German submarine U-592
|Ordered:||16 January 1940|
|Builder:||Blohm & Voss, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||30 October 1940|
|Launched:||6 August 1941|
|Commissioned:||16 October 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by British warships, 31 January 1944|
|Class & type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 40–56 enlisted|
|Victories:||One ship sunk, 3,770 GRT|
The boat was sunk by depth charges from British warships on 31 January 1944.
German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-592 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two Brown, Boveri & Cie GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-592 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.
She served with the 6th U-boat Flotilla from 16 October 1941 for training and stayed with that organization for operations from 1 February 1942. She was reassigned to the 11th flotilla on 1 July, then back to the 6th flotilla from 1 March 1943.
1st and 2nd patrols
U-592 's first patrol was preceded by a short trip from Hamburg to the German-controlled island of Helgoland, (also known as Heligoland), in February 1942. The patrol itself commenced on 3 March. She steamed up the Norwegian side of the North Sea and arrived at Bergen on 23 March.
Her third sortie was preceded by brief voyages from Bergen to Hamburg, then Kiel and back to Bergen. The patrol itself commenced with the boat's departure from the Norwegian port on 17 July 1942. She covered vast swathes of the Norwegian Sea before putting into Skjomenfjord, (south of Narvik), on 14 August.
The boat left Skjomenfjord on 7 October 1942. On the 14th, she scored her only success when she sank the Soviet ship Shchors with a mine off the western entrance to the Yugar Strait. This ship was being towed toward Belushja Bay when she sank in 11 m (36 ft) of water.
This patrol, in November and December 1942, was relatively uneventful. The boat moved from Narvik to Bergen in mid-December.
U-592 left Bergen on 9 March 1943, bound for the French Atlantic coast. Moving through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, she entered the Atlantic Ocean and patrolled southeast of Greenland before entering St. Nazaire on 18 April.
8th and 9th patrols
These two sorties were also fairly trouble-free; between May and November 1943.
10th patrol and loss
Forty-nine men died with U-592; there were no survivors.
U-592 took part in 16 wolfpacks, namely.
- Wrangel (11–18 March 1942)
- Naseweis (10 April 1942)
- Bums (10–14 April 1942)
- Blutrausch (15–19 April 1942)
- Nebelkönig (27 July – 13 August 1942)
- Trägertod (19–22 September 1942)
- Boreas (19 November – 9 December 1942)
- Seeteufel (21–30 March 1943)
- Löwenherz (1–10 April 1943)
- Siegfried (22–27 October 1943)
- Siegfried 2 (27–30 October 1943)
- Jahn (31 October – 2 November 1943)
- Tirpitz 4 (2–8 November 1943)
- Eisenhart 8 (9–10 November 1943)
- Rügen (21–26 January 1944)
- Hinein (26–29 January 1944)
Summary of raiding career
|14 October 1942||Shchors||Soviet Union||3,770||Sunk (mine)|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and mine warfare vessels. German Warships 1815–1945 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
- Kemp, Paul (1997). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-592". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014.