdɪfdə/
Scorpius WASP-17 Dìwö IAU new 2019
Costa Rican proposal; means 'the Sun' in the Bribri language.
Fornax WASP-72 Diya IAU new 2019
Mauritian proposal; named after an oil lamp used on special occasions, including Diwali.
Centaurus HD 117618 Dofida IAU new 2019
Indonesian proposal; means 'our star' in the Nias language.
Ursa Major HAT-P-3 Dombay IAU new 2019
Russian proposal; named after the Dombay resort region in the North Caucasus.
Scorpius δ Scorpii A Dschubba /ˈdʒʌbə/
Ursa Major α Ursae Majoris A Dubhe Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈdʌbiː/
Draco ψ1 Draconis A Dziban From the traditional name of Dziban or Dsiban, derived from Arabic: الذئبانِ aḏ-ḏiʾbān ('the two wolves' or 'the two jackals').[18]: 212  /ˈzaɪbən/
Pisces HD 218566 Ebla IAU new 2019
Syrian proposal; named after Ebla, an early kingdom in Syria.
Draco ι Draconis Edasich Common name reviewed and adopted by the Working Group on Star Names.[5] /ˈɛdəsɪk/
Taurus 17 Tauri Electra Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Electra was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ᵻˈlɛktrə/
Virgo φ Virginis A Elgafar /ˈɛlɡəfɑːr/
Columba θ Columbae Elkurud /ˈɛlkərʌd/
Taurus β Tauri Aa Elnath Variously El Nath or Alnath, from Arabic: النطح an-naṭḥ ('the butting') (i.e. "the bull's horns"). /ɛlˈnæθ/
Draco γ Draconis Eltanin Alternative traditional name of Etamin; both originally from the Arabic constellation name التنين at-tinnīn ('the great serpent'). γ Dra was also one of the "Five Camels" (Latin: Quinque Dromedarii), in Arabic العوائد al‑ʿawāʾid. /ɛlˈteɪnᵻn/
Tucana HD 7199 Emiw IAU new 2019
Mozambique proposal; represents love in the Makhuwa language.
Pegasus ε Pegasi Enif /ˈiːnɪf/
Cepheus γ Cephei Aa Errai IAU new 2015 /ɛˈreɪ.iː/
Draco 42 Draconis A Fafnir IAU new 2015
Named after a Norse mythological dwarf who turned into a dragon.[26]
Scorpius π Scorpii Aa Fang From the Chinese name Fáng ('the room'). /ˈfæŋ/
Cygnus δ Cygni A Fawaris /fəˈwɛərᵻs/
Hydra HD 85951 Felis /ˈfiːlᵻs/
Cetus BD−17 63 Felixvarela IAU new 2019
Cuban proposal; named after Félix Varela, a noted science teacher.
Hydra WASP-166 Filetdor IAU new 2022

Spanish proposal; named after a golden sea serpent, the protagonist of a Mallorcan folktale.

Virgo HD 102195 Flegetonte IAU new 2019
Italian proposal. Named after Phlegethon, an underworld river of fire in Greek mythology in the poem Divina Commedia (The Divine Comedy) by Dante Alighieri.
Piscis Austrinus α Piscis Austrini A Fomalhaut IAU new 2015
The name is originally from Arabic: فم الحوت fum al-ḥawt ('mouth of the fish'). In Persian astrology, this star was called "Haftorang, Watcher of the South", one of the royal stars.
Leo HD 100655 Formosa IAU new 2019
Chinese Taipei proposal; Latin: Formosa ('beautiful') is a historical name for Taiwan.
Hercules HAT-P-14 Franz IAU new 2019
Austrian proposal; named after Franz Joseph I of Austria.
Cassiopeia ζ Cassiopeiae Fulu From the Chinese name 附路 Fùlù ('the auxiliary road'). /ˈfuːluː/
Pisces β Piscium Fumalsamakah /ˌfʌməlˈsæməkə/
Draco HD 109246 Funi IAU new 2019
Icelandic proposal; an Old Icelandic word meaning 'fire' or 'blaze'.
Canis Major ζ Canis Majoris Aa Furud /ˈfjʊərəd/
Scorpius G Scorpii Fuyue From the Chinese name Fu Yue. /ˈfuːjuːeɪ/
Crux γ Crucis Gacrux The name "Gacrux" is a contraction of the Bayer designation, coined by astronomer Elijah Hinsdale Burritt (1794–1838).[29][30] /ˈɡækrʌks/
Cancer HD 73534 Gakyid IAU new 2019
Bhutan proposal; means happiness.
Virgo GJ 486 Gar IAU new 2022

Spanish proposal; Basque words for flame

Cepheus μ Cephei Garnet Star† Its colour was described as "garnet" by William Herschel. Following Herschel, it was called garnet sidus by Giuseppe Piazzi. //
Gemini PSR B0633+17 Geminga both a contraction of Gemini gamma-ray source, and a transcription of the words ghè minga (pronounced [ɡɛ ˈmĩːɡa]), meaning "it's not there" in the Milanese dialect of Lombard.[31] /ɡəˈmɪŋɡə/
Draco λ Draconis Giausar Traditional name, variously spelled Gianfar. /ˈdʒɔːzɑːr/
Corvus γ Corvi A Gienah Also known as Gienah Gurab; the star ε Cygni is also traditionally known as Gienah.[citation needed] /ˈdʒiːnə/
Crux ε Crucis Ginan Traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory of Australia.[32] /ˈɡiːnən/
Lynx WASP-13 Gloas IAU new 2019
British proposal; means 'to shine (like a star)' in the Manx Gaelic language.
Sextans WASP-43 Gnomon IAU new 2022

Romanian proposal; named after the gnomon.

Canis Minor β Canis Minoris A Gomeisa /ɡɒˈmaɪzə/
Scorpius ξ Scorpii Graffias† Italian for 'claws'; also once applied to β Scorpii.[33][18]: 367  /ˈɡræfiəs/
Virgo HAT-P-26 Guahayona IAU new 2022

Puerto Rican proposal; named after a trickster from Taíno mythology

Draco ξ Draconis A Grumium /ˈɡruːmiəm/
Serpens κ Serpentis Gudja /ˈɡuːdʒə/
Sagittarius HD 179949 Gumala IAU new 2019
Brunei[34] proposal; a Malay language word referring to a magical stone found in snakes or dragons.
Ophiuchus 36 Ophiuchi A Guniibuu /ɡəˈniːbuː/
Centaurus β Centauri Aa Hadar /ˈheɪdɑːr/
Auriga η Aurigae Haedus /ˈhiːdəs/
Aries α Arietis Hamal Traditional name (also written Hemal, Hamul, or Ras Hammel) derived from Arabic: رأس الحمل raʾs al-ḥamal ('head of the ram'), in turn from the name for the constellation as a whole, al-ḥamal ('the ram').[18]: 78, 80  /ˈhæməl/
Auriga ι Aurigae Hassaleh /ˈhæsəleɪ/
Orion ι Orionis Aa Hatysa /hɑːˈtiːsə/)
Pegasus 51 Pegasi Helvetios IAU new 2015
Latin for 'the Helvetian' and refers to the Celtic tribe that lived in Switzerland during antiquity.[26]
Virgo ζ Virginis A Heze /ˈhiːziː/
Taurus HD 28678 Hoggar IAU new 2019
Algerian proposal; named after the Hoggar Mountains.
Pegasus ζ Pegasi A Homam /ˈhoʊmæm/
Triangulum HAT-P-38 Horna IAU new 2019
Finnish proposal; the name of hell or the underworld in Finnic mythology.
Crater HD 98219 Hunahpú IAU new 2019
Honduran proposal; one of the Maya Hero Twins who became the Sun in K'iche' Maya mythology.
Hercules HAT-P-2 Hunor IAU new 2019
Hungarian proposal; named after the Hunor, one of the legendary ancestors of the nation.
Scorpius ρ Scorpii Aa Iklil /ˈɪklɪl/
Leo Minor HD 82886 Illyrian IAU new 2019
Albanian proposal; named after the Illyrians, the people from whom Albanians are descended and what they call themselves.
Crux δ Crucis Imai /ˈiːmaɪ/
Ara HD 156411 Inquill IAU new 2019
Peruvian proposal; a character in the story Way to the Sun by Abraham Valdelomar.
Fornax HD 20868 Intan IAU new 2019
Malaysian proposal; means 'diamond' in the Malay language.
Ursa Major 41 Lyncis Intercrus IAU new 2015
Intercrus means 'between the legs' in Latin, referring to the star's position in the constellation Ursa Major.[26]
Hercules WASP-38 Irena IAU new 2019
Slovenian proposal; a character in the novel Under the Free Sun by Fran Saleški Finžgar.
Grus HD 208487 Itonda IAU new 2019
Gabonese proposal; means 'all that is beautiful' in the Myene language.
Boötes ε Boötis A Izar Originally from Arabic: إزار ʾizār ('veil') In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, it is designated منطقة ألعوع minṭaqat al‑ʿawwaʿ, translated into Latin as Cingulum Latratoris ('belt of barker'). Named Pulcherrima ('most beautiful') by Otto Struve.[35] /ˈaɪzɑːr/
Scorpius ν Scorpii Aa Jabbah /ˈdʒæbə/
Gemini ο Geminorum Jishui //
Cetus γ Ceti A Kaffaljidhma /ˌkæfəlˈdʒɪdmə/
Cancer GJ 3470 Kaewkosin IAU new 2022

Thai proposal; named after the crystals of the Hindu deity of Indra in the Thai language

Vela HD 83443 Kalausi IAU new 2019
Kenyan proposal; means a very strong whirling column of wind in the Dholuo language.
Corona Borealis HD 145457 Kamuy IAU new 2019
Japanese proposal; a word denoting Kamuy, a supernatural entity in the Ainu language.
Virgo κ Virginis Kang From the Chinese name Kàng ('the neck'). /ˈkæŋ/
Apus HD 137388 Karaka IAU new 2019
New Zealand proposal; word for a local plant that produces orange fruit in the Māori language.
Sagittarius ε Sagittarii A Kaus Australis Part of the Teapot asterism. /ˈkɔːs ɔːˈstreɪlᵻs/
Sagittarius λ Sagittarii Kaus Borealis The top of the Teapot asterism. /ˈkɔːs bɒriˈælᵻs/
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Kaus Media Part of the Teapot asterism. /ˌkɔːs ˈmiːdiə/
Serpens HD 175541 Kaveh IAU new 2019
Iranian proposal; named after Kāve, a hero of the epic poem Shahnameh composed by Ferdowsi.
Eridanus ο2 Eridani A Keid /ˈkaɪd/
Virgo λ Virginis A Khambalia /kæmˈbeɪliə/
Equuleus α Equulei A Kitalpha /kᵻˈtælfə/
Ursa Minor β Ursae Minoris Kochab /ˈkoʊkæb/
Eridanus HIP 12961 Koeia IAU new 2019
Puerto Rican proposal; means 'star' in the Taíno language.
Lynx XO-4 Koit IAU new 2019
Estonian proposal; means 'dawn' in the Estonian language.
Canes Venatici HAT-P-12 Komondor IAU new 2022

Hungarian proposal; after the dog breed of the same name

Hercules β Herculis Aa Kornephoros /kɔːrˈnɛfərəs/
Columba WASP-63 Kosjenka IAU new 2022

Croatian proposal; after a character from Croatian Tales of Long Ago

Corvus β Corvi Kraz /ˈkræz/
Draco ν Draconis Kuma† /ˈkjuːmə/
Cepheus ξ Cephei Aa Kurhah /ˈkɜːr.hə/
Canes Venatici Y Canum Venaticorum La Superba A modern (19th century) name, due to Angelo Secchi. /ˌlɑːsuːˈpɜːrbə/
Scorpius ε Scorpii Larawag Traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory of Australia.[32] /ˈlærəwæɡ/
Hydra HAT-P-42 Lerna IAU new 2019
Greek proposal; named after Lerna, the lake where the mythical Hydra lived.
Scorpius υ Scorpii Lesath /ˈliːsæθ/
Aquila ξ Aquilae A Libertas IAU new 2015
Latin for 'liberty' (Aquila is Latin for 'eagle', a popular symbol of liberty).[26]
Virgo PSR B1257+12 Lich IAU new 2015
A neutron star and pulsar with planets. A lich is a fictional undead creature known for controlling other undead creatures with magic.[26]
Ursa Major HD 118203 Liesma IAU new 2019
Latvian proposal; means 'fire' and is the name of a character in the poem Staburags un Liesma.
Aries 39 Arietis Lilii Borea /ˈlɪliaɪ ˈbɔərɪə/
Aquarius HD 212771 Lionrock IAU new 2019
Hong Kong proposal; named after Lion Rock, a culturally important lion-shaped peak.
Auriga HD 45350 Lucilinburhuc IAU new 2019
Luxembourger proposal; named after the Fortress of Luxembourg built in 963 by Count Siegfried, the founder of Luxembourg.
Monoceros HD 45652 Lusitânia IAU new 2019
Portuguese proposal; ancient name for Lusitania, the region where most of Portugal is situated.
Hercules λ Herculis Maasym /ˈmeɪəsɪm/
Antlia HD 93083 Macondo IAU new 2019
Colombian proposal; named after a mythical village from the novel Cien anos de soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude) by Gabriel García Márquez.
Camelopardalis HD 32518 Mago IAU new 2019
German proposal; named after Mago National Park, a national park in Ethiopia noted for its giraffes (Camelopardalis is Latin for 'giraffe').
Auriga θ Aurigae A Mahasim //
Ophiuchus HD 152581 Mahsati IAU new 2019
Azerbaijani proposal; named after the poet Mahsati Ganjavi.
Taurus 20 Tauri Maia Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Maia was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈmeɪ.ə, ˈmaɪ.ə/
Virgo WASP-39 Malmok IAU new 2019
Aruban proposal; the indigenous name given to Palm Beach, a beach and popular snorkelling spot.
Ophiuchus λ Ophiuchi A Marfik /ˈmɑːrfɪk/
Pegasus α Pegasi Markab /ˈmɑːrkæb/
Vela κ Velorum Markeb /ˈmɑːrkɛb/
Aquarius WASP-6 Márohu IAU new 2019
Dominican Republic proposal; the god of drought and protector of the Sun.
Hercules κ Herculis A Marsic /ˈmɑːrsɪk/
Pegasus η Pegasi Aa Matar /ˈmeɪtɑːr/
Centaurus HIP 65426 Matza IAU new 2022

Mexican proposal; Zoque word for star

Volans WD 0806−661 Maru IAU new 2022

South Korean proposal; Korean word meaning sky.

Ursa Major HAT-P-21 Mazaalai IAU new 2019
Mongolian proposal; a name given to the Gobi bear.
Gemini ε Geminorum Mebsuta /mɛbˈsuːtə/
Ursa Major δ Ursae Majoris Megrez Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈmiːɡrɛz/
Orion λ Orionis A Meissa Traditional name deriving from Arabic: الميسان al-maysān ('the shining one'). /ˈmaɪsə/
Gemini ζ Geminorum Aa Mekbuda /mɛkˈbjuːdə/
Cancer ε Cancri Aa Meleph //
Auriga β Aurigae Aa Menkalinan /mɛŋˈkælᵻnæn/
Cetus α Ceti Menkar Derived from Arabic: منخر manẖar ('nostril'), or al‑minẖar ('nose' [of Cetus]).[36][18]: 162  /ˈmɛŋkɑːr/
Centaurus θ Centauri Menkent /ˈmɛŋkɛnt/
Perseus ξ Persei Menkib /ˈmɛŋkᵻb/
Ursa Major β Ursae Majoris Merak Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). /ˈmɪəræk/
Boötes 38 Boötis Merga /ˈmɜːrɡə/
Corona Australis α Coronae Australis Meridiana /məˌrɪdiˈænə/
Taurus 23 Tauri Aa Merope Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Merope was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈmɛrəpi/
Aries γ1 Arietis A Mesarthim /mɛˈsɑːrθᵻm/
Carina β Carinae Miaplacidus /ˌmaɪəˈplæsᵻdəs/
Crux β Crucis Mimosa Also bore the alternative historical name "Becrux", a modern contraction of the Bayer designation.[37] /mᵻˈmoʊsə/
Hydra σ Hydrae Minchir /ˈmɪŋkər/
Virgo δ Virginis Minelauva Alternately spelled Minelava. /ˌmɪnəˈlɔːvə/
Orion δ Orionis Aa Mintaka The right-most star in Orion's belt. The name Mintaka itself is derived from Arabic: منطقة manṭaqa ('belt').[18]: 314–315  /ˈmɪntəkə/
Cetus ο Ceti Aa Mira Latin for 'wonderful' or 'astonishing'; named by Johannes Hevelius in his Historiola Mirae Stellae (1662). /ˈmaɪərə/
Andromeda β Andromedae Mirach /ˈmaɪræk/
Perseus η Persei A Miram /ˈmaɪræm, ˈmaɪərəm/
Perseus α Persei Mirfak /ˈmɜːrfæk/
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Mirzam /ˈmɜːrzəm/
Perseus κ Persei Aa Misam /ˈmaɪzəm/
Ursa Major ζ Ursae Majoris Aa Mizar Member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). The name is originally from Arabic: المئزر al-miʾzar ('apron, waistband, girdle'). Also called ('Status'), one of the "Three Stars" in Chinese mythology. The Lù star is believed to be Zhang Xian, who lived during the Later Shu dynasty. The word specifically refers to the salary of a government official. As such, the Lù star is the star of prosperity, rank, and influence. /ˈmaɪzɑːr/
Corona Borealis XO-1 Moldoveanu IAU new 2019
Romanian proposal; named after Moldoveanu Peak, the highest peak in Romania.
Virgo HD 130322 Mönch IAU new 2019
Swiss proposal; named after Mönch, a prominent Alpine peak in Switzerland.
Eridanus WASP-79 Montuno IAU new 2019
Panamanian proposal; a traditional dancing costume.
Pegasus WASP-60 Morava IAU new 2019
Serbian proposal; named after the Great Morava river system.
Delphinus HAT-P-23 Moriah IAU new 2019
Palestinian proposal; ancient name for Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Triangulum α Trianguli Mothallah /məˈθælə/
Eridanus HD 30856 Mouhoun IAU new 2019
Burkina Faso proposal; named after the Black Volta, the largest river.
Cetus WASP-71 Mpingo IAU new 2019
Tanzanian proposal; named after Dalbergia melanoxylon, a tree whose ebony wood is used for musical instruments.
Canis Major γ Canis Majoris Muliphein /ˈmjuːlᵻfeɪn/
Boötes η Boötis Aa Muphrid Alternative traditional spelling of Mufrid. /ˈmjuːfrᵻd/
Ursa Major ο Ursae Majoris A Muscida /ˈmjuːsᵻdə/
Delphinus 18 Delphini Musica IAU new 2015
Latin for 'music' (the ancient Greek musician Arion's life was saved at sea by dolphins (delphinus) after attracting their attention by playing his kithara).[26]
Perseus HAT-P-29 Muspelheim IAU new 2019
Danish proposal; named after the Norse mythological realm of fire Muspelheim.
Cancer ξ Cancri A Nahn /ˈnɑːn/
Dorado WASP-62 Naledi IAU new 2019
South African proposal; means 'star' in the Sesotho, SeTswana and SePedi languages.
Puppis ζ Puppis Naos /ˈneɪ.ɒs/
Capricornus γ Capricorni A Nashira /ˈnæʃɪrə/
Ursa Major HD 68988 Násti IAU new 2019
Norwegian proposal; means 'star' in the Sámi language.
Vela HD 85390 Natasha IAU new 2019
Zambian proposal; means 'thank you' in many national languages.
Cassiopeia γ Cassiopeiae Navi† "Navi" is a modern name, due to Gus Grissom (his middle name "Ivan" spelled backward). //
Boötes β Boötis Nekkar /ˈnɛkɑːr/
Andromeda 51 Andromedae Nembus /ˈnɛmbəs/
Phoenix HD 6434 Nenque IAU new 2019
Ecuadorian proposal; means 'the Sun' in the language of the Waorani tribes.
Auriga HD 49674 Nervia IAU new 2019
Belgian proposal; adapted from Nervii, a Celtic tribe.
Lepus β Leporis A Nihal /ˈnaɪ.æl/
Boötes HD 136418 Nikawiy IAU new 2019
Canadian proposal; means 'mother' in the Cree language.
Leo GJ 436 Noquisi IAU new 2022

US proposal; Cherokee word for star

Puppis HD 48265 Nosaxa IAU new 2019
Argentinian proposal; means 'spring' in the Moqoit language.
Sagittarius σ Sagittarii Aa Nunki Along with τ Sagittarii, it makes up the handle of the Teapot asterism. /ˈnʌŋki/
Corona Borealis β Coronae Borealis A Nusakan /ˈnjuːsəkæn/
Cassiopeia HD 17156 Nushagak IAU new 2019
American proposal; named after the Nushagak River in Alaska.
Centaurus WASP-15 Nyamien IAU new 2019
Ivory Coast proposal; named after the supreme creator deity of Akan religion.
Hercules HD 149026 Ogma IAU new 2015
Named after Ogma, a deity in Celtic mythology.[26]
Aquila ζ Aquilae A Okab /ˈoʊkæb/
Ophiuchus GJ 1214 Orkaria IAU new 2022

Kenyan proposal; Maa word for red ochre

Scorpius τ Scorpii A Paikauhale IAU new 2018 /ˌpaɪkaʊˈhɑːleɪ/
Pisces WASP-32 Parumleo IAU new 2019
Singaporean proposal; the name is Latin for 'little lion'.
Pavo α Pavonis Aa Peacock Designated "Peacock" (after the constellation) by His Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office for the Royal Air Force in the 1930s.[24] /ˈpiːkɒk/
Aquila WASP-80 Petra IAU new 2019
Jordanian proposal; Named after Petra, the archaeological city and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Columba α Columbae Phact /ˈfækt/
Ursa Major γ Ursae Majoris Aa Phecda A member of the Big Dipper or the Plough (UK). Alternative traditional names are Phekda or Phad. /ˈfɛkdə/
Ursa Minor γ Ursae Minoris Pherkad /ˈfɜːrkæd/
Aquila HD 192263 Phoenicia IAU new 2019
Lebanese proposal; named after Phoenicia, the ancient civilisation.
Cancer λ Cancri Piautos /piˈɔːtɒs/
Sagittarius HD 164604 Pincoya IAU new 2019
Chilean proposal; named after Pincoya, a female water spirit from local mythology.
Scorpius μ2 Scorpii A Pipirima /pᵻˈpɪrᵻmə/
Hercules TrES-3 Pipoltr IAU new 2019
Liechtenstein proposal; named after a bright and visible butterfly in the local dialect of Triesenberg.
Taurus 28 Tauri Aa Pleione Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Pleione was the mother of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /ˈplaɪəniː, ˈpliːəniː/
Tucana HD 221287 Poerava IAU new 2019
Cook Islands proposal; means a large mystical black pearl in the Cook Islands Māori language.
Ursa Minor α Ursae Minoris Polaris Became known as stella polaris ('polar star') during the Renaissance.[10]: 23  See polar star for other names based on its position close to the celestial pole. /poʊˈlɛərᵻs/
Octans σ Octantis Polaris Australis See South Star. /poʊˈlɛərᵻs ɔːˈstreɪlᵻs/
Sagittarius μ Sagittarii Aa Polis /ˈpɒlᵻs/
Gemini β Geminorum Pollux /ˈpɒləks/
Virgo γ Virginis A Porrima /ˈpɒrɪmə/
Leo Minor 46 Leonis Minoris Praecipua /prᵻˈsɪpjuə/
Taurus γ Tauri A Prima Hyadum /ˌpraɪmə ˈhaɪədəm/
Canis Minor α Canis Minoris A Procyon Ancient Greek: προκύον prokuon ('preceding the Dog') (viz. Sirius); Latinized as Antecanis. /ˈproʊsiɒn/
Gemini η Geminorum A Propus /ˈproʊpəs/
Centaurus α Centauri C Proxima Centauri The nearest star to the Sun. /ˌprɒksɪmə sɛnˈtɔːraɪ/
Eridanus ε Eridani Ran IAU new 2015
Named after Rán, the Norse goddess of the sea.[26]
Eridanus δ Eridani Rana Rana is Latin for 'frog'.
Scorpius HD 153950 Rapeto IAU new 2019
Malagasy proposal; the name of a giant creature from folklore.
Leo μ Leonis Rasalas /ˈræsəlæs/
Hercules α1 Herculis Aa Rasalgethi Also spelled Ras Algethi. /ˌræsəlˈdʒiːθi/
Ophiuchus α Ophiuchi A Rasalhague Also spelled Ras Alhague. /ˈræsəlheɪɡ/
Draco β Draconis A Rastaban /ˈræstəbæn/
Vela γ Velorum Regor† Also known as Suhail and Suhail al Muhlif, which also apply to λ Velorum (Suhail). /ˈriːɡɔːr/
Leo α Leonis A Regulus Latin for 'prince' or 'little king'. Regulus was known to Persian astrologers as "Venant, Watcher of the North", one of the royal stars. /ˈrɛɡjʊləs/
Pisces ζ Piscium A Revati /ˈreɪvəti/
Orion β Orionis A Rigel Traditional name first recorded in the Alfonsine Tables of 1252 and derived from the Arabic name الرجل الجوزاء اليسرى ar-rijl al-jawzāʾ al-yasrá ('the left leg (foot) of Jauzah'[definition needed]) (rijl meaning 'leg, foot').[18]: 312–313  /ˈraɪdʒəl/
Centaurus α Centauri A Rigil Kentaurus The name is originally from Arabic: رجل قنطورس rijl qantūris ('foot of the centaur'). /ˈraɪdʒəl kɛnˈtɔːrəs/
Ophiuchus HD 149143 Rosalíadecastro IAU new 2019
Spanish proposal; named after the writer Rosalía de Castro.
Delphinus β Delphini A Rotanev The name appeared in Piazzi's Palermo Star Catalogue in 1814, added by Niccolò Cacciatore as a prank along with Sualocin (α Delphini); "Rotanev" is Venator, the Latin form of Italian: Cacciatore ('hunter'), spelt backwards. /ˈroʊtənɛv/
Cassiopeia δ Cassiopeiae Aa Ruchbah Derived from Arabic: ركبة rukba ('knee').[38] The alternative historical name Ksora appeared in a 1951 publication, Atlas Coeli (Skalnate Pleso Atlas of the Heavens) by Czech astronomer Antonín Bečvář; professor Paul Kunitzch has been unable to find any clues as to the origin of the name.[10]: 62  /ˈrʌkbə/
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Rukbat /ˈrʌkbæt/
Ophiuchus η Ophiuchi A Sabik /ˈseɪbɪk/
Auriga ζ Aurigae A Saclateni /sækləˈtiːni/
Aquarius γ Aquarii Aa Sadachbia /səˈdækbiə/
Pegasus μ Pegasi Sadalbari /ˌsædəlˈbɛəri/
Aquarius α Aquarii A Sadalmelik /ˌsædəlˈmɛlɪk/
Aquarius β Aquarii A Sadalsuud /ˌsædəlˈsuːəd/
Cygnus γ Cygni A Sadr /ˈsædər/
Leo HD 100777 Sagarmatha IAU new 2019
Nepalese proposal; the Nepali name for the world's highest peak (Mount Everest).
Orion κ Orionis Saiph Traditional name from Arabic: سیف الجبار sayf al-jabbār, literally 'saif ('sword') of the giant'.[39] /ˈseɪf/
Pegasus τ Pegasi Salm /ˈsɑːm/
Piscis Austrinus HD 205739 Sāmaya IAU new 2019
Sri Lankan proposal; means 'peace' in the Sinhala language.
Sagitta HAT-P-34 Sansuna IAU new 2019
Maltese proposal; a mythological giant from Maltese folk tales.
Scorpius θ Scorpii A Sargas /ˈsɑːrɡæs/
Hercules δ Herculis Aa Sarin /ˈsɛərɪn/
Eridanus 53 Eridani A Sceptrum Formerly "p Sceptri" in the constellation of Sceptrum Brandenburgicum. /ˈsɛptrəm/
Pegasus β Pegasi Scheat /ˈʃiːæt/
Cassiopeia α Cassiopeiae Schedar Also traditionally bore the name Schedir; both originally from Arabic: صدر ṣadr ('breast'); also called الضاة الكرسي aḍ-ḍāh al-kursiyy ('the lady in the chair' by Ulugh Beg, whence[clarification needed] Dath Elkarti by Giovanni Battista Riccioli in 1651. /ˈʃɛdɑːr/
Taurus δ Tauri Aa Secunda Hyadum /sᵻˈkʌndə ˈhaɪədəm/
Cassiopeia ε Cassiopeiae Segin From an erroneous transcription of Seginus, the traditional name for γ Boötis.[40] /ˈsɛɡᵻn/
Boötes γ Boötis Aa Seginus A mistranscription of the Arabic form of Boötes.[citation needed] /sᵻˈdʒaɪnəs/
Sagitta α Sagittae Sham /ˈʃæm/
Leo HD 99109 Shama IAU new 2019
Pakistani proposal; an Urdu literary term meaning 'a small lamp or flame'.
Scorpius HIP 79431 Sharjah IAU new 2019
United Arab Emirates proposal; named after Sharjah, the cultural capital and city of knowledge of the UAE.
Scorpius λ Scorpii Aa Shaula /ˈʃɔːlə/
Lyra β Lyrae Aa1 Sheliak /ˈʃiːliæk/
Aries β Arietis A Sheratan /ˈʃɛrətæn/
Sagittarius HD 181720 Sika IAU new 2019
Ghanaian proposal; means 'gold' in the Ewe language.
Canis Major α Canis Majoris A Sirius Ancient Greek: Σείριος 'the scorcher'; in Egyptian Sopdet, rendered in Greek as Σῶθις Sōthis. As the brightest star in the sky, Sirius has proper names in numerous cultures, including Polynesian (Māori: Takurua; Hawaiian: Ka'ulua ('Queen of Heaven'), among others). Also known as the "Dog Star". /ˈsɪriəs/
Aquarius κ Aquarii A Situla /ˈsɪtjʊlə/
Aquarius δ Aquarii A Skat /ˈskæt/
Pegasus BD+14 4559 Solaris IAU new 2019
Polish proposal; named after Solaris, a novel by Stanisław Lem.
Virgo α Virginis Aa Spica Other traditional names are Azimech, from Arabic: السماك الأعزل as-simāk al-ʾaʿzal ('the undefended') and Alarph, Arabic for 'the grape gatherer'. Known in Indian astronomy as Chitra ('the bright one'). /ˈspaɪkə/
Andromeda HAT-P-6 Sterrennacht IAU new 2019
Dutch proposal; named after The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh.
Lynx HD 75898 Stribor IAU new 2019
Croatian proposal; named after Stribog, the god of winds in Slavic mythology. Stribor is also a character in the book Priče iz davnine (Croatian Tales of Long Ago) by Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić.
Delphinus α Delphini Aa Sualocin The name appeared in Piazzi's Palermo Star Catalogue in 1814, added by Niccolò Cacciatore as a prank along with Rotanev (β Delphini); "Sualocin" is Nicolaus, the Latin form of Italian: Niccolò ('Nicholas'), spelt backwards. /suˈɒloʊsɪn/
Leo ο Leonis Aa Subra /ˈsuːbrə/
Vela λ Velorum Suhail Traditionally, this name also applied to γ Velorum (Regor). /ˈsuːheɪl/
Lyra γ Lyrae Sulafat /ˈsuːləfæt/
Virgo ι Virginis Syrma /ˈsɜːrmə/
Orion π3 Orionis Tabit /ˈteɪbɪt/
Lacerta HAT-P-40 Taika IAU new 2019
Lithuanian proposal; means 'peace' in the Lithuanian language.
Ursa Major χ Ursae Majoris Taiyangshou From the Chinese name 太陽守 Tàiyángshǒu ('guard of the Sun'). /ˌtaɪæŋˈʃoʊ/
Draco 8 Draconis Taiyi From the Chinese name 太乙 Tàiyǐ or 太一 Tàiyī ('the great one'), both of which refer to Tao. /ˌtaɪˈjiː/
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Aa Talitha Also called Talitha Borealis, as Talitha originally referred to κ Ursae Majoris (Alkaphrah) and ι Ursae Majoris together.[citation needed] /ˈtælᵻθə/
Pegasus WASP-21 Tangra IAU new 2019
Bulgarian proposal; named after Tengri, the god early Bulgars worshiped.
Ursa Major μ Ursae Majoris A Tania Australis /ˈteɪniə ɔːˈstreɪlᵻs/
Ursa Major λ Ursae Majoris A Tania Borealis /ˈteɪniə ˌbɒriˈælᵻs/
Carina HD 63765 Tapecue IAU new 2019
Bolivian proposal; means 'Milky Way' in Guarani.
Aquila γ Aquilae Tarazed Alternative traditional spelling of Tarazet. /ˈtærəzɛd/
Cancer β Cancri A Tarf /ˈtɑːrf/
Taurus 19 Tauri Aa Taygeta Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Taygete was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. /teɪˈɪdʒᵻtə/
Cancer ζ1 Cancri A Tegmine Alternative traditional name of Tegmen. /ˈtɛɡmᵻniː/
Gemini μ Geminorum Aa Tejat Traditional name, also called Tejat Posterior. /ˈtiːdʒət/
Sagittarius ω Sagittarii A Terebellum From Ptolemy's τετράπλευρον tetrapleuron ('quadrilateral'), a group of four stars of which ω Sagittarii is the brightest.[citation needed] /tɛrᵻˈbɛləm/
Auriga HAT-P-9 Tevel IAU new 2019
Israeli proposal; means 'world' or 'universe' in the Hebrew language.
Orion υ Orionis Thabit† /ˈθeɪbɪt/
Eridanus υ2 Eridani Theemin Also written as Theemim or Beemin. /ˈθiːmən/
Draco α Draconis A Thuban /ˈθjuːbæn/
Grus β Gruis Tiaki /tiˈɑːki/
Taurus ζ Tauri A Tianguan In Chinese, 天關 Tiānguān ('celestial gate'). Also reported as Akkadian: Shurnarkabti-sha-shūtū ('the star in the bull towards the south' or 'the southern star towards the chariot').[18]: 391  /tiænˈɡwɑːn/
Draco 7 Draconis Tianyi From the Chinese name 天乙 Tiānyǐ or 天一 Tiānyī ('the Celestial Great One'), a deity in Taoism. /tiænˈjiː/
Ophiuchus HD 148427 Timir IAU new 2019
Bangladeshi proposal; means 'darkness' in the Bengali language.
Puppis WASP-161 Tislit IAU new 2019
Moroccan proposal; named after Tislit Lake and means 'the bride' in the Amazigh language. Associated with a heartbroken girl in legend.
Andromeda υ Andromedae A Titawin IAU new 2015
Named after the settlement in northern Morocco and UNESCO World Heritage Site now known as the medina (old town) of Tétouan.[26]
Eridanus WASP-22 Tojil IAU new 2019
Guatemalan proposal; the Tohil (patron deity) of the K'iche' Maya.
Centaurus α Centauri B Toliman The name is originally from Arabic: ظليمان ẓalīmān ('two (male) ostriches'). /ˈtɒlɪmæn/
Camelopardalis HD 104985 Tonatiuh IAU new 2015
Named after Tonatiuh, the Aztec god of the Sun.[26]
Pisces ο Piscium A Torcular /ˈtɔːrkjʊlər/
Canes Venatici HAT-P-36 Tuiren IAU new 2019
Irish proposal. The aunt of the warrior Fionn mac Cumhaill of Irish legend.[citation needed]
Crux HD 108147 Tupã IAU new 2019
Paraguayan proposal; Tupã is the name of God in the Guarani language.
Reticulum HD 23079 Tupi IAU new 2019
Brazilian proposal; named after the indigenous Tupi people.
Puppis ρ Puppis A Tureis /ˈtjʊəreɪs/
Hydra ι Hydrae Ukdah /ˈʌkdə/
Centaurus HD 102117 Uklun IAU new 2019
Pitcairn Islands proposal. Aklen means 'we/us' in the Pitkern language.
Serpens α Serpentis Unukalhai From Arabic: عنق الحية ʿunuq al-ḥayya ('the serpent's neck'), called Cor Serpentis ('Heart of the Serpent') in Latin. /ˌjuːnək.ælˈheɪ/
Canis Major σ Canis Majoris Unurgunite /ˌʌnərˈɡʌnaɪt/
Sagitta HD 231701 Uruk IAU new 2019
Iraqi proposal; named after Uruk, an ancient city of Sumer and Babylonia in Mesopotamia.
Sculptor LTT 9779 Uúba IAU new 2022

Colombian proposal; U'wa word referring to stars, seeds, or eyes.

Lyra α Lyrae Vega The name is originally from Arabic: النسر الواقع an-nasr al-wāqiʿ ('the alighting vulture') also translated as vulture cadens ('falling vulture') (see also Aetos Dios, Stymphalian birds). As the second brightest star in the northern sky, Vega has names in numerous cultures. In Chinese, it is known as 織女 ('weaving girl') from the Qi Xi love story. Vega is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle asterism. /ˈviːɡə, ˈveɪɡə/
Andromeda 14 Andromedae A Veritate IAU new 2015
Latin for 'where there is truth'.[26]
Virgo ε Virginis Vindemiatrix Vindemiatrix is Latin for '(female) grape gatherer'. /vɪnˌdiːmiˈeɪtrɪks/
Gemini δ Geminorum Aa Wasat /ˈweɪsət/
Vela WASP-19 Wattle IAU new 2022
Australian proposal; named after Acacia pycnantha the national flower of Australia.
Columba β Columbae Wazn /ˈwɒzən/
Canis Major δ Canis Majoris Aa Wezen /ˈwiːzən/
Aquarius WASP-69 Wouri IAU new 2022

Cameroonian proposal; named after the river of the same name

Phoenix ζ Phoenicis Aa Wurren A traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory of Australia.[32] /ˈwʊrən/
Scorpius μ1 Scorpii Aa Xamidimura /ˌkæmidiˈmʊərə/
Lyra HD 173416 Xihe IAU new 2019
Nanjing proposal; Xihe is the goddess of the Sun in Chinese mythology. The star also represents the earliest Chinese astronomers and makers of calendars.[citation needed]
Boötes λ Boötis Xuange From the Chinese name 玄戈 Xuángē ('sombre lance'). //
Ophiuchus ε Ophiuchi Yed Posterior /ˌjɛd pɒˈstɪəriər/
Ophiuchus δ Ophiuchi Yed Prior /ˌjɛd ˈpraɪər/
Ursa Minor δ Ursae Minoris Yildun From yildiz, Turkish for 'star'. /jɪlˈdʌn/
Virgo η Virginis Aa Zaniah /ˈzeɪniə/
Eridanus γ Eridani Zaurak Traditional name, alternatively spelled Zaurac; originally from Arabic: زورق zawraq ('boat').[18]: 218  /ˈzɔːræk/
Virgo β Virginis Zavijava /ˌzævᵻˈdʒævə/
Aquarius HATS-72 Zembra IAU new 2022

Tunisian proposal; named after the island of the same name.

Hydra υ1 Hydrae A Zhang From the Chinese name Zhāng ('extended net'). /ˈdʒæŋ/
Eridanus ζ Eridani Aa Zibal /ˈzaɪbəl/
Leo δ Leonis Zosma /ˈzɒzmə/
Libra α2 Librae Aa Zubenelgenubi /zuːˌbɛnɛldʒᵻˈnuːbi/
Libra γ Librae A Zubenelhakrabi /zuːˌbɛnɛlˈhækrəbi/
Libra β Librae Zubeneschamali /zuːˌbɛnɛʃəˈmeɪli/

See also[edit]


  1. ^ NASA compiled a "technical memorandum" collecting a total of 537 named stars in 1971.
  2. ^ Few of these names have established pronunciations in English, and care needs to be taken when interpreting often contradictory sources. For example, as Kunitzsch and Smart explain in their introduction, they sometimes blend Arabic and English pronunciations in novel ways that Latinized Arabic star names were not traditionally pronounced, such as transcribing a as if it were u, or making ante-penultimate vowels long because they were long in Arabic when a literary English pronunciation would make them short. (In some cases, the result is not a possible combination of sounds in English.) Webster's dictionary, Rumrill and Davis may attempt to render the original Arabic pronunciation using English sounds as approximations, and not distinguish that pseudo-Arabic pronunciation from an English pronunciation that people actually use. (Kunitzsch and the OED do try to distinguish these two cases.) Where sources disagree on Latinized Arabic names, the form closest to the traditional English pronunciation of Latin is followed, with the assumption that the usually unmarked Latin vowel length is as faithful to Arabic as it is to Greek.
  3. ^ Allen (1899) sees the name as originating from a misunderstanding of the words ab ireo in the description of Cygnus from Almagest.[18]: 196 


  1. ^ a b c d "Naming Stars". International Astronomical Union. Archived from the original on 2020-10-11. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Division C WG Star Names". International Astronomical Union. Archived from the original on 2016-06-10. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names" (PDF). July 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-09-09. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Final Results of NameExoWorlds Public Vote Released" (Press release). International Astronomical Union. 15 December 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-12-17.
  5. ^ a b c d "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names" (PDF). November 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-04-17. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  6. ^ "National campaigns". IAU 100 Years: Under One Sky. NameExoWorlds. International Astronomical Union. Archived from the original on 2020-08-03.
  7. ^ "Approved names". IAU 100 Years: Under One Sky. NameExoWorlds. International Astronomical Union. Archived from the original on 2020-09-26.
  8. ^ "2022 Approved Names". NameExoworlds. Retrieved 2023-06-15.
  9. ^ "Division C/Working Group Star Names: Triennial Report 2016–2018" (PDF). p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-07-15. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  10. ^ a b c Kunitzsch, Paul; Smart, Tim (2006) [1986]. A Dictionary of Modern Star Names: A Short Guide to 254 Star Names and Their Derivations (2nd rev. ed.). Cambridge, MA: Sky Publishing. ISBN 978-1-931559-44-7.
  11. ^ Rumrill, H. B. (June 1936). "Star Name Pronunciation". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. San Francisco, CA. 48 (283): 139. Bibcode:1936PASP...48..139R. doi:10.1086/124681.
  12. ^ Davis, George A. Jr. (1944). "The Pronunciations, Derivations, and Meanings of a Selected List of Star Names". Popular Astronomy. Vol. 52. pp. 8–30. Bibcode:1944PA.....52....8D.
  13. ^ Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.
  14. ^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  15. ^ Hoffleit, D.; Warren, W. H. Jr. (November 1995). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: V/50. Originally Published in: 1964BS....C......0H. 5050. Bibcode:1995yCat.5050....0H.
  16. ^ Lowrie, Walter Macon (1849). Memoirs of the Rev. Walter M. Lowrie: Missionary to China. R. Carter & brothers. p. 93.
  17. ^ Mackworth, P. H.; Commander van Balkom; Everitt, P. F.; Sadler, D. H.; Squadron-Leader May; Bennett, D. C. T.; Hinks, A. R.; Black, Archibald; Squadron-Leader Barnes; Comrie, L. J. (August 1938). "The Air Almanac: Discussion on the New Form of Nautical Allowance for Rapid Position Finding". The Geographical Journal. Royal Geographical Society. 92 (2): 137, 145. doi:10.2307/1788749. JSTOR 1788749. Acrus, which seems to be copied from the American Almanacs and is a sort of abbreviation for αCrucis, is philologically horrible. [...] Acrux, an Americanism for αCrucis [...]
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963) [1899]. Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning. New York, NY: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-21079-0 – via LacusCurtius.
  19. ^ Falkner, David E. (2011). "The Winter Constellations". The Mythology of the Night Sky. Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series. pp. 19–56. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-0137-7_3. ISBN 978-1-4614-0136-0. S2CID 115168457.
  20. ^ Jetsu, L.; Porceddu, S. (17 December 2015). "Shifting Milestones of Natural Sciences: The Ancient Egyptian Discovery of Algol's Period Confirmed". PLOS One. 10 (12): e0144140. arXiv:1601.06990. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1044140J. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0144140. PMC 4683080. PMID 26679699.
  21. ^ Ridpath, Ian (1989). "Sagittarius". Star Tales. James Clarke & Co. p. 113. ISBN 0-7188-2695-7. Archived from the original on 2020-10-11 – via
  22. ^ Knobel, E. B. (14 June 1895). "Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, on a catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 55 (8): 429. Bibcode:1895MNRAS..55..429K. doi:10.1093/mnras/55.8.429.
  23. ^ Stenner, Paul (26 February 2015). "A Transdisciplinary Psychosocial Approach". In Martin, Jack; Slaney, Kathleen L.; Sugarman, Jeff (eds.). The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Methods, Approaches, and New Directions for Social Sciences. John Wiley & Sons. p. 311.
  24. ^ a b Sadler, Donald H. (2008). Wilkins, George A. (ed.). "A Personal History of H.M. Nautical Almanac Office" (PDF). United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. p. 48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
  25. ^ Kunitzsch, Paul (1 May 1986). "The Star Catalogue Commonly Appended to the Alfonsine Tables". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 17 (2): 89–98. Bibcode:1986JHA....17...89K. doi:10.1177/002182868601700202. S2CID 118597258.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "The Approved Names". NameExoWorlds. International Astronomical Union. Archived from the original on 2019-03-26.
  27. ^ Burnham, Robert Jr. (1978). Burnham's Celestial Handbook: An Observer's Guide to the Universe Beyond the Solar System. Vol. 1. Dover Publications. p. 359.
  28. ^ Ridpath, Ian (1989). "Canes Venatici". Star Tales. James Clarke & Co. ISBN 0-7188-2695-7. Archived from the original on 2020-10-08 – via
  29. ^ "Gacrux/Gamma Crucis 2?". Sol Station. Sol Company. Archived from the original on 2011-11-03. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  30. ^ Lesikar, Arnold V. "Gacrux". Dome Of The Sky. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  31. ^ Bignami, G. F.; et al. (September 1983). "An identification for 'Geminga' (2CG 195+04) 1E 0630+178 - A unique object in the error box of the high-energy gamma-ray source". Astrophysical Journal. 272: L9–L13. Bibcode:1983ApJ...272L...9B. doi:10.1086/184107.
  32. ^ a b c "IAU Approves 86 New Star Names From Around the World" (Press release). International Astronomical Union. 11 December 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-12-12.
  33. ^ Aitken, R. G. (June 1924). "The Zodiacal Constellation Scorpio". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 36 (211): 124–130. Bibcode:1924PASP...36..124A. doi:10.1086/123392. JSTOR 40692425.
  34. ^ "NameExoWorlds Brunei –". Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  35. ^ Norton, Arthur P.; Inglis, J. Gall (1959). Norton's Star Atlas and Telescopic Handbook (14th ed.). Edinburgh: Gall and Inglis. p. 52 – via Internet Archive.
  36. ^ Kaler, James B. "Menkar (Alpha Ceti)". Stars. University of Illinois. Archived from the original on 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2011-12-24.
  37. ^ Hoffleit, Dorrit; Jaschek, Carlos, eds. (1991). The Bright star catalogue (5th rev. ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Observatory.
  38. ^ Bakich, Michael E. (12 June 1995). The Cambridge Guide to the Constellations. Cambridge University Press. p. 170. ISBN 0-521-44921-9.
  39. ^ Kaler, James B. "Saiph (Kappa Orionis)". Stars. University of Illinois. Archived from the original on 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
  40. ^ Simpson, Phil (2012). "3". Guidebook to the Constellations: Telescopic Sights, Tales, and Myths. Patrick Moore Practical Astronomy Series. New York: Springer. ISBN 9781441969408.

General references[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]