List of proper names of stars

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This is a list of proper names for stars, mostly derived from Arabic and Latin. See also the list of stars by constellation, which gives variant names, derivations, and magnitudes.

Of the roughly 10,000 stars visible to the naked eye, only a few hundred have been given proper names in the history of astronomy.[1] Traditional astronomy tends to group stars into asterisms, and give proper names to those, not to individual stars.

In 2016, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[2] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN's first bulletin of July 2016[3] included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN (on 30 June and 20 July 2016) together with names of stars adopted by the IAU Executive Committee Working Group on Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites during the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign[4] and recognized by the WGSN. These names are incorporated in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.[5]

Most star names are in origin descriptive of the part of the asterism they are found in; thus Cynosure is the "dog's tail", formerly "the star in the tail of the 'dog' asterism" (now Ursa Minor), or Phecda, a corruption of the Arabic fakhð ad-dubb "thigh of the bear". Only a handful of the brightest stars have individual proper names not depending on their asterism; so Sirius "the scorcher", Antares and Canopus (of unknown origin), Alphard "the solitary one", Regulus "kinglet"; and arguably Aldebaran "the follower" (of the Pleiades), Procyon "preceding the dog [Sirius]".

In addition to the limited number of traditional star names, there are some coined in modern times, e.g. "Avior" for Epsilon Carinae (1930), and a number of stars named after people (mostly in the 20th century).

Constellation Bayer designation Modern proper name Historical names / comments
Eridanus θ Eri Acamar [5]
  • Originally called آخر النهر ākhir an-nahr in Arabic, meaning "End of River", named because it was the brightest star in the constellation Eridanus (the River). (Before the 16th century, this was the last star in the Eridanus constellation; it was later extended to Achenar, below).[6]
  • "Acamar" was first used in the Alphonsine tables (circa 1252).[6]
  • Also called Al Thalim ("the Ostrich") by fifteenth-century Timurid astronomer Ulugh Beg.[6]
  • The Greek-Persian astronomer Chrysococca called it Aulax in Greek, meaning "the Furrow".[6]
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天園六 (Tiān Yuán liù, English: the Sixth Star of Celestial Orchard).[7]
Eridanus α Eri Achernar [5]
  • The name was originally Arabic آخر النهر ākhir an-nahr "river's end"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 水委一 (Shuǐ Wěi yī, English: the First Star of Crooked Running Water).[8]
Cassiopeia η Cas Achird[9][10] In Chinese, this star is called 王良三 (Wáng Liáng sān, English: the Third Star of Wang Liang).[8]
Scorpius β¹ Sco Acrab [5] Alternative traditional names of Akrab, Elakrab; Graffias; Acrab is from Arabic العقرب al-aqrab "the scorpion", the name of the constellation. Italian graffias means "claws" and was also applied to Xi Scorpii and to Alpha Librae[by whom?]
Crux α¹ Crucis Acrux [5] 'Acrux' is a modern contraction of the Bayer designation, coined in the 19th century, but entering common use only by the mid 20th century.[11]
Cancer α Cancri Acubens [5] The name was originally Arabic الزوبنةal zubanāh, "the claws"
Leo ζ Leonis Adhafera [5]
  • The name is originally from Arabic الضفيرة al-ðafīrah "the braid/curl"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 軒轅十一 (Xuān Yuán Shí yī, English: the Eleventh Star of Xuanyuan).[12]
Canis Major ε Canis Majoris Adhara [5]
  • The name is originally from Arabic عذارى ‘aðāra, "virgins". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated أول ألعذاري awwil al-aðārii, translated into Latin as Prima Virginum "first virgin".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 弧矢七 (Hú Shǐ qī, English: the Seventh Star of Bow and Arrow).[13]
Andromeda ξ And Adhil [5]
Taurus ε Tauri Ain [5]
  • The name is originally from the Arabic عين for "eye" and was reviewed and adopted by the IAU Executive Committee WG Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites.[5]
  • The star was given the name Oculus Boreus (Latin for "Northern eye") by John Flamsteed.[14][15]
  • In Chinese, this star is called 畢宿一 (Bì sù yī, English: the First Star of Net).[16]
Lyra η Lyrae Aladfar
  • The name is originally from Arabic الأظفر al-’uz̧fur, "the talons (of the swooping eagle)", sharing with μ Lyrae (Alathfar).
  • In Chinese, this star is called 輦道二 (Niǎn Dào èr, English: the Second Star of Imperial Passageway).[17]
Andromeda γ Andromedae Alamak
  • The name is originally from Arabic العناق الأرض al-‘anāq al-’arđ̧, "the caracal" (desert lynx). Another Arabic name is آلرجل المسلسلة al rijl al musalsalah "the chained foot". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated جمس ألنعامة al ḣāmis al naʽāmāt, translated into Latin as Quinta Struthionum "fifth ostrich".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天大將軍一 (Tiān Dà Jiāng Jūn yī, English: the First Star of Heaven's Great General).[18]
Lyra μ Lyrae Alathfar

The name is originally from Arabic الأظفر al-’uz̧fur, "the talons (of the swooping eagle)", sharing with η Lyrae (Aladfar).

Virgo β Virginis Alaraph Other name of β Virginis (see Zavijava)
Sagittarius π Sagittarii Albaldah
  • The name is originally from Arabic بلدة bálda, "town". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated نير بلدة nayyir al bálda, translated into Latin as Lucida Oppidi "brightest of the town".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 建三 (Jiàn sān, English: the Third Star of Establishment).[19]
Aquarius ε Aquarii Albali
  • The name is originally from Arabic البالع albāli‘, "the swallower". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated نير سعد ألبلع nayyir sa'd al bulaʽ, translated into Latin as Lucida Fortunæ Dissipantis "the brightest of luck of the swallower".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 女宿一 (Nǚ sù yī, English: the First Star of Girl).[20]
Cygnus β¹ Cygni Albireo [5]
  • Actually, there's no clear information of the name Albireo.
  • In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated منقار ألدجاجة minqār al-dajājah, translated into Latin as Rostrum Gallinǣ "the hen's beak".
Corvus α Corvi Alchiba
  • The name is originally from Arabic لخبا al-xibā, "tent". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated ألمنخر ألغرب al-manxar al-ghurab, translated into Latin as Rostrum Corvi "beak of the crow".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 右轄 (Yòu Xiá, English: Right Linchpin).[21]
Ursa Major 80 UMa Alcor [5]
  • The name was originally Arabic سها suhā "neglected one"; notable as a faintly perceptible companion of Mizar (ζ UMa).
  • This star is known as Arundhati in traditional Indian astronomy.
  • In Chinese, this star is called (, English: Assistant).
Taurus η Tauri Alcyone [5]
Taurus α Tauri Aldebaran [5]
  • The name was originally Arabic لدبران al-dabarān "the follower (of the Pleiades)".[23]
  • In Indian astronomy known as Rohini "the red one". To Persian astrologers it was known as a Royal star, Tascheter, Watcher of the East.
  • In Chinese, this star is called 畢宿五 (Bì sù wǔ, English: the Fifth Star of Net).[24]
  • The Romans called this star with the name Palilicium.
Cepheus α Cephei Alderamin [5]
  • The name was originally Arabic الذراع اليمين að-ðirā‘ al-yamīn "the right arm".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天鈎五 (Tiān Gōu wu, English: the Fifth Star of Celestial Hook).[25]
Leo ζ Leonis Aldhafera Other name of ζ Leonis (see Adhafera)
Grus γ Gruis Aldhanab
  • The name was originally Arabic الذنب al dhanab, "the tail (of the constellation of the Southern Fish)"".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 敗臼一 (Bài Jiù yī, English: the First Star of Decayed Mortar).[26]
Draco ζ Draconis Aldhibain
  • The name was originally Arabic الضبعين al ḍiba'in, "the two hyenas"", shares with η Draconis.
  • The other name of this star is Nodus III (Third Knot, the knot being a loop in the tail of Draco).
  • In Chinese, this star is called 紫微左垣四 (Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sì, English: the Fourth Star of Left Wall (of Purple Forbidden Enclosure)) and 上弼 (Shǎng Bì, English: The First Minister)[27]
Draco δ Draconis Aldib the other name of δ Draconis (see Altais)
Cygnus δ Cygni Al Fawaris
Corona Australis α Coronae Australis Alfecca Meridiana
Cepheus β Cephei Alfirk [5]
Capricornus α¹ Capricorni Al Giedi Alternative traditional names of Algedi, Prima Giedi and Algiedi Prima
Capricornus α² Capricorni Algedi [5] Alternative traditional names of Al Giedi, Secunda Giedi and Algiedi Secunda
Pegasus γ Pegasi Algenib [5]
Leo γ¹ Leonis Algieba [5]
Perseus β Persei Algol [5] The name was originally Arabic رأس الغول ra's al-ghūl "head of the ogre". In Egyptian Horus.[28] In Chinese, Tseih She, 'piled up corpses'. Also known as the "Demon Star". It is the eye of Medusa's head in the constellation of Perseus.
Corvus δ Corvi Algorab [5]
Auriga α Aurigae Alhajoth
Gemini γ Geminorum Alhena [5]
Ursa Major ε Ursae Majoris Alioth [5]
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Alkaid [5]
Columba θ Columbae Al Kurud
Cepheus ρ2 Cephei Al Kalb al Rai
Bootes μ¹ Bootis Alkalurops [5]
Ursa Major χ Ursae Majoris Al Kaphrah
Crater α Crateris Alkes
Cepheus ξ Cephei Alkurah
Andromeda γ¹ Andromedae Almach [5]
Leo κ Leonis Al Minliar al Asad
Grus α Gruis Alnair [5] Alternative traditional spelling of Al Nair.
Sagittarius γ Sagittarii Alnasl [5]
Orion ε Orionis Alnilam [5] Middle star in the belt of Orion. The traditional name Alnilam derives from the Arabic النيلم Al-nilam, related to the word 'nilam' 'sapphire'; related spellings are Alnihan and Alnitam.[29]
Orion ζ Orionis Alnitak [5] Traditional name, alternately spelled Al Nitak or Alnitah, derived from the Arabic النطاق an-niṭāq, "the girdle".[29]
Scorpius τ Sco Alniyat
Scorpius σ Sco Al Niyat
Hydra α Hydrae Alphard [5]
Corona Borealis α Coronae Borealis Alphecca [5]
Andromeda α Andromedae Alpheratz [5]
Cepheus γ Cephei Alrai
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Alrami
Pisces α Piscium Alrescha [5]
Draco σ Draconis Alsafi
Lynx 31 Lyncis Alsciaukat
Aquila β Aquilae Alshain [5]
Capricornus ν Capricorni Alshat
Aquila α Aquilae Altair [5] The name was originally Arabic النسر الطائر an-nasr aṭ-ṭā’ir "the flying eagle". In Chinese, 牵牛星 (Qiān Niú Xīng) or 牛郎星 ( Niú Láng Xīng), "Cow Herder Star" of the Qi Xi love story. One of the vertices of the Summer Triangle.
Draco δ Draconis Altais [5]
Cancer β Cancri Altarf
Leo λ Leonis Alterf
Aquila ι Aquilae Al Thalimain
Aquila λ Aquilae Al Thalimain
Canis Major η Canis Majoris Aludra [5]
Ursa Major ξ Ursae Majoris Alula Australis [5]
Ursa Major ν Ursae Majoris Alula Borealis [5]
Draco β Draconis Alwaid
Serpens θ¹ Serpentis Alya [5]
Gemini ξ Geminorum Alzir
Aquarius θ Aquarii Ancha
Eridanus τ2 Eri Angetenar
  • The name is originally from Arabic عرجة النهر arjat an-nahr "bend of the river"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天苑九 (Tiān Yuàn jiǔ, English: the Ninth Star of Celestial Meadow).[30]
Phoenix α Phoenicis Ankaa [5]
Scorpius α Sco Antares [5] Ancient Greek, Άντάρης, "against Ares (Mars)". It was known to Persian astrologers as a Royal star: Satevis, Watcher of the West.
Boötes α Boo Arcturus [5]
Virgo γ Virginis Arich
Sagittarius β Sagittarii Arkab
Capricornus η Capricorni Armus
Lepus α Leporis Arneb [5] Traditional name Arneb derived from the Arabic أرنب ’arnab 'hare'[31] ('Lepus' is Latin for hare).
Draco μ Draconis Arrakis, Alrakis, Elrakis The name was originally Arabic الراقص al-rāqiṣ "the dancer"
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii Ascella
Cancer δ Cancri Asellus Australis
Cancer γ Cancri Asellus Borealis
Bootes θ Bootis Asellus Primus
Bootes ι Bootis Asellus Secundus
Bootes κ Bootis Asellus Tertius
Sagittarius ζ Sagittarii Askella
Carina ι Carinae Aspidiske [5]
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Asterion
Taurus 21 Tauri Asterope [5] one of the Pleiades
Perseus ο Persei Atik
Taurus 27 Tauri Atlas [5] one of the Pleiades
Triangulum Australe α Trianguli Australis Atria [5]
Virgo δ Virginis Auva
Carina ε Carinae Avior [5] Designated 'Avior' by Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office for the Royal Air Force in the 1930s.[32]
Auriga ζ Aurigae Azaleh
Cygnus π1 Cygni Azelfafage Variously reported as from Arabic السلحفاة as-sulaḥfāh "turtle", ألطلف ألفرس al thīlf al faras "horse track", or ألعزل ألدجاجة al ʽazal al-dajājah "tail of hen" [33][citation needed]
Eridanus η Eri Azha
  • The name is originally from Arabic اشيانة al-udhi "the hatching-place"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天苑六 (Tiān Yuàn liù, English: the Sixth Star of Celestial Meadow).[30]
Puppis ξ Puppis Azmidiske
Pegasus θ Pegasi Baham
Cetus ζ Ceti Baten Kaitos
Eridanus ο1 Eri Beid
  • The name is originally from Arabic بيض al-bayd "the eggs".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 九州殊口二 (Jiǔ Zhōu Shū Kǒu èr, English: the Second Star of Interpreters of Nine Dialects).[7]
Orion γ Orionis Bellatrix [5] Latin for "female warrior"; applied to this star in the 15th century.[34]
Ursa Major η Ursae Majoris Benetnasch
Orion α Orionis Betelgeuse [5]
Triangulum Australe β Trianguli Australis Betria
Pegasus θ Pegasi Biham [5]
Aries δ Arietis Botein
Libra σ Librae Brachium
Aquarius ξ Aquarii Bunda
Carina α Car Canopus [5] Ptolemy's Κάνωβος, after Canopus (Kanopos, Kanobos), a pilot from Greek mythology, whose name is itself of uncertain etymology.
Auriga α Aurigae Capella [5] The traditional name Capella (English: small female goat) is from Latin, and is a diminutive of the Latin Capra (English: female goat).[35]
Cassiopeia β Cas Caph [5]
  • The name is originally Arabic كف kaf "palm", a residue of an old name of Cassiopeia, al-kaff al-khadib "the stained hand"; also known as al-sanam al-nakah "the camel's hump".
  • In Chinese, this star is called 王良一 (Wáng Liáng yī, English: the First Star of Wang Liang).[36]
Gemini α Geminorum Castor [5]
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cebalrai [5]
Taurus 16 Tauri Celaeno [5] One of the Pleiades
Ara μ Arae Cervantes [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, the Spanish author of El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha.[37]
Ursa Major 47 Ursae Majoris Chalawan [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after a mythological crocodile king from a Thai folktale.[37]
Canes Venatici α² Canum Venaticorum Chara
Canes Venatici β Canum Venaticorum Chara [5]
Ophiuchus β Ophiuchi Cheleb
Leo θ Leonis Chertan [5]
Leo θ Leonis Chort
Serpens β Serpentis Chow
Cancer 55 Cancri Copernicus [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign[4] in honor of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.[37]
Canes Venatici α Canum Venaticorum Cor Caroli [5] Named after Charles I of England by Sir Charles Scarborough[38][39][40]
Eridanus β Eri Cursa [5]
  • The name is originally from Arabic الكرسي al-kursi "the chair, footstool"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 玉井三 (Yù Jǐng sān, English: the Third Star of Jade Well).[41] R.H. Allen simplified the name as Yuh Tsing, "the Golden Well" in Chinese.[42]
Capricornus β¹ Capricorni Dabih [5]
Crux δ Crucis Decrux "Decrux" is a modern contraction of the Bayer designation[by whom?]
Cygnus α Cygni Deneb [5] The name is originally from Arabic ذنب الدجاجة dhanab ad-Dajājah. In Chinese, Deneb is part of 鵲橋 "Magpie bridge" in the Qi Xi love story. Deneb is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle.
Capricornus δ Capricorni Deneb Algedi
Delphinus ε Delphini Deneb Dulfim
Aquila ζ Aquilae Deneb el Okab
Cetus β Ceti Deneb Kaitos
Cetus ι Ceti Deneb Kaitos Schemali
Leo β Leonis Denebola [5]
Cetus η Ceti Dheneb
Coma Berenices α Comae Berenices Diadem
Cetus β Ceti Diphda [5]
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Dnoces
Scorpius δ Scorpii Dschubba [5]
Ursa Major α Ursae Majoris Dubhe [5]
Leo δ Leonis Duhr
Draco ι Draconis Edasich [5] Common name reviewed and adopted by the IAU Executive Committee WG Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites.[5]
Taurus 17 Tauri Electra [5] One of the Pleiades
Triangulum α Trianguli Elmuthalleth
Taurus β Tauri Elnath [5] Variously El Nath or Alnath, from the Arabic word النطح an-naţħ, meaning "the butting" (i.e. the bull's horns).
Draco γ Draconis Eltanin [5] Alternatively traditional name of Etamin; both originally from the Arabic name of the constellation التنين At-Tinnin "the great serpent". γ Dra was also one of the "Five Camels", Quinque Dromedarii, in Arabic Al ʽAwāïd.
Pegasus ε Pegasi Enif [5]
Cepheus γ Cephei Errai [5] Common name reviewed and adopted by the IAU Executive Committee WG Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites.[5]
Draco 42 Draconis Fafnir [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after a Norse mythological dwarf who turned into a dragon.[37]
Piscis Austrinus α Piscis Austrini Fomalhaut [5] The name is originally from Arabic فم الحوت fum al-ḥawt "mouth of the fish". To Persian astrologers this was a Royal star: Haftorang, Watcher of the South. The name was reviewed and adopted by the IAU Executive Committee WG Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites.[5]
Pisces β Piscium Fum al Samakah
Canis Major ζ Canis Majoris Furud [5]
Crux γ Crucis Gacrux [5] The name "Gacrux" is a contraction of the Bayer designation, coined by astronomer Elijah Hinsdale Burritt (1794-1838).[43][44]
Cepheus μ Cephei Garnet Star Its colour was described as "garnet" by William Herschel. Following Herschel, it was called garnet sidus by Giuseppe Piazzi
Triangulum Australe γ Trianguli Australis Gatria
Corona Borealis α Coronae Borealis Gemma
Draco λ Draconis Gianfar
Capricornus α Capricorni Giedi
Corvus γ Corvi Gienah Gurab
Cygnus ε Cygni Gienah
Scorpius κ Sco Girtab
Canis Minor β Canis Minoris Gomeisa [5]
Perseus ρ Persei Gorgonea Tertia
Draco ξ Draconis Grumium
Centaurus β Centauri Hadar [5]
Auriga ζ Aurigae Haedus
Auriga ε Aurigae Haldus
Aries α Ari Hamal [5] Traditional name (also written Hemal, Hamul, Ras Hammel) deriving from the Arabic راس الحمل rās al-ħamal "head of the ram", in turn from the name for the constellation as a whole, Al Ħamal "the ram".[45]
Auriga ι Aurigae Hassaleh
Pegasus 51 Pegasi Helvetios [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Latin for 'the Helvetian' and refers to the Celtic tribe that lived in Switzerland during antiquity.[37]
Hydrus α Hyi, Alpha Hydri Head of Hydrus
Orion λ Orionis Heka
Virgo ζ Virginis Heze
Auriga ζ Aurigae Hoedus (I)
Auriga η Aurigae Hoedus II
Pegasus ζ Pegasi Homam [5]
Taurus γ Tauri Hyadum I
Taurus δ1 Tauri Hyadum II
Hydra ζ Hydrae Hydrobius
Ursa Major 41 Lyncis Intercrus [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Intercrus means "between the legs" in Latin style, referring to the star's position in the constellation Ursa Major.[37]
Boötes ε Boo Izar [5] Originally from Arabic إزار izār "veil". In the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket designated منتقة ألعوع minṭáqa al awwa, translated into Latin as Cingulum Latratoris "belt of barker". Named Pulcherrima (most beautiful) by Otto Struve.[46]
Scorpius ν Sco Jabbah
Auriga ι Aurigae Kabdhilinan
Cetus γ Ceti Kaffaljidhma
Hercules ω Herculis Kajam
Capricornus ε Capricorni Kastra
Sagittarius ε Sagittarii Kaus Australis [5]
Sagittarius λ Sagittarii Kaus Borealis [5]
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Kaus Media [5]
Eridanus ο2 Eri (40 Eri) Keid The name is originally from Arabic القيض 'al-qaid "the broken egg-shells"
Equuleus α Equulei Kitalpha [5]
Ursa Minor β Ursae Minoris Kochab [5]
Hercules β Herculis Kornephoros [5]
Corvus β Corvi Kraz
Pisces η Piscium Kullat Nunu
Draco ν Draconis Kuma
Canes Venatici υ Canum Venaticorum La Superba A modern (19th century) name, due to Angelo Secchi
Scorpius υ Sco Lesath [5]
Aquila ξ Aquilae Libertas [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Latin for 'liberty' ('Aquila' is Latin for 'eagle', a popular symbol of liberty).[37]
Vulpecula α Vulpeculae Lucida Anseris
Hercules λ Herculis Maasym
Auriga θ Aurigae Mahasim
Taurus 20 Tauri Maia [5] Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Maia was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
Cassiopeia θ Cas Marfark
  • The name is originally from Arabic المرفق al-mirfaq "the elbow"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 閣道四 (Gé Dào sì, English: the Fourth Star of Flying Corridor).[36]
Ophiuchus λ Ophiuchi Marfik
Pegasus α Pegasi Markab [5]
Pegasus η Pegasi Matar [5]
Gemini ε Geminorum Mebsuta [5]
Sagittarius δ Sagittarii Media
Ursa Major δ Ursae Majoris Megrez [5]
Orion λ Orionis Meissa [5] Traditional name deriving from the Arabic Al-Maisan 'The Shining One'.
Gemini ζ Geminorum Mekbuda
Perseus ξ Persei Menchib
Cetus α Ceti Menkab
Auriga β Aurigae Menkalinan [5]
Cetus α Ceti Menkar [5] Derived from the Arabic word منخر manħar "nostril" (of Cetus).[citation needed]
Centaurus θ Centauri Menkent [5]
Perseus ζ Persei Menkib
Ursa Major β Ursae Majoris Merak [5]
Bootes 38 Boötis Merga
Taurus 23 Tauri Merope [5] Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Merope was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
Aries γ¹ Arietis Mesarthim [5]
Carina β Carinae Miaplacidus [5]
Crux β Crucis Mimosa [5] Alternative traditional name Becrux, a modern contraction of the Bayer designation[by whom?]
Hydra σ Hydrae Minchir
Virgo δ Virginis Minelava
Corvus ε Corvi Minkar
Orion δ Orionis Mintaka [5] Right-most star in the belt of Orion. The name Mintaka itself is derived from an Arabic term for 'belt': منطقة or manṭaqa.[29]
Cetus ο Ceti Mira [5] Latin for 'wonderful' or 'astonishing'; named by Johannes Hevelius in his Historiola Mirae Stellae (1662).
Andromeda β Andromedae Mirach [5]
Perseus η Persei Miram
Perseus α Persei Mirfak [5]
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Mirzam [5]
Perseus κ Persei Misam
Ursa Major ζ Ursae Majoris Mizar [5] The name is originally from Arabic المئزر al-miʾzar "apron, waistband, girdle"
Triangulum α Trianguli Mothallah [5]
Canis Major γ Canis Majoris Muliphein [5]
Bootes η Bootis Muphrid, Mufrid
Canis Major β Canis Majoris Murzim
Ursa Major ο Ursae Majoris Muscida [5]
Ursa Major π Ursae Majoris Muscida
Delphinus 18 Delphini [5] Musica Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Latin for 'music' (the ancient Greek musician Arion's life was saved at sea by dolphins (Latin: 'delphinus') after attracting their attention by playing his kithara.[37]
Orion ι Orionis Nair Al Saif
Puppis ζ Puppis Naos [5]
Sagittarius γ2 Sgr Sagittarii Nash
Capricornus γ Capricorni Nashira [5]
Cassiopeia γ Cas Navi "Navi" is a modern name, due to Gus Grissom (his middle name "Ivan" spelled backward). In Chinese astronomy, it is known as "the whip".
Bootes β Boötis Nekkar [5]
Andromeda 51 Andromedae (υ Persei) Nembus
Lepus β Leporis Nihal [5]
Sagittarius σ Sagittarii Nunki [5]
Corona Borealis β Coronae Borealis Nusakan
Hercules HD 149026 Ogma [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after Ogma, a deity in Celtic mythology[37]
Capricornus π Capricorni Okul
Pavo α Pavonis Peacock [5] Designated "Peacock" (after the constellation) by Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office for the Royal Air Force in the 1930s.[32]
Columba α Columbae Phact [5]
Ursa Major γ Ursae Majoris Phecda [5] Alternative traditional names Phekda or Phad.
Ursa Minor γ Ursae Minoris Pherkad [5]
Ursa Minor δ Ursae Minoris Pherkard
Taurus 28 Tauri Pleione [5] Member of the Pleiades open star cluster (M45). Pleione was the mother of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
Ursa Minor α UMi Polaris [5] Became known as Polaris during the Renaissance, derived from the Latin for 'of/near the (north) pole'.[47] other traditional names include Cynosure; north star, pole star, lodestar etc. Latin stella polaris, stella maris; Sanskrit dhruva tāra "fixed star"; Arabic القطب الشماليal-kutb al-shamaliyy "the northern axle", among others.
Octans σ Octantis Polaris Australis
Gemini β Geminorum Pollux [5]
Virgo γ Virginis Porrima [5]
Leo Minor 46 Leonis Minoris Praecipua
Canis Minor α CMi Procyon [5] Greek προκύον "preceding the Dog (viz. Sirius)"; in Latin rendered as Antecanis.
Gemini η Geminorum Propus [5]
Centaurus α Cen C Proxima Centauri [5]
Eridanus ε Eri Ran [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after the Norse goddess of the sea.[37]
Eridanus δ Eri Rana
  • Latin rana "frog".[year needed]
  • In Chinese, this star is called 天苑三 (Tiān Yuàn sān, English: the Third Star of Celestial Meadows).[30]
Hercules α¹ Herculis Rasalgethi [5] Alternative traditional spelling of Ras Algethi.
Ophiuchus α Ophiuchi Rasalhague [5] Alternative traditional spelling of Ras Alhgue.
Leo ε Leonis Ras Elased Australis
Leo μ Leonis Rasalas
Draco β Draconis Rastaban [5]
Gemini α Geminorum Ras Thaoum
Vela γ Velorum Regor Also known as Suhail and Suhail al Muhlif, which confusingly also apply to lambda Velorum
Leo α Leonis Regulus [5] Latin for 'prince' or 'little king'. Regulus was known to Persian astrologers as the Royal star Venant, Watcher of the North.
Orion β Orionis Rigel [5] Traditional name first recorded in the Alfonsine Tables of 1252 and derived from the Arabic name Rijl Jauzah al Yusrā, "the left leg (foot) of Jauzah" (i.e. rijl meaning "leg, foot").[48]
Centaurus α Cen Rigil Kentaurus The name is originally from Arabic رجل قنطورس rijl qantūris "foot of the centaur". Also "Alpha Centauri".
Virgo μ Virginis Rijl al Awwa
Delphinus β Delphini Rotanev
Cygnus ω2 Cygni Ruchba
Cassiopeia δ Cas Ruchbah [5] Alternative traditional names: Rukbah, Rucbah; Ksora[citation needed]
  • The name is originally from Arabic ركبة rukbah "knee"
  • In Chinese, this star is called 閣道三 (Gé Dào sān, English: the Third Star of Flying Corridor).[36]
Sagittarius α Sagittarii Rukbat [5]
Ophiuchus η Ophiuchi Sabik [5]
Aquarius γ Aquarii Sadachbia [5]
Pegasus μ Pegasi Sadalbari [5]
Aquarius α Aquarii Sadalmelik [5]
Aquarius β Aquarii Sadalsuud [5]
Auriga ζ Aurigae Sadatoni
Cygnus γ Cygni Sadr [5]
Orion κ Orionis Saiph [5] Traditional name from the Arabic saif al jabbar, 'سیف الجبّار' literally sword of the giant.[49]
Pegasus τ Pegasi Salm
Scorpius θ Sco Sargas [5]
Hercules δ Herculis Sarin
Ursa Major θ Ursae Majoris Sarir
Eridanus 53 Eri Sceptrum formerly "p Sceptri", in the constellation of Sceptrum Brandenburgicum
Pegasus β Pegasi Scheat [5]
Capricornus δ Capricorni Scheddi
Cassiopeia α Cas Schedar [5]
  • Also traditionally bore the name Schedir; both originally from Arabic صدر şadr "breast"; also ألضة ألكرسي al-dhāt al-kursiyy "the lady in the chair (Ulugh Beg), whence Dath Elkarti (Riccoli 1651).
  • In Chinese, this star is called 王良四 (Wáng Liáng sì, English: the Fourth Star of Wang Liang).[36]
Cassiopeia ε Cas Segin[citation needed] In Chinese, this star is called 閣道二 (Gé Dào èr, English: the Second Star of Flying Corridor).[36]
Bootes γ Bootis Seginus [5]
Sagitta α Sagittae Sham
Scorpius λ Sco Shaula [5]
Lyra β Lyrae Sheliak [5]
Aries β Arietis Sheratan [5]
Ophiuchus ν Ophiuchi Sinistra
Canis Major α CMa Sirius [5] Dog Star Greek Σείριος "the scorcher"; in Egyptian Sopdet, rendered in Greek as Σῶθις. As the brightest star in the sky, Sirius has proper names in numerous cultures, including Polynesian (Maori Takurua; Hawaiian Ka'ulua, "Queen of Heaven", among others). Also known as the Dog Star.
Aquarius κ Aquarii Situla
Aquarius δ Aquarii Skat [5]
Virgo α Virginis Spica [5] Another traditional names are Azimech, from Arabic السماك الأعزل al-simāk al-a‘zal 'the Undefended', and Alarph, Arabic for 'the Grape Gatherer'; in Indian astronomy known as Chitra "the bright one".
Taurus 22 Tauri Sterope
Delphinus α Delphini Sualocin
Leo ο Leonis Subra
Vela λ Velorum Suhail [5] Traditionally, this name also applied to gamma Velorum, also known as Regor.
Lyra γ Lyrae Sulafat [5]
Virgo ι Virginis Syrma
Orion π3 Orionis Tabit
Ursa Major κ Ursae Majoris Talitha Australis
Ursa Major ι Ursae Majoris Talitha [5] Alternative traditional name Talitha Borealis.
Ursa Major μ Ursae Majoris Tania Australis [5]
Ursa Major λ Ursae Majoris Tania Borealis [5]
Aquila γ Aquilae Tarazed [5] Alternative traditional spelling of Tarazet
Taurus 19 Tauri Taygeta [5]
Cancer ζ Cancri Tegmen, Tegmine
Sagittarius ω Sagittarii Terebellum from Ptolemy's τετράπλευρον, a quadrangle of stars of which ω Sag is the brightest
Gemini μ Geminorum Tejat Posterior
Gemini η Geminorum Tejat Prior
Orion υ Orionis Thabit
Eridanus υ2 Eri Theemin, Beemin[citation needed] In Chinese, this star is called 天園十二 (Tiān Yuàn shíèr, English: the Twelfth Star of Celestial Meadows).[30]
Draco α Draconis Thuban [5]
Taurus ζ Tau Tien Kwan
  • In Chinese 天關 (Tiānguān, English: Celestial Gate).
  • Also reported as Shurnarkabti-sha-shūtū, from Babylonian as "the Star in the Bull towards the South" or "the Southern Star towards the Chariot".[50]
Andromeda υ Andromedae Titawin [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after the settlement in northern Morocco and UNESCO World Heritage Site now known as the medina (old town) of Tétouan.[37]
Camelopardalis HD 104985 Tonatiuh [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Named after the Aztec god of the Sun.[37]
Pisces ο Piscium Torcularis Septentrionalis
Puppis π Puppis Tureis
Draco ε Draconis Tyl
Serpens α Serpentis Unukalhai [5] Alternative traditional name of Unuk
Lyra α Lyr Vega [5] The name is originally from Arabic an-nasr al-wāqi‘ "the alighting vulture", also translated as vulture cadens (see also Aetos Dios, Stymphalian birds). As the second brightest star in the northern sky, Vega has names in numerous cultures. In Chinese it is known as 織女 "weaving girl" from the Qi Xi love story. Vega is one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle.
Andromeda 14 Andromedae Veritate [5] Name adopted by the IAU following the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign.[4] Latin for 'where there is truth'.[37]
Virgo ε Vir Vindemiatrix [5] Vindemiatrix^ is the Latin for "grape gatherer"
Gemini δ Geminorum Wasat [5]
Columba β Columbae Wazn [5]
Canis Major δ Canis Majoris Wezen [5]
Ophiuchus δ Ophiuchi Yed Prior
Ophiuchus ε Ophiuchi Yed Posterior
Ursa Minor δ Ursae Minoris Yildun [5]
Virgo η Virginis Zaniah
Eridanus γ Eri Zaurak [5] Traditional name, alternatively spelled Zaurac; originally from Arabic زورق zawraq "boat".[51]

In Chinese, this star is called 天園一 (Tiān Yuàn yī, English: the First Star of Celestial Meadows).[30]

Virgo β Virginis Zavijava [5]
Leo δ Leonis Zosma [5]
Libra γ Librae Zuben-el-Akrab
Libra δ Librae Zuben-el-Akribi
Libra α² Librae Zubenelgenubi [5] Alternative traditional names of Zuben-el-genubi or Lanx Australis
Libra β Librae Zubeneschamali [5] Alternative traditional names of Zuben-el-schemali or Lanx Borealis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The NASA in 1971 compiled a "technical memorandum" collecting a total of 537 named stars.
  2. ^ "IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)". Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names, No. 1" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Final Results of NameExoWorlds Public Vote Released" (Press release). IAU.org. 15 December 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh "IAU Catalog of Star Names". Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d Allen, Richard Hinckley (2003). Star Names and Their Meanings. New York: Kessinger. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-7661-4028-8. OCLC 637168084. 
  7. ^ a b (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 13 日
  8. ^ a b (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 27 日
  9. ^ "Eta Cassiopeia (Achird) 2". SolStation.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  10. ^ Kaler, Jim. "Achird". Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  11. ^ Memoirs of the Rev. Walter M. Lowrie: missionary to China (1849), p. 93. Described as an "Americanism" in The Geographical Journal, vol. 92, Royal Geographical Society, 1938.
  12. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 19 日
  13. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 16 日
  14. ^ Flamsteed, John (1725). Historia Coelestis Britannica. H. Meere. p. 47. 
  15. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963). Star Names – Their Lore and Meaning. Dover Books. p. 391. 
  16. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 23 日
  17. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 3 日
  18. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 10 日
  19. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 12 日
  20. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 14 日
  21. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 22 日
  22. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 3 月 22 日
  23. ^ Falkner, David E. (2011). "The Winter Constellations". The Mythology of the Night Sky. Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series. p. 19. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-0137-7_3. ISBN 978-1-4614-0136-0. 
  24. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 3 月 23 日
  25. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 6 日
  26. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 5 日
  27. ^ (Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 10 日
  28. ^ Jetsu, L.; Porceddu, S. (2015). "Shifting Milestones of Natural Sciences: The Ancient Egyptian Discovery of Algol's Period Confirmed". PLOS ONE. 10(12): e.0144140 (23pp). arXiv:1601.06990free to read. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1044140J. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0144140. 
  29. ^ a b c Allen, Richard Hinckley (1936). Star-names and their meanings. pp. 314–315. 
  30. ^ a b c d e (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 12 日
  31. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1899), Star-names and Their Meanings, G. E. Stechert, p. 268 
  32. ^ a b Sadler, Donald H. (2008). "A Personal History of H.M. Nautical Almanac Office" (PDF). United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. p. 48. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  33. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning. P. 192-197. Online: http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Topics/astronomy/_Texts/secondary/ALLSTA/Cygnus*.html
  34. ^ Kunitzsch, Paul (1986). "The Star Catalogue Commonly Appended to the Alfonsine Tables". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 17 (49): 89–98. Bibcode:1986JHA....17...89K. 
  35. ^ Star-names and Their Meanings, Richard Hinckley Allen, New York: G. E. Stechert, 1899; see p. 86.
  36. ^ a b c d e (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 9 日
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m NameExoWorlds The Approved Names
  38. ^ R.H. Allen, Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning.
  39. ^ Robert Burnham, Jr. Burnham's Celestial Handbook, Volume 1, p. 359.
  40. ^ Ian Ridpath: "Star Tales", Canes Venatici. See also Deborah J. Warner, The Sky Explored: Celestial Cartography 1500-1800.
  41. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 25 日
  42. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963). Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning. Dover Publications. p. 218. ISBN 978-0486210797. 
  43. ^ "Gacrux/Gamma Crucis 2?". SolStation.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  44. ^ Lesikar, Arnold V. "Gacrux". Dome Of The Sky. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  45. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1899), Star-names and Their Meanings, New York: G. E. Stechert, pp. 78, 80 
  46. ^ Norton's Star Atlas, publ. Gall & Inglis, Edinburgh, 2nd Ed., 1959
  47. ^ Kunitzsch, Paul; Smart, Tim (2006). A Dictionary of Modern star Names: A Short Guide to 254 Star Names and Their Derivations (2nd rev. ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Sky Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-931559-44-7. 
  48. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963) [1899]. Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Reprint ed.). New York, NY: Dover Publications Inc. pp. 312–13. ISBN 0-486-21079-0. 
  49. ^ Kaler, James B., "SAIPH (Kappa Orionis)", Stars, University of Illinois, retrieved 2012-01-27 
  50. ^ Allen, Richard Hinckley (1963). Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning. Dover Publications. p. 391. ISBN 978-0486210797. 
  51. ^ Star Name - R.H. Allen p. 218

External links[edit]