German submarine U-601

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-601
Ordered: 22 May 1940
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 577
Laid down: 10 February 1941
Launched: 29 October 1941
Commissioned: 18 December 1941
Fate: Sunk by depth charges, 24 February 1944
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine
Identification codes: M 47 254
Commanders:
  • Peter-Ottmar Grau
  • 18 December 1941 – 28 November 1943
  • Otto Hansen
  • 29 November 1943 – 25 February 1944
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 14 July – 3 August 1942
  • 2nd patrol: 9 August – 20 September 1942
  • 3rd patrol: 5 November – 7 December 1942
  • 4th patrol: 15 April – 14 May 1943
  • 5th patrol: 14–25 July 1943
  • 6th patrol: 30 July – 28 August 1943
  • 7th patrol: 16 September – 7 October 1943
  • 8th patrol: 18 December 1943 – 7 January 1944
  • 9th patrol: 10 January – 2 February 1944
  • 10th patrol: 17–25 February 1944
Victories: 4 ships sunk for a total of 8,869 GRT

German submarine U-601 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service the World War II. She was commissioned in December 1941 and sunk in February 1944, having sunk four ships. Her commanders were Peter-Ottmar Grau and Otto Hansen.[1]

Description[edit]

U-601 was built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as yard number 577. She was ordered on 22 May 1940 and the keel was laid down on 10 February 1941. U-601 was launched on 29 October 1941.

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-601 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[2] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two Brown, Boveri & Cie GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[2]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[2] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-601 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[2]

Service history[edit]

She took part in ten patrols; exclusively in the Arctic Ocean. She was assigned to:* 11th U-boat Flotilla (1 July 1942 to 31 May 1943)

In November 1942, she along with U-625 as part of wolfpack Boreas, attacked Convoy QP 15 and sank the Soviet cargo ship Kuznets Lesov.

Fate[edit]

She was sunk by depth charges in the Arctic Ocean on 25 February 1944 NW of Narvik, Norway by a RAF Catalina at position 70°26′N 12°40′E / 70.433°N 12.667°E / 70.433; 12.667Coordinates: 70°26′N 12°40′E / 70.433°N 12.667°E / 70.433; 12.667. She was lost with all 51 hands.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-601 took part in five wolfpacks, namely.

  • Boreas (19 November - 6 December 1942)
  • Wiking (20 September – 3 October 1943)
  • Eisenbart (19 December 1943 – 5 January 1944)
  • Isegrim (16–27 January 1944)
  • Werwolf (27 January – 1 February 1944)

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[3]
1 August 1942 Krest’janin  Soviet Union 2,513 Sunk
24 August 1942 Kujbyshev  Soviet Union 2,332 Sunk
24 August 1942 Medvezhonok  Soviet Union 50 Sunk
24 November 1942 Kuznets Lesov  Soviet Union 3,974 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-601". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-601". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]